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Ad ARTICLE 2
The administrative system embodied in the present statute shall be applied to the portion of the Tisza situated between the mouth of the Szamos and Tisza-Ujlak as soon as the International Commission of the Danube decide that that portion is navigable.
Ad ARTICLE 19
The provisions of the second paragraph of Article 19 shall not be understood so as to debar riparian states from eventually claiming the benefit of the exceptional conditions which may be admitted by the general convention referred to in Article 338 of the Treaty of Versailles and in the corresponding articles of the other treaties of peace.
Ad ARTICLE 22
(a.) By the traffic referred to in the second paragraph of Article 22 shall be understood any public service for the transport of passengers and goods organized under a foreign flag between the ports of one and the same state, when that service is carried on sufficiently regularly, uninterruptedly and in volume sufficient to influence unfavorably, to the same extent as regular lines properly so called, the national interests of the state within which it is carried on.
(b.) It is understood that the provisions of Article 22 do not in any way modify the situation which exists by virtue of Article 332 of the Treaty of Versailles and the corresponding provisions of the other treaties of peace in respect of the relations between the Allied States on the one hand, and Germany, Austria, Bulgaria and Hungary on the other hand, or in respect of the relations of the latter states to each other, for the duration of the periods of time during which that situation shall be continued in execution of Article 378 of the Treaty of Versailles and of the corresponding articles of the other treaties of peace.
On the expiration of these periods of time, the provisions of Article 22 shall become applicable to all the states without exception.
Ad ARTICLE 23
The state through which transit takes place shall not have the right to prohibit the transit of the goods referred to in the fourth paragraph of Article 23, nor that of persons or animals, except in cases provided for by the sanitary and veterinary laws of the country through which the transit takes place, or by international convention relative to the subject.
Ad ARTICLE 31
Article 31 shall be understood in the sense that the subjects of foreign countries may not be placed in a more favorable position than the subjects of the country concerned.
Ad ARTICLE 42
In the event of the abolition of the European Commission being decided on before the expiration of the period of five years referred to in Article 42, the governments signatory of the present convention shall come to an arrangement in respect of the conditions of revision of the present statute.
Ad ARTICLE 44
The first paragraph of Article 44 shall be understood in the sense that it shall not infringe the stipulations contained in Article 349 of the Treaty of Versailles and in the corresponding articles of the other treaties of peace.
In witness whereof the undersigned plenipotentiaries have drawn up the present protocol, which shall have the same validity and duration as the convention to which it refers.
Done at Paris, the 23rd July, 1921.
M. G. RISTITCH.
ING. BOHUSLAV MÜLLER.
E. DE MIKLOS.
AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE BRITISH AND DANISH GOVERNMENTS RESPECTING MATTERS OF WRECK.1
Mr. Balfour to M. de Grevenkop-Castenskiold.
Foreign Office, September 28, 1918. I have the honour to inform you that His Majesty's Government have duly considered the suggestion made in your note of the 28th ultimo, for the conclusion of a special arrangement with the Danish Government to enable Danish Consuls in the United Kingdom to intervene in matters of wreck without their being called upon to produce any special authorisation to do so. 2. I beg leave to state that His Majesty's Government are prepared to conclude an arrangement of this description, on a basis of reciprocity, in the following terms:
1 British Treaty Series, 1921, No. 4.
(1.) Any vessel of either of the Contracting Parties which may be compelled, by stress of weather or by accident, to take shelter in a port of the other, shall be at liberty to refit therein, to procure all necessary stores, and to put to sea again, without paying any dues other than such as would be payable in a similar case by a national vessel. In case, however, the master of a merchant vessel should be under the necessity of disposing of a part of his merchandise in order to defray his expenses, he shall be bound to conform to the regulations and tariffs of the place to which he may have come.
(2.) If any vessel of one of the Contracting Parties shall run aground or be wrecked upon the coasts of the other, such vessel, and all parts thereof, and all furniture and appurtenances belonging thereunto, and all goods and merchandise saved therefrom, including any which may have been cast into the sea, or the proceeds thereof, if sold, as well as all papers found on board such stranded or wrecked vessel, shall be given up to the owners or their agents when claimed by them. If there are no such owners or agents on the spot, then the same shall be delivered to the British or Danish Consular officer in whose district the wreck or stranding may have taken place upon being claimed by him within the period fixed by the laws of the country, and such Consular officers, owners or agents shall pay only the expenses incurred in the preservation of the property, together with the salvage or other expenses which would have been payable in the like case of a wreck or standing of a national vessel.
The Contracting Parties agree moreover that merchandise saved shall not be subjected to the payment of any customs duty unless cleared for internal consumption.
(3.) In the case either of a vessel being driven in by stress of weather, run aground, or wrecked, the respective Consular officers shall, if the owner or master or other agent of the owner is not present, or is present and requires it, be authorised to interpose in order to afford the necessary assistance to their fellow-countrymen.
3. Should the Danish Government be willing to accept these proposals, I should be glad if you would be so good as to inform me accordingly, in which case the present note and your reply would, it is suggested, be sufficient to place upon formal record the understanding arrived at between our respective Governments.
In reply to Mr. Balfour's note of the 28th September, 1918, concerning the conclusion of a reciprocal arrangement between His Britannic Majesty's
Government and the King's Government enabling their respective Consular officers to intervene in matters of wreck without special authorisation, I have the honour hereby to inform your Lordship that I have this day been directed to accept in their entirety the terms laid down in the above-mentioned note as the basis of the proposed arrangement. The King's Government is equally agreed that the said note and the present reply shall be sufficient to constitute and place upon formal record the understanding in question. I shall, therefore, feel grateful if your Lordship will be good enough to transmit to me an official acknowledgment of my Government's acceptance as herein conveyed. I have, &c.
Earl Curzon to M. Tage Bull.
Foreign Office, January 20, 1921.
I had the honour to receive M. de Grevenkop-Castenskiold's note of the 29th November last, in which he was good enough to inform me that the proposals contained in my predecessor's note of the 28th September, 1918, concerning the conclusion of an arrangement between the United Kingdom and Denmark with respect to matters of wreck meet with the approval and acceptance of the Danish Government.
2. It would seem convenient that the agreement thus arrived at between the two Governments should be regarded as taking effect from the date of the receipt of M. de Grevenkop-Castenskiold's note, viz., the 30th November last, and I shall be glad to learn whether the Danish Government concur in this proposal.
3. I have the honour to add that the Board of Trade will give the necessary instructions to Receivers of Wreck in this country for their guidance in dealing with future cases of Danish wrecks on the coasts of the United Kingdom.
While acknowledging with thanks your Lordship's note of the 20th instant regarding an arrangement relative to matters of wreck, I have the honour
to state that I am authorised to concur on behalf of the King's Government with the proposal that the arrangement in question between the United Kingdom and Denmark should be regarded as taking effect from the 30th November, 1920.
I have, &c.
Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
DESPATCH TO HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY'S REPRESENTATIVES ABROAD RESPECTING THE STATUS OF EGYPT1
Foreign Office, March 15, 1922.
His Majesty's Government, with the approval of Parliament, have decided to terminate the protectorate declared over Egypt on the 18th December, 1914, and to recognise her as an independent sovereign State. In informing the Government to which you are accredited of this decision you should communicate the following notification:
When the peace and prosperity of Egypt were menaced in December 1914 by the intervention of Turkey in the Great War in alliance with the Central Powers, His Majesty's Government terminated the suzerainty of Turkey over Egypt, took the country under their protection and declared it to be a British protectorate.
The situation is now changed. Egypt has emerged from the war prosperous and unscathed, and His Majesty's Government, after grave consideration and in accordance with their traditional policy, have decided to terminate the protectorate by a declaration in which they recognise Egypt as an independent sovereign State, while preserving for future agreements between Egypt and themselves certain matters in which the interests and obligations of the British Empire are specially involved. Pending such agreements, the status quo as regards these matters will remain unchanged.
The Egyptian Government will be at liberty to re-establish a Ministry for Foreign Affairs and thus to prepare the way for the diplomatic and consular representation of Egypt abroad.
Great Britain will not in future accord protection to Egyptians in foreign countries, except in so far as may be desired by the Egyptian Government and pending the representation of Egypt in the country concerned.
The termination of the British protectorate over Egypt involves, however, no change in the status quo as regards the position of other Powers in Egypt itself.
The welfare and integrity of Egypt are necessary to the peace and safety of the British Empire, which will therefore always maintain as an essential British interest the special relations between itself and Egypt long recognised by other Governments. These special relations are defined in the declaration recognising Egypt as an independent sovereign State. His Majesty's Government have laid them down as
1 British Parliamentary Command Paper No. 1617.