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(Inclosure 3.)-French Vessels boarded by His Majesty's Brig
Schooner...... Y...............M. Legon .......of Guadaloupe, Owner.
Do........... Caroline.......M. Labourd..... Martinique......do. Brig............Neptune.......M. Bedon.......
Do........... Clarisse........M. Bomfi........
The Pilote and Caroline had full Cargoes of Slaves on board; the latter was retaken on her passage to Senegal; this is her third Voyage. The Neptune took 350 Slaves off in April or March this Year.
No. 20.-The Earl of Clancarty to Visct. Castlereagh-Rec. Mar. 30.)
In obedience to the Instructions thus conveyed, the Official Note (a Copy of which is herewith transmitted for your Lordship's information,) was yesterday addressed by me to his Excellency M. le Baron de Nagell. I can entertain no doubt that such an infraction of the Conventions of this Country with us for the Abolition of the Slavetrade, as that complained of in the above cited Papers, will not in the end be countenanced by this Government.
Well aware of the very anxious interest taken upon this subject by His Majesty's Government, your Lordship may be assured that I shall not relax my efforts to procure the complete and early execution of the Slave-trade Treaties, particularly that of May, 1818, by this Court. I have the honour to be, &c. Viscount Castlereagh, K.G.
(Inclosure.)-The Earl of Clancarty to the Baron de Nagell Brussels, 26th March, 1821, THE Undersigned, &c. has received Instructions to express the sincere regret of the King, his Master, that the efforts heretofore used by him, under the Orders of his Court, to obtain the full execution of the very clear provisions of the Treaty of the 4th of May, 1818, had been hitherto attended with no satisfactory result.
He has been expressly directed to impress upon the attention of The Netherland Government, that the continuance of this horrible
Trade, or its abolition within the Dominions of this Crown, to which His Netherland Majesty is solemnly pledged by Treaty, must depend entirely upon the Orders of this Court to their Colonial Possessions.
The Undersigned has, therefore, been instructed again to press the Government of The Netherlands for a satisfactory Answer, as to the due execution of the Conventions on this subject, whereby the King has solemnly engaged to prohibit all His Subjects from taking any part whatever in the Trade in Slaves, and also for the issue of corresponding Orders hence to the Colonial Authorities of this Kingdom, for the full execution of the Treaties on this subject.
This (as he has been directed to state) becomes the more necessary, because, by Advices recently received from the British Commissioners at Surinam, dated the 12th December last, it appears that a Slave ship, with her Cargo of Slaves, prize to, and brought to Surinam by a South American Privateer, has actually been permitted by the Colonial Government to unload, and to dispose of her Cargo there by sale.
The present system acted upon at Surinam, of which the above fact furnishes a striking, though by no means a solitary proof, evinces a manifest desire to counteract and evade the solemn Stipulations entered into, for the abolition of all traffick in Slaves, between the two Courts. The Undersigned is, however, anxious to add, under the directions of his Government, that His Royal Master feels quite confident that His Majesty the King of The Netherlands cannot, after the solemn agreements, and the lengthened consideration thereon which this subject has already undergone, intend or wish further to countenance by delay or otherwise, proceedings so much at variance both with the letter and with the spirit of the Treaties.
It is, therefore, confidently hoped that, in addition to those already made, the present statement will be sufficient to induce this Government immediately, to effectually execute their part of the Conventions on this subject, and especially that Stipulation whereby the High Contracting Parties engage "in the event of the measures already taken and to be taken by each being found ineffectual or insufficient, they mutually engage to adopt such further measures, whether by legal provision or otherwise, as may from time to time appear to be best calculated, in the most effectual manner, to prevent all their respective Subjects from taking any share whatever in this nefarious traffick." The Undersigned has the honour, &c. H. E. the Baron de Nagell.
No. 21.-Viscount Castlereagh to the Earl of Clancarty. MY LORD, Foreign Office, 13th April, 1821 I FORWARD herewith to your Excellency the Copy of a Dispatch dated Surinam, February 5th, 1821, from His Majesty's Commissioner
at that Place, reporting the arrival and admittance of a Vessel containing Slaves, in contravention of the Ordonnance of The Netherland Government, dated September 17th, 1818, and in evasion of the Treaty of the 4th of May of the same Year.
You will be so good as to communicate this information to The Netherlands Government, and express to them His Majesty's full confidence that, while they issue directions to prevent similar occurrences in future, they will cause due enquiries to be instituted upon the subject, with a view of bringing to punishment these Delinquents against the Laws and engagements of their Country. I am, &c. H. E. the Earl of Clancarty, G.C.B. CASTLEREAGH.
No. 22.-The Earl of Clancarty to the Marquess of Londonderry. (Received April 20.)
Brussels, 17th April, 1821. I LOST no time after the receipt of your Lordship's Dispatch of the 13th instant, received here yesterday, in addressing an Official Note thereon to his Excellency M. le Baron de Nagell.
A Copy of this I have the honour to send herewith inclosed, for the information of His Majesty's Government, and I should hope it will be found answerable to the Instructions under which it has been prepared. I have the honour, &c. The Marq. of Londonderry, K.G.
(Inclosure.)—The Earl of Clancarty to the Baron de Nagell. Brussels, 16th April, 1821.
THE Undersigned, &c. feels considerable regret at the circumstance which again necessitates him to address his Excellency M. le Baron de Nagell, upon an additional and recent instance of violation of the Convention of May 1818, at the Colony of Surinam.
He has, however, received the Commands of the King, his Master, to communicate to this Court, that by Advices from the British Commissioners at Paramaribo, bearing date 5th February, 1821, it appears that a fresh arrival of Slaves, evidently not coming within the exception contained in The Netherland prohibitory Ordonnance of 17th September, 1818, and an obvious evasion of the Treaty of the 4th May of the same Year, had, within a few days previous to the above date, been admitted into that Colony.
He has furthermore been precisely and urgently commanded to express the full confidence of his Government, that, while it shall issue available directions to prevent similiar occurrences in future, His Majesty the King of The Netherlands will cause immediate and exact inquiries to be instituted upon the subject, with the immediate view of bringing to punishment the Delinquents against the Laws and solemn engagements of their Country. He avails himself, &c. H. E. the Baron de Nagell.
No. 23. The Earl of Clancarty to the Marquess of Londonderry. : (Received April 20.)
Brussels, 17th April, 1821. I AM still without any Official Answer from this Government to my Note of the 23d December last, upon the proper construction of the Conventions for the Abolition of the Slave-trade.
But, on the evening of the 13th instant, I received an Official Note (a Copy of which is herewith transmitted) in answer to mine of the 26th ultimo, upon the subject of a Cargo of Slaves introduced into Surinam, in December last, by a South American Privateer.
To this Note I have replied again, strongly urging a speedy decision on the main subject, that is to say, the construction of the Treaties; and have also pressed forward the necessity of punishing such Persons at Surinam as may have violated the Conventions of this Country.
Since writing the above, the Note, of which a Copy is herewith inclosed, has been received by me, from M. le Baron de Nagell, accompanied by a Royal Decree in Dutch, which time does not admit to have translated, so as to convey a translated Copy by the present occasion. By the next Messenger such a Copy shall be forwarded.
The substance of the Decree is probably, however, sufficiently apparent from M. de Nagell's Note; and it appears to me so little to fulfil the Stipulations of this Country, that I shall address another Note to M. de Nagell upon this subject.
The Marq. of Londonderry, K.G.
(Inclosure 1.)-The Baron de Nagell to the Earl of Clancarty. Bruxelles, le 13 Avril, 1821.
LE Soussigné, etc. s'est empressé de mettre sous les yeux du Roi la Note que son Excellence le Comte de Clancarty, &c. lui a remise, tant à l'effet d'obtenir une réponse satisfaisante aux représentations précédemment faites par rapport à l'introduction d'Esclaves à Surinam, qui se faisait contraire aux Stipulations du Traité du 4 Mai, 1818, que pour se plaindre en même tems de l'admission et de la vente dans cette Colonie d'une Cargaison d'Esclaves qui y avoit été conduite par un Corsaire d'Amérique Méridionale.
En attendant que le Soussigné puisse avoir l'honneur de communiquer à son Excellence le Comte de Clancarty, la détermination du Roi concernant les représentations dont il s'agait, et qui font l'objet des délibérations sérieuses de Sa Majesté, il a été chargé d'informer son Excellence que le Département des Colonies se trouvant jusqu'ici sans nouvelle directe à l'égard de la plainte formée contre l'Administration de Surinam, le Gouverneur de cette Colonie a été invité de transmettre par la première occasion un Rapport spécial et circonstancié sur l'admission et la vente dont il s'agit, et sur les motifs qui ont réglé ses dispositions dans cette affaire. Le Soussigné, &c. S. E. le Comte de Clancarty.
A. W. C. de NAGELL.
(Inclosure 2.)-The Baron de Nagell to the Earl of Clancarty. Bruxelles, le 17 Avril, 1821. LE Soussigné, &c. ne veut pas tarder un instant de transmettre à son Excellence le Comte de Clancarty, l'Arrêté par lequel le Roi, son maître, vient de prohiber l'importation dans les Colonies des Pays Bas, et particulièrement à Surinam, des Esclaves provenant de telles Colonies Etrangères, où l'introduction directe de l'Afrique est permise, et ce moyennant l'application des mêmes peines qu'entraine l'importation d'effets prohibés.
Le Soussigné, se référant à la Copie ci-jointe de la disposition de Sa Majesté, a l'honneur d'assurer en même teins son Excellence, au nom du Roi, que Sa Majesté se fera tenir la main à l'exécution de la prohibition qu'elle vient de prononcer, dans la confiance que le Gouvernement Britannique veillera réciproquement et de la même manière à ce que l'importation d'Esclaves des Colonies Etrangères, où l'introduction directe de l'Afrique n'est point prohibée, n'aye pas lieu dans les Colonies de Sa Majesté Britannique.
Le Soussigné profite de cette occasion pour faire part à son Excellence que les Notes qu'elle lui a fait l'honneur de lui adresser dernièrement sur le même objet, ont été mises sous les yeux du Roi ; et s'empresse, &c.
S. E. le Comte de Clancarty.
A. W. C. de NAGELL.
(Inclosure 3.)-Decree of the King of The Netherlands. Brussels, 16th April, 1821. Arrêté du 16 Avril, portant défense d'introduire dans les Colonies du Royaume, des Nègres amenés des Colonies Etrangères, où leur introduction directe d'Afrique est permise.
Nous Guillaume, par la grace de Dieu, Roi des Pays Bas, &c. Considérant que d'après des avis reçus, il paroîtroit qu'on introduit de temps en temps dans la Colonie de Surinam des Nègres amenés de Colonies Etrangères où la Traite directes des Nègres d'Afrique n'est point encore prohibée;
Vû le Traité du 4 Mai, 1818, conclu entre les Pays Bas et la Grande Brétagne.
Vâ aussi la Loi du 20 Novembre, 1818, (Journal Officiel No. 39); Sur les rapports de nos Ministres des Affaires Etrangères, de la Justice, et pour l'Instruction Publique, l'Industrie Nationale, et les Colonies;
Le Conseil d'Etat entendu, avons statué et statuons:
L'introduction dans les Colonies de notre Royaume, et spécialement dans la Colonie de Surinam, des Nègres amenés des Colonies Etrangères où il est permis de les introduire directement d'Afrique, est prohibée sous les peines comminées sur l'importation de marchandises prohibées dans la dite Colonie.