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taxes to the ainount of more than ane tion on this subject,* his Grace the Duke hundred millions annually, is as absurd of Bedford, the absent president of the and irrational as, to use the words of club, liberally signified bis wish, by a I.K. to attempt to regulate the winds, letter from Spain, to offer annually five or the height of the tides.

extra preiniums of plate, and as many An early insertion of these lines in gold medals, (of the value together of your valuable Magazine, will oblige a one hundred and twenty-five guineas,) constant reader from its commencement. to the feeders and breeders of the best Allerton,

Geo, Boutu.

oxen, sleep, and pigs, exhibited at the January 7, 1815.

Christmas shew; and which Bedfordean

preiniums were awarded by the gentle. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

men above-mentioned, as in the follow

ing account. SIR,

The same twenty-five premiums, several past years, I herewith trans- five guineas, as last year, (including his mit you an account of the dead-weights Grace's,) have been offered for the shew of the twenty-two animals for which pre. on the 15th of December next; and in miums were lately awarded, at 'the order to encourage as wide a competiSmithfield Club catile-shew, in Goswell. tion as possible, it has been determined, street, by three experienced graziers that more than one premium shall not appointed as judges of the shew, viz. in future be awarded for any animal, Mr. Edward Auger, of Iinberholme except the best young grass-fed ox, in farm, near East Grinstead, Sussex; Mr. class vi. should happen to exceed in pera Richard Goord, (of Milton, near Sitting. fection the animals which are allowed borne, Kent; and Mr. George Watkinson, oil-cake, in any of the preceding classes. of Woodhou se, near Loughborough, Lei- See an account of the prizes tor 1813 cestershire. Since my last communica. vol. xxxvii. p. 217.




Loose Hide and
Fat, Horns,

Head, Feet, Blood,

lbs. Ibs. lbs. lbs.



Mr. John Westcar's 6-year old

Hereford Ox, fed on hay and 500 16781 257 123 571 30 32

oil cakes Mr. Joseph Als's 6-year old Sus

sex Ox, fed on grass and 150 oil. 1924 168 106 48 28 60

cakes Mr. Robert Nasters 4-year old Warwickshire Ox, fed on grass, 1185 117 124

251 48 hay, and turnips Mr. James King's 4-year old Darham Ox,* fed on grass, hay, and 1424 176 113

32 mangel-wurzel Mr. Robert Masters' 4-year old Scotch Ox, fed on grass, hay, 805 120 86 361 193 49

and turnips Mr. John Westcar's 6-year old Dur. ham Cow, that has borne 3 calves,

10974 213

42 fed on grass, hay, Swedish tur

21 85 nips, and oil-cakes Mr. John Westcar, the Bedfordean

premium, for luis 5-year old Hercford Ox, fed on grass, hay,

1807 208

521 27 Swedish turnips, and pil.cakes Mr. Robt. Masters, the Bedfordean premium, for his 3-year and 8.

972 100 months old Salopshire Ox, fed on

97 411 231 41 grass, hay, and turnips

* This Os also gained another premium from the Club; and Bedfordean gold medals were awarded to Thomas Jefferies and Thomas Beache, as breeders.



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No. Mr. John Wilkinson's three 22

129 161 161 7 18 187 months old new Leicester

142 15 16 51 171 197 wethers, fed on grass, hay, and

131 154 171


185 гаре Mr. Thomas Moore's three 32.

167 151


906 months old new Leicester

1511 17 164

194 210 wethers., fed on grass and tur

148 154 163

17 202 nips Mr. John Ellmau's, jun. three

108 14 14

27 168 32-months old Sonth down

13 1104

13 wethers,t fed on grass, bay,

51 25$ 168 3 113 16 13


176 and turnips . These sheep also gained a Bedfordean premium. + Ibid, and also a Bedfordean gold medal to the breeder ; and one was awarded to Mr. Thomas Moore.


Head and




Entrails, Weight

&c. alive, lbs. Ibs.

No. Mr. William Hayward's 58weeks old Oxfordshire pig,


11 11 32 407 fed on barley-meal and the washings of spent malt Mr. George Dodd's 38-weeks old Essex and Saffolk pig, fed

197 5

9 25 236 on barley and pea-meal Mr. George Dodd, a Bedfordean premium, for his three

224 7

42 279 32-weeks old Berks, Suffolk, 2 213



266 and Essex pigs*, fed on barley 3 185 45 5 35 230 and pea-meal • And a Bedfordlean gold medal was awarded to Messrs. J. and W. Weller, breeders.


In order, as fully as possible, to ac- the Agricultural Repository and Renda complish the important object of making Room, opposite the Pantheon, Ox ing known the breeders of the animals ford-street.

J, FAREY, Sec. best adapted for the fat cattle markets, Jan. 14, 1815. it has been determined, that no animals P.S. I beg to mention, for the informa shall be shewn without their certificates tion of your agricultural readers, that, from mention the Christian and Sir-names, the very numerous docnments, similar to and residences of the breeders, and as

the above, collected and preserved by the

Smithfield Clab, und from many others much of the pedigrees of the animals as can be readily obtained; except of preserved at his Majesty's victualling-office Scotch, Welsh, or Irish beasts, purchased lias drawn 'extensive and very accurate

at Deptford, &c. &c. Mr. Layton Cooke of cattle dealers. The certificates must be delivered at my house, on or before from; which, from having given the lire

uverages, and constructed tables therethe 9th of December. The printed Bills, weight of a fat beast, sheep, or pig, shews Stating fully every condition of the next by inspection its weight of meat, fat, &c.; shew, with blank forms for the certific and these tables, with many other things cates, &c. are left for distribution, as useful to farmers, may be seen and pur: ugual, with Mr. Mitchell, draper, No.7, chased at the Agricultural Repository Cloth Fair, Smithfield Market; and at above-mentioned.

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Memoirs of FERDINAND SMYTH lonel Wentworth Smyth, who was the

STUART, M.D. MAJOR in the BRI. son of Jatnes Duke of Monmouth, by TISH ARMY, and GRANDSON of the Henrietta Maria Wentworth, Baroness of DUKE of Mon voutu.

Nettlested, and grand-daughter of Tho. IT is in vain that philosophy affects to mas Earl of Cleveland. All our his. ise all prejudices. Her most

torians agree, that, before his execution, devoted disciples must entertain many the Duke of Monmouth was refused the from habit or inadvertency, and cherish 'sacrament, by Drs. Tennison and Ilooper, others for their own sake, and for the unless he confessed the sin and adulpleasure they afford. Thus it is, in re- tery in which he lived with Lady Wente gard to illustrious descent. We may worth,-his wise, the Countess of Bucdespise the ostentatious display of the cleugh, being still alive. Dr. Smyth pride of ancestry, and we may not ad. Stuarı's papers inform us, that the Duke init this species of distinction as a sub- alledged that his first marriage was stitute for virtue, or an apology for vice; forced on him by his father, at the age yet there exists in the descendants of of fifteen, before he was capable of famous ancestors, a charm which fase making a proper choice; and that, having cinates, which commands respect, and be

marrie to Lady Wentworth, his which always excites the warmest sym- mature age, he considered her as his pathy when they are assailed by any of lawful wife before God and man. Be the calamities of ordinary life,

this as it may, Lady Wentworth, after The public at large, and the sternest the duke's execution, retired to her lover of republicanism, will therefore country seat, where she pined for nine participate in one common feeling, on months; and, dying of a broken heart, hearing the recent unhappy fate of one was buried at Teddington, in Bedford. of the nearest descendants of the royal shire. house of Stuart; and the occasion will Her infant son, then but two years justify a revival of certain historical pare old, and, as illegitimate, deprived of all ciculars which have either been forgot. inheritance, was conveyed to Paris by ten, or till now have been buried in the Colonel Smyth, an adherent of the Duke records of the family.

of Monmouth, who educated bin, and Dr. Ferdinand Smyth Stuart, the ime left him his fortune. Ile afterwards enmediate object of this biography, was gaged in the cause of the Stuart family, killed on the 20th of December last, in in 1715; and, concealing hinself in the Bloomsbury.square, by the unfortunate Highlands, continued to reside in Scotcircuinstance of the carriage of a Mrs. land. But engaging in the second at. KELLY, daughter of Mr. Dolland, in tempt, in 1745, be was, a few years St. Paul's Church Yard, suddenly afterwards, being then in his 720 year, turning the corner of Southampton. way.laid on a bridge, by three men of street; when, being unable to escape in the royal army, in the hope of reward; time, he was knocked down by the pole, when, in the struggle, he and two of and trampled on by the horses. He was them fell over the batilements into the carried alive to his residence, in Vernon river, and were all drowned ! Place, adjoining; but, in spite of every His son, Ferdinand, the subject of care, he expired on the 28th, leaving an this biography, was then only in his sixib amiable, but destitute, widow, two sons year, and an orphan; his mother, a and a daughter.

great grand-daughter of the same Duke No event could have been more illo of Monmouth, by Eleanor, daughter of timed in the fate of this family. After Sir Robert Needham, having died three buffeting with fortune in every part of years before. This double affinity to the the world, Dr. S. Stuart had determined, Stuart race, was probably the cause of in this bis 671h year, to avail himself of the striking likeness which the late Dr. his experience and connections, by at. S. Stuart bore to all the portraits of tempting to establish himself as a phy. Charles II, which indeed he might bave sician in the metropolis; and, so lately as adopted for his own. Nor will it dimi. the latter part of the previous Novem. nish the interest of this narrative, when her, trad entered on his establishment in it is remarkeol, that his daughter, now Vernon Place: just as he was beginning in her seventeenth year, bears an exact to be recognised by his friends, he met similitude to all the portraits of Mary his death by this dismal catastrophe. Queen of Scots, when of the same age.

He was the only surviving son of Co. His eldest son, now in his ninth year, 1815.] Memoirs of Ferdinand Smyth Stuart, M.D. 37 is like that portrait of Charles II. where for public vengeance, and compelled to he is painted with a Newfoundland dog abandon his home, his fortune, and his of his own height; and, doubtless, as he family, in October, 1775. After encouugrows, his resemblance to the character. tering many dangers, the nearest British 1:lics of his family, will increase. post being 320 miles from his residence,

The subject of this inemoir received, he joined ihe British army; and, being aphowever, amid the Grampian hills, a pointed a captain in the Queen's Royal liberal education, and learnt English, as Regiment of Rangers, was ordered on a * foreigu tongue, wiib Latin and French, most important and perilous expedition; in a country where four-fifths of the but, after conducting the enterprise in inhabitants speak Gaelic or Erse, and perfect safety, nearly four hundred miles, call the tongue of the Low-lands, Sass on the day after he relinquished the nach, or Saxon. In due time, he was charge, he was taken prisoner, and ris removed to Aberdeen; and, having en• gidly confined. tered on the profession of a physician, On the 30th of December, he escaped he attended the lectures of Dr. Gregory, from a guard of 50 men, at the peril of whom he always described “as a bles. his life, and travelled three hundred miles sing sent from Heaven to serve mankind, on foot, over the Alleganey mountain, and as an honour to human nature !" His the most inaccessible and extensive in first experiment in this profession was the world, in an extremely rigorous wine as surgeon to a Greenland-man, 10 ter, almost destitute of clothes and food, which he was stimulated by a passion to and encountered a series of dangers and ere the polar regions, and he was in that hardships scarcely to be paralleled. He respect highly gratified.

was however recaptured when nearly out A fondness for travelling induced him of danger, and dragged seven hundred to make a voyage to America, where the miles, bound with cords, and delivered spirit of adventure led him to pass a up a prisoner at Philadelphia. Here he considerable time among the Indians, suffered captivity, during eighteen in the back settlements; but be finally months, and subsisted only on bread and settled in Maryland, becoming a consi. water, in dungeons, and in irons. Being derable proprietor of lands in Virginia, ordered to be taken after the Congress, and occupying one of the delightful which bad fled from Philadelphia to Balseats on the picturesque banks of the timore, he was compelled to march one Potowmac. Here he combined the oc- hundred aud fifty miles in irons, forced cupation of a cultivator, with that of a on with bayonets, and covered with physician, when the commencement of blood, occasioned by the irons and broken ihe disputes between the colonies and blisters. Unable to march any further, the mother country rendered it neces- by the wounds and lacerations of the sary for every man to declare himself on irons, he was thrown into the hold of a one side or the other. As the repub- privateer, upon pig-iron and stones, the lican, or liberty, party were in truth ballast of the vessel, where he was kept, the descendants of the very families who without food and clothes, for three days had been driven from England by the and nights, in the snow ilaac was falling intolerance of the Stuarts, and as Dr. S. fast through the barches, and still in Stuart inberited the political errors and irons. At length, however, having again prejudices of bis family, which he che- etfected his escape, and having a fourth rished to the last day of his life, be be. tiine undergone great hardships and dancame a staunch supporter of the preten. gers almost incredible, in passing down sions of the mother country, and so bite the great bay of Chesapeak, iwo hundred ter in his hatred of the modern round- miles by water, and more than three heads, that his residence soon became hundred by land, through a hustile coun. pnpleasant and dangerous.

try, where he was well known, and while Hence, abandoming his profession and a high reward was offered for securing the arts of peace, we find bini in 1774 him, he got safe on board the Preston, a captain in the Western Virginia troops, then 21 iniles out at ses, where he had when he particularly distinguished him. been tossed about in a storm all night self in a severe action against the Indians; in a canoe. During these very hazardous and, on the rebellion, as he always called escapes, he was, of course, under the it, breaking out, he openly attached him. necessity of expending considerable sums self to the British government, in a pro. of money; but so ardent was his loyalty vince where for three counties around and zeal, that, on his arrival at New him there was scarcely another loyalist. York, he declined accepting a very He was, in consequence, soon inarked out handsome gratuity, in money, from Sir


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William Howe, the British commander he, with eighty men, attacked the enein chief. He afterwards did duty in the my, consisting of two thousand five hunLoyal American Regiment, as a captain, dred, with six pieces of cannon, drove and in the 42d, or Royal Highland regi- them from the bridge which they had

Besides forty-five men in the fortified, and secured the safe passage Loyal American regiment, he raised a of the British army. That, at the battle corps of one hundred and eighty-five of Freehold, the regiment being only chosen men, out of Clifton, Chambers, three hundred and forty strong, having and Allen's regiments, at a very great alone, and unsupported, sustained the expense. From that time he commanded attacks of five thousand of the enemy, his corps, as captain commandant, in under General Lee, during two hours; the most active service, until he was and commanding eighty men, as a for. attached, by his own choice, with all his lorn hope, he was ordered to sustain the men, to the Queen's Rangers.

attack of the whole column of the ene. He used to relate, that, during this my, in order to cover and secure the period he refused high and flattering retreat of the rest of the detachment; commissions from the Americans ; that but, after a long and severe conflict, in a before he left bis house, he defended it narrow pass, in which lie posted his against a superior force, till one of his men, he repulsed the enemy. And that servants was killed, and himself dan in the evening of the same memorable gerously wounded ; ihat, while he was in day, being again detached with two com the hands of the enemy, he prevented panies under bis command, to cover the nuinbers of British prisoners from enter- retreat of some troops in danger of being ing into the American army; that he ha- cut off by a very superior force, after zarded his life in saving Detroit and Up- performing that service, he, by an amper Canada from falling into the hands of buscade, killed five and captured twentythe enemy; thal, during his escape, he, seven of the enemy. by his advice and influence, preserved Such was part of the suinmary of his many loyalists from utter destruction, to services in this inglorious and disastroos the number of one thousand families; contestin a cause which he thought and that, in the Danbury expedition, with meritorious, and which was thought by only ten men, he repulsed and drove tens of thousands, besides him, to be in back with fixed bayonets above one hun. the laudable defence of their “ King and dred of the enemy, who greatly harassed country;" though it is now universally the rear of the British army, leaving felt, that the Americans were fighting in pineteen dead on the field. That, at the defence of their dearest privileges as capture of Philadelphia, he discovered freemen. On such a subject, the errurs eighteen serviceable pieces of cannon of a Scoart may, however, be forgiven concealed in the Delaware ; that with a more than that of any other man! small detachment covering the wood. His services have been recounted, but cutters near Derby, being attacked by his reward became matter of calculation six times bis force, be repulsed thein, and before commissioners and powers, whoni killed more of the enemy than bis de- he was unlikely to conciliate by flattering, tachment consisted of; that he was par. or even by courtly deference. At first ticularly distinguished at the action of 300l. per annum was granted hiin, but Edgehill, against a great superiority of his claims for 65,000 acres of land, mothe very best troops of the enemy (Mor. nies advanced, and various losses, ex. gan's rifiemen), pursuing them to the ceeding 200,000!.; and, being insisted on abattis of Washington's camp; that by a man who from principle and habit with only two men he went into the despised the low-born insolence of office, country beyond a considerable force of he never was able to obtain any comthe eneiny; at noon-day, and captures a pensation, and even the pension at first very active partizan officer. That on the paid him was withdrawn. The cominis. 1st of May, 1778, in the battle of the sioners appointed to investigate the claims Crooked Billet, be totally routed nine of the loyalists, were at once judges and hundred of the enemy, with only sixty- jurors, and there was no appeal from five officers and men of the Queen's ibeir decision; it is not therefore to be Rangers, leaving two hundred dead in wondered that their conduct towards the field, and taking sixty-seven prison. one, who, being disgusted with their proers, with their waggons, baggage, &c. ceedings, made no secret of his contempla That, at Croswick's Creek, upon Cap- was harsh and unyielding. tain Stephenson being shot by his side, Dr. Stuart afterwards presented


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