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, Danes considered impracticable. Lord Nelson MR. DALzell was one of the
most eminent classical scholars attacked, on the ed of April, the Da- that have ever adorned a Scottish uninish naval force stationed in front of versity. He was born about the year Copenhagen. The obstacles which 1750, at a farm-house in the parish of the English ships had to surmount Ratho, a few miles west of Edinburgh. were of the most formidable and tre. His father was a respectable and inmendous description, but no effort of dustrious husbandman. He enjoyed, art, no advantage of nature, was ca- at an early age, the benefits of instrucpable of resisting the steady valour, tion in the first principles of classical the skill and judgment so eininently knowledge at the public school of his displayed on this occasion.
native parish, and went, from thence, Sir Hyde Parker, though the com- to the schools and the university of mander-in-chief of this teet, entrusted Edinburgh. The gentleness and puthe execution of his instructions to rity of his manners, the discretion and the judicious and courageous eiforts propriety of his conduct, his enthuof Lord Nelson, his second in com- siasm for sound and elegant literature, mand, and they were fulfilled in the and his extraordinary proficiency in it, strictest and most ample manner. Af- recommended him to the particular ter one of the most terrible battles that notice of the late Earl of Laliderdale, had ever been fought between con- when that nobleman was looking out tending nations the Danes were for a tutor to his eldest son---the neobliged to submit, and an armistice gotiator, who so recently foiled the having been concluded, the northern artifices of Talleyrand, Clarke, and confederacy was completely extin- Champagny, at Paris. He superinguished. 'The death of the emperor tended the private studies and amusePaul put an end to all the hopes of ments of his noble pupil; assisted his France being ever able to revive it; exercises in the university, was with and the English feet having, after him in hearing the lectures of Millar, the victory obtained at Copenhagen, the famous juridical professor of Glasproceeded further up the Baltic, but gow; and afterwards accompanied him the King of Sweden being willing to to Paris. Upon his return from the listen to terms of accommodation; continent, he was, at the recommenand the new emperor of Russia (Alex- dation of the late Earl of Lauderdale, ander) proposing amicable overtures, appointed to succeed Mr. Hunter in Sir Hyde Parker returned to England, the professorship of the Greek lanand arrived at Yarmouth, in the guage at Edinburgh. From this time Blanche frigate, on the 16th of May. began his career of great and illustrious
After this affair, which turned the public usefulness. politics of the north into a more fa- Classical learning had been on the vourable channel, Sir Hyde Parker decline at Edinburgh, from the time retired from active service, and has when the public lectures ceased to be since lived in honourable retirement. read in the Latin language, and when Ir. 1799, he was promoted to the rank French literature and composition in of adıniral, and when his Majesty re- English came to be much in vogue. stored the Red flag, he was one of Even while the Foulis' were publishthose officers who was promoted on ing their famous editions of the Greek that occasion. He died at his house classics at Glasgow, and while Moore, in Great Cumberland-street, London, one of the most ingenious philologists on the 16th of March, 1807.
and the inost profound and accurate
Greek scholars of the age, was teachANDREW DALZELL, A.M. F.R.S.Ed. ing in the university of that city,
Professor of the Greek Language in Grecian learning was very little rethe Uniccrsity of Edinburgh, keeper garded at Edinburgh. The students of the University Library, Princi- in divinity were content if they learned pal Clerk to the General Assembly Greek enough to read the Greek Tesof the Church of Scotland, and one tament; candidates for the higker of the Secretaries of the Royal Sociсty honours in medicine sought just as of Edinburgh; whose death was an, much of this language as should enable nounced at p. 289.
them to spell out the aphorisons of
Hippocrates: none else cared for of collections out of the Greek auGreek. Mr. Dalzell, from the mo- thors, including all those passages ment of his appointment, thought which he wished to explain in teachonly how to communicate that passion ing the language. These were printed which he himself felt for the richest in several volumes, under the titles of and most polished language of an- Collectanea Minora and Collectanea tiquity. He adopted the use of Moore's Majora. He added, in each volume, Grammar, the shortest, the most ac- short notes in Latin, explanatory of curate, and the most easily intelligible the difficult places. The Greek texts that had been published. To supply were printed with singular brevity, the deficiency of its parts, he dictated perspicuity, and judgment. His Lalessons, short, perspicuous, and ele- tinity in the notes and in short pregant as the rules of Moore. His sup- faces to the several parts of the collecplementary syntax of the propositions, tion, is the most remarkable for deliand other parts of speech, was ad- cate propriety and genuine power of mirable: he explained the passages classical expression, perhaps of any of Herodotus, of Xenophon, of Thu- thing that has been for many years cydides, of Homer, of which the sen- writien in this country in a learned timent and injagery were the most language. adapted to win upon young minds, He, at the same time, composed with a clearness of intelligence, and and read to the students a series of with a sweet and ardent vet modest lectures on the langage and antiquienthusiasm, which it was impossible ties, the philosophy and the history, to resist. Of a frame of mind remark- the literature, the eloquence, the poeably congenial with that of Plato; he try, and the fine arts, of the Greeks. took delight to select the beauties of These lectures were the result of the that philosopher's dialogues for the unremitting study of the Grecian auuse of his pupils. He instructed thein thors themselves. Of a diligent comin the clearest and most lively parts parison of those originals with every of the critical and ethical tracts of collateral illustration which was to be Aristotle; the tragedies of Sophocles found; of intimate acquaintance with and Euripides furnished scenes, of the best modern writers in history, which the interest particularly assisted philosophy, poetry, and criticism. his endeavours in favour of Grecian The composition was unaffectedly elelearning. From the lyric and pastoral gant, and the train of the lectures was poets ; from Æsop, Ælian, Theophras- beautifully consecutive and systetus, Lucian; from the epigramma- matic. Nİr. Dalzell was careful to tists, and especially froin Demos- read them with a slow and distinct thenes and the other orators, he culled emphatic yet easy elocution, the most whatever was the most intelligible and convenient to the ear and the underattractive to young minds, with a dili- standing. There was a suavity in his gence and a fond solicitude almost voice and manner, than which nothing without example. These selections could well be more attractive. His formed the course of readings, in enthusiasm for every excellence apwhich it was his desire to engage and pertaining to the Greeks was, from detain his students for at least four or time to time, breaking out in emofive sessions. At first, he only indi- tions affecting his voice and manner; cated what books he wished the stu- and it was attempted with an ingeidents to provide themselves with, for vious modesty, sometimes timid, as if the readings in their respective classes. he had been in the presence of the But the variety and the expense were most distinguished judges; and, cer190 great; and his other endeavours tainly, the most amiable, in the deFond have been defeated, if his zeal meanor of a professor before his pu
for the revival of Greek learning, his pils. His success has been, by these etender interest in the instruction of means, almost complete. shi pupils, and the conscience he put He communicated among the youth in the disebarge of his duty, had not at that University a large portion of ext-ited him to compile and print, at his own enthusiasm for Grecian learnconsiderable expense, and with ex- ing, and persuaded many of them to reddity pains and labour, a series study Greek for twice or thrice te
length of time which it was before alike over sloth and over levity. Those usual to devote to that language. It who,but a moment before and in a difbecame a fashion among most of the ferent class room were noisy, restless, students in the university, whatever negligent, wantonly troublesome, no their ultimate objects of pursuit, to sooner came into Mir. Dalzell's presesort with eagerness to hear his lec- sence than they were for the hour tures. He accomplished a sort of re- transformed, as by magic, into the storation of classical and even of ele- most modest and quiet young gentlegant literature, in general, at Edin- men, and the most attentive students burgh. He gave, within his own pro. one could desire to see. He treated vince, a celebrity to the university, them with a gracious politeness and which was the means of drawing many respect,which, in a manner, compelled strangers from England and other them to respect both him and themparts to pursue their studies in it. Iie selves. He was careful to make a spicontributed to fill the professions of rit of piety and virtuc pervade the the church, of the law, and of medi- whole course of his instructions: it cine throughout Scotland, with men was gentle, insinuating, and pleasing, wyda, after they left the university, it breathed itself into young minds had but to continue an easy attention without harassing or disgusting them. to Grecian learning, amid their ne- llis concluding lecture every sescessary relaxations from professional sion was, in particular, a favourite duties, in order to attain to the most with the students; to hear it many consummate skill in it; and yet his would defer, even for several weeks, fondness for bis favourite literature their departure for the country: it was not satisfied. He has frequently reviewed the studies of the session, complained to the writer of this arti- exhorted to ardent diligence during cle, that the passion which he inspired the vacation, pointed out the books for the study of Greek proved usually the fittest to be then read, indicated but transient and fugitive. Many of the proper exercises in composition, his favourite pupils, when he happened dwelt afectingly upon the charms of again to meet them after they had classical literature and of virtue; and, gone out perhaps two or three years in a strain of the finest christian and from college, would severely disap- platonic enthusiasm, taught the heart point his hopes by appearing to bave to clevate itself, through the survey entirely neglected classical learning of the works of nature up to nature's from the moinent they left the univer- God. On this occasion, the professor sity. With young clergymen in par- ancł his pupils never parted but in ticular he could not help being much tears. Such was his conduct as a prodi pleased to find, that from the time fessor for a period of nearly thirty of their obtaining livings, they gene- years; his pupils regarded him with sally discontinued all regular study, the affection due to a parent, and , not only of Greek but even of every usually met from him the beneficence branch of philology and science, of a father's love; and hundreds have Many of the students at his classes been introduced byhim into situations, were very young, just emancipated as tutors, and into other honourable from the school and the rod; and cer- connexions, which proved the means tain that at college they were not to of their subsequent advantageous and be beaten under any professor but useful establishment in the world. His himself, such boys were in the hours advice was confided in by parents, in of instruction too often inattentive, respect to their childrens' education, tumultuous, full of 'quips and more than that of any other man in any crancks' and unseasonable glee, more university or other seminary in the disposed to make merry with the three kingdoms. Upon the institutien teacher's solicitude for their improve- of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, he ment, than to profit by it; but the was persuaded to undertake the funcmingled dignity and gentleness of his tions of secretary to its literary class. manner had power to charm the gid- On the death of the learned profesdiest and most froward boy to his book sor of oriental languages (Dr. James and to his seat. There was a witchery Robertsou), Mr. Dalzell was chosen in his address which could prevail to succeed him, as keeper of the public library of the university. With complexion was fair; his aspect mild, an exception in favour of a layman, sweet, and unavoidably interesting; which was without example, he was there was peculiar power of ingenuous chosen to succeed Dr. John Drysdale expression in the modest, almost in the highly respectable appointment timid serenity of his blue eye; his of principal clerk to the general as- features were plump and full, but sembly of the church of Scotland. He without heaviness or grossnes; bis addischarged the functions of all these dress, in accosting a stranger, or in offices with a zeal, a fidelity, and a the general course of conversation, masterly ability, which gave universal was singularly graceful, captivating, satisfaction, and have never been ex- and yet unpresuming. He took little ceeded in any one of them. He was, exercise, but in occasional walks in as may well be imagined, the pride the King's park, which was the rural and delight of the private society in scene the most easily accessible from which he chiefly lived.
his residence in the College. An atAmong his particular friends, were tic propriety, a golden moderation, the late Dr. Gilbert Stuart; Dr. Rus- seemed to pervade all his habits in sel, known as the judicious compiler common life. He was eminently temof the History of Modern Europe; perate, yet hospitable and convivial. Mr. Liston, who has so long and with in the tenderest connexion of dosuch distinction served his country in mestic life, he was truly fortunate, a diplomatic capacity; Mr. Porter, having married the eldest daughter of an eminent Russia merchant; the late the Rev. Dr. John Drysdale, a lady, Dr. William Robertson, the historian; whose temper, taste, good sense, acthe late venerable Lord Monboddo, complishnients, and turn of manders, well known as an amiable enthusiast in were entirely in unison with his own. Grecian literature; Mr. Dugald Stuart, She survives with the children of that most learned, ingenious, and mo- their marriage, to inourn his premature dest of the members of the Scottish loss. His death took place at EdinUniversities; Mr. Professor Chris- burgh, on the 8th of December, 1806. tian, and many others, the most emi- Ergo Quintilium perpetuus sopor pent for virtuc, rank, and talents.
Unget! cui pudor, et justitiæ soror Amidst so many public duties, Mr. Incorrupta fides, nudaque veritas, Dalzell's application to private study Quando ullum invenient parem. was indefatigable. The compositions Multus ille quidem flebilis occidit and continual improvement of his Nulh flebilior quam mihi Lectures, with the compilation of his Collectanea, or Avadexta cost him pro- Mrs. KNOWLES, whose Death was andigious pains and labour. His corres- nounced p. 276. pondence with Heyne and other men M staffordshire
, and the widow
a of learning abroad, encroached a good deal upon his hours of leisure. of Dr. Knowles, a much esteemed He has enriched the volumes of the physician in London. Her parents Transactions of the Royal Society of being of the society of Friends, she Edinburgh with a variety of interest- was carefully brought up in substaning communications in Biography, or tial and useful knowledge; but this on subjects of erudition. He was the alone could not satisfy her active editor of the posthumous sermons of mind; for she was long distinguished his father-in-law, the learned and ju- by various works in the polite arts of dicious Dr. John Drysdale. He gave poetry, painting, and more especially a value to Chevalier's description of the imitation of nature in needlethe plain of Troy, by translating and work. Some specimens of this last illustrating it. His application was, having been accidentally seen by their indeed, far too intense; but so very Majesties, they expressed a wish to much was his heart in his studies and see her; and she was accordingly his official duties, that no tender presented in the simplicity of her suggestions of his friends, no counsels quaker dress, and graciously received. of his physicians, could divert him 'This and subsequent interviews led froin them. He was in stature among to her grand undertaking, a representhe tallest of the middle size; his tation of the king in needlework;
which she completed to their entire and let his wife and children starve, satisfaction, though she had never the patish will oblige him to find seseen any thing of the kind.
curity for their maintenance. We We next find her accompanying have different modes of restraining her husband on a scientific tour evil. If we require more perfection through Holland, Germany, and from women than from ourselves, it France, where they obtained intro- is doing them honour. And women duction to the most distinguished have not the same temptations that, personages, such as the Prince and we liave; they may always live in vir• Princess of Orange; at Versailles, tucus company; men must mix in to the Messieurs and Mesdames of the world indiscriminately. If a wothe royal family; and at last she was man has no inclination to do what is admitted to the toilette of the late un- wrong, being secured from it is no fortunate Queen, by her own desire. restraint to her. I am at liberty to The appearance of Quakers was to that walk into the Thames; but if I were. Princess quite a phenomenon, con- to try it my friends would restrain me cerning whose tenets she was politely in Bedlam, and I should be obliged to carnest for information, and acknow. them. ledged these heretics to be philoso- Mrs. K. Still Doctor, I cannot help phers at least.
thinking it a hardship that more inShe wrote on various subjects, phi. dulgence is allowed to men than wolosophical, theological, and poetical, men. It gives a superiority to men, some of which have been published to which I do not see how they are enwith her name, but more anonymous. titled. ly; and it has been said, modestly re- Dr. J. It is plain, madam, one or tained in manuscript far more than other must have the superiority. has appeared before the public. When Mrs. K. Well, I hope in another urged on this subject she would say, world the sexes will be equal. "Even arts and sciences are but evan- In speaking of Soaine Jenyns's. escent splendid vanities, if unaccom. “ View of the Internal Evidences of panied by the Christian virtues !" the Christian Religion," Buswell said
Mr. Boswell, in his life of Dr. John- to Mrs. Knowles, * You should like son, relates a long conversation which his book, Mrs. K., as it maintains, as took place at Mr. Dilly's, in April you friends do, that courage is not a 1778, between the Doctor and Mrs. christian virtue. Knowles. The company consisted of Alrs. K. Yes, indeed, I like him Mr. Dilly, Dr. Johnson, the Rev. Dr. there; but I cannot agree with him, Mayo, the Rev. Mr. Beresford, tutor that friendship is not a christian to the late Duke of Bedford, Mr. virtue. Boswell, Mrs. Knowles, and Miss Dr. J. Why madam, strictly speakSeward.
“ Mrs. Knowles," says Bos. ing he is righi. All friendship is prewell, “ affected to complain that men ferring the interest of a friend to the had much more liberty than women.” neglect, or perhaps against the in
Dr. J. Why, madain, women have terest of others; so that an old Greek all the liberty they should wish to said, He that has friends has no have. We bave all the labour and friend!' Now Christianity sec?mthe danger, and the women all the mends universal benevolence, to conadvantage. We go to sea, we build sider all nen as our brethren, which houses, we do every thing in short, to is contrary to the virtue of friendships pay our court to the women.
as described by the ancient philoMrs. K. The Doctor reasons wit- sophers. Surely, madam, your sect tily, but not convincingly. Now, must approve of this, for you call all take the instance of building; the men friends. mason's wife if she is ever seen in Mrs. K. We are commanded to do liquor is ruined. The mason may get good to all men,' but especially to them himself drunk as often as he pleases, who are of the household of faith.' with little loss of character; nay, Dr. J. Well, madam, the house. may let his wife and children starve. hold of faith is wide enough.
Dr. J. Madam, you must consider Mrs. K. But, Doctor, our Saviour if the mason does get drunk himself, had twelve apostles, yet there was one
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