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THE NATIONAL REGISTER.
Frigate United States, at anchor off Algiers, April 18, 1816. Sir-The undersigned, commanding naval officer in the Mediterranean, considers it his duty to inform you, that the treaty of peace which was concluded on the 30th June, 1815, between the United States and the regency of Algiers, was, on the 8th inst returned to Mr. Shaler, our consul at that place, who in consequence thereof, took up his residence on board this squadron.
F. Gard, of Bordeaux, to Samuel L. Mitchell, of
Considate of the United States,
BORDEAUX, April 9, 1816.
SIR,-You will, perhaps, be surprized at a li
Sir-By the arrival in this bay of the United States squadron under com. Shaw, on the 3d inst. the ratification of the treaty of peace concluded|berty I take in addressing you; but being governbetween the United States and Algiers, in Juneed by motives of humanity, and encouraged in my last, was received. Difficulties have since arisen, design by some military gentlemen and merchants which however have been settled, until the plea-of the United States, now in this place, I beg leave sure of the government can be known here.-This I give you for the information of those concerned tion of the unhappy persons in your country who to call your attention, for a moment, to the situa in the trade of the United States in the Mediter- have the misfortune to be deaf and dumb. Afranean, and request that you will give it the publi-flicted myself with these infirmities, and feeling, city which the case requires. Should any thing with great sensibility, for all those in the same different from this state of things occur in the situation, I have enquired of the American gentlemean time, I will inform you of it by a circular. I have the honor to be, with due respect, sir for the instruction of the deaf and dumb, whether men, who have visited our institution, in Bordeaux, your most obedient servant, there existed any similar establishment in the United States. Being informed that no such school had been established with you, and learning, that, among your deaf and dumb, all those who have not the means of coming to Europe were deprived labors and existence to procure for them the inof instruction, I feel an ardent desire to devote my organization is susceptable, and which is so indisestimable blessing of the education of which their pensible, both for their own happiness, and to render them useful members of society.
The two following letters, copied from the Advocate of this morning, will be read with pecu
Should the dey, however, violate this promise, II can assure you, and I beg you to acquaint all captains and owners of vessels who may be within the limits of your consulate, that the squadron under my command is fully competent to assure the most perfect security to our commerce in these seas.--I have the honor to be, &c., JOHN SHAW. Col. Aspinwal, consul of the U. S. at London, &c.
deaf and dumb, in this city, and having acquired, I was educated myself in the institution of the A negociation was commenced and carried on by long application, a perfect knowledge of the for some days, under the protection of a white flag,tunate portion of society; I have, for these eight most approved method of instructing this unforwhich resulted in a re-acknowledgment of the years, exercised the functions of teacher; I have above treaty, with a promise that no hostile step also acquired a tolerable knowledge of the Engshould be taken; and that he, (the dey) would|lish language. If the American government or await the result of instructions from the president benevolent individuals of your country are dis of the United States on the points in dispute. would willingly go there for that purpose. I posed to favour an institution in the United States, character, and of my capacity for teaching the can procure satisfactory testimonials of my moral commercial gentlemen of the United States, who deaf and dumb, from respectable military and honor me with their friendship and esteem. shall entirely depend upon the wisdom and judg ment of the American government, or of the individuals who undertake to assist me, in the present establishment, to fix the mode and plan of its organization.
students, at the expense of the government, which Our institution here is calculated for sixty poor Letter from Wm. Lee, Esq. Consul of the United sundry other changes, to which is to be added pays for each 600 francs (about $114) per annum, and 24,000 (less than $5,000) for professors, and States at Bordeaux, to Dr. Mitchill, of this city. DEAR SIR,-I beg leave to enclose you a letter &c. making the aggregare expense about one 1000 the expense of a suitable building, beds, linens, from Mr. Gard, professor at the deaf and dumb francs annually ($190) for each individual. The college in this city. He is considered, in this rich pay the expense of their children-and if, country, a phenomenon; for, though deaf and dumb, he is familiar with every branch of litera-deaf and dumb in the United Statea have the as I have been told, a considerable portion of the ture and science. He wrote the enclosed himself, and brought it to me to correct; but I thought it to the government or a private society would be means of paying for these instructions, the expense best to make no alteration in it. I can assure you inconsiderable; for myself, I do not claim great he is considered far superior to the Abbe Sicard, emoluments, my desire and object is to serve an who has acquired so much celebrity in Europe afflicted portion of humanity; iny ambition is to for instructing the deaf and dumb. Being but secure a comfortable subsistance for twenty-eight years of age, and of excellent constitution, he has a large margin for improvement, your humble serv't, I have the honor to be, with high respect sir, my family. and would probably live to see his proposed institution carried to the highest perfection.
I have the honour, &c.
Professor of the Royal School of Deaf and Dumb, at Bordeaux.
THE FINE ARTS!
We have just had the pleasure to receive Part 1 of vol. 1, of Delaplaine's Repository of the Lives & Portraits of Distinguished American Characters," and we hasten to announce its publication, because we know there are many persons who, like ourselves, were painfully apprehensive, that owing to the want of encouragement, the want of funds, or some other cause, this national publication would not appear. It is three years since Mr. D. has devoted himself, and all his means, with the most persevering industry, to the accomplishment of this desirable work; and we are now gratified in the belief that it will be accomplished in the spirit in which it was commenced. We have not now time to speak of the style and execution of the several portraits in the present number, but pressed, as we are, for time and room, we cannot deny ourselves the gratification to call public attention to the busts of WASHINGTON and HAMILTON.
They are executed in Mr. Leney's very best That of Hamilton is uncommonly fine. Those two portraits are worth the price of the whole number. The paper is good, and the typographical part, which is executed by Mr. Brown, does him great credit. We hesitate not to recommend this national work to the tronage of the nation. Pride, patronage, and a love of the fine arts, unite as motives to cherish this valuable publication.-[D. Press.
satin, taffets, levantine, and serge to be imported to Petersburg only, 25 per cent. ribbands (except for orders) to be imported to Petersburg only, 25 per cent; cassimere of all colors, 25; spectacles, 10 per cent. white crockery ware, 25 per cent. strings for musical instruments, 5 per cent. blankets and coverlets, white, to be imported to Petersburgh only, 25 per cent. mahogany, 10 per cent. beech wood, 2 per cent. diamonds and pearls, 1 per cent. prints and paintings, 25 per
There is now to be seen in this town the singular curiosity of a young living alligator. The egg from which it was hatched was brought by a sailor from South-America to Greenock; and the person who now exhibits it, procured it when it was so small that it could be easily held in a person's hand. Not knowing how to treat it, he kept it without food for about six months, during which period it must have procured nourishment from the water with which it was supplied. As soon as it was advertized in Edinburgh it attracted considerable attention, and, among others, it was visited by an eminent naturalist, who suggested a different, and, as it appears, a most successful mode of treating it. Since that period its growth has been rapid: its length at present is above three feet, and every day makes a visible difference in its size. It is thought that it will grow to the size of 20 feet, and still remain tame. It feeds upon herrings, oysters, or generally on any kind of flesh, and is kept either in the water, or in a sort of box, with a glass top, near the fire. It is remarkable for its sagacity; and if through the night it wants water, will leave its couch, and make its way to the keeper's bed, when it will moan, and if by this means the keeper is not awakened, it will strike him with its tail until he attends to its wants. In like manner, when it grows cold from the fire going out, it makes its way to the keeper's bed, and putting aside the bed-clothes, lies down beside him, in order to procure heat.-New Castle Paper.
No. 1. Silk goods of one colour, and plain, without gold and silver, velvets, gross de tours,
No. 2. Carpets, gold and silver, to be imported to Petersburg only, 25 per cent. razors, knives and forks, scissars, snuffers, penknives, &c. 25 per cent. files, saws, and other iron instruments, 5 per cent, beaver and otter skins, and other foreign furs, 25 per cent. French cambrics, to be imported to Petersburgh only, 25 per cent. twist, died and white, 7 1-2 silver rubles per po.; white kindacks, 25 per cent. paper, of all sorts, white, 25 per cent. ostrich feathers, 20 per cent. apples, 125 co. per 2 ankers; brandy, arrackshrub, 10 ro, s. per ankers; perfumery, 50 co. per bottle; porter, 20 co. per barrel.
No. 3. Cocoa 125 co. silver per po. chesnuts, 75 do. fruits, in liquor, 13 ro. silv. sago, 125 co. silv. rice 15 co. per po. hops, 125 co. ditto; dyed pa-woolen yarn, 875 co. per po. quick silver, 25 co. S.; soot, 25 co. silv. sugar, 150 co. silv. sugar in loaves, 475 co. silv. salt, to be imported to the Baltic only, 15 co. si. cheese, 15 ro. s. whalebone, 250 co.; coffee, 3 ro.; indigo, 250 co.; cochineal, 750; wire, 30 co. vitriol oil, 150 co. Venetian soap, ro.; nuts, 1 ro, per qd.; coals, 50 co. per br.; logwood, 50 co., Nicaragua, 1 ro. per bq.; watches (except what are prohibited,) 15 per ro.; stockings do. do. 20 ro.
No. 4. Cider, 36 co. per bottle soga, 50 co. do. French wine, 20 ro. a per hhd. do. in bottles, 25 co. per bottle; herrings, Swed. 20 co. per barrel; do. English and Dutch, 150 30; vinegar, 626 co. per hhd. cloth, except what is prohibited, 115 co. s. per arsh.; birds, 25 co. per piece: oranges and lemons, 60 co. per 300: mares and stallions, 25 ro. each; tin plate, 625 ro. per 450 sheets; cocoanuts, 125 co. per 10 qds; tiles, 1 ro. per. 1000 q.
The duties in roubles are understood silver, a 4 to P. N The per cent. is to be taken from the value, according to the exchange.
Finances of Holland.-The expenditures of the Dutch government for 1816, are estimated at 82,000,000 of florins; and the revenue at 75,008,000. But the government would not augment the taxes
nor require a loan for the deficit, in the hope that to try to extort confessions from them. O'Donthe expenses might be less than was calculated-oju had the nails of his hands and feet torn off by they more commonly exceed the calculation. the roots. His life is despaired of. Yandiola was chained to the ground and an enormous weight placed on his breast for 48 hours. They both persisted in their innocence to the last.— Yandiola was not liberated from torture until he had become speechless and gone into convulsions. He now lies dangerously ill.
VIENNA, May 16. According to accounts from Constantinople, it appears that troubles have broken out in Bulgaria and in Ramelia. The Porte expected soon to quell the insurrection-the instigator, Hassan, has had his head cut off and sent to Constontinople-the governor of Aleppo has also sent 26 heads, which have been placed over the gate of the Seraglio.
Three of the most distinguished artists of Dresden have lately died there, viz. the inspector of the gallery Riedel, professor Vogel, and the celebrated engraver Muller.
From a London paper.
A Paris (newspaper) article, dated 24th May, SS-"During the short duration of the mad rebellion at Grenoble, Didier, (who instigated the rebellion at Grenoble, and was taken upon the Piedmontese territory) had assumed the title of In-bour tendant General of the army of Independence; a man named Couchon, called himself marshal Grouchy; and a schoolmaster of La Mure called himself count Bertrand. These wretches had also cloathed a peasant in a dress covered with gold and decorations and they always appeared before him with their hats off."
A private letter from Paris of 22d May, after announcing the arrest of Caulincourt, (Bonaparte's duke of Vicenza,) says" M. Manuel, so distinguished for his patriotism and eloquence in the house of representatives, has also been arrested, together with 54 persons of less note.While with a view to quiet the Thuilleries, Paris is kept in this state of perturbation, the religious and political fanaticism of the South has broken out with increased fury.
Important to Mariners.-The following communication arrived on Saturday from Ostend, respecting a new arrangement of the lights on that port: "A light has been for son.e time preparing in the Downs, to the east of that port, in a southeastern direction from that which already exists on the point of the Jettee, and is to be in use from the 1st of June. These lights, by bringing both into one, are meant to point out the best channel for entering the harbor, a circumstance of some importance to seamen who navigate this port. The lights in question will, of course, only burn during the period of the tide that the haris practicable."
"We learn, from good authority, that in the course of last week a general rising took place at Nismes, which terminated in the massacre of a great number of the Protestants, and in the destruction of their dwellings. It is confidently stated, that at least one half of the city has fallen a prey to the flames.
Lady Hester Stanhope.-Lady Hester Stanhope, who belongs to one of the first families in England, merits a place among the most celebrated and intrepid travellers of the present age. This lady, the niece, the friend, and intimate companion of Mr. Pitt, was not less attached to him by conformity of mind than by the ties of blood. She enjoys a pension from her country. Pitt, who, as is known, died without fortune, left to his nieces, poor as himself, a few lines in which he recommended them to the generosity of the people of England. After the death of her uncle, lady Hester formed the project of travelling in the Levant. She first repaired to Malta, and from thence proceeded to Constantinople. Wishing afterwards to make a Pilgrimage to Palestine, she sailed for the holy land, but had the misfortune to be shipwrecked off the Isle of Rhodes. Cast on a barren rock she seemed destined to perish by hunger, but an English ship which appeared on the following day, took her on board, and conveyed her to Syria. There she travelled in all directions, accompanied by Mr. Bruce, who has just been tried for the part he took in the escape of Lavalette. She spent many years wandering among the ruing of Palmyra and Hierapolis, and exploring the valleys of Mount Lebanon. Living for whole months on rice and water, and accustomed to the frugality of Oriental habits from being feeble and debilitated, she became a strong and vigorous Amazon. According to letters which she has addres
to her family in England. she is now at the head of three tribes of Bedouin Arabs who regard her as a being of superior order. She has had several children, whom she was fond of, brought to her from England; and she declares that she will
"Government had received notice, it appears, of Vandamme's being in the vicinity of Paris. Search was in consequence made in every quarter, and in one instance a detachment of gen-d'armes was ordered to surround an inn at Versailles, where he was supposed to be secreted. These men closely examined every person found in the house, and being disappointed in their principal object, they, to justify their inquisitorial proceed-sed ings, carried off, as suspicious characters, three individuals who happened to be unprovided with passports."
Torture at Madrid.-Vicente Richard, a despica-never forsake that land of the sun, to breathe the ble enthusiast, suspected of plotting to produce a humid and cloudy atmosphere of Great Britain. counter revolution in Spain, was siezed and im[French paper. prisoned in Madrid on the 19th of February the rack, he accused as his accomplices the exgeneral Renovales, Don Ramon Calatrava, Don Juan O'Donoju, and Don Juan Antonio Yandioli. Calatrava and Renovales fled, but Yandiola and O'Donoju, unsuspicious of an accusation so completely groundless, were arrested and thrown into dungeons. They were then put to the torture,
The Frankfort Journal contains the following relation of a curious stratagem had recourse to to impose on the credulity of the inhabitants of Alsace:-A peasant was going on Easter Sunday to church at Bloxheim. On the way he met a man on horseback, who called to him- Do you know said he, shewing him a piece of gold, this face?
"It is the king's and this?"—"It is the empe-abcess behind the shoulder of a young man of
The Chancellor of the exchequer brought forward last night the budget of the year. The supplies of the year 1816, amount to 25,140,1864-The ways and means estimated at 27,306,271.— The soap regulations are expected to produce 200,0007; the taxes already laid on butter and cheese, 100,000l. On the first year of the peace, a year always signalized by a heavy loan, he nounced that there would be a reduction to the amount of nearly 3,000,000!.
[London paper, May 28. ROME, May 12. Our relations with the house of Austria are some time closely united, which we attribute to the necessity of preserving the Roman shores from the Barbarians. The powers of Italy have concluded with the African pirates treaties more or less humilitating the court of Rome will withdraw itself from them, it is to be presumed that Austria will no more submit to them, and the English vessels will not be always here to protect our coasts, so that we have great interest in forming close relations with Austria.
From the Richmond Compiler.
Amidst the rumors of plots, and the political changes which reach us from the old world, it is pleasing to catch the "small, still voice" of sci
The expedition to Africa seems to be be advancing with a prudence which promises success. Who has forgotten the enterprize and the fate of Park? Major Peddie is about treading in his an-steps-his end the same, but the season, and the means, are essentially different. Every thing is shunned, which was supposed to have defeated the expedition of Park.
In 1804 Mungo Park was invited by the secre tary of state for the colonial government, to unfordertake an expedition into the interior of Africa. The great object in view was, to trace the river Niger, whose outlets had never been explored by the Europeans. Many oonjectures had been entertained. The opinion of the ancients was, that it had no connection with the ocean, but spread itself into a considerable lake, like the Caspean sea. Major Rennell, the celebrated geographer of the present age, has adopted this opinion. Another supposition was, that it falls into the Nile, constituting the western or White branch of that wonderful river. A third idea was, that it branches itself into a variety of streams, which fall into the Atlantic ocean, at the northern point of the Bay of Guinea. But the most plausible opinion is, that it turns to the south and ultimately terminates in the river Congo, which is described as "one of the most magni. ficent streams in the world, running with a rapid
of 5 or 6 miles an hour, and a width of nearly an English mile, for many hundred miles above its mouth, and a depth of not less than 50 fathoms." Mr. Park was most strongly of the lat. ter opinion.
We are assured that his holiness, to save the
The order of Malta will be re-established in
banks of the Niger was delayed so long that it
Africa, and form a military order in the new king
On the 26th April he left the Gambia, to cross the country to the Niger-nor did he arrive there before October; an interval fatal to all his prospects-the season of rains and of fever; which carried off his Europeans with a tremendous rapidity. The following extract of a letter to the secretary of state for the colonial department, written from Sansanding, November 17th, 1805, will best paint the situation to which he was re
"Your lordship will recollect, that I always
Worms.-Five living white worms, from 1 1-4 to
spoke of the rainy season with horror, as being extremely fatal to Europeans; and our journey from Gambia to the Niger will furnish a melancholy proof of it.
States schooner Firebrand was lately despatched from New-Orleans to demand the release of one Mr. Dupplesses, an American chizen, whom his black majesty, the Emperor of Hayti, had im
"We had no contest whatever with the natives,prisoned. He was released accordingly. It is said nor was any one of us killed by wild animals, or that about five acres of land recently slipped into any other accidents; and yet I am sorry to say, West Canada creek, from the side of a hill near that of forty-four Europeans who left the Gambia Herkimer.-The subscriptions to the national in perfect health, five only are at present alive, bank in this city amount to $1,293,000.—Mrs. viz. three soldiers, (one deranged in mind) Lieut. Carson, whose husband was lately murdered by Martyn, and myself. Smith, also her husband, her mother, Mrs. Baker, and two men, once convicts, have been arrested and committed, for a conspiracy against the go
"From this account, I am afraid that your lordship will be apt to consider matters as in a very hopeless state; but I assure you I am farvernor of Pennsylvania.-The candidates in Hanson's district are Maj. Peter, Charles Kilgour, and G. Carrol, for a seat in Congress-it is to be hoped the former will be successful. Resignations, &c.
from desponding. With the assistance of one of the soldiers, I have changed a large canoe into a tolerable good schooner, on board of which I this day hoisted the British flag, and shall set sail to the east, with the fixed resolution to discover the termination of the Niger, or perish in the attempt. I have heard nothing that I can depend on respecting the remote course of this mighty stream; but I am more and more inclined to think that it can end no where but in the sea."
The following members have resigned, de-
Gallant spirit! thy situation was hopeless indeed. In a few days thy illustrious career was cut short. On descending the Niger, Park was assassinated near the village of Yaour.
Benjamin Tallmadge, do. Con. do.
Thos. Golston, do. Virginia, dead.
The Edinburg Review (47th number) details the facts, from which the preceding is compiled; and adds, that " every thing in the narrative bears witness to the fatal effects of the wet season, and equally proves the possibility of leading to the Niger a force apparently inconsiderable,quence of voting for the compensation bill and but large enough to prevent insult from small other causes, to wit: Messrs. Adams, Adgate, bodies of the natives, and to protect a trading || Betts, Birdsall, Birdseye, Brooks, Cady, Crochecaravan against all ordinary risks."-It also re- ron, Gold, Grosvenor, Hammond, Kent, Lovett, marks, that if the Congo "be the same river | Moffett, Savage, Schenck, Ward, Wilkin, and 1 with the Niger, the co-operation of an ascending | or descending party would offer great facilities and advantages; while, if it should turn out to be a different stream altogether, the access to the interior would thus be doubled."
Compensation Bill again.
We regret to discover that the Virginia papers are engaged in eulogising Mr. H. St. G. Tucker for voting against this bill, and afterwards refusing to take the extra compensation. We regret it, because the cause of truth requires a full developement of the transaction, and it becomes us to de-give it, that others who acted more boldly and independently in this business, may not become the exclusive victims, while those who played a double game are eulogized and retained. We are informed by persons who were present during the debate, that Mr. Tucker advocated the bill when it was first offered, in a speech of considerlength, and voted against every proposition that tended to defeat it; but that as soon as he ascertained the yeas and nays would be taken, he opposed the bill, on the following day, with equal violence. It is true that he refused to take the extra compensation; but he was shrewd enough to have it entered on the treasury books to his credit, which will enable him to draw it if he be not re-elected, and if he be, it can be done, and the transaction never known beyond the walls of the treasury department.
SUMMARY-FOREIGN & DOMESTIC.
Algiers. It is reported that Algiers has clared war against England; but why, it is not known-the report, however, is generally credited. The Princess of Wales, like the wandering Jew, has now taken her departure for Alexandria in Egypt-no doubt, to see the pyramids and mummies of that country. She seems to have a great curiosity, and, like all the English ladies,able appears to be very fond of the Turks.
France. It seems that great preparations are making in the Champs Elysus in honour of the Duke and Duchess of Berri, to the latter of whom the city of Lyons will present 24 magnificent silk robes, of their finest manufacture.-It is rumoured that Bonaparte has again reached Paris-not believed.
Spain.-Richard Meade, Esq. of Philadelphia, while acting as vice consul at Cadiz, was seized and cast into a dungeon in the castle of St. Catalina, by the authority of the Spanish government.
Mr. Redheffer has again called for an examination of his perpetual motion; and a respectable committee has been appointed for that purpose, who are shortly to assemble and declare whether it be a self-moving power or not. The United
It has been mentioned that a lot of cattle was lately sold in Kentucky, which averaged 77 dollars a head, (payable in paper fug) since which a statement has been made, that nineteen head of cattle were lately sold in Montreal for 3,000 dollars, which gave an average of 130 dollars a head, and the purchase money gold and silver.