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Ivory Paper. The Society for the Encourage- || state from impending clouds of waste and desola. inent of Arts and Manufactures, have given the tion, they respectfully solicit that an extra session sum of 30 guineas to Mr, Finsley, for the invention may be speedily called. of ivory paper. This paper possesses a surface, hav ing many of the valuable properties of ivory, and,

ILLEGAL SLAVE-DEALING. at the same time, has the superior advantage of be ing obtained of a much greater size than ivory can At a Court of Quarter Sessions held in April last, possibly furnish, even nearly as large as the usual for the County of Sussex, (Del.) Lemuel Tam was sheets of drawing paper.

convicted of selling, for exportation, a manumitted slave, and sentenced by the court to pay the suin of

$500, the penalty enforced by the act of Assembly. ÆTILERIOSCOPE. Professor Leslie, of Edinburg,

At the same term James Jones (who had been has invented an instrument called an ætherioscope convicted at the Nov. term last) was sentenced by for measuring the cold transmitted from the higher the court to pay the same sum of 500 dollars, for regions of the atmosphere into the lower. By exporting a manumitted slave. this the relative ternperature of remote and eleva.

The penalties in the above cases will be paid by ted, as well as of inaccessible parts, inay be ascer- ll the defendants:- Del. IVatch. tained. The deduction already drawn from the use of the ætherioscope are, that cold pulses shoot downward from the sky, and warm pulses are sent

PROGRESS OF MEDICINE. opward from the heated air near the earth.

We are furnished with a list of chuse physicians who graduated at the University of Pennsylvania, at the public commencement held on the 25th April.

The result manifests the respect which the science The bell recently cast at Moscow, to replace of the lancet bears in the Old Dominion. The fol. that which was formerly in the tower of Juan Weli- lowing are the numbers who have enlisted in the ki, in that city, weighs 7000 poods, or 252,000 lbs. cause, from each state, &c. English. The clapper weighs 120 poods.

Connecticut 2 Georgia 5
New Jersey 5

Kentucky 6
Pennsylvania 21

Tennessee 1


1 It is a curious fact, says a London paper, that the


Louisiana 1 court Almanack, published at Berlin, by M. de

Dist. of Columbia

Missouri Ter. 1 Buch, designates Bonaparte as a Knight of the



Ireland 1 grand order of the Black Eagle.

North Carolina 4

And Canada 1 South Carolina 8

Ia all one hundred and two graduates. Of these, The German papers state that the assassin of M. Virginia claims more than one third! She has sis. 'de Kotzebue, is still living.

teen more than Pennsylvania herself, the seat of It is calculated that the population of Germany || est on the list, with the exception of Pennsylvania,

the University. She has as many as the nine highincreases at the rate of 450,000 yearly. The prelhas, put together.– [Compiler. sent population of the Danish states is estimated at 1,862,000; namely, Denmark, 1,100,000, Duchies of Schleswig anl Holstein 680,000, Duchy of Laue. burg 30,000, Faroe Isles, &c. 52,000.

Connecticiu.—The Legislature is in session, and appears to be busily engaged, this being the first

session under the constitution. DOŠIESTIC.

A motion to repeal the law passed last year, to Extra Session of the Maryland Legislature.-.A pe- reduce the superior judges from nine to five, was tition to be presented to his excellency the Gover-rejected by the casting vote of the speaker, A nor. That similar applications may be transmitted, || committee had been raised to report on the expefrom such sections of the state as may incline todiency of levying a tax of one dollar on passengers promote the object, the public prints are requested passing through Connecticut, in Steam Boats the to give it insertion.

proceeds of which, it had been proposed, should "To his excellency Charles Goldsborough, esq. governor | tnres, and the cod and whale fisheries.

be appropriated to encourage agriculture, manufacof the State of Maryland. The undersigned, inhabitants of Somerset coun.

Among the private petitions read, was one from

a Rev. Daniel Parker, praying to be exempted from ty, most respectfully present the following causes for an early convention of the general assembly.

arrest for debt for five years. He sets forth, that he 1st. That the productions of our agriculture, of had become involved, and obliged to Icave the

bad been a settlcd clergyman-had speculated our forests, and Gsheries, the great staples of our

state; and that «luring his exile he had been censurpassive commerce, are reduced in value to a mosteel and expelled by his Ecclesiastical brethren : and aninous extent.

2. That a large proportion of our population that, wishing to return to demand a new trial, he and those of the most enterprising and industrious solicited the eqemption prayed for. The house reclasses, are involved in debt, and although posses

jected the application unanimously. sed of property, are utterly unable to discharge The House of Representatives, en Friday last, their obligations.

made choice of Messrs. S. T. Hosmer, J. T. Peters, In order that the wisdom of the Legislature may || 13a Chapman, J. C. Brainard, and Wm. Bristol, as be employed in affording relief-in sinelding the judges of the superior court. The Senate made


choice of the same gentlemen, except Mr. Brain.|| ca. There are already 16,000 soldiers encamped, ard, who is a federalist: in his place they elected commanded by Gen. O'Donnel, who is of Irish ex. Mr. Lanman. We have not learned which house traction. He is very popular with his soldiers, who has given up its candidate.

are, I am toid, fine looking men, well clothed and A bill has been before the Legislature authorising fed. There are seven ships of the line, as many trial by jury before justices of the peace; which, frigates, and several sloops of war, gun brigs, and bowever, was rejected.

schooners, lying at anchor doing nothing, while Bills for the incorporation of a considerable num-l the Patriots are destroying their commerce. They ber of cotton and woollen manufacturing compa- are all in miserable order. The frigate Diana sailed, nies, are before the Legislature.

not long since, on a cruise of three days. She has New-York.--In this state it is yet uncertain which not been heard of since. It is thought she is taken. of the three parties has obtained a majority in the || We are not very popujar at this place, owing, I pre. Legislature. ‘Among the citizens elected to be sume, to the Florida business.'

Nat Int. State Senators at the recent election, is Gideon Granger, formerly postmaster-general. Among those elected to the flouse of Assembly, is John C. | house of Mr, Cummins, of Westford, was consum

FIRE. On Friday morning last, the dwelling Spencer, a representative in the last Congress from ||ed by fire, and, melancholy to add, three small that state.-Nut. Intel.

children, from one to four years old, were burnt to

death. The circumstances were that Mr C. was PITTSBURG, May 25.-A most alarming fire burst || absent at Boston, and his wife was gone to put the out on Thursday afternoon last about 2 o'clock, at

cows to pasture, and on return, found the house the arsenal in Lawrenccville, two miles from this

Tne'dodies urine mire ones, alter the place. The first intimation we received of this me.

fie was reduced, were found, and exhibited a most lancholy occurrence, was from a violent explosion, || shocking and distressing spectacle. which by many was thought to be an earthquake, but the flames were soon after seen bursting from a part of the United States works. It proceeded from

EDITOR'S CABINET. that part of the buildings which serves for a labora

City of Washington, May 29th. tory, in which some men were engaged in making rockets; it was caused by one of the persons driv. Paper Money, &c.—The paper-mongers ing a rocket too suddenly, which exploded in con; and land speculators in the Western states sequence, and soon commuuicated to what is called the composition room; where a great quantity of | But it is all in vain. They must come to

are striving very hard to preserve themselves. materials was prepared; the roof of the building was immediately blown off, and the whole building en.

their natural level.

Town and county veloped in fames. The prompt arrival of the citi- meetings and resolutions, will not coin mozens of Pittsburg, and their efficient co-operation ney. Words wiil not alter the nature of with the military, saved all the neighboring build. || things. Yon might as well declare war withlaboratory. A serious loss, however, we are informont either regular army, or navy, or militia, ed occurred, in the burning of a large quantity of as to declare bank notes good money, withwell seasoned timber. We have heard no estimate out gold and silver to back them. Failure of the amount of the loss. The officer superinten- land ridicule must follow in either case. The ding the making of the rockets, is said to have dis. land speculators, as well as ail other sorts of and only quitted the room when its destruction be speculators, must be brought down to their came inevitable. Major Woolley and all the offi

. natural size and proportions; and they will cers, deserve much credit for the judicious and be brought down. They might as well subprompt exertions which they made to preserve mit with a good grace, for they cannot help this beautiful establishment. The citizens of Pitts- | it. They have too long been deceivers in soburg displayed their usual energy on the occasion. | ciety. They were not, and are not, men of Lancaster, Ohio, May 13.- 1 gentleman from In- / been counterfeits, and, like all other coun

wealth; rich, substantial men. They have diana, passed through this town on Monday last, on his way to Washington City, where he intends get: terfeits, they should be stopped from passing ting a patent for converting Wheat into Sugar, and for an undue value. We hear a great deal Corn into Molasses; he had a sample of each with | said, in the way of compassion, for the specuhim, and they appear to be of equal quality with || lators who have failed and are failing. But bushel of Wheat will make 15 pounds of Sugar: do they deserve compassion ? Are they, inand one busiel of Corn will make three gallons of deed, to be pitied ? Not at all.

It is the men Molasses. He likewise informs 's; that it takes less of industry whom they have ruined who dewood, water or labor, than the usual mode of mak. serve compassion: the poor man, who has ing sugar from the Maple-tree.

worked hard for his few dollars, and who

finds them falling to half their value, and to A letter from an officer on board the U. S:ship nothing, who merits commiseration. What Hornet, to his friend in this city, dated April 19: | has happened in the price of the stock of the Cadiz, 14th

April There is very little news here:|Bank of the United States has also happened the public mind appears entirely engrossed with an in the price of Western Lands. Speculators expedition that is Seting out here for South Ameri- l bought vast quantities on credit, or for money which they borrowed of the banks, and by a FROM TAE NEW YORK ETHNING FOST, Yar 27. kind of hue and cry, of puffing and repuffing, Sir Philip Sidney said, as Addison tells us, that they have got it up to an enormous price. he never could read the old ballad of Chevy Chase, Called


to pay by the banks, they càn- without feeling his heart beat within him, as at the not do it. The bankš, of course, cannot full are to be ranked among the highest inspirations of

sound of a trumpet. The following lines, which fil their engagements. Then come meetings, the Muse, will suggest similar associations in the resolutions, tricks, contrivances, expedients, breast of the gallant American officer. in abundance. All will not do. Come down

THE AMERICAN FLAG, they must. They have arrived at the dropsi- When Freedom, from her mountain height, cal stage of speculation, and they are thirsty

Unfurl'd her standard to the air, For more paper money. But this is only a

She tore the azure robe of night,

And set the stars of glory there! symptom of the intensity of the disease.

She mingled with its gorgeous dies I'hey must be tapped. Good people, take The milky baldrick of the skies, care of

your hard dollars; hoard them; take And striped its pure celestial white care of them in any manner; foor now comes

With streakings of the morning light; the crisis. Here was a Baltimore paper,

Then, from his mansion in the sun,

She call'd her eagle bearer down, which, the other day, told a story of an old

And gave into his mighty liand lady who offered to lend a few hundred dol

The symbol of her chosen land! lase iu poviy lowwie, failing buuk And

Majestic monarch of the cloud! she was mightily praised for it. Poor lady! Who rear'st aloft thy regal form, she had better take care of her dollars. And To hear the tempest, trumping loud, so had all those who do not wish to be drawn And see the lightning-lances driven, into the whirlpool of ruin which is now ra

When stride the warriors of the storm,

And rolls the thunder-drum of heaven! pidly forming. When a bank is failing, to

Child of the Sun! to thee 'tis given carry in your notes and ask for payment, is

To guard the banner of the free, called treating the bank ill. Indeed! What To hover in the sulphur smoke, right has any body corporate to trifle with To ward away the battle stroke, the public by issuing notes which, at the time And bid its blendings shine afar,

Like rainbows on the cloud of war, of issuing, it knows it will not be able to pay?

The harbingers of victory! It is the public that is treated ill, and not the bank. The only well-grounded hope which

Flag of the brave! thy folds shall Ay,

The sign of hope and triumph high! now exists for saving the country from utter When speaks the signal trumpet-tone, confusion with regard to the currency, is the And the long line comes gleaming on, Bank of the United States.' That bank, un- (Ere yet the life-blood, warm and wet, der a good direction, should be clung to by

Has dim'd the glist’ning bayonet) all the true friends of the Union. As for

Each soldier's eye shall brightly turn the others, they will save themselves as they

To where thy meteor.glories burn,

Ard, as his springing steps advance, can. A considerable number will, no doubt, Catch war and vengeance from the glance! survive the shock; but the mass will go,

and And when the cannon-mouthings loud with that ma's away go the speculators.

Heave in wild wreaths the battle shroud, What then! Where's the odds? The country

And gory sabres rise and fall, will be better off. All the property, and mo

There shall thy victor-glances glow,

And cowering foes shall sink beneath ney, and goods, and chattels, will still be in

Each gallant arm that strikes below the country. Those who have got what they That lofty messenger of death. do not own, wiil have to give it up.

Flag of the seas! on ocean's wave not that all right, and just, and proper? The Thy stars shall glitter o'er the brave, people in general will be much better off for When Death, careering on the gale, it. There is a littie jastling just now, as

Sweeps darkly round the bellied sail, there is in an army when first routed; but

And frighted waves rush wildly back,

Before the broad-side's reeling rack, every thing will fall into its proper place

The dying wanderer of the sea again. A few hundred land speculators, Shall look, at once, to beaven and thee. over-traded merchants, and self-over-reached And smile to see thy splendours fly, bank jobbers, are not the people of the United In triumph, o'er his closing eye. States: yet they would fain persuade the

Flag of the free hearts only home, world that because they are ruined, the na

By angel hands to valor given!..

Thy stars have lit the welkin dome, tion is ruined. That would be a good joke, And all thy lues are born in Heaven! truly! They will soon find that the country For ever float that standard sheet! can get on better without thein, and that the Where breathes the foe but falls before us? people are quite able to take care of their

With Freedom's soil beneath our feet, olla affairs.

And Freedom's banner streaming o'er us?


And is


No. 23.]



Printed and Published, every Saturday, by JONATHAN Eluor, at five dollars per annum.


town, which lies on the north side, ten miles frun Contents of this No. of the National Register.

the gulf Topography-Port of Pensacola, 353-Baton Rouge, 363.

The plain on which the town is built is extenritorial Affairs--Missouri, 354.

Miscellany, Discovery of sive, and about eight feet in altitude above the surManuscript, attributed to the Poet Gay, 354–British Mar-face of the sea

The soil is composed of a grey, riage Act, 364, 365–Etna, 354–Navigation of the Revel and in some places, of a white sand, which is ex: open during the winter, 354. South America-Late Intelli-tremely sterile, sustaining little grass, but conside

rable useless shrubbery; so loose and yielling to the gence, 355-Installation of the Venezuelian Congress, 356Defeat of General M'Gregor, at Porto Bello, 365. Arctic foot is the sand in the streets, that walking is very Discoveries-Capt. Ross' Narrative, 358, 351. State Con. | fatiguing and disagreeable; and the dazzling lustre cerns Massachusetts-Gov. Brooks' Speech to the Legisla- l of the sun's reflection therefrom very painful and lature the 1st of June, 361, 362-Separation of Maine, 362, (langerous to the eyes in clear weather.' 363. Foreign Affairs, 365. Domestic Affairs, 367-Resolu- The population of Pensacola at present is about tions of the Citizens of Missouri, condemning the right of fifteen hundred persons of all colors, and the numCongress to interfere in the formation and the provisions of | ber of houses do not exceed four hundred; many of their State Constitution, 457, 458-Reappearonce of the which are falling to ruins--and but few fitted for Şea Serpent, 458.

convenient stores, and mercantile business.

Though no seaport town of the size of this can

have less tracle, or fewer charms for the sojourner, TOPOGRAPHY.

yet the price of real estate bere at present, is ex

travagantly high. Some house lots even in the PORT OF PENSACOLA.

rear of the town, in their natural state, have been Pensacola, May 6, 1819.

sold this spring for 3.000 dollars, with only 80 feet

front, and 170 feet depth. Water lots of the same Mr. G:F. Mott-Dear Sir: On the evening of the size, with old useless buildings on them, are held at 3d inst. I arrived in this town, after a very pleasant || 5, 6, and 7000 dollars. journey from Blakely by the circuitous route of the

The purchasers have been generally from the innew road around the head of the Rio Perdido.- || terior of the southern and western states, and are T'he that way to this place I find to be of the speculating class of society, who appear to about 95 miles; but when a road shall be open from entertain a high opinion of the commercial advanBlakely to this town in the most eligible course, the tages of this port, and anticipate a great advance distance will not exceed 55 miles.

on their lots at the change of government here in For two days I have been constantly in motion || the fall. But whether the new proprietors will re. surveying this aged city, in pursuit of such facts || alize the objects of their fond hopes is very ques. and information as I deem necessary, to make an tionable—at all events, it must be granted that the estimate of its value and importance as a maritime || prosperity of this town will not be promoted by town.

snch monopoly of lots by men, who will not ima As a sea port the local situation of Pensacola may || prove thein The engrossment of the most eligi. be reckoned on the scale of mediocrity. It posses. ble situations for commercial establishments by peo. ses some essential advantages over many southern ple who buy merely to sell again, will, inevitably ports; but is, at the same time, subject to sundry retard the growth of Pensacola, even had it an exinconveniences unknown in other commercial cities. tensive back country to support its trade. But as

The most material disadvantage this place at the good lands on the small rivers emptying into present labors under, in regard to its harbor, is the this bay are very limited, and scarcely any settlevery extensive shoal which stretches along the ments as yet made on them, the exports from this shore of the bay in front of the whole town. All place are at present not worth notice; and cannot though the Channel leading from the sea past the be much until agriculivre subdues the forests of the Barancas into this bay, commands, as I am informed, interior. Therefore, I consider the present price four fathom at ordinary high water; yet a vessel of lots here not warranted by any rational calculadrawing eight feet water, cannot approach within | tion. three liundred yards of the shore. In fact, from However, if the main argument which the advomy own observation, I find that at the distance of cales of the high commercial destiny of Pensacola one hundred yards in a depth only of three feet at advance in support of their lots here, is a sound low water, and only five at high water, the tide ri. one, then the prices are reasonable enough. sing ordinarily only two feet, and but one in 24 The reason urged by those, who contend that hours. The bottom, however, being of a hard this town is soon to become the principal commerwhite sand, admits of a good foundation for wharvescial depot west of Cape Florida is predicated, not and piers, which may be made at great expense by on the expectation of much support from the back mercbarits, who have capital to lay out in supplying country embraced by its own waters, but upon a this radical defect of nature in the celebrated barbor belief that the grand rivers of the Alabama and of Pensacola.

Tombigbee are, on a change of flags at this place, As the island of St. Rosa interlocks with points to betray the high trust which nature hatii confided of the main land, and shuts out the surf and fury of to them by deserting the spacious hay of Mobile, the sea, the whole American navy may ride her in and pouring their treasures into the boson of Pensafety at all times, except during violent hurricanes sacola through artificial channels that exist only in This bay is sis mileg wide and about 30 in length, the fervid imagination of those, wbose interest that extending from the Barancas nearly cast past the event might possibly promole.

Though I consider such logic entirely fallacious, into the valley of Missis.jppi; whence by a chain and the calculation founded thereon, pregnant will finland seas and the Canal Clinton (si'bien finish. disappointment, if not with the ruin of many; ye: | -d) she might arrive, by a circumnavigation of a reference in argument to the experience of all many thousand miles, at le point from which she ages, and to the commercial history of all countries, first sailed, Such are lines of water comrunica. appears to have no influence on the settled opinion: Lion, such the means of Commercial intercourse, c? this class of sanguine adventurers. And some ci fui med by Nature, in the magnificent regions of the these people are so ardent in their fond hopes and Missouri and Mississippi, and of which ihere is no expectations of immediate wealth, that they even paralled on face of the globe contend that Pensacola will ere long out-strip New. This first number of the “ MISSOURI INTELLI. Orleans in con.merce, and draw ficin the Mississip. CENCER and Boon's Lick ADVERTISER," pi the trade of that vast emporium !!

just been received at this office. It is prinied at Allthese wonderful changes in the course of na. Franklin, the seat of Justice for Howard county, by ture are to be wrought by the magic of canal and Messrs. Patton and Holliday. The political aspect steam navigation. To be sure a canial may be open l of the paper is i epublican, and the editorial articles with competent capital so as to connect ibe bay of

Kell written. It scems already to have a good jat. Mobilc with that of Pensacola: but it by no means follows, even should ihal event ever happen, thai lonage; the first number containing no less

han eight coluinns of advertisements. Friends to the produce of the state of Alabama will in that the progress of ligbt, of science, and human adcase, be directed to this place for exportation.

"ancoment-admirers of the great Dr IraeklinThe salubrity of the climate of Pensacola is un

will see with interest the establishment of a News. doubtedly well established. The dryness of the scite of the town, and the nudity and sterility of the paper two hundred mile: up the Missouri, in a town

of more than a thousand souls, bearing the name of sand bills and waste plains in its rear, logether with

Franklin, and containing in its firsi number tbe ad. the sea-breezes whicla prevail in hot weather, ren

vice of that great man to young printers. der the atmosphere pure and salubrious.

The portable water here is wholesome and abun. dant; two small brooks arising from a cold morass in

Revel, Feb. 20, (March 4.-The navigation the rear of the town, along ihe foot of the first ri- hitherto to has not been closed-a circumsiance sing ground, flow in opposite directions, (enclosing that has not occurred in the recollection of the oldthe compact part of the city) into the bay; and will est person here. always supply the place with a plenty of good water; ihougli it does not possess that cool quality, St. Louis, May 12. Governor Clark left St. that characterizes the best spring in the pine woods | Louis on Sunday, 9th to be absent for some, eine of Florida. Yours, &c. S. IL INES.

for the same reason which occasioned bis absence

last winter, the continued indisposition of Mrs. THE MAID OF ORLEANS,

Clark Int: e meantime the government of the This beautiful vessel was built at Philadelphia, Territory will be exercised by Mr. Lates, the seand is equally intended for river and sea navigation; || cretary of the territory. the latter by sails, the former by steam power.She came io New Orieans schooner-rigged, ascend INTERESTING DISCOVERY — It is well known among o the Mississippi by steam, and is the first resse biographers, that Barnstaple had the honor of giv. which has arrived at St. Louis from the Allantic ing birth to the poet Gay: A correspondent informs port. Nien of reflection, men who observe the us ibat a gentleman of that town has long been in progress of human atlairs, will mark this event, possession of a curious antique chair, u bich is ad. will follow the voyage of this ve sel on the map,

mitted, by the relatives of the poet, to have been and will see in its issue the commencement of that his property. Strongly corroborative proofs of its new order of things which is to line the banks oil identity may be gathered from the peculiarity of its the Mississippi rith sea port lowns, and to raise form, and the convenient attached apparatus for. up, at certain commanding points, commercial ci

writing and reading, forming, in every respect, a ties rivalling the greatest of those which the sea

complete student's chair. But what renders it par. shore esibits. They will mark the outset of this ticulurly interesting to the literary world is, that a vessel ieaving her port in north latitude 40 degrees, cabinet maker, to whom it was sent to be repaired, sailing down to the gulf of Mexico, entering it, and accidentally discovered a concealed or secrei draw. quiiting it again, to penetrate by a noble viver the in

er, in which were several manuscript papers, some terior and central parts of the North American of them in the band writing of Gay - Eng.pap. continent, Arrived at St. Louis aller an ascent of

ÆTNA-T'he circumference of the visible hori. 1600 mijes, they will see her almost in the latitude from which she sat out; and having noted what she miles: At Malta, which is near 200 miles distant,

zon on the top of Ætna cannot be less than 2000 has done, will cast forward their eyes to see what they perceive all the eruptions from the second rethe might do: Looking up the Alissouri, they gion; and that island is often discovered from about would see that 1000 miles more would take her to the Mandan Villages, above the latilude of Quebec, the whole clevation, the horizon must extend 10

one hall tlie elevation of the mountaiin; so that at and that 800 more would carry her west to the first

near double that distance, or 400 miles, which fails of the Nissouri river. Looking up the Mis

makes 800, for the diameter of the circle, and sissippi they would see that 1000 miles would carry ||2409 for the circumference. But this is by much her in the falls of St Anthony, in the latitude of || ton vast for our senses, not intended to grasp so Vermoni; whence a canal of half a mile at the head boundless a scene. I lind, indeed, by some of the of the river St. Croix would enable her to cnter the Sicilian authors, particularly Massa, ihat the Afri. Caspian sea cf North America. Looking up the can coast as well as that of Naples, with many of Ilin is they would sea that 500 miles would carry its islands have been discovered from the top of her lo the gate which is to open the Michigan lakell Etna.-Vol. I. p. 1344

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