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NO. 23, voi. 1.] WANI VION, SATURDAY AUGUST 3. 1816. ALLE NO, 23.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, BY JOEL K. MEAD, AT FIVE DOLLARS PEL ANNUM.
The following review has been received from a
we are disposed to question even the utility of literary club established in this city; and as it works of this character. To persons ignorant of contains some strictures on the bistory of an
the medical science they produce nothing but event which we shall always deeply regret, we
confusion; and we should entertain but an hunn. have thought proper, for the further informa- | ble opinion of the medical faculty, if they resort. tion of our readers, to give it an insertion ined to such sources for information-A smattering the Register.
of medicine is more injurious than a total igno.
rance-and the old woman who has derived all For the National Register.
hier knowledge from a careful perusal of Buchan, DR. EWELL'S MEDICAL COMPANION. Rees or Ewell, might from the confusion it produ. A work has just made its appearance in this ces and her ignorance of the true causes and sympcity, called the " Medical Companion," purport.toms of diseases, as soon be induced to adminis ing to be the third edition, and written, or com
ter poison as to apply the proper remedy-Medipiled by one Dr. J. Ewell, physician in Washing-cine is at best but a science of experiments-e. ton. We confess that, from the hand bills posted ducable to no fixed principles, and varying in pro. at the doctor's doors and windows, in which this portion to the diversity of constitutions we find in modest knight of the pestle has puffed himself, || the human family. He therefore who has tried the in a manner, we doubt not, quite satisfactory to
most experiments will perhaps be the most able himself, we had supposed the work would have practitioner of medicine—The young Esculapius afforded us much useful information, and contri- who launches into the world fresh from the hand of buted to simplify and extend the sphere of medi-| Hypocrates, Galen, and the other fathers of the cal knowledge; but mortals are always destined medical art, will perhaps be more ignorant of the to disappointment; and we have experienced it prog tics of disease, and the method of adminismost woefully in the perusal of this “ celebrated | tering a bolus or a glister, than the good old wife Family Physician," which, like the doctor's own
who has carefully noted the various changes which narcotics, had very nearly overpowered us with
a disease assumes, know the efficacy of her simple sleep. We shall not detain the reader by wading | nostrums, and can apply them with security and through this bundle of plagiarisms and mass of
skill. compilations, in which every thing is borrowed | Je sais bien qu'il y a de bons remedes mais je ne but its stupidity, and every thing stolen but its sais s'ie a de bons Medicines.-(Le Sage.] nonsense. That it will never be worth 5 dollars we think that these books have a tendency onto its subscribers, does not, we think, require ly to multiply quacks to destroy our confidence the prescience of a prophet to foretell, and we in the medical profession, and to make every man regret that the subscribers have paid so dearly a physician without being a doctor. It is not for their whistle. We had no idea that book mak- our intention to point out the paragraphs and paing had attained such a height in this country.ges which the doctor has purloined from sources
The patronage which domestic literature receives || within every mans reach-because we conceive is sa very limited, that no one could reasonably it to be a work ofsupererogation ---Nor shall we prehave supposed a mere compilation from Buchan, sume to say that the doctor is a medical quack, Rush, Sydenham, &c. &c. would ever have made though he is certainly a literary one, and has bor. its way from the bookseller's shelves. To this, rowed and patched with less delicacy than any Lowever, the doctor has contrived to procure no gentleman of the lancet that has ever come before inconsiderable number of subscribers, who, we the public-To be sure for the poetical scraps with doubt not, ere this, have repented their precipi- which he has garnished his medical wild boor, tancy. It is owing, in a great degree, to these we confess ourselves highly indebted to him; berepeated deceptions, that the growth of domestic cause in the midst of darkness a little lightning is literature is so deletory, and that American works very acceptable to prevent us from tumbling into of merit have so circumscribed a circulation. | quagmires and falling over precipices. And it Men who are once deceived will endeavour to the doctor has not been very particular in the ap. avoid a similar deception in future, which thus plication of these extracts, for we presuine that tends to check the enterprise and exertions of || any thing like rhyme was sufficient, his object those who possess real science and genius. But being to swell the book; we are still obliged to
him for administering this poetical snuff powder and movements of the enemy ? why were they or. to keep us awake, ,'
dered to retreat to Washington instead of Bladens. But our object is not so much to exhibit the burg? and why was not the latter the first object doctor's literary and medical incapacity, as to of defence? It must surely be obvious to the point out his prejudices and mistatements in re | most cursory observer, that this village was a Jation to the capture of Washington, which has point to which the enemy could have been com. alonc called our attention to his book. We were pelled to march by the destruction of the bridges, quite at a loss to conceive the connection between and that three days preparation with 6000 men a subject purely historical and one entirely medi would have been amply sufficient to have enacal-and before we had seen the "celebrated Fa. bled the general to erect breast works, half mily Physician,” were inclined to think that the moon batteries and other objects of defence, which doctor bad deduced some fatal disease from that would thus have retarded the progress, if it did not pinfortunate event ; but upon examining the dif- tend to the defeat of the invading foe. But to referent medical heads, even to the bloody Mux, un- turn to the doctor one would suppose that this der which we thought the doctor might perhaps || professional gentleman had absolutely been an eye have placed it ; we were surprized to find it witness of the battle he describes, but whether it wholly detached, and in a manner unconnected originated from his unwillingness to shed blood with the preceding subjects. The doctor was with any other instrument than that of the doubtless influenced by vanity to give the very lancet, or whether it proceeded from that exqui. partial history of this event we find in his medi. | site humanity of which he so much boasts, we are cal companion ; because, the doctor, like Falstaff, || unable to say ; but the fact is that the doctor seems to be very fond of the society of great men, I could never be prevailed upon to advance nearer whether enemies or friends, and like Cockburn, ll than 5 miles to the scene of action. The instinct po doubt, cqually attached to the service of the which influenced Falstafl' not to injure the “true god of wine. The sentimental conversation be. Prince," seems to have taken possession of the tween him and his friends Ross and Cockburn, doctor, and though he could with the utmost sang Was, perhaps, very interesting to himself, but we ll froid bleed 50 Americans to death, he had an un. are sure it must be as insipid, even if it were true, || conquerable abhorrence to letting out the blood i as the doctor's nostrums, to the generality of his of an Englislıman with his sword. The doctos readers. Whether it originated from ignorance has not been correctly informed when he asserts or desigu we are unable to say ; but the doctor has that the “enemy instantly displayed a heavy counfortunately introduced men into the battle of
lumn to the right and passed the ford higher up Bladensburgh, who were, at the time, forty miles off . Among these we find the name of cap:|| Aanking parties at all till he had crossed the
the creek.” The enemy Jid not throw out his tain Grayson, of the marine corps, who was then in Baltimore, and must doubtless feel bridge, nor did many of the troops retreat till they hurt at thụs being lugged into a battle that
were actually flanked to the left and had been redounded so little to the honor of his country:
ordered to retire. The principal part of the exeThis battle has been variously described, and the cution was performed by the Baltimore and Washcauses of our failure frequentiy developed. Some | ington artillery before the enemy effected his obhare ascribed it to negligence on the part of theject, and before com. Barney and the marine.corps government; some to a panic in the American came up. The “hideous lanes," mentioned by army: and others to an incapacity on the part of the doctor, were made by capt. Burch's artillery, the comm.inding general. Perhaps the real cause
at the commencement of the action, and had they was a combination of these three. There was
been properly supported, the lanes might, perhowever a possibility of saving the city even with haps to the doctor's regret, have been made much the army then out, if judicious measures had been
more hideous. Had com. Barney's fotilla men, taken by the general at an earlier period: and and the marine corps been earlier on the ground, that army had not been ordered to retreat with. || (another faux pas of the general) the action would out specifying the point at which tó rally. It is unquestionably have been much more sanguinary, acknowledged by all that the district militia be- and the enemy's access to the city, in all probabihared valiantly, and that some of the corps, in lity, foreclosed. But the doctor was not on the particular, fought till they were repeatedly and field of battle, and only beheld it, like many othperemptorily ordered to retire. 'We would bare-ers, at the distance of fire miles, thro' woods and ly ask, why were the troops dragged for three thro’ mountains, from the third story of his house. days through Prince George's county? why were His optics must indeed have been very acute to they kept in such perfect ignorance of the forcell have seen the rockets in a clear day, at the distance
of five miles, particularly when there intervened se- || destruction of the capitol, president's house, pubveral large hills and a thick wood of nearly four lic offices and private buildings, evince à manignity miles in extent. But this is very probable, if, as and barbarity that are only to be found amung the we understand, the Dr. afterwards saw the rockets | rudest nations of the world, and the man who would at Baltimore, when the enemy uns..ccessfully at- attempt to justify these atrocities, merits the contempted to attack that city. Our knight of the tempt..nd indignation of every lover of his country., lancet seerns to think that because he has patched We respect general Ross for his courage and fideli. his book with poetical scraps, he is therefore entity to his country, but we cannot, at the same time, tled to the license of a poet, and must not be con- avoid esecrating him and his accomplices; the docfined within the narrow limits of probability and tor's eulogies to the contrary notwithstanding, for truth. The Dr. is very facetious when he speaks the acts he committed himself, and suífered to be of the poltroonism of some of the troops whom a committed by those under him, while in possession friend of his met retiring from the ground-In of the city. We are, perhaps, better acquajn: ed this, as in many other circumstances, we suppose with the conduct of the British troops while in the Dr. is merely showing the delicacy of his hu- Washington than the doctor himself; and in oppomor-or again exercising his poetical license for sition to his authority, we declare as a fact, that the amusement of his readers ; but some of these Ross knew the library to be in the capitol, and men relate an anecdote of the author equally as ri. when he was asked to spare it, he exclaimed, diculous, and as they cannot be charged with poet. | “pshaw, we have no time to be trifling with books." ising, they are consequently more entitled to be. He knew also, that Washington's, Tomlinson's and lief. As soon as the Doctor had descended from Sewell's houses were private buildings yet they bis zrial elevation in the third story of his house were ordered to be consumed, He was apprised also in which he had been gazing at the “rockets red of the pillaging of several private houses, yet he glare” through the medium of his mental eye; one
took no measures to prevent it. Among them was of these passions which he says in his book sometimes the house of a gentleman whom the doctorc Jls an produces a diarrhoea, seized him and he fled ; if a | emigrant, which he says, " was plundered of a lobster can be said to fly, to the residence of a sick few articles," but which was in truth, robbed of lady in the neighborhood. From having seen the property to the amount of $10,000! and thint of rockets, or from the uproar occasioned by the retreat another gentleman who, though in the house at the of the American army, the doctor was siczed with || time, and though he expostulated with the British an idea, that the enemy was at his back and would officers then present, he was plundered in the most certainly devour him, notwithstanding his humani-wanton manner, of $1,500 worth of goods and ultity, and grasping the lady's arm, with convulsive mately had his horse taken from lum by this very energy, pretended to feel her pulse for nearly an liberal British general. These are facts we are hour, when it seems he was informed by a divine prepared to substantiate. Cockburn, with his own in the next house that Ross and Cockburn were
hands set fire to the capitol and president's house, not antlaopophagi, but “ perfect gentlemen,” to the by way of distinction, and afterwards boasted of great relief of the unfortunate knight of the pestle. the exploit. This illustrious rear adıniral also It was then he beheld the capitol “in famcs, which, broke into Mr. Gales' prinuing office and did all with a noise like thunder, filled all the saddened the injury to the establishment, his petty malice night with a dismal gloom." We believe it can no could dictate, and yet these are the men this where be found but in the doctor's book, that wielder of the pestle has so o: trageously bedızenlight should produce gloom, particularly when, ined with praises for their forbearance, their liberali. addition to the flames, the moon shone with unusu. || ty, and their virtue. Hinc procul este profani.al brilliancy; but it is one of our authors touches There is another fact in relation to the doctor at the sublime, and as such is calculated to elicitourbimself, which we think it our duty to relate, in admiration. It is unnecessary to follow our author order to destroy the illiberal prejudice he wishes through his fulsome panygerics on the courage, the to excite against those emigrants who, he says, bumanity, and the generosity of the enemy. It
were going to make him the "bloody victim of their would be as sickening to our readers as it is to us. diabolical rage and fury." We feel assured that no American can feel any other The doctor's humanity became so excessive sentiment than indignation at the conduct of men, after he had received the “ 6 doubloong"* from who, contrary to the usages of civilized warfare, | Cockburn, for dressing the wounds of a poor could, without one sentiment of remorse, or one “But it is, I assure you, says Cockburn, all the specie we have
with us”—p. 648. So it would appear that the whole British army sigh of regret, destroy the monuments of the arts could mustr no more than 6 doubloons-a most facrtious and proba and the repositories of literature and science The he not pay the doctor in we place some of his damn sed just before wretch that a British (but the doctor is inclined) to interrupt the progress of Mr. E.'s book to obto think an American) soldier had stabbed, that livion, but this account of the capture of Washupon the departure of the enemy, he repaired ington struck our eye, and we conceived it a duty with a British guard, (who were among those left we owed to ourselves, and to truth, to correct by the generous Ross to the mercy of the Ameri- the doctor's errors, and develope his partialities, can savages, and were, no doubt, well versed in with a view, at least, to suggest to the future that kind of business,) to a neighbour's house, who historian of this event, the propriety of consulting had a fine large hog in his yard, with a view to a more correct & authentic record than that which impress grumphy into the British service. But the doctor has furnished. Upon the style of this one of those emigrants who have called down the work, it is unnecessary to say any thing. Being doctor's wrath, happened to pass by at the time, || as various and diversified as the authors from (the owner being absent,) and, by seasonable whom the doctor has borrowed; it consequently threats, prevented the doctor from putting his presents a medley that cannot be reduced to any designs into execution, and compelled him and standard: but as the historical part of it seems to his suit to retire without their prey. We certainly be the doctor's own, we are thus enabled to pro. applaud the doctor's humanity to those wounded nounce his style below mediocrity. Before we wretches that were left behind by the enemy; conclude we would humbly admonish Mr. E. to but his humanity seems to have been confined to omit the account of the capture of Washington them alone, for the wounded of the American in the future editions of his book, if he be solicit. army received but a small portion of his humaneous to promote its sale, and save himself from and benevolent attentions. The doctor's everlast- || the shafts of future ridicule and contempt. ing slang about the liberality, tenderness, and
ble story, good doctor. Why, in the name of common sense, did Inpaccred from lom?
Critical Society, Washington. noble sentiments of the British army while in
PUBLIC DOCUMENTS, Wishington, is rather loathsome, after the out. rages they committed, and certainly is very in.
THE TREASURY. consistent with the feelings of an American pa
It will be recollected, that, before the last ses. triot. We are unwilling to detract from the meritsion of congress, the secretary of the treasury sub
mitted to the state banks several propositions, in cren of an enemy, but it surely is very disgusting succession, with a view to enable the treasury to to sce an American loading that enemy with praise, I transfer its funds from places, where they accumuwhile he labours to disparage and darken the lated beyond the local demand, to places where character of his own countrymen. The doctor's the local demand exceeded the funds; with a view
to equalize the exchange between the different anecdotcs of Col. Troop, though a man of great states; and with an ulterior view to restore the moral and political excellence, have no more lawful national currency. The state bauks, in connection with the capture of Washington, than general, declined acting upon the propositions, his book has with the man in the moon; and low-stitute, for the accomplishment of objects so im
without offering, in any instance, an efficient subever gratifying it may be to his vanity, he might || portant to them, as well as to the government, at least have spared us the trouble of wading and to the people of the U.States. through that additional quantum of trash. Even
The subject, under these circumstances, was the merit which the doctor assumes for having, | the powers of the legislıture have been put in
presented for the consideration of congress, and by his remonstrances, saved Mr. Caldweil's house motion, to relieve the community from an indefi. and the Washington Bank from conflagration, is, lnite continuance of the evils, which were producwe, understand, surreptitious. Those buildings || cd by the suspension of payments in coin, at the
principal state banks. The establishment of a if report be true, were saved through the inter- | national bank, and a resolution, which provides cession of a young woman who then resided on for collecting the public revenue in the lawful tlie capitol hill.
currency of the United States, after the 20th Feb. To be sure, the doctor says he did all he could that they will be enforced and strengthened by
1817, are preparatory, but decisive measures.to save the rope-walks of Chalmers, Ringgold congress, cannot be doubted by any man who is and Heath; but it was all in vain, and those rope- not prepared to doubt the wisdom, policy and enwalks were as much private property as the houses | ergy of the government. It must, therefore, be
an error fital, probably, to many of the state banks that were späired. But it seems the enemy were against which they are anxiously admonished) to determined to “spare nothing that made in favour indulge a hope, that the next session will retract, of our nuvy;" and thus the private rope-walks of or relax the measures of the last. It is believed those gentlemen became a prey to the conflagrat-gislature of every state in the union must take a
that not only the national legislature, but the leing hand of the enemy—an act of great liberality, || stand in opposition to the enormous abuses of no doubt, in the eye of the worthy doctor. the banking system. We must here pause: it was not our intention
The resolution of congress of the 29th of April 1816, directs and requires the secretary of the trea
sury to make some attempt to facilitate the collec- the metallic currency. The Banks in the States to tion of the revenue in the lawful currency, the South, and to the West, of Maryland, are ready even before the 20th of February 1817; and he and willing, it is believed, to co-operate in the has accordingly addressed a circular letter to the same measure. The objection, or the obstacle, to state banks, of which a copy is subjoined. The the measure, principally rests with the Banks of propositions contained in the circular, and the no- the middle States; but the most important of these tice accompanying it, are amicable, fair and prac. | Banks bave converted their unproductive capital tical; and the benefits to be derived from their a- of Gold and Silver, into the productive capital of doption are expected to be principally these: Public Stock, and a restoration of the metallic
i. That by requiring the banks to pay their capital is alone wanting to enable them, also, to notes of a low denomination in coin, the public resume their payments in coin. debtors will be supplied with a current medium Under these circumstances, it will not be doubt. to answer the call upon them.
ed by any candid and intelligent citizen, that a 2. That by requiring the debtors of the United simultaneous and uniform movement of the State States to pay debts of a small amount in coin, a | Banks would; at this period, be successful, in the channel of circulation is kept open, for the even-revival of the public confidence, and the restoratual return of the inoney to the banks, as a de- tion of the lawful currency of the United States. posit.
An appeal, is, therefore, made to these Banks; in 3. That by an early commencement of small the hope and the confidence, that they will adopt payments in coin, the public confidence in the con. a policy dictated by their own real and permavertibility of notes into money will gradually re- nent interests, as well as by the justice due to the vive, and the public mind be seasonably prepared community. to support the general resumption of coin pay. By a resolution of Congress, passed on the 29th ments in February next.
of April, 1816, it is declared, that “from and afIn every view of the course now pursued by the ter the 20th day of February next, no duties, tax, treasury, we think the experiment proper to be es, debts, or sums of money accruing, or becoming tried. If it succeed, the advantages are incalcu- payable, to the United States, ought to be collectlable. If it fail, because the requisite co-opera- || ed, or received, otherwise than in the legal cur. tion of the state banks is refused, the nation will | rency of the United States, or Treasury Notes, or be completely awakened to a sense of its danger, Notes of the Bank of the United States, or in Notes as well as to the necessity of providing for its re- of Banks, which are payable and paid on demand, lief, by means independent of those institutions. in the said legal currency of the United States."
But in addition to this positive limitation, the
Resolution "requires and directs the Secretary of Circular addressed by the Secretary of the Treasury the Treasury to adopt such measures, as he may
to the State Banks, in order to facilitate the ere. deem necessary, to cause, as soon as may be, all cution of the Resolution of Congress, passed 29th || such duties, taxes, debts, or sums of money, to be of April, 1816.
collected and paid in the legal currency of the Treasury Department, July 22, 1816. United States, or Treasury Notes, or Notes of the SIR,
Bank of the United States, as by law provided By the Constitution and Laws of the United and declared, or in Notes of Banks, which are payStates, Gold, Silver, and Copper coins are inadeable and paid, on demand in the legal currency the only lawful money of the United States, cur- of the United States." After the 20th of Febru. rent as a legal tender in all cases whatsoever. ary, 1817, therefore the Revenue must be collect.
By particular acts of Congress, 'Treasury Notes ed in the mode prescribed; but, even previous, issued by the government, and notes issued by lly, the Secretary of the Treasury is required and the Bank of the United States, are made receiva- directed to pursue the proper measures, for an ble in all payments to the United States.
earlier establishment of that mode of collecBut, in consequence of the suspension of pay- tion, ments in coin, at many of the principal State It is the sincere desire of this department, to Banks, the lawful money of the United States sud- execute the duty thus assigned to it, in a manner denly ceased to be a circulating medium, and the the most convenient and acceptable to the State Treasury Notes issued by the government, having || Banks, and, indeed, rather to invite the Banks to suffered an undue depreciation, the government, a spontaneous adoption of the measures, which as well as private citizens, yiclded to the necessi- || appear to be necessary upon the occasion, than to ty of receiving and paying the notes of the State proceed by the mere force of official regulations. Banks, as a national currency.
In the draft of a Treasury Notice, which accomThe State Banks have hitherto excused the sus- | panies this communication, and which you will pension of their payments in coin, upon the alleged consider in the light of an amicable proposition, necessity of the act; and assurances have been the views of the Department are conveyed as to given, repeatedly, that preparations were making the incipient and preparatory steps, that may, I to resume those payments.
think, be safely taken, with reference to a gence The effect of such preparations has not however,ral resumption of payments in coin, on the 20th become visible; and an apprehension has at length of February next.' If the State Banks concur in been excited in the public mind, that the tempta- | the opinion, so far as their interests and operations tion of profit according to the present irregular are effected, their voluntary assent to the arrange. course of banking, is too great, to admit of all ment will undoubtedly produce the most benefivoluntary return to the legitimate system of bank- | cial consequences, and I shall proceed to announce ing, upon the basis of a metallic capital. it in official form. Permit me, therefore, to re
The banks of the New England States, (which ||quest an early communication of the decision of have always paid their own notes in coin) are ready your Bank, upon the subject. and willing to co-operate in the general revival of The present opportunity is çmbraced to repeat