« PreviousContinue »
defile from right and left, in order to surrounp
the The following abstract of information very
enemy and cut off his retreat. This was lately received, verbally and by letter, from the very movement which Paez awaited; on persons of the highest respectability in An- its exccution he calculated his success. gostura and the VVest-India Islands, is enti-|| Prompt at the moment, therefore, he gave tled to implicit credit. It is furnished solely laconic orders to his little column, who, with for the gratification of citizens interested in lance in rest, rushed directly on the Spanish the cause of South Ainerican independence, line. Opening their passage to the rear, they
, more especially in that of Venezuela.
Two brilliant affairs have lately taken front, with prodigious slaughter. The eneplace between detachments from the respec
my's ranks were thrown into confusion and tive armies in the neighborhood of the Aran- dismay, by several and terrible repetitions of ca river, in the province of Barinas; both of those daring charges; and 500 of their namwhich, terminated in favor of the indepen- ber were cither killed or wounded. Paez. dents. In the first, co!. PIGOTT, a foreign Himself is reported to have lanced nine with officer of merit, great!y distinguished himself his own hand; captain Grant, (a Scotch off---having had two horses killed under hin. cer,) killed five, and others distinguished Suffiee it to say, that the royalists were driven themselves equally in the work of carnage. from their position. The latter enterprise is with the loss of 3 or 4 of his gallant corps, one of the most extraordinary recorded in the immortal Paez, recrossed the Aranca, the annals of modern or ancient warfare. and rejoined the army in triumph. All wero
General Paez, commander of the cavalry electrified to admiration, or petrified to astoncomposed of the free people of color anilishment at this achievment. The names of blacks of the plains, called Lineros, had every individual appear in the bulletin, and repeatedly solicited permission from General each was presented with the badge of the Bolivar, to attack the enemy's camp, with a
order of Libertador de Venezuela; an honor select band of volunteers, but was as often which many of them had attained already. refused. The attack appeared too hazard
Col. ENGLISH has arrived at Margarita, ous and partial, to justily approbation; and as the public are already inforned. Colonel that officer, instructed by experience, re-Unsla has reached the same destination. solved not to hazard the reduction of his When English anchored oft Port-Spain, he his force by detachment- The Fabian, or received a special permission from gov. Washingtonian system, in short, was adopted; WOODFORD. to land and remain ashore for and the president of the republic seemed in 24 hours; but this passport was not pennell flexible in maintaining it. He would not in a very friendly moud, as it reflected on risk a decisive battle with half his army; but|Mr. English for proceeding towards the await the co-operation of the expedition from neighboring provinces in revolt, contrary to Margarita. Nevertheless, he yielded to the his majesty's proclamation of Nov. 1817.importunities of Paöz, and allowed him for He landed; bat, finding that gov. Woodfore! once to indulge in his chivalrous projects. was arming and manning the steam-boat, to Thus licensed, that officer required 150 vol- send her along side of his squadron, in order unteers, his own guard of honor included. to entice his soldiers to desert, he hurried It is unnecessary to state, that the summon back, with an enphatic threat, confirmed c was received with acclamations: 4 lieut. la militaire, by an oath or two, that if she colonels and colonels, and 70 captains im- came along sile he would instantly sink lier. mediately joined their leader. Being disen- Sir Ralph 1 no ford then abandoned his excumbered of all unnecessary accoutrements, pedition and Jir. English pursued his voythe detachinent instantly crossed the riverage to Margarita. in front of Morillo's main army, who were A l'russian Colonel had touched at Trini. doubtiess surprised at temeritý so anexam-dad, on his way to Bolivar's camp. He is pleit. Paez approached within speaking dis-instructeil to tender him the services of tance, or as a sailor would say, within hail,) | 4000 Prussian troops, on condition that he and challeame! his antagonists to come and would allow the inerchants of Hamburg, &c. take him, with his little party. He had to export with them, as great a quantity of brought no more, lest he should affright them; merchandi-e az ihey pleased duty free. but, hoped that Morillo would not be intimi- The British sloop of war Fly, reports, that daied by a handful of lancers, who liad left a 1600 Tyrolese troops had also reached Marriver in their rear, and now bad an army be-garita from Europe, and that the expedition fore them. Provoked by his bantering to fill(which was nearly ready for sea) would conance, Morillo oriere! large dicen lost of 2509 Baronada and 100 native
troops. They are well equipped, and appear- lowing are the members from the free districts of ed in high spirits.
Venezuela: Cumana was said to be in a state of starv.
Dr. R. Ig, Mendez ation. We ought to have mentioned in its Dr ; German Roscio
Dr. L. T. Pe raza
Cei N Guerro proper place, that in the defeat of
Gn Refael Urdaneta torre’s division, by the patriots, an interest- netre la salo
D. A. M Brizeno ing correspondence with Morillo, was taken F. A Za
Guayana. by the victors. From this it appears,
J F Ca doso expedition from Lima menaced New Grena-Col P. E. tiurtado Cammissary F. Penlaver da. One account states, that an invading ar- D. B. Urbanja
Gen. P Leon Torres my had actually entered it, and that the Spa-RG Cadiz
Margurita. niards were flying in all directions.
D. A. Alcala
Dr. Manuel Palacio
Domingo Alziru Angostura from the interior.
Gen. Thomas Montilla Jose de J. Guevara. The congress were engaged in administer. Dr Juan Martinez ing public affairs; and, if we can judge by ap
Col Diego Valenilla pearances, their deliberations will result in At eleven o'clock three guns announced the apthe formation of a constitution of civil go-general staff, the governor of the place, the com;
proach of the supreme chief, accompanied by bis verament, as free and as liberal as can be es-mandant general of the province and the principal tablished in that country, under present cir- officers of the army then in the capital 'The decumstances.
puties received the supreme chief at the entrance It is probable, that within a few months, lai the palace, and he was conducted to the presi
dential chair. The concourse of citizens and stranthe royal forces will be espelled fro:n Vene- zers was immense the session was opened by the zuela. But, we desist from speculation, and supreme chief in a discourse of some length, the leave time to unfold events.
leading objects of which were to draw their atten.
tion to the basis of a constitutional project, which P. S. The government of Venezuela ap- | he presented to congress, as the best adapted to peared inclined to encourage the improve the situation of the couniry: he touched generally mert of the soil by industrious emigrants.- on his own administration and the difficult circumThe island oi Faxardo, in the Oronoco, has starces in which it had devolved on him, adding
that the secretaries of the several departments been cened to an English gentleman, on con
would furnish the necessary documents, and details, dition of cultivating it. The congress, we necessary to obtain a circumstantial view of the acunderstand, have also authorised the intro- tual situation of the republic. He recommended to duction of a steam-boat or steam-boats, re- congress the cofirmation of the freedom of the gardless of the monopoly promised or de- slaves without any restricrion which had been be. creed to admiral Brion. Deputies from a
fore proclaimed ; the establishment of an order of
libertadores; and that of the confirmation of a procouple of English societies had arrived at the ject for appropriating certain public lands as a just seat of government in Guayana, to solicit the reward to the defenders of the country for their grant of an imine! se tract of land; or, as public services; he recommended particularly, 10 some say, the privilege of cultivating that congress, to direct their attention to the funding whole province, entirely for the benefit of its speedy and exact extinction, beirg in accord Venezuela. What success would attend an with national giatitude, honor, justice, and interest. application so modest and disinterested, we The supreme chief having concluded his discannot absolutely predict.
course, pronounced " the Congress of Fenezuela is "now installed!—the national sovereignty resides in “it from this moment-my sword and those of my
“brave compaions in arms, are ready to sustain INSTALLATION of the VENEZUELIAN
“its aligust authority-long live the Congress of CONGRESS.
“ Venezuela!" Translation of the oficial Circular of the Congress of acclamations of the people, and accompanied by a
This exclamation was repeated with the loudest Venezuela.
salvo of artillery. Act of the Instalation of the National Congress of || ceed to the election of a president, ad interim, in
The supreme chief then invited congress to proVenezuela, in the city of St. Thomas of Angostu- order that he night resign into the hands of the 12, the 15th day of February, A D. 1819—the 9th congress the authority with which he had been in. of the independence of Venezuela.
The assembly proceeded to an election viva voce, At balf past ten in the morning the deputies, in and the deputy F. A. Zea, was elected president. consequence of a previous citation by the supreme | The supreme chief then administered to the presichef, sinmn Bolivar, assembled in the palace of dert the oath upon the holy evangelists, and to the government, for the instalition of the sovereign each of the deputies in succession. 1, aliunal congress, which was convoked by the su. This ceremony being concluded, the president preme chief, on the 224 October, 1818. The fol. || took his seat in the presidential chair; and the supreme chief addressed the mililary corps as follows: , and public virtue, gave a more sublime nor interest
“Generals, chiefs and othicers—my companions ang example. The mind is exalted on the contemin arins-we are now simple citizens, until the sovell plation of that of which we are now the spectators reign congress shall be plea.erl to employ us in |--centuries disappear, and we almost feel ourselves those grades and stations which their wisdom shall contemporaries with Aristides, Phocion, Carnillus, deem fit; confident in the congeniality of your feel. and Epaminondas:-the same philanthrophy and the ings, I shall give to the sovereign congress the un. simme enlarged principles, which reunite the repubdoubted prooi of our devotion, by surrendering in lican chiefs of antiquity with the benevolent empe. to its han is the authori y which I have hitherto | rors Vespasian, Tiius, Trajan, M. Aurelius, who exercisej in behal: of our country.”
were woithy to be raised with the patriots of highHe then approached the president of congress, er antiquity: place today in the same rank of fame and presenting to him his baton of office, spoke thus: | the late u assuming chief of our own republic; and
“i restore to the public aithority tha baton of with them he will partake of the renown of history authority with which my couniry has entrusts i to and tie binediction of posterity. me: to serve the republic in any station, grade or It is no now the moment in which the sublime service, in which tie congress ma think proper io aci of patriviic virtue, of winich we have been more employ me, will alwa's be considered as my duty truly aslınirers than vi nessus, can be duly appreci. and honor to accept, and to fulfil to the best of iny ated: when our institutions shall have received the faculties, and my example shall be the proof to sulemn sanctiou of time and experience, with all the others of my selise of the duty which every soldier fecbleness und inexperience of our national age and citizen owes to the republic.”
shail give way to time and wisdom, when passions, The president Zea, rose and addressing congress, || interests and vanities shall have disappeared, and spoke a; follows:
great deeds and great men, shall alone remain in “I appears that the confirmation of all the ap. the cyes of a free people--then justice will be done pointments of every grade anii employment, macie to the noble acts of this day, and the name of Boliunder the authority of Simon Bolivar, does not call || var shall be pronounced with veneration in Vene. for any discussion; notwithstanding, I consider itzuela and acknowledged by all the world. proper that congress should express itself on this I will pass over in sili nce what he has done for point; I therefore offer the following proposition. our liberties-eight years of afflictions and dangers,
" Is it the pleasure of congress that the appoint- || the sacrifice of fortune and repose; agitations and ment, made in the public service during the autho-calainīties almost incredible, if we had not witnessed rity of Simon Bolivar shall be confirmed?"
and felt them; efforts of which it is difficult to find The congress answered by an unanimous affirma. examples in history; the most unshaken constancy tive; and then the president added:
under reverses; the immoveable firmness; the glory “ The sovereign congress of the republic con of never despairing of the cause of the republic; firms in the person of captain general Simon Boli- even after all appeared to be subjected but himself var, all the grades and appointment made or con- alone—and even then without any other resources ferred by him during his public administration; anu | but his own mindo pass over in silence so many returned to him the Baton. He then invited him to titles which he has to immortality only to incite the a seat on his right hand, after a few moments si. | attention on what we now have seen, and must ever lence, the president, Zea, rose and addressed con- admire. Had gen. Bolivar relinquished his authori. gress as follows.
ty, when nothing surrounded him but dangers and Fellow citizens,
misfortunes, when he drew upon his head insult and All nations and empires were small and feeble in | calumnies, and when he seemed to bold only a mere their infancy, like man to whom they owe their in. || nominal or vain title, noihing could indeed have apstitutions. Those great cities which still continue | peared in such conduct worthy of praise--but what to astonish the imagination, Memphis, Palmyra, all would consent to consider an act of prudence; Thebes, Alexandria, Tyre, the capital of Belus and || but to abdicate at this moment, when power has Semiramis, and you superb Rome, caput orbis; you | begun to hold forth attractions to the eyes of ambiwere in your commencement but an humble and tion; and when every thing presages an approach. wretched village; it wa, not in the capitol, nor in ing accomplishment o all our wishes; and proceed. the palace of Agrippa or Trajan, but in an obscure ing thus from his own spoiltantolis will, and from a and lowly hut, under a smoky thatched roof, and || pure devotion to the liberty of his counsy, is an act in a rustic garb that Romulus sketched the first so heroic and virtuo is, that we are lost in the effort drart of the capital of the world, and prepared the to discover any m dei to which it cin be referred, foundations of a stupendous empire. Nothing in and I despair of ever seeing any imitators. But O! the origin of Roine was brilliant but bis genius; no shall we suffer general Bolivar thus to elevate bimthing was great but himself It is not by the pomp self by his maganimity so much above us, to such a or parade, nor by the magnificence of our installa. || height as shall leave his fellow citizens no m de of tion on this day, but by the inexhaustible resources competition with him in no'le and patriotic feelings, presented to us by nature, and by the wisdon and without reinvesting him with that same au bority efficacy of those great plans which you shall form || which he had exercised so nobly, ani of which he and put into activity, to promote the public prospe nas this day voluntarily divested him elf, in order to sity, that the greatness and future felicity of our preserve liberty inviolable, when a different conduct republic must depend. The simplicity of the in. I would have placed liberty in danger stallation itself and the splendor of the great act of Gen. Bolivar rose and loudly exclaimed-No! no! patriotism of which gen Bolivar has given so me. never--never shall I accʻpt an authority which I morable and illustrious an example has given to this have renounced for ever--with all my soul, and by solemnity a most impressive character that rivals the the impulse of my feelings. He continued to point virtuous days of antiquity, and which already gives out the danger to which liberty was exp'sed when a presage of the tuture happy destinies of our the supreme authority remained for two long a period country. Neither Kome nor Athens, nor Spartal in the same ands; thi he deemed it pruient to iself, in the most celebrated days of their prosperity Il take this step lest others of more ambitious views should come hereafter; as well as to place a check natives, a canal or small chasm in the ice, not pas. upon his own passions, because he was apprehensable without a plank, separating the parties from sive of not always having the means of duly delibe; each other, and preventing any possibility of an atrating, or thinking in the same way; he concluded tack froin these people, unless by carts. by protesting in the strongest and most decided "In executing this service, Sachcuse displayed manner, that on no occasion nor on any considera. no less address than courage Ilaving placed his tion, he would consent to hold an antiiority which || Mag at some distance from the canal, he advanced he had so sincerely and deliberately renoucccd, in to the edge, and taking off his frat, made friendly order to ensure to his country the blessings of lib. signs for those opposite to approach, as he did; this eriy. lle then asked permission to retire, and the they partiy complied witir, balling at a distance of president named a deputation of ten members to ac- three hundred yards, where they got out of their company him, and he retired with them
sledges, and set up a loud siinoltaneous halleo, The congress ihen proceeded to the nomination which Sacheuse answered by imitating it. They of a president of the republic, ad interim, and some ventured to approach nearer, having nothing in difficulties occurring in the choice, it was resolreil teeir hands but the whips with which they guide that gen. Bolivar should cxercise ihis power for 24 ff their dogs: and after satisf;ing themselves that the hours, or for 43 provisionally; and a deputation of | canal was impassable, one of them in particular, which gen. Marino was the chatsman, proceeded to seemed to acquire confidence. Shouls, words, and makc known these resolutions of congress Gen.gestures were exchanged for some time to no pur. Bolivar received them and said, thai oily in consi. pose, though each party secmed in some degree to deration of the urgency he would consent to the recognize cach other's lunguage. Sachcuse, after wishes of congrass, under the explicit comideration a time, thought he could discover that they spoke trai the exercise of the authority should not be pro-ll the Humooke dialect, drawling out their words, longed beyond the term expressed.
however, to an unusual length. He immediately Congress resolved that on the next day at half adopted that dialect, and holding up the presents, past nine, with the concurrence of the executive called out to them kuhkeile, Come on! to which power, general staff, chiefs, and public officers they they answered, Nuakrie, naakrieai-plaite, 'No, no: would proceed to the cathedral, to osler thanks to il go away;' and other words, which he made out to the Creator for the blessings which the country mean, that they hoped we were not come to de. was promised by the happy progress made in re
The boldest then approached to the storing and securing the destiny of the republic, edge of the canal, and drawing from his boot a and the approaching establisl vent of a constitu- || knife, (represented in an engraving) repeated, "Go tional government, calculated to secure freedom away: I can kill yos.' Sacheuse, no: intimidated, and to lead the public in her bigh destiries. told them that he was also a man and a friend, and
The president then declared the installation of at the same time threw across the canal some strings the congress to be completed, and the journal ofl of beads, and a checked shirt, but these they be. the proceedings were then prepared and signed by held with great distrust and apprehension, still calthe supreme chief. (The names as above.) A co ling, 'Go away, don't kill us." Sacheuse now threw py of the proceedings were then prepared and them an English: knife, saying, “take that.' On presented to the executive for publication and on this they approached with caution picked up the the following day publication was made and ordered knife, then shouted and pulicd their noses. These to be communicated to the provinces and the muni. actions were imitated by Sacheitse, who in return cipalities of the republic:
called out. Heiglı, yaw!' pulling his nose with And congress adjourned.
the same gesture. They now pointed to the shirt, demanding what it was, and when told it was an ar
ticle of clothing, asked of what skin it was made. ARCTIC DISCOVERIES.
Sacheuse replicd, it was made of the liair of an ani. The following interesting account of the first picked it up with expressions of surprise. They
mal which they had never seen; on which they parley between the navigators in the late Arctic
now began to ask many questions; for by this time Expedition and a race of men discovered in Balhu's they found they found the language spoken by Lay, is extracted from a narrative of the voyage re. themselves and Sacheuse had sufficient resem. cently published by Capt. Ross.
blance to enable them to hold some communication. “ August 10,---Lat. 75 deg. 55 min, N. long 65 “ They first pointed to the slips, eagerly asking deg. 32 min. W. About 10 o'clock this day we • What great creatures those were? Do they come were rejoiced to see eight sleges, driven by the from the Sun or the Moon? Do they give us light natives, advancing by a circuitous route towards | by night or by day!' Sacheuse told them that he the place where we They halted about a mile was a man, that he had a father and mother like from us, and the people alighicil, ascended a small themselves; and, pcirting to the South, said that iceberg, as if to reconnoitre. After remaining ap. ll he came from a distant conntry in thal direction. parently ini consultation for neariy hulf an hour, four! To th: they answered, “That cannot be, there is of them descended, and came towards the fag. nothing but ice there' They again asked; • What staff, whiclı, however, they did not venture to ap cieatures these were?' pointing to the ships; to proach. In the mean time, a white flag was hoist which Sacheuse replied, that they were houses ed at the main in each ship, and John Sacheuse de. I made of wood.' 'This they scenied still to discrespatched, bearing a smali white Mag, is ith some (lit, 30swering, ‘No, they are alive, we have seen presents, that he might endeavour, if possible to them move their wings.' Sacheuse now inquired bring them to a parley. This was a service in which of them what thry themselves were; to which they he had most cheerfully volunteerel, requestes | replied, they were men, and lived in that direction; leave to go unattended and unarmed-— request to pointing to the North; ihat there was much water which no objection could be made, as the place incre; and that they had come here to fish for seachosen for the meeting was within half a mile of unicorns. It was then agreed that Saccheuse should the Isabella. It was equally advantageous to the "pass the chiasm to them, and he accordingly relura:
ed to the ship to make his report, and to ask for app and pleasure. We then advanced towards them plank.
while they halted, and presented the foremost with Daring the whole of this conversation, I had a looking glass and a knife, repeating the same prebeen einployed with a good telescope in observing sents to the whole as they came up in succession. their motions, and beheld the first man approach | On seeing their faces in the glasses their astonishi. with every mark of fear and distrust, looking frement appeared extreme, and they looked round in quently behind to the other two, and beckoning to silence for a moment at each other and al us; imme. come on, as if for support. They occasionally re- diately afterwards they set up a general shout, suc• treated, then advanced again, with cautious steps, ceeded by a loud laugh, expressive of extreme dein the attitude of listening, generally keeping one light, as well as surprise, in which we joined, parthand dovn by their knees, in readiness to pull outly from inability to avoid it, and willing also to snow a knife which they irad in their boots; in the other that we were pleased with our new acquaintances. hand they held their whips with the lash coiled up; Having now at length acquired confidence, they there sleuges remained at a little distance, the fourth advanced, offering in return tor our knives, glasses, man being apparently stationed to keep them in und beads, their knives, sea unicorns horns, and readliness for escape. Sometines they drew back sea horse teeth, which were accepted. They were the covering they had on their heads, as is wishing then instructed by Sacheuse to uncover their heads, to catch the most distant sounds! at which time 1 as a remark of good will and respect to us; and could discern their features, displaying extreme | with this cereinonial, which they performed immeterror and amazernent, while every linb appeared | diately, and of which they appeared to comprehend to tremble as they moved. Sachense was directed the meaning, our friendship became established. to entice them to the ship, and two men were now One of them having enquired what was the use sent with a plank, which was accordingly placed of a red cap which had given him, sachense place across the chasm. They appeared still much alarm ed it on his head, to the great amuseinent of the ed, and requested that Sacheuse only should come rest, each of whom put it on in his turn. The coover; he accordingly passed to the opposite side, for of our skins became next a subject of much on which they earnestly besought him not to touch | mirth, as also the ornaments on the frames of the them, as if he did, they should certainly die. After looking glasses. The eldest of them, who was also he had used inany arguments to persuade them that the one that acted as leader, adelressing himself to he was flesh and blood, the native who had shown me, now made a long speech, which being ended, most courage ventured to touch his hand, then pul- he appeared to wait for a reply. I made signs that ding himselt by the nose, set up a shout, in which I did not understand him, and called for Suchense he was joined by Sacheuse, and the other three. to interpret. He thus perceived that we used ditThe presents were then distributed, consisting offerent languages, at which his astonishinent appear. two or three articles of clothing, and a few strings | ed extreme, and he expressed it by a loud " Heigh, of beads; after which Sacheuse exchanged a knife yaw!" As Sacheuse's attempt to prrcure the mean. for one of theirs.
ing of the oration seemed likely to fail, and we “The hope of getting some important informa- were anxious to get them to the ship as soon as tion, as well as the interest naturally felt for these possible, I desired him to persuade them to acpoor creatures, made me impatient to communicate company us; they accordingly consented, on which with them myself; and I therefore desired Lieut. their dogs were unharn:ssed and fastened to the Parry to accompany me to the place where the ice, and two of the sledges were drawn along the party were assembled, it appearing to me that Sa-plank to the other side of the chasm. Three of heuse had failed in-persuading them to come near- the natives being left in charge of the two dogs and er the ships. We accordingly provided ourselves the remaining sledges. The other five followed us, with additional presents, consisting of looking-glas- | laugh ng heartily at seeing Lieut. Parry and myself ses and knives, together with some caps and suris, | drawn towards the ship on the sledges by our sea. and proceeded towards the spot, where the confer. One of them, by keeping close to me, got rence was held with increased energy. By the before his companions; and thus we proceeded till time we reached it, the whole were assembled; we arrived in one hundred yards of the ship, when those who had originally been left at a distance he stopped I attempied to urge hiin on, but in with their sledges, having driven up to join their vain; his evident terror preventing him from ad. comrades. The party now therefore consisted of vancing till his companions came up. It was ap. eight natives, with all their sledges, and about 50 || parent that he still believed the vessel to be a living dogs, two sailors, Sacheuse, Lieut. Parry, and my. I creature, as he stopped to contempla!e her, looking sell, forming a group of no small singularity: not a up at the masts, and examining every part with little also increased by the peculiari y of the situa. marks of the greatest fear and astonishment. He tion, on a field of ice, far from the land. The nuise then addressed her, crying out in words perfectly and clamour may easily be conceived the whole intelligible to Sacheuse, in a.loud tone, “Who are talking and shouting together, and the dogs howl. ll you? what are you? where are you from? is it from ing, while the natives were flogging them with the sun or the moon ?" pausing between every their long whips to preserve order.
que-tion, and pulling his nose with the utmost so. “Our arrival produced a visible alarm, causing | lemnity. The rest now came up in silice-sion, them to retreat a few steps towards their sledges, each shewing similar surprise, and making use of on this Sachueuse called to us to pull our noses, as the same expressions, accompanied by the same exhe had discovered this to be the inode of friendly straordinary ceremony. Sacheuse now labored to salutation with them. This ceremony was accor- assure them that the ship was only a wooden house, dingly performed by each of us, the natives, during and pointed out the boat which had been hauled their retreat, making use of the same gesture, the on the ice to repair; explaining to them that it was aature of which we had not before understood. In a smaller one of the saine kind. This immediately the same way we imitated their shouts as we could arrested their attention; they advance to the boat, using the same interjection heigh yaw! which we examined her, as well as the carpenter's tools, and afterwards found to be an expression of surprise! the oars, very minutely; each object, in its turn, exo