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Lady Douglas and her husband, after this, 1 as, indeed, you ought to refer to all the that is to say in 1805, and in the month documents as you proceed. of December in that year, gave in, as she The four Lords, having thus got their states, in consequence of commands to that authority for acting, assembled and called purpose
from the Prince of Wales, a writ- such persons as they chose in order to ex. ten statement of facts, relative to the lan- famine them on oath, touching the matters guage and behaviour of his wife, and par- alleged against the Princess by Lady and ticularly relative to-the birth of a child, Sir John Douglas. It is not my intention which she asserted the Princess to have to stop here, in order to inquire into the brought into the world in 1802. The state- legality or propriety of this mode of pro, ment of facts is now published; but, as it ceeding, my business, at present, being is the same, in respect to all the material simply to tell you what was done; to trace points as the deposition of this Lady, which along the proceedings to the present time; deposition you will find in another part of and to show you the uses which politicians the present double mumber of my Register, and parties have made of these family conI shall not insert it this week. It does no cerns, and thereby to enable you to judge where, that I can discover, appear, how of the way in which our national affairs are the Prince came by the knowledge of Lady managed, and to settle in your own imparDouglas being in possession of such dread - tial mind, whether we, who call for a ful secrets. Lady Douglas says, that she reform of the House of Commons, are the makes the stateinent in obedience to the enemies of the throne and of the "Royal commands of the Prince; but, who gave Family. the information, which induced His Royal
When the Four Lords had gone through Highness to give such commands, we are the examinations, beginning with those of no where, that I can perceive, informed. Lady and Sir John Douglas, they made, Yet, this is a circumstance of considerable agreeably to the warrant under which they importance; and, we must not fail to bear acted, a REPORT thereof to the King, a it in mind. Lady Douglas was the depo- copy of which Report is the first of the dository of the awful secret; and she
cuments hereunto subjoined. When you
says, that she divulged it by command ; but, be- have read that Report, you will see, that fore the command was issued, the
the Four Lords declared the Princess to be
person issuing it must have known that she pos- quite clear of the charge of having been sessed a secret of some sort about his pregnant in 1802 ; but, that they left her wife. This circumstance must be borne in stigmatized with charges of minor import. niind.
The Priucess, upon receiving a copy of But, be this as it may, the STATE
this Report, together with copies of all the MENT of FACTS was made, and was laid
Statements and Depositions that had been before the Prince, verified by the DUKE OF
received against as well as for her, wrote SUSSEX. The Statement of Facts, which several letters to the King, and these letwas to serve, or, at least, which did serve,
ters contain her defence against those minor as the ground work of all the further pro
charges with which the Four Lord's left ceedings, has, in the printed Book, now
her tarnished. The whole of these Letters published, the name of " AUGUSTUS
I have not, this week, had room to insert; * FREDERICK” signed to it, in order, I but, I have inserted all the DEPOSIsúppose, to verify the authenticity of it; TIONS against the Princess; because, these in order to verify, that it was signed by naturally come before the Defence of the Lady and Sir John Douglas.' So that the
party. Prince, when it was laid before him, could BOOK ; to its origin, its possible object, ,
We now come to the making of THEhave no doubt of its being authentic. Thus in possession of an assertion of his
and its effects, which are now of much more wife's criminality, the Prince, it seems, world in general, ihan the truth or false
importance to the people here, and to the løst but little time in laying the Statement hood of the several allegations themselves. before his father, who, on the 20th of As to these we will hereafter inquire; but, May, 1806, issued warrant to the four Lords, Erskine, Spencer, GRENVILLE, of the Book is the subject of our inquiry.
present, the uses that have been made and ELLENBOROUGH, to examine into the matter. A copy of this warrant, being
The Princess, when the Report of the the 2d of the subjoined documents, will
Four Lords was laid before her, resorted, explain its own nature, if you refer to it, visers, that is to say, to men eminent in
as it was natural she should, to legal ad
the profession of the law. She chose, as It was, therefore, not unnatural for the her chief adviser, PercevAL, who was Princess, when the Four Lords had made shot last year by John Bellingham. It is their Report respecting her, to look to Mr. now said, that two others, the late At- Perceval as an adviser. She did so, and, torney General, Gibbs, who is now a as you will soon see, he was a man who Judge, and the present Attorney General, knew how to manage such a concern to the Sir Thomas Plomer, were also consulted ; greatest advantage. but it is perfectly notorious, that Perceval Having got possession of all the docuwas the chief adviser.
ments relating to so important an affair, You must now go back with me a little the first thing that was done, was, through and take a view of the state of parties. In the means of a correspondence between the 1805, when the information was given to Princess and the Lord Chancellor Erskine, the Prince by Lady Douglas, Pitt was to obtain a verification of the Report, the minister, and Perceval was his Attorney Warrant, the Statement of Facts of Lady General. But, even at that time, Pitt Douglas, and the Several Depositions, Exwas ill at Bath; and, in January, 1806, aminations, and Letters, which you will soon after the information was in the hands find subjoined to this Letter. This being of the Prince, Pitt died. His death was done, the little lawyer had materials to followed by the ousting of his set, and work upon; and, under his advice, the Lord Eldon, who was Lord Chancellor, Princess then addressed two Letters to the Lord Castlereagh, Mr. Canning, Lord King, which Letters I shall hereafter pubCamden, and others, went out of place, lish, and in which Letters she defended and, in the usual way, formed the Oppos herself, made observations on the conduct SITION to Mr. Fox, Lord Grenville, Lord of her accusers and of the other parties Grey, Lord Erskine, and others, who concerned, and called upon the King to came into power, and who, from a trick restore her to his presence at court; from of party, where called the Whig Adminis- which, since the making of the complaint tration.
against her, she had been kept. This change, you will observe, took The addressing of these Letters to the place in 1806, and in the month of Fe- King took place, as you will see by the bruary, and it brought into the possession dates, during the suminer and autumn of of long-sought power, those persons who 1806. The Report of the Four Lords was had always been regarded, and, indeed, made to the King on the 14th of July in called, the Prince's Friends; and, you that year; the Princess did not receive a will observe, from the words of the King's copy of it, as you will see, 'for some time ; warrant, that Lord Erskine, who'was now from the time she did receive that copy, she become Lord Chancellor, and who had continued writing to the King to the date of been the Chancellor of the Prince, laid her Letter of the 2d October, 1808, conbefore the King the abstract of those de- cluding with her prayer to be restored lo clarations against the Princess, upon which his presence at court, and thus to be cleared the King founded his warrant for the in- in the eyes of the world. Thus were maquiry. I do not mention these circum- terials for THE BOOK every day, up to stanees for the purpose of raising in your this time, increasing in the hands of Perce. mind a suspicion, that the Prince would val, who seems to have been duly impressnot have made the appeal had his friends ed with a sense of their value. not been in power, because I believe he The King, having the defence of the would; but, I mention them for the pur- Princess before him, and also her demands pose of showing you the true state of all of justice at his hands, referred her Letters the parties with regard to each other, and to his Cabinet Ministers, and required their also for the purpose of preparing your opinion and advice as to what he ought to miud for the clear comprehension of cer- do in the case. The Princess, as you will tain matters that have arisen since the see, had called for her justification in the Regency was established in the person of eyes of the world by means of an admission the Prince,
to court. That she insisted upori as, absa.. Amongst those who were ousted by the lutely necessary to the vindication of her death of Pitt was his Attorney General, honour. And certainly her request was PERCEVAL, who, at the change, became, most reasonable; for, it was gone forth to of course, a member of the OPPOSITION to the world, that she had been accused of the Whigs, who, as I observed before, having had a child in consequence of an ilwere also denominated the Prince's friends. licit amour. It had, indeed, been also
stated, that she had been cleared of this, see, been productive of very important but that other imputations remained. There consequences, not only to this country but fore, said she, let me appear at court, and to all those countries which have been affectthen the nation will be convinced, that Ied by the measures of our cabinet. am cleared of every thing of which I have been accused; or, said she, if you refuse " MINUTE OF CABINET, Downingme this request; if you refuse me this open "street, January 25, 1807. testimony of your conviction of my innocence, let me be proved to be guilty in a “ The Ld. Chancellor, Lord Vis. Hawick, fair and open manner. Let me be proved "Lord President, Lord Grenville, to be guilty, or let me be treated as inno
- Lord Privy Seal, Lord Ellenborough, cent.
" Earl Spencer,
Mr.Sec.Windhamn, Nothing could be more reasonable, no-" Earl of Moira,
Mr. Grenville, thing more fair, nothing more just than "Lord Henry Petty, this; but, the King, who seems, through 6. Your Majesty's con Gidential servants the whole of the transactions, to have act- " have given the most diligent and atten. ed the part of an impartial judge as well as "live consideration to the matteis on which of a considerate and kind parent, was hain-“your Majesty has been pleased to l'equire
" pered by the previous decision of the Four their opinion and advice. They irust : Lords, which left a stain upon the Prin. “ your Majesty will uot think that any apocess's character. In this emergency
he did 6
part for the des whar a King of England ought to do. He" lay which has altended their deliberareferred the Letters of the Princess to his "scious, on a subject of such extreme inconstitutional advisers, the ministers; and “portance, and which they have found to be bade them, after perusing and considering " of the greatest difficuliy and embarrass. all that the Princess had to say, give him “ ment; They are fully convinced that their opinion and advice as to the course he " it never can have been your Majesty's ought to pursue.
“ intention to require from them, that The ministers (the Whigs you will ob- "they should lay before your Majesty a serve) appear to have been greatly puzzled "detailed and circuinstantial examination upon this occasion. They were involved in and discussion of the various arguments a dilemma out of which it was impossible and allegations contained in the letter for them to get. They were compelled, " submitted to your Majesty, by the Law either to advise the King to suffer the Prin- " Advisers of the Princess of Wales. cess to come to court, or not to suffer her. " And they beg leave, with all humito come to court. If the latter, they ran
If the latter, they ran "lity, to represeat to your Majesty that the risk of all the dangers of an open expo
of the laws and constitution of their counsure of all that has now been exposed. " try have not placed them in a situation in They ran the risk of the publication of which they can conclusively pronounce Lady Douglas's Statement and Deposition ; on any question of guilt or innocence afof Mr. Edmeades's deposition; and of all "fecting any of your Majesty's subjects, the other depositions, proving so clearly “ much less one of your Majesty's Royal what had been going on against the Prin" Family. They have indeed no power or
But, on the other hand, if they ad." authority whatever to enter on such a vised the King to receive the Princess at of inquiry as could alorie' lead to court, what would that advice have amount- fonal results of such a nature. The ed to with regard to the judgment of the main question on which they had conFour Lords, who had made the Report of “ceived themselves, called upon by their 14th July, 1800, and who were four out of duty to submit their advice to your Mathe eleven members of the Cabinet, not for- " jesty was this, Whether the circumgetting that Earl Moira was a fifth ? stances which had, by your Majesty's
In this dilemma the ministers, in Cabi- " commands, been brought before them, net Council asseinbled, took a course which were of a nature to induce your Majesty generally, if not always, proves fatal to to order
steps to be taken those who pursue it; that is to say, a middle" upon them by your Majesty's Governcourse; and, on the 25th of January, 1807,"ment ? And on this point they humbly after loug and repeated deliberations, laid " submit to your Majesty that the advice before the King the result, in the following which they offered was clear and unequiininute, which you will read with great vocal. Your Majesty has since been attention, seing Wiat it has, as you will pleased further to require that they
should submit to your Majesty their opi- niuary, 1807. Dales must now be strictly 6. nions as to the answer to be given by your attended to. The Princess, upon receive " Majesty to the request coritained in the ing this message, immediately wrote to “ Princess's letter, and as to the manner in the King, intimating to him, that she " which that answer should be communi- would wait upon him at Windsor, on the
cated to Her Royal Higliness. They Monday following. The King, the ino46 have, therefore, in dutiful obedience to ment le received her letter, wrote back,
your Majesty's compaids, proceeded to that he preferred receiving her in London, 56 " re-consider the whole of the subject, in " upon a day subsequent to the ensuing
10" this new view of it; and after much de" week.” To this letter the Princess re
liberation, they have agreed humbly to turned no answer, and waited, of course, * recoinwend to your Majesty the draft of a to hear from the Ring, respecting the time " Message, 'which, if approved by your for her reception, when he should come to
Majesty, they would humbly suggest Londoii. All these Letters, you will bear “your Majesty might send to Her Royal in mind, make part of THE BOOK, and
Highness through the Lord Chancellor. will appear in my next Nuniber. "Having before humbly submitted to your Thus, then, every thing appeared to be
Majesty their opinion, that the facts of settled at last. The Princess had obtained " the case did not warrant their advising her great object : 'th is to say, her re
any further steps should be taken admission to court : and here, perhaps, the "upon it by your Majesty's Government, whole affair would have ended, and the
they have not thought it necessary to ad- world would never have been much the 5! vise your Majesty any longer to decline wiser for what had passed. But, now,
receiving the Princess into your Royal | just when the Princess was about to be presence. But the result of the whole received at court, all the charges against case does; in their judgment, render it her having been shown to be false ; just as
indispensable that your Majesty should, the king was about to receive her back into " by a serious admonition, convey to Her his presence and thus to proclaim her iu
Royal Highness your Majesty's expecta- nocence to the world; just as her suffir" tion that Her Royal Highness should be ings of almost a year were about to be put " more circumspect in her fulure conduct; air end to, and she was anxiously expecting, " and they trust that in the ternis in which every hour, a message from the King ap
they have advised, that such admonition pointing the time for her waiting upon should be conveyed, your Majesty will him ; just then, all was put a stop to, and not be of opinion, on a full consideration the King acquainted her, that he had been of the evidence and answer, that they requested to suspend any further steps in
can be considered as having at all exceed the business. And by whom, think you, 4 ed the necessity of the case, as arising out was this request made? Why, BY THE 56 of the last reference which your Majesty PRINCE OF WALES HIMSELF! The " has been pleased to make to them." Prince had, as the King informed the
In this ainute of the cabinet there are Princess on the 10th of February, 1807, evident narks of timidity. At every period inade a formal request to him, to suspend you see the hesitation of the parties from all further steps ; that is to say, to put off whom it cawé. It was not till nearly Jour recei: ing the Princess, vill
till months, you will perceive, after the date when, think you ? Why, till he (the of the Princess's letter of defence, that Prince) should be enabled to submit to the they made this minute; and, you will per- King a stalement which he proposed to make ceive, too, that, in the meau while, the lo him upon the papers relating to the Princess had written, on the 8th of De Princess's defence, after consulting with his cember, 1806, another letter to the King, own lawyers ! urging a speedy decision on her case. Sle It was now that the serious work began.' had manifestly the strong ground, and the It was now that 'elie advisers of tle Princess cabinet were puzzled bėgoud ull descrip- began to change the tone of her letters, tion.
and, from the plaintive to burst forth into The King, agreeably to the advice of the indignant. Her Royal Highness anhis cabinet, seut a message to the Princess, swered the King's letter on the 12th of Fethrough the Lord Chancellor, Erskine, bruary, 1807, intimating her design to containing the admonition, recommended represent to him in anuther tetter the variin the minute of Cabinet above inserted. ous grounds ou .which she felt the hardship This message was sent on the 28th of Ja- of her case, which was done in a letter
dated the 16th of February, 1807, in a struction as ministers. Upon this ground, most able manner. This is the document, therefore, they were turned out, as all the which, above all the rest, is worthy of your world thought; and away went this " most attention. Perceval was, I dare say, the “ thinking nation" to new election, sole author of it, and it does infinite ho- bawling out bigotry on one side, and nonour to him as a man of talents. Whether popery on the other! for reasoning, language, or force, I never But, you see, my friend, that there read any thing to surpass this letter. The really appears to have been no choice left reasoning is clear as the brook and strong as to the King. He, very likely, had sin. the torrent; tbe language is dignified wbile cere scruples as to the Catholic Bill, and the feelings it expresses are indignant ; and, had, in some sort, had it forced upon him; in short, it inakes out sich a case, it pre- and, that being the case, he had a right to sents such a picture, that I no longer am make the Bill the ground of the dismissioni surprised at the pains which were after- of his ministers ; but, that the case of the wards taken to conciliate its author and to Princess of Wales would have produced keep it from the eye of the world. Who the same effect, if the Bill had not existed, could have been the Prince's advisers upon there can, I think, not be the smallest this occasion; who could have been the doubt. In short, there appears to have cause of drawing forth this terrible letter 1 been no other way left of getting rid of a presume not to say; but, certainly, there thing, which must have operated inost injunever existed in the world a man exposed rỉously in the opinions of the world to one, to the advice of more indiscreet or more at least, of the parties concerned; and, i faithless friends.
thiuk, you will agree with me, that His At the close of this letter (and now, as Majesty, in this case, acted the part of a the plot thickens, you must pay close at. prudent man, and of a kind and considerate tention to dates); at the close of this let- father. He had read all the documents, ter, which, you will bear in mind, was and especially the famous letter of the dated on the 16th of February, the Prin- Princess of the 16th of February; and he cess, for the first time, THREATENS saw the consequence of a publication of AN APPEAL TO THE PUBLIC, un those documents; therefore, he took, as less she be speedily received at Court, and you will see, the effectual means of prealso allowed some suitable establishment venting that publication. If as much good in some one of the Royal Palaces, if not in sense had lately prevailed, we should not Carleton House. To this letter, however, now have these documents to make our reshe receiied no answer; and, on the 5th of marks on. March, which was on a Thursday, she
she The Whig ministry being removed, the wrote to the King to say, that, unless her four Lords and Lord Moira, and all those requests were granted, the publication who were called the Prince's friends, being would not be withheld beyond the next out of the cabinet and out of place, there Monday, which would have been on the remained no longer any obstacle to the re9th of March, 1807. The publication ceiving of the Princess at Court; and, acdid not appear, but Mr. Perceval was cordingly, on the 21st of April, 1807, the Charicellor of the Exchequer in less than fif- following Minutes of Council were laid be deen days from that time!
fore the King, as a prelude to that step. We all remember how sudden, how surprising, how unaccountable, that change 6. MINUTE OF COUNCIL, The cause was stated to be the
1807. Catholic Bill ; but, at the time, all men
PRESENT, expressed their wonder that that cause ri The Lord Chancellor (ELDEN) should have been attended with such an 66 The Lord President (CAMDEN) effect. The Bill had been, by the Whig " The Lord Privy Seal (WESTMORLAND) ministry, introduced into Parliament with 66. The Duke of PORTLAND the understood approbation of the King ; 66 The Earl of CHATHAM and the Whigs, clinging to place, had with- 66 The Earl of BATHURST drawn the Bill, upon some objection being 66 Vicount CASTLEREAGH started on the part of the King. But, this 66 Lord MULGRAVE would not do; the King insisted upon their 66 Mr. Secretary CANNING signing a promise that they would never
46 Lord HAWKESBURY. mention such a Bill to him again. This 66 Your Majesty's confidential servantsi they could not do without ensuring their de- , have, in obedience to your Majesty's
"5 APRIL 21,