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814.01/35 : Telegram

The Secretary of State to the Minister in Guatemala (Whitehouse)

[Paraphrase]

WASHINGTON, January 6, 1931–6 p. m. 3. You may extend the recognition of the Government of the United States to the Government of Señor Andrade on the afternoon of January 8. Please inform your Central American colleagues of the action you are taking in order that they may join with you if they desire to do so.

STIMSON

814.01/35b : Circular telegram The Secretary of State to the American Missions in Costa Rica, El

Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua

[Paraphrase]

WASHINGTON, January 6, 1931–6 p. m. The American Minister in Guatemala has been instructed to extend the recognition of the Government of the United States to the Government of Señor Andrade on the afternoon of January 8, the call for elections having been issued. Inform the Government to which you are accredited immediately of the proposed action of the Government of the United States. The Minister in Guatemala has also been instructed to inform his Central American colleagues of the action he is taking.

STIMSON

814.00/1045 : Telegram The Minister in Guatemala (Whitehouse) to the Secretary of State

GUATEMALA, January 7, 1931—noon.

[Received 3:10 p. m.] 8. A coalition of the official Liberal and the Progresista sections of the Liberal Party, under the name of the Liberal Progresista Party, has launched the candidacy of General Jorge Ubico for President. The Independiente section of the party under the leadership of Bernardo Alvarado Tello has refused to join this coalition. Up to the present time there is no opposition candidate.

WHITEHOUSE

814.01/37: Telegram The Minister in Guatemala (Whitehouse) to the Secretary of State

GUATEMALA, January 7, 1931—2 p. m.

[Received 4: 18 p. m.] 9. Your 3, January 6, 6 p. m. Subject to your approval, I propose to answer the Foreign Office note notifying me of the changes in the Government in the following form. First acknowledge in detail the items of the note and then as follows:

"This information was communicated to my Government and I am now in receipt of instructions to inform Your Excellency that my Government recognizes the change in the Presidency of the Republic and hopes to continue with the Government of Provisional President Reina Andrade the same cordial relations as existed with the Government of President Chacon.[?]

WHITEHOUSE

814.01/37: Telegram The Secretary of State to the Minister in Guatemala (Whitehouse)

WASHINGTON, January 7, 1931—6 p. m. 5. Your 9, January 7,2 p. m. Proposed note approved.

STIMSON

814.01/44a : Telegram The Secretary of State to the Minister in Guatemala (Whitehouse)

WASHINGTON, January 17, 1931—2 p. m. 8. Has the Guatemalan Government been recognized by the four other Central American Governments!

STIMSON

814.01/45 : Telegram The Minister in Guatemala (Whitehouse) to the Secretary of State

GUATEMALA, January 17, 1931—7 p. m.

[Received 10:40 p. m.] 14. Reply your 8, January 17, 2 p. m. The Ministers of Costa Rica, Salvador, and Nicaragua accompanied me when I called on the Minister of Foreign Affairs on January 8th and we notified him simultaneously of the recognition of President Andrade by our respective Governments. The Minister of Foreign Affairs informed me that the Government of Honduras accorded recognition by telegram from its Minister of Foreign Affairs received here January 9th.

WHITEHOUSE

814.001 Ubico, Jorge/1: Telegram The Minister in Guatemala (Whitehouse) to the Secretary of State

GUATEMALA, February 14, 1931—noon.

[Received 3:15 p. m.] 16. General Ubico took office this morning as constitutional President and received the Diplomatic Corps immediately afterwards.

WHITEHOUSE

HAITI

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND HAITI FOR HAITIANIZATION OF THE TREATY SERVICES, SIGNED AUGUST 5, 1931 ?

838.00/2915

The Secretary of State to the Minister in Haiti (Munro) No. 30

WASHINGTON, January 14, 1931. Sir: The Department has examined the plan for the Haitianization of the Treaty Services prepared by the Haitian Government transmitted with your despatch No. 14 of December 5, 1930. In connection therewith especial consideration has been given to the recommendations and suggestions submitted in your several subsequent telegrams and despatches.

The specific proposals presented in the memorandum of December 2, 1930, submitted to you by the Haitian Minister for Foreign Affairs, involve procedures which, because of the abrupt manner in which they would have been applied and because of their broad scope, obviously are neither desirable nor practical. The Department accordingly has been gratified to note in your reports that the Haitian Government had not expected that its proposals would receive serious consideration by this Government, but had merely submitted them to serve as a basis for discussion.

It is the Department's opinion that detailed arrangements affecting each of the Treaty Services can best be worked out in Haiti, where the actual operations of those Services can most easily be studied and where authoritative opinion, based on the first hand knowledge of the Treaty Officials, regarding the practicability of the suggestions advanced can be determined. For this reason the Department approves the course you have already taken, as outlined in your personal and confidential communication to the Haitian Minister for Foreign Affairs dated December 20, 1930,- and as described, with respect to the Service Technique, in your telegram No. 256 of December 24, 12 noon."

*For previous correspondence, see Foreign Relations, 1930, vol. III, pp. 261 ff.; for summaries of reports of the treaty services, see Department of State, Latin American Series No. 3: Eighth Annual Report of the American High Commissioner at Port au Prince, Haiti, to the Secretary of State, 1929 (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1930).

* Foreign Relations, 1930, vol. II, p. 261. Ibid., p. 263.

You are, accordingly, authorized to initiate formal discussions with the Haitian Government with respect to the Haitianization of the Treaty Services, as contemplated in Item 1 of the paragraph relating to sequent steps submitted in the Report of the President's Commission for the Study and Review of Conditions in the Republic of Haiti, along the following lines. It is desired, however, that so soon as substantial agreement shall have been reached with respect to the Haitianization program affecting each Treaty Service you shall communicate that fact to the Department, together with a succinct description of the terms of the agreement, to the end that final approval or comment with respect to desired changes therein may be furnished you by the Department:

1) Garde d'Haiti.

The Department is gratified to learn of the steps already taken toward the Haitianization of the Garde d'Haiti, particularly with respect to the measures in excess of those contemplated in the plan for the progressive Haitianization of that organization, and with respect to the success which has attended the reestablishment of the military school in accordance with the recommendation of the President's Commission, and the delivery to Haitian control of the entire Department of the Center.

It is believed that these measures, as well as those contemplated in the plan for the progressive Haitianization of the Garde d'Haiti, constitute the maximum advance toward the Haitianization of the Garde d'Haiti which should at this time be undertaken, and that the Haitian Government will not desire to proceed beyond them.

2) Office of the Financial Adviser-General Receiver.

The Department concurs in the opinion of the Financial Adviser, with which you state you are inclined to agree, that further extensive Haitianization of this Service should not be attempted. Nevertheless, it appears desirable to defer to the wishes of the Haitian Government in so far as such action would not be incompatible with the major interests of the Haitian Government itself which the Service of the Financial Adviser-General Receiver is designed to safeguard. Consequently, if during the course of your discussions it should appear advisable to make concessions with respect to the administration of the office of the Financial Adviser-General Receiver, there would appear to be no vital objection to the relinquishment of the administration of state lands.

* Foreign Relations, 1930, vol. III, p. 273. * Not printed. Foreign Relations, 1930, vol. II, pp. 217, 237.

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