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the obligation that their situation imposed manteau, and protected the retreat of the on them of shewing an example of courage, protestants from the temple. He was then and publicly displaying their steadfast and conveyed to his house, where the bullet was firm adherence to the faith which they pro- with difficulty extracted. The fury of the fessed. It appeared that a high-toned senti- populace was not satiated. In the evening ment of duty, an enlightened feeling of what of this day the temples of the protestants was right and fit towards the community, an were broken open, and every thing contained abregation of self, were in this awful con- in them—the registers, psalm-books, the juncture associated with that piety by which gowns of the ministers, were torn into they were no doubt strengthened; that su- shreds, and burnt. blime confidence, which looks calmly down Upon receiving tidings of the events of on the injustice of earth, making its appeal this fatal day, the duke of Angouleme into Heaven.
stantly left Toulouse, and repaired to Nismes
. The holy service began, but what must As he passed along the streets, he received have been the emotions of the auditory, with repulsive coldness the acclamations of when, in less than half an hour, their solem- the multitude. He sternly rejected the sernities were interrupted by the horrible voci- vices of the national guard, who demanded ferations of a frantic populace, and loud and permission to form a guard of honour around repeated strokes assailed the doors, in order his person He declared his intention of orto burst them open. M. Juillera, the mini- dering the protestant churches to be opened; ster, continued the service with a firm voice, but was conjured, by such of the protestants and the congregation listened with that as approached hiin, no less than by the cacalm which is the privilege of those who tholics, to abstain from issuing this order, feel that their witness is in heaven. The until there was a sufficient military force to uproar increased; the tumult became hor
ensure public tranquillity; since such was rible: the preacher ceased, and his auditors the fury of the populace, that the attempts recommended themselves to God. “ I held would be imprudent, and that the consemy little girl in my hand," writes Madame quence might prove fatal. The duke of Juillera, the wife of the minister, a woman Angouleme yielded with repugnance to of a superior mind," and approached the those counsels, but he solemnly declared foot of the pulpit --my husband rejoined the will of the king, to adhere to that religi
; us -I thought of iny nursling boy, whom I ous toleration presented by the constitutional had left at home, and should embrace no charter, and evinced in the most unequivocal more! I recollected that this day was the manner to the catholic clergy, his abhorrence anniversary of my marriage-I believed that of the measures that had been exercised I was going to die with my husband and my against the professors of the protestant faith. daughter-it was some consolation that we But the question so often repeated will should die together; and it seemed to me again be asked, How could such evils exist that this was the moment in which we were longer than a moment unremedied and unbest prepared to appear in the presence of redressed? Lamented and disavowed by God--the victims of a religious duty; in all, they have not been more the general the performance of which we had braved the abhorrence of protestants than of catholics. fury of the wicked-we had flown with Every candid and enlightened mind, every eager footsteps to our temple; we had clung generous heart, has deplored these outrages to the altar of our God, without heeding The Buonapartists alone exulted in the disthat the assassin's dagger might cross our astrous events of Nismes; they fondly wel
. path, and impede our purpose.'
comed every courier that came laden with It was at this moment that general La tidings of dismay. Little did they think, Garde, who had hastened to the post of dan- and still less did they care, about principles ger
, received from one of the assassins a ball, toleration, or rights; whether catholics or which entered near his heart. He covered protestants prevailed was to them alike i'1the blood, gushing from his wound, with his different; but it was not indifferent to have
a new subject. of outcry, a new chance of noble and persuasive ; and it glided over the
The period was now arriyed, when Eng- tion of human affairs, when the machine of land fixed her steadfast eye on the protestants government moves steadily on, controlling of the south of France. The story of their
the obstacles that oppose its progress.
This persecution reached her ear. The feeling of is not the first example during the French their wrongs had penetrated her heart. În revolution, of a deluded and ferocious popu. dignation beat high in every British bosom. lace taking all rule into their hands, and Public meetings were called together. The marking their momentary dominion by mevarious associations, which watch with wake- morable horrors. The remembrance of the ful jealousy over the civil and religious rights massacres of September, 1792, sometimes of mankind, expressed, in their addresses and rises like an hideous spectre on the mind : declarations, all the energy of virtuous re- they were committed by about fifty assasins, sentment, impatient for redress.
who went from the gates of one prison to Englishmen wait not the tardy spur of another, with their bloody arms bared, and government to goad them into action, when their sabres lifted up, ready to strike their the tidings of religious persecution strike in victims as they appeared ; while the people their ear. They are at their post when dan- of this great capital, frozen with terror, stood ger menaces their brethren. l'hey pause not aghast, in silent stupefaction, and suffered to enquire against what form of worship or the work of murder to go on. mode of faith religious persecution be di- In England, the despondency of the rected, it is sufficient for them that this de- friends of religious toleration
was augmon exercise its ravages. The followers of mented, by the untimely and melancholy Calvin, and the professors of a less difficult fate of its noblest champion, at a time when faith, become the mutual guarantees of their his exertions might have been of peculiar common religious rights.
benefit to his country, and to Europe. The The high-toned and generous resolves, death of Mr. Whitbread excited a sensation proceeding from the three denominations of regret which attested the estimation in assembled in London, and which were re- which he had been held, and the affection echoed by all other denominations, were not
with which his memory was regarded. It unheard in France. The French protestants, was felt by every class, and every party, that while they paid a just tribute to the upright his loss was irreparable; and the circumintentions of their own government, in de- stances of his death were peculiarly awful clining the proffered intervention, felt all its and impressive, grandeur; it was rejected, but admired ; it Mr. Whitbread was the only son of Samuel -was discreetly repulsed, but enthusiastically Whitbread, esq. many years an eminent applauded. This intervention was the calm brewer in London, by his second wife, Mary, coinmanding voice of a great people, lifted third daughter of earl Cornwallis, and was up against persecutors, and claiming kindred born in the year 1758. He was taught Eng. with the persecuted. Its sound in Paris was lish and some Latin at home, and was sent
to Eton at a very early age. In that semi- Mr. Pitt was at that time premier, and he nary he was contemporary with the late Mr. swayed the councils of the government with Lambton, M.P. for Durham, a promising a degree of authority which had been exeryoung man, who died at a very early age; eised by no minister since the revolution. with Mr. Charles Grey, now earl Grey; and On great occasions he still affected to be the with several other distinguished characters, advocate of those early principles which had who have since filled eminent stations. Jo- rendered him popular. His professions, how. nathan Davies, M. A. was the head-master; ever, were less warm, and his exertions equi. and for his private tutor he had Dr. George vocal; for while he employed his voice he Heath, who, in 1791, succeeded the former, denied his authority. That power which he as head-master of the school.
would have exerted on the most trivial occa. From this celebrated seminary, with all sion, he exercised with constitutional scrupu. the advantages which are likely to have been losity whenever a reform in parliament, an reaped under such able instructors, he re- abolition of the slave trade, or a repeal of the paired to the university of Oxford. He was test laws, was proposed either by himself or entered first of Christ church, but soon re- others. Such was his regard for decorum on moved to St. John's; and, as he possessed those occasions, that the dereliction of his none of those convenient pretensions which dearest friends, or the lowest retainers of the lead to academical honours without academi. treasury, never affected either the temper or cal industry, it is fair to infer that the degree the language of a statesman, who at other of A.B., which he took while there, proceeded times was as irascible as eloquent. entirely from his own merits.
He had hitherto founded his claims to After visiting many parts of his native applause on an economical system, but at country, Mr. Whitbread, at a proper period, this period he suddenly changed his prinwas sent on his travels over the continent of ciples and his views. As if fully determined Europe, under the care of the rev.Wm. Coxe, on displaying his talent for war, he looked now vicar of Bremerton, and arch-deacon of sometimes to the north, and sometimes to Sarum, with whoin he repaired to France; and, the south, of Europe; and, although he had after visiting every thing remarkable there, as lately announced the certainty of peace for well as contemplating the vestiges of Helve, many years, yet he now aimed at a contest tian liberty, he returned home, qualified to with Spain, Russia, and France, in succession, become a legislator in bis native country.- and on light or groundless pretexts. The The tutor, some years afterwards, dedicated member for Bedford spoke for the first tinue one of his works
to liis pupil in the following on the Spanish aggression; but it was on the terms :- “ To Sumuel Whitbreal, jun. esq. Russian armament that he first distinguished M.P. this third volume of Travels into Poland, himself. The 'heads of the opposition had Russia, Sreeden, and Denmark, is inscribed, moved a resolution expressive of the impa as a testimony of esteem and friendship.” licy of the armament; while tlie ministry Soon after his return from his travels
, Mr. had recurred to the previous question : deWhitbread, like his father, aspired to a seat manding, at the same time, an entire reliance in parliament. Their influence in Bedford- on the wisdom of the cabinet, shire arose out of character and virtue, a re- It is alınost unnecessary to remark, that a ciprocity of good offices, and a liberal hospi- divided opposition was beaten on this occatality, afforded by the possession of large sion by a confiding majority. Yet the forestates. These legitimate pretensions enabled mer in the end triumplied; for
, although the Mr. Whitbread, in 1790, after a struggle of eyes of the ministry were shut to the evils some duration, to represent the borough of of a Russian war, yet those of the nation Bedford. The numbers, at the conclusion
were open; and the complaints of the comof the poll, stood as follows:
mercial men poured in so For Wm. Colhoun, esq.
616 of petitions, that the folly of expending BriSam. Whitbread, jun, esg....... 601 tish blood and treasure about the possession John Payne, esq.
574 of Oczakow became conspicuous. An ar
ickly, in the form