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a very important position during the Spanish War, retired not long after that to civil life, and now has come back into the service with a good many other officers in the same way. I take great pleasure in welcoming on your behalf this distinguished officer whom I now present to you, General Johnston. [Prolonged cheers and applause greeted General Johnston as he rose to respond.]
BRIG.-GEN. JOHN A. JOHNSTON
"Mr. President and Toastmaster, Gentlemen of the City Club and Comrades, Your Governor Coolidge has called my attention to the distinguished participation of Massachusetts in times of war in this country, and indeed of the whole of New England, and to the distinguished Massachusetts men here present to-night. But I must observe with a good deal of pride, being from Pennsylvania, that when Massachusetts wanted a real war Governor they went to Pennsylvania to get him, for I know that Governor McCall is a native of the state of Pennsylvania.
"Commissioner Skeffington, I think, unnecessarily commiserated with himself at not being able to get into this game in a uniform, because of age. He does not look it [laughter], and he is doing splendid work where he is. But it reminded me that I have heard that statement made by many men who sincerely desire to be listed for service within their capacities. Fortunately, as he may be aware, one of the subcommittees of the Council of National Defence has provided for that need. They have organized with a managing director a committee known as the United States Service Reserve, and if you have your pencil with you, make a note of the fact that their address is 1712 I Street, Northwest, Washington. Write it E-y-e' to make sure it gets to the proper place. There you could be listed for such service as they may call upon you to do at any time within the limits of your capacity. Don't fail, any of you who feel this way, to take that address and to write to them and tell them your age, your experience and business capacity, and merely expect that you will be listed and you may be called upon, and probably will be called upon to aid in some way.
I hope I may be permitted to talk just as if in my own office and you were in your own club. [Cries of "Yes," " Yes. "] It is useless to apologize; I have had no time to prepare anything, and I am simply rambling. First, let me say that General Hodges has left nothing unsaid to convince you that what we should have in this country ultimately, before this war is over, is a law for universal training. [Cheers and prolonged applause.]
"I have never listened to one who thinks so clearly and talks so straight as my friend General Hodges. Of course we will get along. He knows that anything that I can do within my modest sphere will be done to help him to get to where he is hoping to go with his splendid division. [Applause.] And, mark you, that division of his represents New England as a whole, and no locality. We have been accustomed in states to think of organization in the service or intended for the service as local organizations, and our heartstrings and feelings are bound up
with them, but that day has gone by. They must lose their identity and be swallowed up in something greater, and the full measure of their vision must be extended to making those organizations effective, and in doing that they will do themselves and their localities the greatest honor. [Applause.]
"To a larger extent the Regular Army represents the whole nation, and because that is a fact, and because its membership is made up of men who come not in groups from any locality, it has no local habitation or home, and no set of individuals seem to care anything about it or do anything for it. But that is something to be expected. We have not yet begun to think of ourselves in terms of nationality. We are accustomed to think of ourselves as Maine men or men from New Hampshire, or Vermont, or Massachusetts, or Rhode Island. To a certain extent that was destroyed as the result of the Spanish-American War. During the Spanish-American War you will remember that John Hay, Secretary of State, issued orders and cabled them throughout the world, that from that day forth all embassies, ministries and consulates should place on their letter heads America,' - American Consulates, American Embassies, and from that day forth we began to think of ourselves as Americans and not men from Massachusetts or Vermont.
"The American army can be said to be truly National and American. The National Army as it is made up here in New England can be said to be of New England, at least, and all of the states comprising New England must think of that army as a New England army. Your State Guard regiments have been in a measure wiped out, notwithstanding their glorious traditions, and their traditions are founded on splendid efforts during our wars, but the day has gone by and their identity will be lost in a larger measure of service to the entire country. General Hodges has already been called upon to give up 8,000 of his men to recruit those organizations to war strength.
The Nation Loyal
"My friend Fitzgerald has taken us all to task for not doing our bit in the way that we should, throughout the country. Gentlemen, I am convinced that there is no difference in quality of patriotism among the people of this country from one end of it to the other. They are just as patriotic in one section of the country as they are in another. When the need or the cause has been carried home to their intelligence, in an intelligent way, as soon as they understand the need, from one end of this country to the other they will meet it. I am sure they will meet it when it has been presented to them, so that they fully understand it. The first shipload of maimed, wounded and dead that are landed on these shores will be that factor that will bring it home to their minds, and they will understand the needs and come to the front as they have come to the front in many ways already. I need not recapitulate. You know what they are.
"In that connection I might quote 'All that a man hath will he give for his life.' Now, gentlemen, the lives of yourselves, even though you are not going to the front, the lives of yourselves and your wives and your daughters and children, are potentially menaced in this matter.
As General Wood very properly said, this contest has got to be ended over there or it will be ended here. Don't forget that. I have not the slightest doubt but what it is going to be ended over there, and it will be ended over there because of the well-laid plans that our friends of the Navy have laid to get us there safely.
Tribute to Business Men
"I might say further, being in a position of brief authority, and therefore perhaps qualified to express the respect of the Army for the business men who are associated in this effort in the Council of National Defence, and in all of the subcommittees which have been created under the influence and inspiration of the Council of National Defence; they have done wonders which could not have been accomplished by Army officers alone. It is a real General Staff. It is a staff which has enabled them to correlate and coördinate all of the railroads of the country, all of the electric works of the country, all of our river and sea-going tonnage of the country. They have done things that he average Army officer could not have done without their help.
"You had a representative, I believe, of New England, who succeeded in getting an option on practically all of the leather of the country, so that the bidders of the country would know how to bid on shoes, which was a splendid thing to do, and it is general staff work. We have learned in this war many things which we have never thought of before, which are really general staff work, and with which officers of the General Staff should busy themselves rather than mixing in administrative affairs, which should be done by other people, and which it was intended should be done by other people. To-day we are confronted with exactly that situation. I don't propose to go into details except to just simply make this statement, that By their fruits ye shall know them.' You, in your own persons, as in your own lives, know the fruits of the government under which you live. You enjoy life, liberty, equality, and fraternity, every man equal to his brother under the law, free to go and come as you please, engage in any pursuit, change_government as often as you see fit, or its representatives; clothe the President of the United States with more power than any other king or potentate on the face of the earth, and if he doesn't exercise it rightly, fire him out at the end of his term. On the other side I say, ' By the fruits of the government shall ye know it.'
PRESIDENT STORROW. Gentlemen,- That was a very serious but a very inspiring address. It is fitting that we should close the evening by asking our Chief Magistrate of the city of Boston, who has just come in, to speak.
HON. JAMES M. CURLEY, MAYOR OF BOSTON
"Mr. Chairman, Honored Guests and Friends, It has been my very great pleasure as Chief Executive of the city, and as a member of the Boston City Club, to welcome here with you three truly great American soldiers, each in charge, during a certain period, of the important Department of the Northeast. First a man known to every citizen
of New England, one of the staunchest and one of the foremost and one of the most earnest and able advocates of universal service that America has ever known, Gen. Leonard Wood. [Cheers and applause.] We had a feeling, based on judgment, intimate friendship and relationship with General Wood, that if General Wood were transferred to some other section of the United States it would be an utter impossibility to find any man in the service of the nation qualified to fill the place in the hearts of New England people that had been achieved by Gen. Leonard Wood. But he was called to a more important field of activity, and great as was our loss, equally great was our rejoicing when another American soldier came to take his place, to take up the threads where he laid them down, in the person of Gen. Clarence Edwards, now on the other side doing his part for America and for democracy. [Applause.]
"We had no misgivings, those of us who were fortunate enough to know the guest of the evening, when the announcement came that he was to take up the reins as laid down and the threads as laid down by General Wood and by General Edwards. It was my very great good fortune, while serving in Congress, to know intimately the guest of the evening.
This great war has made necessary the recall from private life of men of genius, men of capacity, men of tried and known ability, and the President, whose wisdom and leadership is the admiration of the whole world, made no mistake when he brought before the American people, as the commanding officer of the Department of the Northeast, the guest of this evening.
We welcome him here for a twofold reason, because, like General Hodges, he is simplicity and modesty itself. He has the kind of countenance and the kind of mannerism that will do more than all that may be said or written to ease the hearts of the American mothers in this section of the American nation, who to-day have placed nearly thirty thousand of their sons under the leadership of General Johnston and General Hodges. That is the kind of leadership that gives the confidence, that gives serenity to the mothers, that adds years to their lives and gives them the confident realization that under such men, their boys many of whom have never been away from home for an evening in their ives are in good hands, and that not only will their health be safeguarded, but their morals will be as well safeguarded as though under the maternal roof.
"That is the thing that lends strength to the movement for universal military service. It was my very great pleasure yesterday to be in Williamstown and have an opportunity to address a company of the State Guard, and to see in that company of the State Guard what I in common with many Americans have longed to see,—a real, breathing, living example of ideal Americanism and true democracy in the ranks: two professors of the Williamstown university, and with them were the teamsters and the porters, and one of the janitors served as an officer and was giving orders to the professors.
"Universal service is a new doctrine in America. It is a doctrine that must be watched as carefully and as jealously as anything was ever watched in the history of the world.
“We are asked to-day to exempt judges, we are asked to-morrow to exempt notaries public, we are asked the following day to exempt policemen, we are asked the succeeding day to exempt firemen. No man mentally and physically fit should be exempted."
LUNCHEON IN HONOR OF LESLIE M. SHAW
Former Secretary of the Treasury
Hon. Leslie M. Shaw, former Governor of Iowa, and former Secretary of the Treasury, was entertained at luncheon on Tuesday, October 23. About twenty members of the Club, including Lieutenant-Governor Coolidge, were present.
NAVAL RESERVISTS TO BE GUESTS OF THE CLUB
The Entertainment Committee has arranged for about 200 of the Naval Reservists who are quartered at the Commonwealth Pier to be guests of the Club on two evenings in each month, when entertainments are being held. The balcony will be reserved for them on such occasions.
Change in Management
The House Committee announces the appointment of R. L. Westcott as temporary manager, owing to the resignation of H. H. Westermann, who served in that capacity for a year or more. has been assistant manager for several years.
CHESS - CHECKERS - DOMINOES
Game Room, Third Floor
Tournaments begin November 15
The Games Committee desires to announce that arrangements are being made for Tournament play, to begin about November 15, in the game room on the third floor of the building.
Contests in Chess, Checkers, and Dominoes will be held.
In the games of dominoes, there will be single and double matches. In chess and checkers, two forms of play will be inaugurated, one for club honors and the other for position or rating. In the challenge for position, play credit will be made on a percentage basis, thus giving any player an opportunity to win a prize.