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hundred and eighty. The lowest of much as it deserves, that the papists the People had too much sense to be formerly kept the scriptures in Latin, duped by a bye-word. In the city, in and precluded the people as much as Westminster, and in the borough, the possible from having any insight into elections were contested, yet the can- them: the protestants allow to the didates carried on their respective people the use of the Bible in their claims without mobs to assist the de- own language; but many of them are fence of the church. Indeed we may in a terrible passion if a person excongratulate the countrythat they have plains a passage in a different manner so acted. The cry has been attempt- from themselves, and will not submit ed, and the failure of the attempt is a his understanding to an authoritative good indication of the improvement decision, made in exploded articles or of the people on subjects connected ridiculous catechisms. with religion. Whatever wicked priests The cry of NO POPERY has been and temporising politicians may have raised; we shall see whether with due done in former times, by abusing re- effect—whether the popish spirit has ligion to their infamous purposes; the been subdued or not. Wickliffe in time seems now to be gone by: the our country, and Martin Luther in cheat is detected: the trick is found Germany, nobly opposed the errors out: the ring-droppers can no longer of popery, and boldly stood forward succeed. Every body now has seen for the grand right of bringing every into the nature of priestcraft; and thing to the test of scripture. A cirpope and prelate may hurl their ana- cumstance happened last year, which themas, to be a subject only of laughter begins, we understand, to operate, and derision.
and by which we shall have an oppor. Popery, Mahometanism, ard, Calvin- tunity of judging what is the spirit of ism, are three grand corruptions of the Church of England. Mr. Stone, Christianity. It is not the name, it is a venerable presbyter of that church, the spirit of each, that we ought to rector of a parish, and father of a very detest; and, wherever that spirit ap- large family, having been called upon pears, we should endeavour to sup- to preach before the Archdeacon and press it, whether in ourselves or others. an assembly of presbyters, took upon It may justly be questioned, whether bimself to call in question several re. this spirit does not prevail at present ceived doctrines of the church, and in many churches called protestant, he adjured his brethren to listen more than it does in those called to him in the spirit of love, and to popish? The way to try this question bring his opinions to the test of is, to examine in what manner a re. scripture. In consequence of this ligious opinion is entertained by the proceeding, the Bishop of London, as community to which, either from in duty bound, is enquiring, we underchance of birth or from choice, we stand, into the nature of these opihappen to belong. If the community nions, and is questioning Mr. Stone is tenacious of any opinion, merely more thoroughly respecting them. because it has been adopted by its Now, if the enquiry is carried on by predecessors, and is unwilling to bring the bishop in the spirit of love and it to the test of scripture, and to be affection, and the scriptures are fairly deciderl solely by the scriptures; and, examined by him and his brethren; if it is violent against those of a dif- if the arguments of Mr. Stone are ferent persuasion, and would use any judiciously sitted, and his errors (if other methods of argument than those they are such) are pointed out in a which love prescribes; then that com- manner that becomes christians; we munity is popish; and an individual cannot doubt that the Church of Engwill do well to remove himself entirely land is freed from that popish spirit from it; or, if this cannot conveniently which was the disgrace of former ages. be done, he should take no part in its The bishop and the presbyter are concerns, but preserve himself, as well nearly of the same age: the controas he can, from being tainted by the versy is of great importance; we shall pernicious spirit of that church or attend to the mode in which it is carmeeting. We may add, also, for the ried on, and shall be curious to know çircumstance is not attended to so the result.
If the Pope is less in fashion with the squadron through the Strait, and in ruling powers than he was some few open sea began to reflect on the folly years ago, Mahomet has also fallen in of an undertaking, which was to awe our estimation. Adieu to the crescents, the capital of a great empire, without the feathers, the horses' tails, which the precaution of destroying the forts are no longer to find their way to our and batteries which guarded the ac. gallant commanders. It is now ascer- cess to it. tained, that we have made a complete The consequences of this rash step breach with the Porte, but the mode have been just what was to be exin which we have done it does not add pected-indignation on the part of to our credit. Our admiral with bis the Turks, and a complete union of fleet sailed through the Bosphorus, them and the French! A seizure of approached within a few miles of Con- British property in every part of that stantinople, destroyed some Turkish vast empire, and a complete change ships, and then entered into a negn- in our politics with respect to the Me tiation. The Turks, assisted by the diterranean. The grounds of the French, not only negotiated very well, strange conduct of the English will but made preparations to cut off the probably be explained in parliament
. admiral's retreat. The ambassador They will rest on the deciaration of was on board his ship, but the joint war made by the Turks against Ruswisdom of both was not a match for sia; but when two powers in alliance the policy of the enemy; and, after a with us quarrel with each other, it does fruitless interchange of letters, the not follow that we should quarrel with admiral did not think it expedient to either; and it may justly be doubted, sail on to bombard Constantinople, whether there was any prudence in nor safe to remain where he was: the our taking the side of the Russians. only course he then had to take, was It happens, at present, that the French to sail back to the place from whence and Russians have a mighty contest be came.
between them, and the Turks took The sailing back was not so easy an this opportunity of recovering what expedition. The Turkish cannon they lost in former wars.
We are have long been talked of, but they joined with the Russians against the were supposed to be objects of curi- French. Policy made us then change osity rather than of real utility. It hands: and thus, in the course of remained for an English feet to make the wars since 1789, the world has the experiment. During the nego- seen Great Britain beating every one tiation the French engineers got all of its allies, except the Russians who these cannon in order, and placed offered her the greatest insults, seizing batteries in every place, whence they her ships, and driving her men into might annoy us; and annoy us they exile into Siberia. did most terribly. It is probable, that But as to the right or wrong of this the engagement was the severest that cause, politicians may argue; the has been fought by our ships. They facts seem to indicate that the Turkindeed had nothing else to do but to ish empire is in great jeopardy. The make the most of the wind, and to sail French will profess the greatest friendthrough the Strait as fast as possible. ship for it, will send troops to its asHad the admiral staid a day longer, sistance, will insinuate themselves into not a ship probably would have re- every quarter, and by fivesse obtain turned. As it was, the slaughter on what we wished to ravish by force. board our ships, and the damage done The vizir is marched with the holy to the masts and timbers, was im- standard of Mahomet against the Rus
We may form a tolerable sians: the latter must collect their judgment of the nature of the enter- forces to repel the French on the prise from the effect of one ball, which banks of the Vistula. It is probable was eight hundred pounds weight, and then, that the Turks may be succes struck the main mast of a ship. Had ful on the banks of the Danube, and it struck the ship between wind and re-establish for a short time their tok water, the whole crew would have tering empire. Constantinople at any gone down to the bottom. With great rate will be safe from Russian attacks, difficulty the admiral convoyed his and the defeat of the English navy
will set the seraglio at rest from any the sun to have a clear view of the attack of the Russian marine. solar systein ; so to have a true know.
At any other quarter of the Turk- ledge of the system of earthly things, ish empire, danger menaces it. We we inust derive our information froin have taken Alexandria, the key of the sun of righteousness. We must Lyypt. We have retaken what we look up to the hand of Cud in the ought never to have surrendered up, great motions on the earth. We live and under our care, if the least care in a time wi en the antichristian is taken, Egypt may in a very few years Churches are near their tall, and the be restored to its former spiendour. It made in which their fall will be acis astonishing in how short a tine this com; lished will, with their rise and miserable country may be recovered. progie, , form a complete study for A good government for five years the next generation. would again make that country a pa- The eyes of all Europe are turned radise. The Copts are a miserable now to a very different object. The race, fulfilling the prophecy of Eze- troops that are collected between the kiel; they are incapable of raising Vitula and the borders of Russia theniselves to the dignity of inan, cannot be kept long in inaction. It Fiusou Tn; apsins atroaivvico dsnooy nue xp. is most probable, that the dieadful Slavery of many ages has broken battle has, by this time, been fought. down their minds, and the de- so great a military force, with such scendants of those who were renowned trains of artillery, on each side, for wisdom and bravery are distin- has never been seen in Europe. Two guished for ignorance and abject ser- emperors and a king will grace the vility. Still the country is the same. field of battle. The emperor of RusThe fertilizing Nile runs through the sia has left his capital, and had a midst of it, and waters, as usual, its va- meeting with the king of Prussia at nous regions. But the canals, made Memel. They tliere probably secol. by the wisdom of former ages, de- lected their solein oaths over the stroved by the Persians, restored by manes of the great Frederick: they the Ptolemies, fallen again into decay there settled the plans of the grand at the ruin of ihe Roman empire, and campaign, reduced in their ideas Borestored by tlie Caliphs; again neg- naparte to his primitive insignifilected by ihe Turks and Mamelukes, cance; and indulged in the prospect, ale choked up with sand, and remain the one of the restoration to his kingto be emptied by the energy of the doin, the other of inmortal glory io English. Five years aic amply sufii- his arms. The French, in the mean cient for this purpose. The port of time, were rejoicing at this meeting: Alexandria would then be tilled with they are not ierrified at the name of a ships, and Egypt would bless the day crowned head, and felt a secret satisthat put her under the protection of faction that two sovereigns would take Britain.
the lead, whose presence would em. These events cannot fail of making barrass ihe proceedings of their own an im; ression on the serious mind generals. Bonaparte himself, after The changes in governmenis appear the conquest of ihe emperor of Austo the superficial politician as mere tria, when united with Russia, can natural cliects of various combina- lave little dread of a conquered king tions of human irgenuity, without of Prussia by the side of the Russian any reterence to a higher government. emperor. The real situation and the lihat has been, he thinks, must al- mmbers of the respective armies, wais le, and be juures of the real with the plans of the projected attacks, Sistem of the world only by the little we shall not know til victory has he sees every day, and by the little in crowned the enterprise of one or the which he iakes a part. Ble is exactly other party. If the French are victoin the same situation as the astrono- rious,'all Poland will be a prey to mer of former times, who determined them, and the Turks will drive the every thing by his position on the Russians fiom the shores of the Daearth, and formed a sixiem totally re- nube. Should the Rus ians gain the pugnant to that of nature. As in day, it is scarcely possible for Bonaastronomy we must place ourselves in parte to make good his retreat, and UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL.VII.
the career of his victories will end. troopis have sailed round Cape Horn, But the purposes, for which he has and are as iting in revolutionizing been raised io so great an leisht, do l'eru. Lui, whether we succeed on not ret seem to have been accumn so extensive a scle as is by some applished; and we must remain in an prenendu, if we can only keep poor awful suspense, till the whole scheme ses i noflcnte l'ideo, the place will of Providence has been navelied. be of material leneiit to us. Alieady
The Swedes seem to have been out- immerse quantities of merchandize mar@uvred. The French obtained have been hipped o for that place, an armistice, and this armistice was which will be made the depói for our to remain til ratified by the king of goods, and thence find their way over Sweden; and, if refused by him, the whole of the Brazila. Though should continue for ten days from the the Portuguese are our very good alnouce that it was pot ra:ified. During lies, they take special care that we this me, it may be presumed, that shall not enter their ports in South the French were drawing off their America; but, as we are now near troops to join the main body, and, neighbours, they will find it very difhaving t.e advantage of the ten dys, ficili to prevent the access of British would not be scartul ofany operations indtistry to the remotest corner of in their rear by the Swedes. The their territories in that part of the king otsweilen has sefused the armis- world. tice; and, most probably, the troops that we are sending for some expedi
But all speculations on the affairs tion are devoted to his assistance in of the world in distant regions have Pomerania. They will get there too been for the last month totally set late to be of anvellectual service. For aside, by what have appeared to be the Russians will either have done the far more important concerns, elecessential business, or have been so tioneering contests. London has been completely defeated that any thing to thinned, and candidates have been be elected by the joint co-operation whisked to every part of the kingdom, of British and Swedish troops will be to supply the demands of towns, beof little avail.
roughs, cities, and counties. With The suspense, in which Europe them they carried the usual supplies is kept by the state of Poland and of monev, promises, and protestations. Prussia, seems to have given internal The former was the oniy solid part, tranquillity to many other parts
, and in general the only thing to be France, pain, Portugal, and Italy depended upon. By the advertistare perfectly quiet; and the king of ments of the candidates, you would Sicily enjoys his little kingdom for suppose that the country possessed the present unmolested. Even the a band of the firmest patriots the piraticat states of Africa do not seein world ever saw; that ihey united to buve made, as yet, common cause to patriotism, condescension, ailabiwish the forte. lí their subjection to Jity, and kindness; that they would him is merely non inal, the alliance is ever be glad to see their constituents, sufficiently strong to countenance a
and desirous that the firmest union project of war by the marine Maho- should subsist between them. All inelan powers; and their hopes will this a stranger would imagine, and a!] be stengthened, when they hear of this in fact is uttered in their extravathe-fajiure of our attempts in the Bos- gant encomiums on our constitution. phorus. The utu.ost estorts, however, But the fact is, that, however good our of the Afrii in states will create in us theory may be, the result in practice little alaim. With Gibraltar, Malta, is totally opposite. Our elections and Alexandria in our hands, it will stand in need of great reformn; and, it be our own tiuits if we are not master's is to be hoped, that the king, by makof the Mediteranean.
ing short parliaments, will teach the The result of our successes at Monte representatives their duty to the peoVideo has not reached this country. ple. Every day news is expected of the re- The sudden dissolution of parliataking of Buenos Ayres; and there is ment has oilended extremely the late room for conjecture, that some of our ministers; and, though we wish for
short parliaments, we fear that this the ministry in its various bands, and dissolution may be attended with per- of the great ali tocratical families in nicious effects. The only excueihat Betuninster, the whig party succeedthe prese t ministers can have for ad- ed in placing Mr. Sheridan ihesecond vising the king to this measure is, on the poll. His triu.uple was poor that ihey could not carry on the busi- and mean, or rather degrading to a ness of the nation without it, the two man who stood once upon such high parties being too nearly balanced in ground, and might have been the first the House of Commons to permit the in popular favour. But whatever the necessary business to go on without triumph was, the whigs rejoiced in it interruption. This may have been as in a victory of the highest consen the case; for it is a misfortune arising quence: but the popular party were by froin the breach of our constitution, no means subdued, and the king, by permitting placemen to hold a seat whose interests and theirs are essenin the House of Commons, that a tially united, gave them an opportuchange made by the king among his nity, by dissolving the then parliaservants is an interruption to public ment, ofre-issuming their rights. business. The old law ought to be An untoward event took place restored and maintained in all its which might lave destroyed all their force; and that modern law, the source hopes. Vtr. Paull, who had been taof great grievance to the country, ken up by them for his vi vrous conwhich permits a man, on accepting a duct in parliament at the preceding place under the crowi, to be re-elect- election, was, it seeins, a person cf ed, cught to be abrogated. But where very headsirony disposition; and some is the man that will bring forward this misunderstanding bad taken place on measure the ins are too fond of their the mode of sir Francis Bardett's a3places to think of it; the outs enjoy şistance to him. Too precipitately the hopes of getting them, and would he had placed the baronet's name io not by any act of their own frustraté: preside at one of his previous election these hopes.
dinners, and ihis led to an explanation The new parliament will see en- given by Mr. Bu dert at the table afrolled among its members one person ter dinner. The explanation irritated fully qualified to undertake the task. Mr. Paull; and, taking one gentlernan Like another Hercules he must cleanse with him, he drore oli'to Wimbledon, the Augcan stable. His election is the knucked up Sir Francis Burdeit's famost singular thing that has taken mily between one ürid tivo in the place in the history of elections, and morning, and carried on a correspon. he really go:s into parliament fairly, dence of an hour with Sir Francis by honourably elected, the man of the means of this gentleman, who had adpeople. The events of the preceding mission to the baronet, and carried Westoninster election are ripe in the backwaris and forwards the messages secollection of us all. There were between the bedchamber and the chathen three parties: the court party un- riot on the common. Mr. Pauil deder Sir Samuel flood; the whigs un- manded an apology, which was refused, der Mr. Sheridan, and the popular and it was determined i but the parties party under Mr. Pauil. The whigs should meet to settle, in the vulgar and the court party coalesced, and phrase, the point of honour, or what brought in the commodore and Mr. we phrase the point of di honour. Sheridan; and during the election the About ten, the parties met at a wood virulence of the wbigs against the po- near Wiinbledon, and at the second pular party exceeded all bounds: their shot both fell, neither mortally wounde sentiments were exactly these of a Co- ed, but both not wishout danger, Mr. riolanus; and the adherents of Mr. Pull in his leg, the ball going ihrough Paull were alike with him abused, in- the bone; Sir Francis in his thigli, sulted, and stigmatised, for belonging the ball going round the outer part: to a class of life in which honesty is a small deviation would have made still helal to be a virtue.
the wound fatal. Both were brought With the utmost difficulty, with the to town in the same carriage, and Mr. subscriptions of the majority of the Paull, in agony both of body and then cabinet, with all the influence of mind, lamented the çircuinstanse