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as if the terin better implied former of log, or Christinas block, thus illuminat.
ing the house. This custoin was perhaps Hic genus antiquum Tencri, pulcherrima borrowed from the Sasons; they began proles,
their year on the eighth of the calends Magnanimi heroes, nati inclioribus annis."
of January, which is our Christmas day. Æneid 6,1.6-18.-Harris Phil. En. ch. 15. The nighé before was termed by them The ingenious author has certainly either mistaken or misrepresented the paso served by thein as sacred. The log,
“the Night of Mothers," and was ob. saye. Virgil uses the word, melioribus, perhaps, was burned in imitation of the for felicioribus, with an exclusive re
sun's return. ference to the misfortunes of Troy, and
The origin of Christmas-boxes is said by no means absolutely for prioribus.
to be this :--the priests had masses said He is therefore to be understood in the
for every thing. If a ship went on a dissame sense, as if he had said " Alagna tant voyage, a box was fixed to the mast, nimi Heroes nati felicioribus annis, pri
and consecrated to some saint. The usqunm (to use the poet's own words,)
mariners were expected to put money res Asia, Priamique perdere gentem, Dis into this box, that magses might be said visum est supcris."-Walter Scott has
for thein at their return. The mass was used the word better, in a similar inanner : Tlie Minstrel was infirm and old,
then called Christ Mass, this particular His wither'd cheek, and tresses gray,
box Christ-mass-box. Many other Scem'd to have known a better day.
custorns inay be enumerated : the Indr, to Luy of last Minstrel.
Christmas-carrols, Christmas-pies. At Upon reference, I find, that Heyne bas
the Universities, it is common to hang fallen into the saine error with Ilurris.
laurel in all the colleges and chapels,
which, when we consider that the laurel On Christmas Eve it is still a custoin
was einblematical of peace and victory, in the north to light candles of a very is easily explained. One of the earlier uncommon size, which called
councils forhade Christians to deck their Christmas candles: to burn also a yule
houses with bay leaves and green boughs,
What are the thousand ills of life,
Bewildering woe, and care, and strife, MALICE, lay thy venom by, The miseries which mankind distress, Envy's arrows cease to fly,
To him whom Fancy loves to bless. Fancy's charas withstand them all, For she can bid the desert bloom Fancy rules the rolling ball:
With fairest flow'rs of sweet perfume, All the fairest forms we see,
Transform the dens where darkness reigns Are not half so fair as she.
To flow'ry fields and peaceful plains, Ever lovely, ever young.
And make the pensive pris'ner's cell
A place for freedom's self to dwell.
When Pancy waves her magic wand,
Rich fruits adoro the barren land, That the tribute may not be
And Ceres spreads her golden store, Unacceptable to thee.
Where desolation ruled before. So my sweeter Sacrifice
The dismal caves, and yawning graves,
Where envy pines, and madness raves,
By Fancy touch'd, in scenes abound
With nature's greenest glories crown'd;
Happy he whom Fancy leads,
Through her wild sequestered meads There ev'ry virtue blossoms fair,
Over valley, over hill, And ev'ry gen'rous germ is there,
By the torrent, by the rill. T'here truth presides in fiction drest,
She will lead him to her bow'rs, And nature dwells a constant guest,
Cull for him the fairest flow'rs ; And love, and joy, and art combine,
Sweetest pleasures he shall find, To rear th. sr svely soy'reign's shrine.
Greenest bays his temples bind;
All throughout the livelong day The passions, they who rule o'er all,
She will sing his cares away, Them:elves are ruled at Fancy's call,
And her notes of soft delight Revenge in midnight murders dyed,
Lull his soul to rest by night, And guilt and anger, near allied,
By the torrent, by the rill, Consuming grief, corroding care,
Over valley, over hill, And rankling rage and dark despair,
Through her wild sequester'd meads, All, all subinit to Fancy's chain,
Happy he whom Fancy leads. And swire to burst wheir bonds in rain,
1915.) Original Poetry.
UNCERTAINTY OF HUMAN JOYS. On the PRINCESS ELIZABETH's beautiful W HY dose thou pine for sordid gain, Cottage at Old Windsor;
Procured with toil, enjoyed with pain ?
The wealth of Cresus cannot save
Or buy one moment from the grave; SHEPHERDS, now is the month of the May, When Death commands, c'en monarchs must la a band let our village unite,
obey, To yon COTTAGE with flowers let us stray- And change the purple for a garb of clay. The mansion of rural delight.
If thy desires be for gain, What a beauteous elysium around!
Let VIRTUB in thy bosom reign. Here peace and simplicity reign,
Why dost thou seek delusive fame, Here the birds an asylum have found,
And barter substance for a name? And with carols enliven the scene.
Those vaunting brows with laurels crown'd, O may verdure for ever appear,
The solemn cypress must surround : Untading the verdure of spring,
Impartial death prepares an equal grave No tempests be heard through the year,
For conqu’ring heroes as the vanquish'd slaves But Zephyr with health on his wing.
If thy ambition pants for fame, Sweet Cottage, cur chaplets receive,
Let VIRTUE be thy stedfast aim. Whom with Eavy e'en Cities must see,
Why dost thou trust in beauty ? say! When Eliza can palaces leave,
'Tis like a flow'r that fades away, For the charms of retirement in thee.
The tyrant smiles at beauty's bloom,
And plucks it to adorn the tomb ;
His ruthless hand, with all-subduing sway,
Enshrines alike the youthful and the grey. OH, beauteous Spring ! once more return If thou wouldst be for ever fair,
Let VIRTUE be thy constant care. Let me again those sweets discern,
When wealth, and fame, and beauty, pass away, Which now my thoughts inspire.
Her hand shall bear thee to eternal day. The primrose, from its lowly bed,
June 21, 1813.
MORTALIS. Shall shew its palest bloom ; The violet raise its drooping head,
LOVE'S FASCINATION. And shed a rich perfume.
Is , The cowslips next, with yellow hue,
Warm'd by kind Sol's enliv’ning ray, A pleasant fragrance yield;
But, when black night its shades resumes, The king.cup, and the hare-bell blue,
Withers, droops, and fades away? Shall deck the verdant field.
So my fond heart, by Sarah's smile inspir'd, Say, then, if mortal man could deck
Lives in the genial sunshine of her eyes, His spring of life with filowers ?
But, when averted or in anger fir'd, Summci, perhaps, would never check,
Shrinks by neglect, or by their splendor diese But warm his sober hours.
Have you not seen the lily bend, Autumn might then indeed be fair,
Parch'd by fierce Sol's too potent ray; Enriched by peace and love ;
But, as the fresh'ning showers descend, His wintry age might then declare
Dare with new charms the beams of day? His flight to God above.
So, when the tear which mourns my hapless lor, Marcb 2, 1814.
F. BARNOTT. Down Sarah's cheek, unbid, repentant steals,
How is each sorrow and each pang forgot?
What boundless raptures then iny bosom feels! TO MODESTY. HAN
AIL Modesty ! serene and heavenly maid, Stunzas sent with a New Year's Gift of a
By Sir W..CscIL, to his daughter. Thy raptures how inspir'd! how true and neat, AS yeres do growe, so cares encreasse, More chaste and delicate than lodia's pearls,
And tyme will move, so loke ta thrifte, More mild than Justice throned on Mercy's seat, Though yeres in me work nothing lesse, Or the biossom'd treasures that the spring
Yet for yr years and New Yeres Giite,
This huswife's toy is now my shifte, uafurls.
To set you on work some thrifte to teele How quick the timid glances of thine eye, I send you now a Spynaing-Wheele.
How soft the infant pantings of thy breast, How pure the tribute of thy murm'ring sigh,
But one thing firste I wishe and pray,
Lest thirste of thrifte might soon yo tyre How still the midnight slumbers of thy rest.
Only to spynne one pound a daye,
The pomp of power does not belong to thee; Swete noi, oh fy---fling worke in tyre.
God sende, who sendeth all thritte and welth, And the worthiest brow is most adorned by
You long yeres, and yor father helth. thee,
Anno 1566. Cecil Papers, vol. civ. Warwick.
PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED.
To Messrs. Rutt, WEBB, and Tretton, carriage consists of a bar, on which four for improved Apparalus to Machinery upright pieces are fixed, one foot eleven for making Fillett, Sheet, and Hand inches high: two of these pieces are Cards.-Oct, 8, 1810.
placed within an inch of the ends, the MHESE improvements enable the other two at the distance of two feet four
patentees to make two separate fil. inches from them; these are all coupled Jett cards, or two separate sheet or hand together by a bar at the top.
Between cards, by one and the same operation of each of the bars, that are two feet fout the machine at the same time, hy bring- inches apart, a stretching frame is placed. ing all the works into the centre of the These two stretching frames hang upon frame, and thus preserving an equal one lifting bar. Upon the top of the balance, they secure the steadiness of the back stands a shaft-iurn, in the centre machine. To construct a machine for of which a saw.tooth ratchet is fixed, making two separate fillett cards at once, to raise the lifting bar, which raises the and by which about two hundred and stretching frame, both of which have forty staples will be put in in a minute; been just mentioned. On the centre of the base frame is three feet eight inches the carriage, near the bottom, a round long, and one foot eleven inches wide. piece of brass is placed, which is cut in This base frame stands on four feet, oné notches, for any pattern for twilled or foot nine inches high. Ac each end a plain work. On the top of the carriage stand is fixed, one foot eight inches iwo jointed bars are placed; on each of high. At the distance of one foot ten which a knob is fixed, which knob falls inches from the stand on the right an. out of and into the aforesaid notches of other stand is fixed. These stands are the round brass piece, one to the right, all coupled together by a bar at top. On and the other to the left. On the afore the centre of the base frame, through the said jointed bars a moveable knob is whole length of it, a bar is fixed, on placed, which, by pressing against the which a carriage slides. This carriage stretching frame, by means of a spring consists of a bar, on which four upright on the other end of the said stretching pieces are fixed, each one foot six inches frame, shifts it till the desired pattern is high. Two of these pieces are eight obtained. On the front of the frame inches and a half from the centre of the three stands are fixed, one on the cen. carriage; from these, the other two are tre, and one at the distance of one foot distant one foot. They are all coupled nine inches to the right, the other at the together by a bar at top, between each same distance to the left. These three of the two upright pieces, which are one stands are one foot high. On the top of apart. Another carriage is placed ten these the main arbour turns. From the inches wide and one foot high.
top of the middle front-stand, and nine To construct a machine for making inches from the top of the middle backtwo separate sheet or hand cards, it may stand, a bar is fixed. Their working-dogbe made for cards for any size required, rack is placed on the centre of the car. and will put in about two hundred and riage. The other rack is fixed a little to twenty staples in a minute. As many the right. The working-dogs, backçards are used nineteen inches long, the dogs, their shafts, and levers, are all in machine, of which the improvements the centre of the machine. The workare now described, is supposed to make ing-dog-lever is fixed on the aforesaid that length. The base frame is seven bar. On the inner part of each outward feet three inches long, one foot ten front-stand, another stand is fixed, one inches wide, and stands on six legs, of foot high. On these the plates are the same height as the frame for the fixed. These plates are described in fillett cards. In the centre is fixed a the just-mentioned specification. Opgrooved bar, the whole length of the posite the plates the crookers work; frame, on the back part of which three each of these work on a bar. Repertory. stands are fixed, one at each end, and one in the centre, two feet nine inches To John Durry, junior, of Dublin, high, inclining to the back part, above Calico. Printer; for a Method of prothe angle of thirty degrees. These are ducing Patterns on Cloth made of all coupled together by a bar, nine Calico or Linen, by preserving or deinches from the top. On the top of the fending Mordants or Colours, previa grooved bar a carriage is placed; shiela ously applied to them, from Injury,
47 when it is required to pass such More the cloth all over with the common alu. dants or Colours through Solutions of minous mordants, and afterwards rinces Acids, of Acid Salts, or of Combina. off, or cleanses it, after the well-known tions of the orymuriatic Acid.- Feb. 8, methods of the calico-printers. He 1814.
then prints, stamps, or pencils, on those After the mordants or colours have parts that are intended to exhibit the been applied to the cloth, either in pattern or figure, the composition of one figures or as a ground, by any of the part of spermaceti, to two parts of Ve. well-known methods of calico-printers; nice turpentine, and afterwards passes the he first prints, or otherwise applies to cloth through a diluted solution of sula the cloth, over those parts of the said phuric acid, which removes all the mormordants or colours that are intended to dants from those parts of the cloth not be protected from the action of acids, protected. By the aforesaid composiacid salts, metallic salts, and solutions tion, he proceeds to dip it in the indigo or combinations of the oxymuriatic acid, blue vat, to the shade required ; and afo wax, resin, turpentine, mastic, elemi, terwards, by warın water and washing, frankincense, spermaceti, callow, or ani- removes the composition. By the com. mal fat, rendered fluid by heat, and so mon process of dyeing in madder, he mixed or combined, and in such propor- obtains a red, in the figure, or pattern, tions, of two or more of them, or any that has been protected from the action other waxy, resinous, fatty, or oily sub- of the acid. And, with weld, or querstances, as will not only adhere to the citron bark, be obtains the same figure cloth, and protect the mordants and co- in yellow on a dark blue ground. lours during the operations they have to Example 2. If it is required to exundergo, but be afterwards removable hibit a yellow object or paitern on cloth by warm water, or bran water, or by that has been printed or padded with such other simple applications as will the aluminous mordant, and dyed mad. neither impair the mordants 80 pre- der-red, or an olive object or pattern on served, or materially affect the natural cloth that has been impregnated with a brightness of the colours. After the mixture of alum and iron mordants, and said waxy, resinous, fatty, or oily com- dyed madder-brown, be applies the same position has been so applied to the cloth, composition of one part of spermaceti, to and over such parts of the mordants, or two of turpentine, over the parts in. colours, as are intended to be preserved, tended to be preserved, red or brown, he immerses the cloth in a diluted so- and destroys the colouring matter of the lution of vitriolic acid, or of oxymuriatic rest by immersion in a discharging liquor, acid, or in such diluted solutions of the prepared by adding one part by weight vegetable, mineral, or animal acids, or of concentrate sulphuric acid, to about acid salts, or metallic salts, or oxymuri- two hundred and fifty parts of the watery ates, as will in a reasonable time dis- solution of the oxymuriate of lime, of solve or discharge from union with the one thousand and thirty specific gravity; cloth such parts of either the mordants or proportionably to any of its orber or colours, or colouring matters alone, as (water being considered as one thousand) have not been protected by the before- earthy or alkaline combinations; the inentioned waxy, resinous, fatty, or oily mordants of such destroyed colouring compositions. He then rinces the cloth matter will remain attached to the cloth, well in water, or otherwise removes from and will become yellow in the red patthem all the remains of the said acid, tern, or olive in the brown pattern, by sowings, or salts, by the usual process. the usual process of dyeing in weld, or
And, having thus removed the mor- quercitron bark. If, on the other hand, dants, or colours, or colouring matter, it is required to produce a blue object or previously applied to the cloth, from pattern, instead of a yellow or olive, on those parts of the said cloth not defended the foregoing dyed madder, red or brown, by the aforesaid waxy, resinous, fatty, or he uses the composition of three parts oily compositions, he proceeds to finish the of black resin, one part of tallow, and work by the ordinary methods of calico- one sixteenth part of bees-wax, to cover printers, according to the nature of the the red or brown parts intended to be patterns and colours it is intended to preserved, and passes the cloth through produce.
the foregoing discharging liquor, to deExample 1. If it is required to exhi- stroy all the unprotected colouring matbit a yellow object, or pattern, on a dark ter,' and afterwards through some acid blue ground, or a red object, or pattern, solution, to carry off the mordants. on a dark blue ground, he prints or pads He next proceeds to dip it in the indigo blue rat, to the shade required, and resinous, fatty, or oily composition.finally, by warm alkaline, or soapy Repertory. water and washings, removes the com- Other Patents lately granted, of which we position.
solicit the Specifications. The invention whereof he claims the E. Massey, of Coventry; chronometers sole and exclusive use, consists in print- and pocket watches.-Nov. 17. ing, stamping, penciling, or otherwise
H. HALL, of Golded-square ; improved applying over those parts of the mor.
method of preparing and spinning hemp, dants, or colours, that have been pre: reigner residing abroad.--Nov. 17.
flax, &c. communicated to him by a fo. viously communicated to the cloch, and
R. BARLOW, surgeon; a machine or in. which are intended to be protected from struinent called the liydrostatic self-blow. the action of acids, acid salts, metallic ing machine.--Nov. 22. salts, and solutions or combinations of
Copies of any of the Sprcifications of che oxymuriatic acid, or suitable waxy, the preading, will be highly acceptable.
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