« PreviousContinue »
Earl's nephew, who is now Earl of chapel, in the Castle-yard, Dublin. Ross. The deceased nobleman will In a cavity of the stone were depositbe long regretted by his family, te- ed coins of the present year of his manantry, and friends. He was of a re- jesty's reign, and a plate with the foltired disposition, and a great agri- lowing inscription: “ Hanc Adem cultural improver, and lived in the Deo optimo maximo olim dicatain mest princely stile of hospitality in vetustate penitus dirutam denuo exIreland ; his equipaye, horses, and li- strui jussit Joannes Bedfordiæ dux veries, being always most magnifi- Hiberniæ pro Rex ipseque fundamicent. llis lordship had only just ar- na posuit. Anno a Christo nato rived in town from Ireland to attend M,D),CCC,VII." The plan is by his parliamentary duties.--In Broad Mr. Francis Johnstone, architect and Court, Bow-street, Mr. Mark Supple. inspector of public buildinys. He was a native of the South of Ire- Parliament has recently granted land, and upwards of twenty-five years one thousand pourds for defraying a Reporter of Debates in Parliament. the expences of his inajesty's gold --Sir James Winter Lake, bart. a Fel- mine at Croaghan, in the county of low of the Royal Society, and much Wicklow, for the year 1807 ; and known in the literary world.-In Rus- 21,600l. for promoting and encousell-street, Mrs. Egan, many years raging the linen and hempen manuwardrobe-keeper, and principal dress- factures. maker to the Theatre Royal, Covent The exports of provisions from this Garden.---Mr. Fellowes, printer of the country, for the last year, are greater Morning Advertiser, a daily newspa- than have ever been known. "To the per, in Catherine-street.-In Charter town and neighbourhood of WaterHouse Square, Thomas Harvey, esq. ford alone, no less than 50,000 hog's one of the Directors of the Souih Sea have been killed and salied for bacon, Company.-At his house, in Old for exportation to England, in addiBroad-street, Dr. William Hamilton, tion to the large quantity annually one of the Physicians to the London taken for the ariny and navy. The Hospital.-Charles Dilly, esq. aged exports from Cork have been propor67, formerly an eminent bookseller in tionably large. the Poultry, at whose liospitable table There are now 200 artificers em. Dr. Johnson, and the literary men of ployed by his Grace the Duke of De. the day, so often assembled. He went vonshire, in Dungarvan, in the conto Ramsgate, on a visit to a distin- struction of a magnificent street and guished literary friend, and died sud- quay, adjoining which it is intended den!v. It is said he has left property to erect a hand ome bridge, over the to the amount of 150,000l.-In Ber- much admired Dungarvan Prospect. hers-street, John Buller, esq. Mem- A temporary chapel, erected as ber of Parliament for East Looe, in Killyman, for ile arcominodation of Coruwall, being the second Parlia- the Roman Caillolics of that parish, ment in which he sat, and was also has been set on fire, and burnt to recorder of that borough. Ile held a ashes. coinmission in the Cornish militia.- It has been resolved by a meeting April 11, Mrs. Beard, wife of John of the Catholics in Dublin, that a peo Beard, esq. of Charter llouse Square, tition for a repeal of the various staafter a very painful and livgering dis- tutcs still in force against Catholics, order, which she supported for up- should be transmitted to Mr. Grattan, wards of two years with the most for the purpose of being laid before christian fortitude and resignation, parliament ibis session. bier amiable disposition, made her The parish church of St. Andrew, very justly beloved in the circle of in Dublin, was opened on the 8th of her numerous acquaintance. March, after a lapse of nearly fifteen
years during which time that church IRELANI).
had been closed for the purposes of On Saturday, the 4th of April, the re-building and undergoing the decoDuke of Bedford laid the first stope rations which are now so beautifully of the foundation of a new vice-regal displayed in that place of worship.
jesty had established the most strict America.
and rigorous blockade at the mouth Aaron Burr, Ex-Vice President of of the river Oder. the United States, has been arrested, This Gazette also contains a letter and is now a state prisoner, at New from Captain Maitland, of the EmeYork. He was apprehended in Tom- rald, to Lord St. Vincent, stating his bighee country, in the beginning of having captured the French privaMarch, on the frontiers of the Spa- tcer Austerlitz of Nantz, of 14 guns nish territory. He was conducted to and 96 men. New York to undergo an examina
Admiral Dacres incloses two lettion before Chief Justice Marshall, ters from Jamaica, from Captain Daseveral circumstances concurring to cres of the Bacchante, stating his hayrecommend the choice of that tri- ing taken the French national schoon. bunal.
er, Dauphin. He also mentions his The president has again suspended having, in conjunction with Captain the act for prohibiting the importa- Wise, of the Mediator, destroyed the tion of certain merchandize froin forts of Samana, a celebrated resort Great Britain, till the second Mon- of French privateers. day of next Deceinber. This is done A letter from Captain Matson, of to give time for the necessary expla- the Venus, to Admiral Cochrane, at nations on the part of both the Ame. Barbadoes, dated Feb. 22, announces rican and British Governments, with the capture of the French privateer, respect to the late treaty entered into L'Etoile, of 6 guns and 34 men. between the two nations, previously The Gazette of May 5, contains a to its ratification.
letter from Lord Collingwood, inclos
ing three from Sir John Duckworth, GAZETTE LETTERS.
dated without the Dardanelles, March The Gazette of April 14, contains 6, of which the following are copies: two letters from Admiral Ducres, at
My LORD, Port Roval, Jamaica; the one from
Together with this letter, I transmit ta Captain Briggs, of his majesty's ship 28th ult. the former of which will have
your lordship two letters of the 21st and Orpheus, relating the capture of a inforined you of my arrival with the squaSpanish schooner; and the other from dron near Constantinople, and the latter Captain Inglefield, of his majesty's of the unlucky attempt, in which the masloop Hunter, announcing the cap- rines and boats' crews of the Canopus,Royal ture of a Spanish schooner privateer. George, Windsor Castle, and Standard,
This gazette also contains two let- had been engagerl. ters from Admiral Cochrane, at Bar- It is now my duty to acquaint your lordbadves, inclosing one from Captain ship with the result of the resolution Sayer, of his majesty's ship Galatea, which, for the reasons I have already dementioning his having taken the tailed, 1 had adopted of forcing the passage French Imperial corvette, Le Lynx, of the Dardanelles. My letter of the 2 is: of 16 guns and 161 men; and another is dated at anchor eight miles from Confrom Captain Cochrane, of the Jason, stantinople, the wind not admitting of a stating the capture of La Favourite, which had been sent a-head with a fag of
nearer approach; but the Endymion, late in his Majesty's service, of 29 truce, at the request of the ambassador, guns, and 150 mcn.
was enabled to anchor within 4 miles. Had The Gazette of April 21, gives the it been then in our power, we should have Swedish official account of the rais- taken our station off the town immediately; ing of the siege of Stralsund, and the but as that could not be done from the rasubsequent expulsion of the French pidity of the current, I was rather pleased forces from Swedish Pomerania, than otherwise, with the position we had which was transınitted by the Baron been forced to take; for in the conferences Rehausen, the king of sweden's mi- between his Majesty's minister, Mr Arbuthnister at London, to Mr. Secretary jars of which your lordship is in possession,
and the Captain Pacha, of the particuCanning. The Gazette of April 25, contains a even when the squadron had arrived before
it was promised by Mr. Arbuthnot, that notification froin the King of Swe- Constantinople, the door to pacification den's minister, that his Swedish Ma- should remain open, and that he would be
I now come to the point of explaining At noon of the 21st, Ysak Bey, a mini- to your lordship, the inotives which fixed ster of the Porte, came off; from wliose ex- me to decide in repassing the channel of pressions Mr. Arbuthnot thought it impos- the Dardanelles, and relinquishing every sible not to believe, that in the head of the idea of attacking the capitil; and I feel government (for in the present instance, confident it will require no argument to every circumstance proved that, between convince your lordship of the utter imhim and the armed populace, a great dis- practicability of our force having made any tinction is to be made) there really existed impression, as at this time the whole line a sincere desire for peace; and the negoci- of coast presented a chain of batteries; that ation was carried on, as will appear by the twelve Turkish line of battle ships, two of documents transmitted to your lordship, them 3-reckers, with nine frigates, were till the 271h ; but from the moment of our with their sails bent, and apparently in anchorage, till we weighed, ou lhe inorn- readiness, filled with troops; add to this, ing of the 1st of March, such was the 11- near two hundred thousand were said to be fortunate state of the weather, that it was in Constantinople, to march against the not at any time in our power to have occul- Russians; besides, there was an innumer. pied a situation which would have enabled able quantity of small craft, with boats ; the squadron to commence offensive opera- and fire vessels hail been prepared to act tions against Constantinople. On Sunday against 11s. With the batteries alone ve the 22d alone, for a few hours, the breeze might have coped, or with the ships, could was sufficient to have stemmed the current we have got them out of their strong hold; where we were placed; but such was the but your lordship will be well aware, that rapidity on shore where the Endymion was af:er combating the opposition which the at anchor, that Captain Capel thought it resources of an empire had been many very doubtful whether the squadron could weeks employed in preparing; we should have obtained an anchorage, though it had have been in no state to have defended our. been held in preparative readiness, by sig- selves against them as described, and then nal, from day-break; but the peculiarly repass the Dardanelles. I know it was my unsettled state of the weather, and the ini- duty, in obedience to your lordship's or nister's desire that I should give a few hours ders, to attempt every thing (governed by for an answer to his letter, through Ysak the opinion of the ambassador) that apBey, prevented me from trying. --Before peared within the compass of possibility ; five o'clock, P.M. it was nearly calm ; and but when the unavoidable sacrifice of the in the evening the wind was entirely from squadron committed to my chiarge (which the eastward, and continued light airs or must have arieen, had I waited for a wind calm till the evening of the 28th, wiien it to have enabled me to cannonade the town, blew fresh from the N.E. and rendered it unattended by the remotest chance of oba impossible to change our position. taining any advantage for his Majesty's ser
Two days after our arrival near Constan- vice) must have been the consequence of tinople, the ambassador found himself in- pursuing that object, it at once became my disposed, and has been ever since contined positive duty, however wounded in pride with a fit of illness, so severe as to prevent and ambition, to relinquisli it; and if I had him from attending to business. Under not been already satisied on the subject, these circumstances he had delivered in on the increased opposition in the Dardanelles the 22d, to the Turkish ministers. a project, would have convinced mel had done right, as the basis on which peace might be pre- when I resolved on the measure as indisserved, and at his desire the subsequent pensably necessary. I therefore weighed part of the negociation was carried on in with the squadron on the morning of the my name, with his advice and assistance; 1st; and as it had been reported, that the and while I lament most deeply, that it has Turkish Heet designed to make an effort not ended in the re-establishinent of peace, against us, I gave them an opportunity, if
such was really their intention; I con- me to carry it into e fect on the morning of tinued to stand on and off during the day, the 19th. but they shewed no disposition to inove Information had been given me by his
I therefore, as every hour was of impor. Majesty's minister, Mr Arbuthnot, and tance, bore up at «lusk, with the squadron; Sir Thomas Louis, that the Turkish squawe arrived off Point Pesquies, towards the dron, consisting of a 64-gun shi;', four frievening of the 2d instant; but the dave gates, and several corvettes, had been for light would not admit of our attempting to some time at anchor within the inner cas. puss the castles, and the squadron came to tie; nid conceiving it possible they mignt anchor for the night: we weighed in the have remained there, I had given orders to morning, and, when I ade, that every ship Rear Admiral Sir Sydney Smith tu bring was in safety outside of the passage, about up with the Thunderer, Standard, and noon, it is not without the most lively Active, and destroy them, should our passense of the good fortune that has attended sage be opposed. At a quarter before nine
o'clock, th“ whole of the squadron had The Turks had been occupied unceas. passed the outer castles, without having ingly, in adding to the number of their returned a shot to their fire (which occafort; some had been already coinpleted, sioned but litile injury). This forbearand others were in a forward state. The ance was produced by the desire of his fire of the two inner castles had, on our Majesty's minister, expressed to preserve going up, been severe; but, I am sorry to every appearance of amity, that he might say, the effect they have had on our ships negociate with the strongest proof of the returning, has proved them to be doubly pacific disposition of our sovereign towards formidable: in short, had they been al- the Porte; a second battery, on the Eurolowed another week to complete their de pean side, fired also with as little effect. fences throughout the channel, it would At half past nine o'clock, the Canopus, have been a very donb:sul point whether a which, on account of Sir Thomas Louis retum lay open to us at all. The manner knowledge of the channel, joined to the in which they employed the interval of our stearly gallantry which I had before expe. absence has proved their assiduity. I trans- rienced, had been appointed to lead, entermit your lordship an account of the da- ed the narrow passage of Sestos and Abymage sustained by the respective ships; dos, and sustained a very heavy cannonade also their loss in killed and wounded, which from both castles, within point blank sito: your lordship will perceive is far from of each. They opened their fire on our triling. The mainmast of the Windsor ships as they continued to pass in sacceiCastle being more than three parts cut sion, although I was happy in observing through by a granite shot of eight hundred that the very spirited return it mct wil weight, we have found great difficulty in had so considerably diminished its force, saving it. I have the honour to be, &c. that the effect on the sternmost ships could
(Signed) J. T. DUCKWORTH. not have been so severe. Right Hon. Lord Collingwood, &c.
Immediately to the N. E. of the castles, P.S. I am sorry to observe, that, in the and between them and Point Pesquies, on course of this letter to your lordship, I which a formidable battery had been newly have omitted to mention that, having erected, the small squadron which I have placed the Hon. Captain Capel in the En- already alluded to were at anchor. The dy mion, which have been advanced in the van division of our squadron gase thein stream of the Bosphorus, for the purpose of broadsides as they passed, and Sir Sydney ascertaining when the squadron could stem Smitli, with his division, closed into the the current, and for a watchful observation midst, and the effect of the fire was such of the movements of the Turks, as well as that in half an hour the Turks had all cut to facilitate cominunication with the Porie, their cables to run on shore. The object of I feel myself indebted to that officer for his the rear-admiral was ihon to destroy them, zealous attention and assisluity during the which was most rapidly efected; as in time he was placed in that arduous situ- less than four hours the whole of thein ation.
J.T. D. had exploded, except a small corrette, Royal George, off Constantinople, and a gun-boat, which it was thought proMy Lord, February 21.
per to preserve. I inclose to your lordI had the honour of transmitting to your ship a statement of their number; and lordship, by the late first lieutenant of the when I aud also an account of the loss Ajax, the various details relating to the his Majesty's ships have sustained, I caiitransactions of the squarlron till the 17th not help expressing my sa'isfaction that tiltimo. Your lordship will from thence we have suffered so slightly; as, had any have been inforned of my resolution of of their stone shot, some of which exceed passing the Darlanelles the first fair wind. eight hundred weiglit, made such a breich A fine wind from the southward permitted betwren wind and water, as they have done in our sides, the ship must have an anchor at ten o'clock, near the Prince's sunk; or had they struck a lower mast in Islands, about eight miles from Conthe centre, it must evidently have been stanstinople, when I dispatched Captain cut in two; in the rigging too, no accident Capel, in the Endymion, to anchor near occurred that was not perfectly arranged in the town, if the wind, which was light, the course of next day. The spritsuil vard would permit the ship to stem the current, of the Royal George, the graft of the Cano. to convey the ambassador's dispatches to pus, and ihe maintop-sail-yard of the Stand- the Sublime Porte, in the morning, by a ard, are the only spars that were injured. flag of truce; but he found it in practicable
It is with peculiar pleasure that I em. 10 get within four miles, and consequently brace the opportunity, which has been at anchored at half past eleven, P.M. this time afforded, of bearing testimony to I have now the highest satisfaction to the zeal and distinguished ability of Sir add, that the conduct of the officers and Sydney Smith; the manner in which he ship's companies of the squadron under my executed the service entrusted to him was command has fully supported the characworthy of the reputation which he has long ter of the British Nary, and is deserving of since so justly and generally established my warinest eulogium. The terms of approbation in which the Having endeavoured to pay a just tribute rear-admiral relates the conduct of Cap- to those whose duty necessarily called them tains Dacres, Talbot, Harvey, and Mou- into this service, I should feel myself very bray, which, from my being under the ne- deficient if I omitted to mention that his cessity of passing the Point of Pesquies Majesty's minister, Mr. Arbuthnot, and before the van could anchor, he had a Lord Burghersh (who had requested to greater opportunity of observing than I take a cruize with me) were amongst the could, cannot but be highly flattering; but most animated in the combat. To CapI was a more immediate witness to the able tajn Blackwood, who, after the unfortunate and officer like conduct which Captain loss of the Ajas, volunteered to serve in the Moubray displayed in obedience to my loyal George, great praise is due, for his signal, by destroying a frigate with which able assistance in regulating the fire of the he had been more particularly engaged, middle and lower decks; and when the having driven her on shore on the Euro. Royal George anchored, he most readily pean side, after she had been forced to cut offered his services to convey a message to her cables, from under the fire of the Pom- the Endymion, of great moment, her pilot pee and Thunderer. The sixty-four hav, having refused to take charge of the ship. ing run on shore on Pesquies Point, I or- From thence he gave his assistance to ardered the Repulse to work up and destroy range the landing of the troops from the her which Captain Legge, in conjunction sixty-four, and setting her on fire; indeed with the hoals of the Pompée, executed where active service was to perform, there with great promptitude and judgment. was his anxious desire to be placed. His The battery on the Point, of more than 30 officers too requested to serve in the squa. guns, which, had it been completely finish- dron, and their services, in passing through ed, was in a position to have annoyed the the Dardanelles, met with approbation. squadron most severely in passing, was I have the honour to be, &c. taken possession of by the Royal Marines
(Signed) J.T. DUCKWORTH. and boats' crews of the rear division; the A list of Turkish ships and vessels taken Turks having retired at their approach, and and destroyed by the squadron under the guns were immediately spiked. This the command of Vice-admiral Sir John service was performed under the direction Thomas Duckworth, K. B. at anchor off of Captain Nicholas, of ine Standard's ma- Point Pesquies, Feb. 19, 1807, within rines, whose spirit and enterprize can never the Forts of the Dardanelles. be doubted; but as circumstances rendered Burnt- I line of battle ship, 64 guns ; is impracticable to effect the entire destruc. 4 frigates, 3 corvettes, 1 brig, 2 gun-boats. tron of the redoubt, orders were given by Taken possession of corvette, 1 gunSir Sydney Smith to Captain Moubray, boat. which I fully approved, to remain at an- (Signed) J. T. DUCKWORTH. chor near the Pesquies, and to employ
Royal Gcorge, at anchor off Lieutenants Carrol and Arabin, of the
Prince's Islands, February Pompée, and Lieutenant Lawrie, of the My LORD, 28, 1807. marines, to complete the demolition of the I have to inform your lordship, that it redoubt and guns, which when performed, was perceived, at nine o'clock yesterday the Active was to continue in the passage morning, that the Turks had landed on the of the Dardanelles till further orders. island of Proto, near which the squadron
At a quarter past five, P. M. the squa- was anchored, and were crecting a battery dron was enabled to make sail; and on the in a position to annoy us; I immediately croning of we next day, the 20ck, came to ordered the marines of the squadron to be