Page images

United States and Great Britain ;-In that event we might engage to make use of our influence to quiet and restrain the Indians provided the Government of America will agree to such a boundary between the two territories as shall be thought reasonable and will at the same time engage sacredly to respect it.

In throwing out these suggestions for Your Lordship's consideration I may probably have been anticipated by General Brock's dispatches to you upon the same subject, -He appears to be deeply impressed with a sense of his obligations to the Indians for the Services they have rendered him in the defence of Upper Canada, and of the necessity of conciliating their future friendship by the means I have already pointed out. I shall therefore not intrude further upon Your Lordship's time except to Assure you that in my Instructions to General Brock for repelling the attack upon Upper Canada I have invariably directed him cautiously to abstain from availing himself of the Services of the Indians for any other purpose but that of the defence of the Province-to restrain and controul their excesses by every means in his power and to discourage whatever measures they might have in contemplation which might create irritation in the United States against us as the supposed Authors of them;-Under these circumstances which cannot but be known to the Government of the United States I trust there will be the less difficulty in making these Arrangements in behalf of the Indians whenever our former relations of Amity with America shall be restored which will secure them to us as our Allies in case their Services should become necessary for the future defence of the Canadas. I have the honor to be

My Lord
Your Lordship's Most Obedient
humble Servant

George Prevost.

The Right Honble.

Earl Bathurst

P. S. With the letter copy of which is inclosed a Copy of the Dispatch has been transmitted to Sir John Warren at Halifax as

I am informed by the public prints he has been appointed by His Majesty's Government to negotiate a peace with America. Endorsed-Montreal Oct. 5th 1812.

Lt. Genl. Sir Geo. Prevost Bart.

R 26 Novr. by Captn. Fulton No. 11 Dup.
Orgl. not R
One Inclosure
Copy to Mr. Hamilton

27 Novr.

31st 31st

Earl Bathurst to General Brock.

Downing Street.
Major General,

16 November 1812. Sir I. Brock, K. B.

&c. &c. &c. No. 6. Sir,

I have laid before the Prince Regent your dispatches of the dates specified in the Margin & I have it in command from His

Royal Highness to repeat to you that expression 29th August of his perfect approbation of your conduct which 30th

I had been previously commanded to you

through Lieut. General Sir G. Prevost. 1 September. As the successful termination of the Cam

paign in Upper Canada has necessarily secured that Province for some time against any attack of the Enemy His Royal Highness trusts that you will not fail to avail yourself of this interval of tranquility in order to make due preparation against future invasion & to counteract the effects of that indifference and disaffection on the part of the inhabitants which is at all times so favourable to the designs of an enemy & which lately threatened such alarming consequences. At the same time you will equally communicate to those inhabitants of the Province, who so promptly volunteered their Services against the Enemy, the satisfaction which His Royal Highness has derived from this proof of their Loyalty and attachment to His Majesty's Person & Government.

The wish which you have expressed for the confirmation of Mr. McDowells appointment as Attorney General of Upper Canada, has already been anticipated and an Intimation long ago made by Lord Liverpool to Lieut. Governor Gore to that purpose. It only remains for me to add the perfect acquiescence of His Royal Highness in the Opinion which you entertain of that Gentlemans Character & Services.

1Canadian Archives, Q. 315, P. 189.

The faithful and orderly conduct of many of the Indian Tribes gives them a fair claim to protection and reward.

And you will not therefore hesitate to afford them from time to time such supplies of Ammunition as may enable them to relieve their pressing wants; and to give them every assurance that in every negotiation for Peace which may be hereafter entered into with the American Government their interests will not be forgotten.

I have only to add that I shall at all times be happy to submit to His Royal Highness any proposal which you may deem it adviseable to make for ameliorating the condition and increasing the Securities of the Province under your charge. Endorsed :-Draft.

Major General
Sir Isaac Brock, K. B.
&c. &c. &c.
Novr. 1812.
No. 6.


Earl Bathurst to Sir George Prevost.

Downing Street

9th Decr 1812 Lieut. General Sir Geo. Prevost Bart. &c, &c, &c.


No. 15.


No. 11-5th Octr 1812

I have had the honour of laying be12-17

fore the Prince Regent your Dispatches 13-21

of the Dates and Numbers specified in 14-22

the Margin. The extreme importance of securing during the continuance of hostilities with America the cordial Co-operation of the Indian Tribes has been proved on so many occasions that His Majesty's Government have naturally directed their attention to the Mode in which it may be best confirmed in the present instance & secured in future.

1 Canadian Archives, Q. 118, p. 298.

The success which has attended H. M's Arms in that quarter & the general line of Conduct which you have uniformly adopted with respect to the Indians gives me reason to apprehend that their assistance will, during the present contest, be either with-held or transferred to the Enemy; & with respect to the future recurrence of hostilities I so entirely concur in the expediency of the Suggestions contained in your Dispatch as to the necessity of securing their territories from Encroachment that I have submitted it to H. M's Secretary of State for foreign affairs in order that whenever Negociations for peace may be entered into, the Security of the Indian Possessions may not be either compromised or forgotten.

The Arrangements which you have made for putting your Army into Cantonments appear well calculated for securing the health & comfort of the Troops & providing adequately for the defence of the Province-From the statements which you have made of the relative force of the Enemy, & that Army under your command I conceive that there is but very little probability of their attempting again to cross the Frontier till the ensuing Spring when I trust you will be so prepared to counteract any Movement which they may be disposed to make as to destroy even all hopes of their success.

I have often had occasion in my former dispatches to acquaint you with the difficulties which H. M's Government labored under in providing you with further reinforcement of Troops, & have been compelled at the same time that I assured you of every exertion being made to augment your Army to discountenance the expectation of any immediate reinforcement. I have now however the Pleasure of acquainting you that it has been found possi

ble to withdraw from other services the three 13th foot

Regiments specified in the Margin & that they will

proceed immediately to Bermuda for the purpose 41st

of entering the St. Lawrence as soon as the Season 2d Battn

will admit—The strength of their Battalions will be

previously raised to 700 men each; But as I had occasion to observe in my former dispatch the accession of strength which will be thus afforded is not to be estimated so much by its number, however considerable it may be, by its Composition &

98th "

Discipline-You will, I am sure, be aware of the great exertion which has been required to collect this force, & will do Justice to the anxiety of H. M's. Government to place you in a situation conformable to your wishes—I am at the same time to acquaint you that, while such efforts have been made to increase your Military force, the Naval means of defending the Province have in no respect been forgotten & that a detachment of 200 Sailors, together with a proportion of Naval Officers will proceed to Quebec on the Opening of the Spring—The men have been selected no less with a view to the Service on which they are to be employed than to the climate in which they are to act, & the detachment will consist principally of men who lately manned the flotilla-employed in the defence of Riga, on whose fitness for the Service I deem it unnecessary to enlarge.

It is not without considerable surprize and Regret that I advert to that part of your Dispatch in which you lament the delay which has taken place on the arrival of the Arms, the Clothing and the Stores, for which you had applied at several periods & as it seems to imply some inattention to your requisitions on this subject, I cannot avoid bringing under your recollection the demands which have been made by you & the manner in which they have been answered.

The first requisition for Arms was made in your dispatch of the 28th Octr. 1811 & a number were immediately shipped on board “The Cambo” Transport, but owing to the advanced period of the year at which the requisition was made, that Vessel was in the first instance obliged to proceed to Bermuda, & directions were given that she should proceed early to Quebec.—Of that ship unfortunately no intelligence whatever has been received since her departure from Bermuda; some apprehensions being entertained for her safety, 10,000 stand of Arms were shipped in the Month of August last, not in consequence of any new demand on your part, for none was received by me previous to that period, but with the view of guarding against all accidents & Disappointments.

In your Dispatch of the 15th last July which was received on the 18th of Sept. you acquainted me that in consequence of the non arrival of The Cambo, you had been compelled to take from Halifax 5000 stand of Arms. The possibility of such an event had already been in my Contemplation, & your demands in that

« PreviousContinue »