« PreviousContinue »
fuel for the purpose, and of this such as was solution) and carbonic acid gas escape; and are most abundant in light. thus in Lancashire the conducted first into a vessel of lime water, to women spin by the light of canal coal, and in separate the uncombined carbonic acid and our back country, by the light of pine knots. empyreumatic oil, and then into water. A gas
It is not easy to trace the history of wax and holder, or sheet iron cylinder closed at one tallow: the first would be in use in
end, is suspended hy weights and chains that southern climates, where bees and flowers | counterbalance it, and is plunged, wiih its open were plentiful: the latter in cold countries, I end downward into the water through which where animals used for food, abound in this the gas rises. This water is contained in a secretion.
wooden or sheet iron vessel that is about three Coal gas was first shewn experimentally by or four inches more in diameter than the gas Sir James Lowther to the Royal Society; he holder inverted in it. As the gas rises, cleansbrought it in bladders Hom his coal mines at ed in its passage through lime water and comWhite Haven; this, I think, was before the mon water, it strikes against the bottom of the year 1736, when Mr. Maude first burnt inflam-l inverted cylindrical holder, and raises it out of able air from iron filings before the same socie- the water, displacing the water: from this gas ty. In 1739 Dr. Clayton exhibited experiments | holder, when full, it is conveyed by pipes to in coal gas before that assembly, collecting it || any distance, to supply the burners, which let in bladders, and burning it from thence at its out the gas in apertures about the size of pin exit through pin holes. Dr. Hale and Dr. holes, in various forms and directions accordWatson, bishop of Landaft, both gave an ac-lling to the fancy of the person who uses this count of the gas from coal and the mode of pro. | mode of lighting. curing it. in 1792 Mr. Mendoch introduced it The iron retorts containing the coal, are sur. instead of candles, in the manufactory.of Mess. rounded in the common way with burning coal, Thos. Philips and Lee of Manchester; after as a fuel to supply heat to the retorts and to diswhich a Mr. Winsor pretended to take out a til and decompose the coal contained in them. patent for the invention of coal gas in lieu of Such is the outline of the process, which re. candles and lamps, and proposed to light the quires however several precautions respecting streets of London with it. About the same pe- || safety in burning this kind of air, and economy riod a Mr. Herpy proposed it in this country, in the choice and use of the combustible emand informed me he had tried the experiment | ployed. on a large scale in Baltimore, I think about the Mr. Accum, of London, has published a year 1795, but we heard no more of it. Mr. ll splendid octavo solame with plates shewing Winsor having made attempts at an exclusive the construction of the machinery, with calprivilege by applications to Parliament, was culations of the expense attending this method left to contest, if he pleased, his exclusive right of procuring light, to which those who wish with compélitors who knew as much about the for full information may have recourse: the mibusiness as himself. However he succeeded nute contrivances necessary to insure success in forming a company, and soon after three or are more fitted for a scientific and practical four other rival companies were formed to sup- || publication than for the Register. But the use ply the public streets, i he public building, and of coal gas in London, where as much atten. private houses with gas lights, which have sotion is paid to utility and economy as to beau. far succeeded, that fifteen miles in length alto- ty, gained ground every year from its first in. gether, of the streets in London, many public troduction, and now threatens to supersede buildings, and many private houses were sup- every other method of obtaining light in situaplied with coal gas, to the exclusion of lamps | lions where communication.can easily be had and candles, about the beginning of the last with the mains or large pipes of the several year, (1815.) Lately Covent Garden Theatre companies. The brilliancy, the safety, and the has been lighted up by the same means, very | cheapness of this kind of light, has forced it much to the public satisfaction.* This supply upon public observation and brought it into is produced from iron mains laid in the streets, ll general use. from whence issue smaller pipes that convey But though it be a cheap method of procurthe gaš to the required place of combustion. | ing light when the apparatus is once constructThere appears to be three principal establish- ed and set at work, the expense of that appaments that supply the necessary quantity; ratus in the first instance is such, as not to jus. whose gas holders, or vessels containing the tify any family in erecting it for mere private gas when extricated, hold altogether about tif and family use. It will do where much light ty thousand cubic feet. The process is this: is required, in public buildings and large man. Into iron retorts, surrounded by brick work, a ufactories, but the saving in the combustible quantity, according to the size of the establish-material, whether it be wax, spermaceti, tal. mnent, of pit coal is put. The retorts are iron | low, or oil, is sunk in the interest of the capicylinders fixed lengthwise; one ead opens on tal necessary to fit up the required apparatus in the outside of the furnace, by means of which a mere private family. Hence the necessity the charge is put in: the other terminates in a of joint stock companies, and of under aking tube or tubes which enter into'a vessel employ- || the supply of a district on a large scale. So ed to receive the liquid products of the distilla- || that in London companies are formed to suption, viz. the oil, tar, and ammoniacal liquor, | ply private families with coal gas, on the sanie which are there condensed: the aerial or gas- l plan with the companies who supply water tous products, consisting of coal gas (which from the New River or Chelsea water works: is hydrogen holding carbon and volatile oil in and the mains in the streets lie along side each
other, the one conveying a stream of gas and See Port Folio, Jan. 1816.
the other a stream of wate..
The neatness and the beauty of this thethod forty times during its combustion, if we wish of supplying light renders it highly desirable for a clear and clean fame. Hence the great that it should be adopted in our large towns. In use of wax lights, where the wick is so small Philadelphia, for instance, I suppose it would that all the combustible matter is consumed. pay any opulent company to supply the light of This is so notorious, that every frugal mistress a candle equal to six in the pound, during the of a family knows that a pound of tallow can. time such a candle would burn, for two cents dles consisting of ten, wherein the wick is so at the outside; which is greatly cheaper than small that air can have access to all the lighted the present price of light: indeed such a light allow, gives twice as much light, and half as as that cannot now be had under four cents. much smoke, as a pound of candles made-into
All the materials necessary to such an esta- || four to the pound. blishment may be had in this country.. We Any person can easily come at the compara. have iron, we have coal. Pennsylvania in partive light of two candles hy putting one at one ticular abounds in coal of every description, end of thë mantle piece and the other at the and even the great towns on the sea board can opposite end, and holding the snuffers or a import it, either from Virginia or from Liver- book or any other object between them in the pool, at a price that would enable the under middle of the room, so that the shadow of the takers to secure a reasonable profit to them- | object shall fall on the opposite wall: the candle selves, as well as to the public.
that produces the deepest shadow affords the The advantages attending this method of most light. lighting houses, which may be supplied as they For the same reason, where the combustion are supplied with water in London, by small is most compleat, the heat is greatest. pipes let into the mains in the street, are
On all these accounts, I hope ere long to see 1st. It can be afforded cheaper than the light an establishment for the purpose of supplying of tallow or of oil.
light from coal gas ereeted in Philadelphia, 2dly. The light is more vivid and brilliant. and J heartily wish well to the projectors. But 3dly. !t does not require snuffing.
to take out a patent for the principle, with4thly. It is safer; not liable to the accident | out a manifest improvement in the machinery of a candle falling, or lighted snuff dropping itself, appears to me an useless imposition on out of the snuffers.
the public. 5thly. It is beyond comparison more cleanly than the use of oil or candles.
6thly. It is less troublesome. The cleaning of candlesticks and the dressing of lamps, and the
FINANCIAL eternal snuffing of tallow candles, constitutes
PAPER AND SPECIE. no small objection to thcir use. How seldom is it that you can safely trust a servant to trim In the year 1810, Sir Philip Francis, one of the a patent or D'Argand's lamp!
ableststatesmen of the present day, but who seems By taking the necessary precautions all smell to be kept out of view, because he belongs to the is avoided, as well as all danger. In short, opposition, published some Reflections on the ubun. fifteen miles of London streets would not be so dance of paper in circulation, and the scarcity of lighted, if the convenience were not out of all specie. This little tract contains a mass of solid dispute.
sense; it is written, says a cotemporary writer, But there are two other advantages attending with the united strength of genius and disdain ; these lights, which are obvious when it is com- and worthy in every word it utters of the earnest pared with the combustion of common candles || attention of the reader.” We extract the fol. or lamps: it furnishes more heat; it does not | lowing: soil the furniture,
“ Most men are ready to admit, that plainness In the common method of making a candle and simplicity are good moral qualities, and not (of tallow for instance) a wick is placed in the at all unwilling to encourage them in others. But centre of a long cylindrical mass of tallow that it is not so generally known, or admitted, that surrounds it. When this candle is lighted, the these qualities, instructed by experience, or en. lower part of the flame is blue, the middle part | lightened by reflection, are the surest evidence of is yellowish-wbite, the tip of the fame is brown, a sound understanding. A cunning rogue may especially if it he not kept perpetually snuffed. | cheat a wiser man of his money, but in an abstract
Every chemist knows that no combustion question, to be determined by judgment, it is not can take place without the access of air. To | possible that skill and artifice can finally prevail ward the lower part of the wick, the combus- over plain reason, which, in the ordinary transac. tion is compleat, for the whole of the tallow is tions of life, is called common sense. If it were hurnt. In the middle part of the wick, a quan- possible for me to personify the British nation, tity of tallow melted by the heat of combustion and if I were at liberty to offer my humble advice at the lower part, is absorbed; of this tallow to so great a person, the first thing I should rethai on the outside of the wick in contact with commend to him, would be to adopt the maxim the air, is consumed and furnishes heat and of lord Chatham, to stop for a moment in order to light; but that portion of melted tallow absorb-take a general view of his situation with his own ed by the middle of the wick, is not burnt or eyes, and to reflect on it himself. The first quésconsumed, but is distilled off in the form of a tion I would urge to his consideration, as ,more brown smoke that accumulates at the top of) immediately pressing, though not more important the wick, spoils the light, produces the smell || than many others, is, whether this kingdom, with of tallow in the room, and soils the furniture. | many appearances to the contrary, be not essenTo remedy this, in a candle of six in the tially impoverished, and whether the causes of pound, we are compelled to use the snufiers | that effect be or be not in a state of progression.
It is in vain to argue with any man, who professes, we are willing to pay a light tax for a constant to think that a circulation of paper, not converti- convenience; but not so, when great payments ble into specie, and which may be increased ad are in question. For then we know the difference, libitum by those who issue it, is as sure a sign of and that it constitutes an object worth attending wealth as specie itself, or, at least, answers all the to. Would any debtor make a payment of one purposes of gold and silver, as it certainly does thousand and fifty pounds, in guineas, if, by melt. some of them
ing the same guineas, he could pay the debt, and His principle, if he be in earnest, which I should put a hundred pounds worth of the circulating very much doubt of any person in possession of paper into his pocket? The case is just the same his senses, would oblige him, in many other cases, in purchase as in payment. If, to buy a certain to maintain that the shadow of a good thing is quantity of corn or cloth, he parts with a thousand just as good as the substance; or that water, for-new guineas, instead of one thousand and fifty ced into the system, performs the functions of pounds in bank notes, I say he is cheated, or he blood with equal effect, and greater facility. | cheats himself; because the guineas are worth With the help of tapping, it might do so, as long fifteen or twenty per cent. more; which difference as the stamina lasted. But, in these cases, the he might realize by melting or exporting them ; patient is apt to give the lie, or the slip to the and, if he were resolved to forego that profit him. physician, and to die of a dropsy with the pana- self, somebody else would get it instead of him. cea in his bowels. He who really suffers his mind The public would gain nothing by his forbe..rance. to be amused with such fancies, has something to But what signifies arguing such questions, when enjoy, and it would be cruel to undeceive him. we all know that there are no heavy guineas in But, in fact, there is no such person out of bedlam, | common circulation, and very few even of those except perhaps on the coast of Angola, where, in that have been most severly sweated. Does any former times at least, the honest christian trader landlord receive one guinea in a thousand pounds persuaded the infidel natives, that cowries and in the rents of his estate? The question was asked glass beads would answer their purposes much in the house of commons seven years ago, and better than gold or silver. In this way, they were neither then, nor since, has ever been answered in converted out of their property, but not at all the affirmative.”—p. 13, 14. out of their infidelity.
A great foreign expense can only be provided “Suppose,” says he, “llre thing, which any man for in one of two ways; either, first, by a credit wants to buy, is bank notes, and that he has no- abroad, equal to all those expenses, which credit thing to pay for them but gold. Yesterday his cannot be had otherwise than by a proportionate ounce of gold would only have bought four pounds || profit on your trade, and, if that was the case now, in paper. To day he can get five pounds of the there would be no occasion to export specie. same paper with the same ounce of gold.
Gold and silver would remain in statu quo, and the, Is the paper cheaper to day by twenty-five per bank of England would never have been under the cent, than it was yesterday? But, cheap or dear, necessity of stopping payment. Or, secondly, you is measured by the price, and, if the price be so must pay the balance out of the existing wealth, much lower, is, or is not the value so far reduced? or substance of this kingdom. For these services Whether reduction of price be depreciation, or the foreign bullion goes first; then go the guineas; not, or equivalent to it, is a verbal question, very for as to silver coin there is none, other than that fit to be argued in Change alley;' but probably of Birmingham, for common change, and lately a will not be entertained by any man, who has brains few dollars; and even of them there is no great enough left to defend his pockets. Here this part plenty, though the bank says they have issued to of the subject may be dismissed, with one short || the number of 4,817,634, since the year 1797, memorandum to the reader, which he should for which shows that most of the old ones have taever bear in mind ; viz. that, considering specieken wing, and will soon be followed by the rest. and paper as equally a medium of circulation, || They are all alike birds of passage. A láme dollar there is this essential and eternal difference be- l will be as much a curiosity as a woodcock in tween them, that paper, at least, can be nothing August, for the dollars go just like the guineas ; but a sign among ourselves, but that, by the com- | and, if so, it proves another thing, which the best mon consent of mankind, gold and silver have an dreamers never dreamt of; that raising the nomiintrinsic value, and constitute a real pledge or nal value of your coin, wont keep it from traveldeposit, as well as a sign ; and though the price ling. Finally, the plate must follow the guineas, may accidentally vary, according to the quantity or you must stop short, and stop payment; and and the demand, still an intrinsic value adheres then, I say, that in spite of bank notes and paper to the substance. If indeed wealth be an evil, and || circulation, or any agreement among ourselves to poverty a blessing, there is nothing so easy as to receive and pay in that sort of coin, and in spite of get rid of the evil, and not only to secure the pre- a grand sinking fund into the bargain, the nation sent blessing, but to entail it on posterity. For must be bankrupt, beggared, and undone, and that this desirable purpose, no effort is necessary, but we are every day approximating to that conclusion. to persevere in thesmooth downhill course, which “I cannot,” he observes, “ forbear saying one We are now pursuing. The plane is inclined, and word upon a thing they call a bank, which thear the machine once in motion, will go of itself. is projecting in this town. I never saw the proThere is nothing so easy as the descent of a fallingposals, nor understand any one particular of their body, through an unresisting medium.
scheme : what I wish for at present, is only a suf. A Birmingham shilling may do as well for com- ficient provision of hemp, and caps, and bells, to mom change as a shilling from the mint, if such | distribute, according to the several degrees of a thing existed, or ever came into sight, because, honesty and prudence in some persons. I hear in petty dealings, where the shilling changes only of a monstrous sum already named ; and if hands every minute, a small shifting loss is not others do not soon hear of it too, and hear with a regardedirulla est de minimis cura ; or, because Il vengeance, then am I a gentleman of less sagacity
than myself, and a very few besides, take me to be. body. Democratic Republicans marked B And the jest will be still the better if it be true,
Federal Republicans marked F. as judicious persons hare assured me, that one
SENATE. hall is alloge: her imaginary. The matter will be likewise much mended, if the merchants continue New Hampshire.
Maryland. to carry ofi our gold, and our goldsmiths to melt Jeremiah Mason, f.
R. H. Goldsborough, r. down our heavy silver.
Thos. W. Thompson,F. Robert G. Harper, p. “ In the last extreinity, and when the facts stare Massachusetts.
Virginia. us in the face, and the authors of all the mischief | Christopher Gore, r.
James Barbour, R. have no subterfuge left, they still have a trium- | Joseph B Varnum, R. A. T. Mason, R. phani way of lalking-Well, where's the reme- Rhode Ixland.
North Carolina. dy? and what is your advice ?” as if it rested with Jer. B. Howell, R. Nathaniel Macon, R. the pacient, whom they have reduced to the point William Hunter, r. James Turner, R. of death, to cure himself; and, indeed, if we can Conneelicut.
South Carolina. not cure ourselves, there must ere long be an end
David Daggett, F.
John Gaillard, R. of us."
Samuel W. Dana, p. John Taylor, R. There is but one, if we have strength and sta
Georgia. mina left to wait the effect of it. The nation must Dudley Chase, R.
William W. Bibb, R. tread back its steps, and reverse its proceedings | Isaac Tichenor, F.
Charles Tait, R. in ibe same path, which has brought it to its pre
Kentucky. seni decline Stop your foreign expences. Seli
Rufus King, f.
William T. Barry, R. more than you buy: and then the wealth that has | Nathan Sandford, R.
Isham Talbot, R. left you will gradually come back again. When
Tennessee. the foreign account is against you, the gold and John Condit, z. Geo. W. Campbell, R. silver must go to balance it; when that balance is
James J Wilson, B.
John Williams, R. reversed, the gold and silver will return, but never Pennsylvania.
Ohio. till then, or by any other means. This is up-hill | Abner Lacock, R. Jeremiah Morrow, R. work, I know, but this, and nothing else, can save
Jonathan Roberts, R. Benjamin Ruggles, R. Us.
Louizana. “Let no man believe,” says he, at page 40, “that Outerbridge Horsey,f. James Brown, R. I have not sense enough left to feel that these William' H. Wells, F. Eligius Fromentin, R. faint ideas, the lunguid produce of an impoverished mind, left to fallow without manure, bardly
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. deserve the name of reflections. But, such as
Vermont. they are, they may perhaps lead others to a right Chas. H. Atherton, f. Daniel Chipman, F. course of thinking on the subject they relate to. Bradbury Cilley, F.
Luther Jewett, F. Theexpir ng lamp, that glimmers on a post, shows William Hale, F. Chauncey Langdon, F. the passenger his way. He who grows the fax or Roger Vose, F. Asa Lyon, F. the wool, is of some little service to art and indus- Daniel Webster, F. Charles Marsh, F. try of a higher order, though he cannot manufac- | Jeduthun Wilcox, F. John Noyes, P. ture the art cles himself. Even this insipid essay
New York. will noï be quite unprofitable, if it furnishes ma
William Baylies, F.
David Adgate, R. terials to greater abilities, and helps to set some George Bradbury, F.
Samuel R. Betts, R. superior understanding at work.”
Elijah Brigham, F.
James Birdsall, R.
Benjamin Brown, F. Victory Birdseye, n. “In better times, while feeling was alive, and James Carr, F.
Micah Brook, R.
Oliver C.'Comstock, R. when reason was animated by passion, these in- John W Hulbert, F. centive materials might have furnished some force Cyrus King, F. Henry Crocheron, R.
Jabez D. Hammond, R. of thought and energy of language. But age and Elijah H. Mills, F. infirmities have done their office and their worst.
Jeremiah Nelson, F. William Irving, R. Plurima de nobis anni. The reader, who believes Timothy Pickering, F. Erastus Root, R. my intention to be good, will make allowance John Reed, F.
John Savage, R.
Abr H. Schenok, r. for the natural effects and progress of decar. Thomas Rice, F, Any account, if it be honest, has fairly a claim to Nathaniel Ruggles, p. Westell Willoughby,r. "errors excepted.'
Asahel Stearnes, F.
John W. Taylor,fR. "A man of my age, may still be in his senses, ll Solomon Strong, F. Enos T. Troop, R. when his senses are good for nothing. With a
Samuel Taggart, F.
George Townsend, R.
Jonathan Ward, R. callous heart, there can be no genius in the imagi-|| Artema: Ward, F. nation or wisdom in the mind; and therefore the Lahan Wheaton, F.
Peter H. Wendover, B. prayer, with equal truth and sublimity, says,
Samuel S. Connor, R. James W. Wilkins, R: incline our hearts unto wisdom.' Résolute| Albion R Parris, R. John B. Yates, R. thoughts find words for themselves, and make
Rhode Island. Peter B. Porter, Ro their own vehicle. Impression and expression are
John L. Ross, F.
Daniel Cady, F. relative ideas. He who feels deeply, will express James B. Mason, P.
Thomas R. Gold, P. strongly. The language of slight sensations is
Connecticut. Th P. Grosvenor, F: naturally feeble and superficial.”
Epaph. Champion, F. Moses Kent, p.
Lyman Law, F. Hosea Moffitt, F.
Jonathan 0. Mosley, F.
Timothy Pitkin, F. Ezra Baker, R. Names of Members composing the fourteenth Lewis B Sturges, F.
Ephraim Bateman, R. Congress, showing the sale of parties in that Benjamin Talmage, P. Benjamin Bennet, L.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Lewis Condit, r. John Randolph, F.
Democratic Republicans, 117? Total 182, Thomas Ward, R. Magnus Tate, p.
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
DECEMBER 5, 1815. Joseph Heister, R. Israel Pickens, R. This day at twelve o'clock, the PRESIDENT Sainuel D. Ingham, R. Lewis Williams, k. of the United States transmitted to Jerard Irwine, R. Bartlett Yancey, k. both Houses of Congress the following Aaron Lyle, R. John Culpepper, F. William Maclay, R. William Gaston, r.
Message, by Mr. Todd, his Secretary. Wiliam Piper, R. Richard Stanford, F, Fellow Citizens of the Senate John Ross, R.
and of the House of Representatives: James M. Wallace, R. John C. Calhoun, R. I have the satisfaclion, on our present meetJohn Whiteside, R. John J. Chappell, R. ing, of being able to communicate to you the Thoinas Wilson, k. Benjamin Huger, R. successful termination of the war which had William Wilson, R. William Lowndes, R. been commenced against the United States by John Saigeant, F. William Mayrant, &. the Regency of Algiers. The squadron in adJoseph Hopkinson, F. Henry Middleton, R. vance, on that service, under commodore De Willian Milnor, F. Thomas Moore, R. cature, lost not a moment after its arrival in the Thomas Smith, F. John l'aylor, R. Mediterranean, in seeking the paval force of John Woods, f. Wm. Woodward, R. the enemy, then cruising in that sea, and sucDelaware.
Georgia. ceeded in capturing two of his ships, one of Thomas Clayton, F, Alfred Cuthbert, R. them the principal ship, commanded by the Thomas Cooper, F. John Forsyth, l. Algerine admiral. The high character of the
Maryland Bolling Hall, R. American commander was brilliantly sustained George Bare, v.. Wilson Lumpkin, R. on the occasion, which brought his own ship Chs. Goldsborough, F. Thomas Telfair, R. into close action with that of his adversary, as Alex. C. Hanson, F. Richard H. Wilde, R. was the accustomed gall try of all the officers John C Herbert, F.
Kentucky. and men actually engaged. Having prepared Philip Stuart, f.
Hy. Clav, R. (speaker.) || the way by this' demonstration of American Stephenson Archer, R. James Clark, R. skill and prowess, he hastened to the port of William Pinkney, R. Joseph Desha, r. Algiers, where peace was promptly yielded to Robert Wright, R. Benjamin Hardin, R. his victorious force. In the terms stipulated, Sainuel Smith, R. Rich. M. Johnson, R. the rights and honor of the United States were
Virginia. Samuel McKee, k. particularly consulted, by a perpetual relinPhilip B. Barbour, k. Alney McLean, R. quishment, on the part of the Dey, of all preBurwell Bassett, R. Stephen Ormsby, R. tensions to tribute from them. The impressions Wm. A. Burwell, R. Solomon P. Sharpe, R. which have thus been made, strengthened as John Clopton, R. Micah Taul, R.
they will have been by subsequent transactions Thomas Gholson, R.
Tennessee. with the regencies of Tunis and Tripoli, by the Peterson Goodwyn, R, Willie Blount, R. appearance of the larger force which followed Ayiett Hawes, R. Newton Conner, R. under commodore Bainbridge, the chief in Jno. P. Hungerford, R. B. H. Henderson, R. command of the expedition, and by the judi. John G. Jackson, R. Samuel Powell, R. cious precautionary arrangements left by him James Johnson, R. James B. Reynolds, 1. in that quarter, afford a reasonable prospect of Joha Kerr, R.
Isaac Thomas, R. future security, for the valuable portion of our William McCoy, R.
commerce which passes within reach of the Hugh Nelson, R. John Alexander, R.
Barbary cruisers. Thomas Newton, R. James Caldwell, R. It is another source of satisfaction that the James Pleasants, Jr. R. David Clendenen, X. treaty of peace with Great Britain has been William H. Roane, R. Wm. Creighton, Jr. R. succeeded by a convention on the subject of Ballard Smith, R.
James Kilbourn, B. commerce, concluded by the plenipotentiaries H. St. Geo. Tucker, R, John McClean, R. of the two countries. In this result a disposiJas. Breckenridge, r. Louisiana. tion is manifested on the part of that nation, Joseph Lewis, Jr.' r. Thos. B. Robinson. A. corresponding with the disposition of the UniDELEGATES.
ted States, which, it may be hoped, wiil be imMississippi Territory. Illinois Territory.
proved into liberal arrangements on other subWilliam Lattimore, In Ben. Stephenson, R. jects, on which the parties have mutual interIndiana Territory. Missouri Territory.
egts, or whicb might endanger their future Jonathan Jennings, R. Rufus Easton, R.
harmony. Congress will decide on the expeRECAPITULATION.
diency of promoting such a sequel, by giving
effect to the ineasure of confining the AmeriSENATE
can navigation 10 American seamen; a measure Democratic Republicans, 24% Total 36.
which, at the same time that it might have that Federal Republicans,
conciliatory tendency, would have the further Majority,
advantage of ipcreasing the independence of our