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The inhabitants, whether settled or semi-nomadic, who enjoy rights of pasturage or who own property on one or other side of the line fixed in Article 8 shall continue to exercise their rights as in the past. They shall be able, for this purpose, freely and without payment of any duty of customs or of pasturage or any other tax, to transport from one side to the other of the line their cattle with their young, their implements, their tools, their seeds and their agricultural produce, it being well understood that they are liable for the payment of the imposts and taxes due to the country where they are domiciled.
Yussuf Kemal Bey to M. Franklin-Bouillon.
Angora, October 20, 1921.
Your Excellency, I rejoice in the hope that the agreement concluded between the Government of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey and the Government of the French Republic with a view to effect a definitive and durable peace will result in reestablishing and consolidating the close relations which formerly existed between the two nations, the Government of the French Republic endeavoring to settle in a spirit of cordial agreement all the questions relating to the independence and the sovereignty of Turkey.
The Government of the Grand Assembly, desirous on its part to promote the development of the material interests common to the two countries, authorizes me to inform you that it is disposed to grant the concession for the iron, chrome and silver mines in the Karshut valley for a period of ninetynine years to a French group, which, within a period of five years from the date of the signature of the present agreement, must begin to work this concession through a company constituted in accordance with Turkish law, in which Turkish capital shall participate to the extent of 50 per cent.
In addition the Turkish Government is prepared to examine with the utmost goodwill other requests for concessions for mines, railways, ports and rivers which may be put forward by French groups, on condition that these requests are in accordance with the reciprocal interests of Turkey and of France.
On the other hand, Turkey desires to benefit from the collaboration of French specialist instructors in her professional schools. To this end, she will at a later date acquaint the French Government with the extent of her requirements.
Finally, Turkey hopes that after the conclusion of the agreement the French Government will authorize French capitalists to enter into economic and financial relations with the Government of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.
I have, &c.
(Signed) Yussuf Kemal.
AN ACT RELATIVE TO THE NATURALIZATION AND CITIZENSHIP OF MARRIED
September 22, 1922
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the right of any woman to become a naturalized citizen of the United States shall not be denied or abridged because of her sex or because she is a married woman.
SEC. 2. That any woman who marries a citizen of the United States after the passage of this Act, or any woman whose husband is naturalized after the passage of this Act, shall not become a citizen of the United States by reason of such marriage or naturalization; but, if eligible to citizenship, she may be naturalized upon full and complete compliance with all requirements of the naturalization laws, with the following exceptions:
(a) No declaration of intention shall be required;
(b) In lieu of the five-year period of residence within the United States and the one-year period of residence within the State or Territory where the naturalization court is held, she shall have resided continuously in the United States, Hawaii, Alaska, or Porto Rico for at least one year immediately preceding the filing of the petition.
SEC. 3. That a woman citizen of the United States shall not cease to be a citizen of the United States by reason of her marriage after the passage of this Act, unless she makes a formal renunciation of her citizenship before a court having jurisdiction over naturalization of aliens: Provided, That any woman citizen who marries an alien ineligible to citizenship shall cease to be a citizen of the United States. If at the termination of the marital status she is a citizen of the United States she shall retain her citizenship regardless of her residence. If during the continuance of the marital status she resides continuously for two years in a foreign State of which her husband is a citizen or subject, or for five years continuously outside the United States, she shall thereafter be subject to the same presumption as is a naturalized citizen of the United States under the second paragraph of section 2 of the Act entitled "An Act in reference to the expatriation of citizens and their protection abroad," approved March 2, 1907. Nothing herein shall be construed to repeal or amend the provisions of Revised Statutes 1999 or of section 2 of the Expatriation Act of 1907 with reference to expatriation.
SEC. 4. That a woman who, before the passage of this Act, has lost her United States citizenship by reason of her marriage to an alien eligible for citizenship, may be naturalized as provided by section 2 of this Act: Provided, That no certificate of arrival shall be required to be filed with her petition if during the continuance of the marital status she shall have resided within the United States. After her naturalization she shall have the
1 Public, No. 346, 67th Congress. [H. R. 12022.]
same citizenship status as if her marriage had taken place after the passage of this Act.
SEC. 5. That no woman whose husband is not eligible to citizenship shall be naturalized during the continuance of the marital status.
SEC. 6. That section 1994 of the Revised Statutes and section 4 of the Expatriation Act of 1907 are repealed. Such repeal shall not terminate citizenship acquired or retained under either of such sections nor restore citizenship lost under section 4 of the Expatriation Act of 1907.
SEC. 7. That section 3 of the Expatriation Act of 1907 is repealed. Such repeal shall not restore citizenship lost under such section nor terminate citizenship resumed under such section. A woman who has resumed under such section citizenship lost by marriage shall, upon the passage of this Act, have for all purposes the same citizenship status as immediately preceding her marriage.
Approved, September 22, 1922.
CONVENTION BETWEEN THE UNITED KINGDOM AND SIAM RESPECTING THE SETTLEMENT OF ENEMY DEBTS REFERRED TO IN SECTION III OF PART X OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES OF JUNE 28, 1919.1
Signed at London, December 20, 1921; ratifications exchanged at London, April 20, 1922.
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, and His Majesty the King of Siam, with a view to the settlement of certain matters arising under Article 296 of the Treaty of Peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany, signed at Versailles on the 28th June, 1919, have named as their Plenipotentiaries:
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India: The Most Honorable the Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, K.G., His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; and
His Majesty the King of Siam: Phya Buri Navarasth, His Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of St. James; Who having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed as follows:
The provisions of Section III of Part X of the Treaty of Versailles of the 28th June, 1919, so far as they relate to enemy debts, shall apply, subject to the provisions of the present Convention, to Siamese nationals resident within the United Kingdom and India, British Colonies not possessing
1 British Treaty Series, 1922, No. 3.
responsible Government and British Protectorates (with the exception of Egypt) in the same way and under the same conditions as to British nationals residing within these territories.
Similarly the provisions of Section III of Part X of the Treaty of Versailles of the 28th June, 1919, so far as they relate to enemy debts, shall apply, subject to the provisions of the present Convention, to British nationals resident in Siam in the same way and under the same conditions as to Siamese nationals residing within these territories.
Each of the High Contracting Parties is authorized to collect the debts of nationals of the other High Contracting Party resident within its territory, to German nationals admitted or found due in accordance with the provisions of Article 296 and the Annex thereto and shall be responsible for accounting to Germany for such debts in accordance with § (b) of Article 296.
Each of the High Contracting Parties shall effect payment to the nationals of the other High Contracting Party resident within its territory of the debts admitted or found due to them in accordance with the provisions of Article 296 and the Annex thereto. Payment in full shall be effected upon admission, subject to deduction of 2 per cent., or, in the case of Colonies and Protectorates, such other percentage as may under local regulations be chargeable to nationals of the High Contracting Party effecting payment.
This Convention is only applicable to the payment of enemy debts coming within paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 296.
Difficulties arising in the application of the present Convention shall be settled by direct agreement between the Controllers of the two Clearing Offices. In case of disagreement the difficulty will be submitted to arbitration.
This Convention, when duly ratified, shall be notified to Germany, and the period of six months referred to in paragraph 5 of the Annex to Section III of the Treaty shall begin to run as from the date of such notification. In witness whereof the Undersigned have signed the present Convention and have affixed thereto their seals.
Done in duplicate at London, the 20th day of December, 1921.
(L.S.) CURZON OF KEDLESTON. (L.S.) BURI NAVARASTH.
RESOLUTION CONCERNING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE PERMANENT COURT
OF INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE PASSED UNANIMOUSLY BY THE ASSEMBLY
December 13, 1920
1. The Assembly unanimously declares its approval of the draft statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice, as amended by the Assembly, which was prepared by the Council under Article 14 of the Covenant and submitted to the Assembly for its approval.
2. In view of the special wording of Article 14 the statute of the Court shall be submitted within the shortest possible time to the members of the League of Nations for adoption in the form of a protocol duly ratified and declaring their recognition of this statute. It shall be the duty of the Council to submit the statute to the members.
3. As soon as this protocol has been ratified by the majority of the members of the League, the statute of the Court shall come into force and the Court shall be called upon to sit in conformity with the said statute in all disputes between the members or states which have ratified as well as between the other states, to which the Court is open under Article 35, paragraph 2, of the said statute.
4. The said protocol shall likewise remain open for signature by the states mentioned in the Annex to the Covenant.
PROTOCOL OF SIGNATURE RELATING TO THE PERMANENT COURT OF INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE 1
December 16, 1920
The members of the League of Nations, through the undersigned, duly authorized, declare their acceptance of the adjoined statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice, which was approved by a unanimous vote of the Assembly of the League on the 13th December, 1920, at Geneva. Consequently, they hereby declare that they accept the jurisdiction of the Court in accordance with the terms and subject to the conditions of the above-mentioned statute.
* Journal of the First Assembly of the League of Nations, No. 27, December 14, 1920, p. 229.
1 Official text issued by the League of Nations.