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Hence the origin of commerce, to enlighten, to embellish, to exalt humanity; to fill us with devotional wonder at the grand terraqueous fabrick; with expanded benevolence to the whole sublunary world of reason.
“Next, let me be indulged in asking you, sir, what is the annual expense of the Douane and military peace establishment? You know that it is more than half a million
contra. Then, what is become of the valuable lucrative on the Spanish main, et passim? Then how are our women, maidens, and men, to be reformed from those habits of industry, you have driven them to ?
“A gentleman statesman ought to learn his almanack thro' all its columns ; undoubtedly he ought. The imports, exports, customs, excise, taxes, funds; through all their ramifications, to the minutest fractionals, he ought to have at his finger's ends.
“ With the intuitive faculties, the heaven-born mother wit of a Sully, or De Witts, such an one were a blessing to his country. He, standing on a rising ground, above the turbid scenes of ignorance and passion, breathes a purer æther, hears unmoved what passes below, and, with widened eye-sight, looks around him.
“But, should a stuffing get into one ear, and a mote any how, into one corner of one eye
“ Distance, delay by head-winds, on both coasts, moral and immoral information make for or against us. One thing, we are unanimous in love to our sovereign. Now to be plain with you, Sir, our distaffs are uplifted against you: our babes tremble at your name: our aged hold up their hands, wondering at the times. Yet have I heard you reported as an upright person, of gentle nature, and captivating morals. Our affairs, barring unimportant trifles, may possibly come under consideration. Could we, sir, hope for your relenting into non-opposition-Could we hope for your favour nonapparent-But, could we hope for your voice, your weight your, wisdom, all were holiday. Our lads should have themes, in Laudes G-ii: even humble 1, to a reed plucked from the land of Columbus, in grateful numbers would modulate a song. Delight you in statues ? You shall have them of more than Parian marblemonumento ære perenniora. In the brightest pages of our annals, your name shall be recorded to remotest ages.
In sum, sir, were I to advise one of your painters, I would say, You sir, with the untaxed colours, draw me an American: place him on his own blustering shore: draw him in clouted cloths, with folded arms; his eyes thrown wistfully on the wide Atlantic: cause the man's whole limbs and linaments express, Ah, me! O my king; Oh, my mother!"
Articles of intelligence from other daily papers of yesterday.
It is whispered that more favourable dispositions towards the colonies are daily gaining ground among our people in power. VOL. II.
Extract of a letter from the Hague, dated Jan. 5. “ The flame of war being now kindled in the north (Poland), in the south (Corsica), and in the east by the declaration of Turkey against Russia, great apprehensions appear among our statesmen, that the fire may, as usual, spread, till it involves all Europe. In the meantime, we are amazed here to understand that you keep up your quarrel with your colonies, when you may so soon have occasion for all their strength united with yours and ours against the family compact. You tell me that 'tis agreed on all hands, the acts complained of are injudicious; that, contrary to all commercial and political principles, they burthen your own exportations, and thereby tend to encourage the erecting manufactures in your colonies; that they ought, therefore, never to have been made; that you really intended to repeal them this session, if the Americans had not opposed them in such a manner as to make the repeal inconsistent with your honour, because it would now seem as if done by compulsion, and therefore it must be postponed at least for a year or two longer. Believe me, my dear friend, the honour of government is best maintained—not by being never in the wrong, which cannot be the case of any government, but by demonstrating a readiness to correct its errors, by proving itself wiser to-day than it was yesterday. The reputation of that government must be very weak and low, indeed, which cannot afford to acknowledge now and then a mistake. Wise men change their sentiments and purposes as new and stronger reasons appear: fools, indeed, when once in the wrong, continue obstinately so, in spite of reason and argument. You have given your son a wound in the breast; it festers; there is danger of a mortification, by which you may lose him: you acknowledge you were indiscreet in giving the wound: you know how to cure it immediately—but he has been rude and disrespectful in his complaints; he has denied your right of stabbing him; therefore you will not apply your plaster till next year. Surely you will not be such idiots."
Gaz. Jan. 20, '69. Extract of a letter from Boston, New England, dated Nov. 3, 1768.
“ It is surprising that Great Britain is so blinded to her own interest. Would they but let their colonies have as free and extensive a trade as possible, all the moneys we could possibly collect would centre in Great Britain for goods; and in time I apprehend our demands would be as large as it would be in their power to comply with. We have been growing in our extravagance very fast for a number of years, but since the present measures have taken place, great numbers indeed of our farmers have become manufacturers themselves of every thing they wear, and it will be a hard matter to turn them out of this track again. The people have lately in general left off the use of teas in this town, and the example is spreading fast far and wide through the country. No crowned head ever had more loyal subjects, than his present majesty's are
in America; and they are grieved to the very heart to think that men of war and troops should be sent here, and we know not for what. We are well satisfied, that their being sent here, is owing to false representations of a few among ourselves; and these very people would be glad to have tumults and mobs, in order to support their representations ; but the inhabitants have no disposition for
such conduct, and are determined there shall be none; although as a town we have been greatly insulted by some of the military officers: One of them was heard to tell a number of negroes, to abuse the masters, and cut their master's throats, and come to him upon the parade, and he would free them, for he came to make them free, and to make slaves of their masters; however, the civil authority have taken so much notice of him as to bind him over to the next superior court.
These things are hard to bear, and should there be some private quarrels (which I hope there will not) it would be hard for a whole town or province to suffer for a few imprudent members. Further we think it hard, that the troops are kept in the centre of the town, although at the crown's expense, when the province have provided barracks, &c., at the castle, where there would be less danger of the troops being debauched by strong drink, and much less danger of desertion. But no. They must be in the very centre of the town; and if some amongst us could have their will, I believe we should have them in every private family, excepting a few. I have sent you some late newspapers, in which
you will see the sentiments of the council in their address to General Gage (see Gazetteer, Dec. 10,) with regard to the mobs. I think it contains a fair representation of the whole.
I am credibly informed, that the revenue collected for nine months by the commissioners, amounts to but about twenty thousand pounds, and sixteen thousand of that expended in salaries, and there yet remains three months salary due.
Gaz. Dec. 19, 1768.
Extract of a letter from Philadelphia, Nov. 14. “From Fort Chartres we learn, that Capt. Gordon Forbes, of the 34th regiment, who commands at the Illinois, had collected a vast quantity of stones, with which he had built a dry wall, to support the bank of the Mississippi, for upwards of two hundred yards in the front of the fort. This has been found to answer the design; and it is not doubted, but that valuable fortress will be preserved to the lasting honour of Capt. Forbes. The handful of soldiers, of which his garrison consisted, aniinated by the zeal of their commander, seemed to vie with each other, who should contribute most to so important an undertaking; and without which, part of the fort would have been inevitably carried away last summer by the Mississippi.
Gaz. Jan. 6, 1769.
Machieval the Second, introducing the following remark of Seneca, which seems to have proceeded from an accurate knowledge of mankind, “We are honest as long as we thrive by it; but if the devil himself gives better wages, we change our party," tells us, he can now inform the public, that our disputes with the colonies will soon be at an end, since administration has adopted Machieval's principles and Walpole's opinion, and begs we will insert the following list as a proof thereof, which he assures us is true :
Jonathan Sewel, native of Boston, judge vice-admiralty of Halifax.
Mr. Temple, native of Boston, Mr. Paston, native of Boston, commissioners of customs, 500l. per annum each.
Mr. Hallowell, native of Boston, comptroller of the customs. Lieutenant governor Hutchinson, native of Boston, a pensioner, 2001. per annum.
Jerard Engersal, native of Connecticut, once stamp-master, now judge of the vice-admiralty of Pennsylvania, &c.
John M.Ewers, native of New York, appointed stamp-master, now contractor, and supplies the soldiers with conveniences.
Benjamin Franklin, native of Boston, post-master of half America.
Gaz. Dec. 19, 1768. His majesty has been pleased to appoint Robert Auchmury, Esq., to be judge of the vice-admiralty court appointed at Boston, with power and authority of hearing appeal causes from the vice-admiralty courts of Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay, and New Hampshire, &c., for the despatch of business.
Extract of a letter from Boston, Dec. 2. “ If the news be true which we have lately received from England, • That our countryman, the Rev. Mr. Apthorpe, will soon be appointed bishop of New England, it will not only give great pleasure to the church party here, but be of more real service to the crown, in humbling the factious presbyterians, than a standing army.
Gaz. Jan. 19, 1769.
Extract of a letter from New York, Nov. 17. “We have here a new species of creature called a Duchess. Some time ago a milliner's apprentice of this town was to wait on the duchess, but fearful of committing some error in her address, she went to consult with a friend about it, who told her that when she came before the duchess she must say her Grace to her; accordingly away went the girl, and being introduced, after a very low courtesy, she said, For what we are going to receive, the Lord make us thankful ; to which the duchess answered, Amen.'
Gaz. Jan. 19, 1769.
DISCOVERY OF THE MOUTH OF THE MISSISSIPPI, AND ESTABLISHMENT OF
THE TOWN OF NEW ORLEANS.
Abregé des services des familles Lemoyne de Longeuil de Chateaugay,
d' Yberville, de Bienville et de Serigny.
Charles Lemoyne de Longeuil, gentilhomme de Normandie, fut s'établir au Canada, en 1610. Il y a servi avec distinction, dans la plupart des expeditions contre les sauvages, et il a été chargé de plusieurs négociations, et traités de paix, dont il s'est tiré avec succés. Il a eu treize enfans; onze garçons et deux filles, un seul de ses fils est mort en bas âge, les dix autres sont entrés au service, et presque tous, s'y sont distingués comme nous allons l'indiquer, en copiant presque, litteralement ce qui en est rapporté dans l'historie générale des voyages, par l'abbé Prévost, dans l'histoire de la nouvelle France, par Charlevoix, dans l'Honneur Français par M. de Sacy, dans les Mémoires historique sur la Louisiane imprimés en 1753, et dans d'autres ouvrages sur les anciennes possessions des Français en Amerique.
En 1686, les Anglais s'étant emparés par surprise d'un fort Français, situé dans la baye d'Hudson, sur le bord, de la rivière Sainte Thérese, une expédition fut envoyée dans la baye, pour le reprendre. MMrs. de Ste. Héléne, d’Yberville, et de Maricour, tous les trois fils de Mr. Charles Lemoyne de Longeuil, en firent partie ils contribuèrent à prendre à l'assaut, le fort Anglais de Mousipi, qui e’tait défendu par 16 pieces de canon. D’Yberville qui nàvait alors que 24 ans, et qui venait de faire preuve d'un grand courage, et d'une présence d'esprit tres remarquable dans les dangers qu'il avait courus en se rendant dans la baye sur un canot monté par quatre hommes, qui avait été entrainé par des courans rapides, se distingua peu après, par une action de la plus grande audace. Il prit avec lui, onze hommes; les distribua