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vey has to complain of, is, that he could can help it. The dry matter is this ;

not set up the truth in justification; but, shall the Catholics liave a share of the seats in this respect,

he is

upon the same footing in parliament, and of the high offices in the as the rest of us. I was not allowed to State, in the arıny, and in the navy, or prove the truth of my publication ; nor is shall they not; or, in other words, shall any man who is prosecuted criminally. If they come into a full share, with the ProI were to detect a' man in the act of theft, testants, of the public money.---Twist real, vulgar, poor-man's theft, and were and turn the thing as you please ; talk about

, to state the fact in print, he might indict superstition, bigotry, liberty of conscime for it; might prosecute me; and I must ence, or what you like ; but, at last, this he convicted; for, if there were a witness is the plain, dry question. And, I do not to the fact, I should not be allowed to pro- think that ihe Protestants, who are now in duce him to prove the truth of what I had the possession of these good things, will, said. Therefore, Mr. Greevey's case is if they can avoid it, permit these new and not singular. He has the same law for famishing candidates to come in and share hiin as we all have ; and, Mr. Brougham with them.---If ļ thought that the Bill would have done niuch better to complain was likely to pass, I should use my best on this score ; to make a general complaint endeavours to prevent its passing; because against the law, than to stand upon any I think it is a Bill, calculated to make the particular privilege.

Catholic Clergy the lools of the government,

and to a much greater extent than the 66 GERMAN PATRIOTS. The sub- Church Clergy can be expected to be. scription, I see, goes on for these people; -The Abstract, which I here insert, and a correspondent begs me to think better will shew, in a moment, that this is the of them. I do not think ill of the people case. -- 266 This Bill enables Roinan Ca. of Germany. There are no bad people na- 66 tholics to sit in either House of Parlia. turally. When they are bad, they are


and to hold all civil and military made bad by their governments. But, offices, upon their taking and making a what I do think, is, that there will be no “ certain Declaration and Oath, instead of population found in Germany disposed to " the Oaths of Allegiance, Abjuration, and resist Buonaparte. This is what I think," Supremacy, and the Declarations against and I have heard no reasons in opposition “ Transubstantiation and the Invocation of to my opinion. If it be merely a war of " Saints, required by the present laws, soldier against soldier, my firm persuasion“ except the offices of Lord High Chanis, that the French will triumph. How- 6 cellor, Lord Keeper or Lord Commis. ever, it is useless to deal in conjectures and 66 sioner of the Great Seal of Great Britain, opinions. The proof is at no great dis- or of Lord Lieutenant or Lord Deputy,

66 or Chief Governor or Governors of Ire

6 land. Roman Catholics are also to conCATHOLIC QUESTION.--Upon this sub-" tinue disqualified to hold or to present to ject a Bill is now before the House of Com- any office, benefice, place or dignity, mons, the second reading of which stood " belonging to the Established Church, or for Tuesday last, when Sir John Cox “ the Church of Scotland, or to any Eccle

" Hippisley moved to put off the matter by" siastical Court of Judicature, or to any referring to a Committee an inquiry into the of the Universities of this realm, or to existing laws against the Catholics. " the Colleges of Eton, Westminster, or This, I must confess, greatly astonished " Winchester, or to any public School of me, who always' regarded this gentleman “ Royal or Ecclesiastical foundation within as the great champion of the Catholic cause, “this realm, otherwise than as they are but who, it seems, has now, discovered " by the law, as now existing, qualified them to be a very dangerous body; or, át to hold, or presented to the same.

6 least, to entertain notions very dangerous “ No Roman Catholic shall present to any to the Church and State.- -His motion “ Protestant advowson ; if any ecclesiastiwas lost by a great majority ; but, I do not cal patronage be attached to any office to believe, that the Bill will, at this time, " which a Roman Catholic is appointed, become a law for all that. -It is, as I " the patronage 'shall be executed by such said before, a question of temporal inte-" Protestant Privy Councillor as His Ma

" rests; and, it is not likely, that those," jesty may appoint,

“ jesty may appoint, Roman Catholic who are in possession of good things, will “Clergymen shall take an oath, purportadmit others to share with them, if they "ing that they will not recommend, sanc.




5 tion, or concur in the appointment or "conspiracies and attempts whatever, that

consecration of any Bishop, of whose loy-16 shall be made against his person, crown, alty they are nol well informed. Per- or dignity; and I will do my utmost en

sons discharging spiritual functions with- r6 deavour to disclose and make known to 6 out taking this oath, will be guilty of a “ His Majesty, his heirs, and successors, 66 misdemeanour.- None but à natural- 66 all treasons and traitorous conspiracies " born subject, having been resident in the 6 which may be formed against him or 56 kingdom five years immediately previous " them; and I do faithfully promise to

to consecration, shall exercise the func- maintain, support, and defend, to the $6 tions of Bishop. These are the heads " utmost of my power, the succession to " to Mr. Grattan's Bill, to which Mr. " the Crown (which succession, by an “ Canning has proposed several supple- " Act entitled,'" An Act for the further

mentary clauses to the following pur- " limitation of the Crown, and the better port:

:--That every Roman Catholic Bi- securing the rights and liberties of the shop to be hereafter appointed shall ob- subject,' is, and stands limited to the .66 tain a certificate from five English Ca- " Priuccess Sophia, Electress and Du66 tholic Peers, named in the bill, as to his “ chess Dowager of Hanover, and the " loyalty; and any Bishop officiating with-" heirs of her body being Protestants); "out this certificate, may be sent out of hereby utterly renouncing and abjuring

the kingdom. That all bulls or briefs " any obedience or allegiance unto any "received from Rome, shall be immedi-" other person claiming or pretending a 6 Sately communicated to Commissioners “ right to the Crown of this Realın. I do

appointed by the bill, namely, five Ca- 6 declare, that I do not believe that the "tholic Peers, the Roman Catholic Bishop' Pope of Rome, or any other foreign 6 of the London district, the Lord Chan- “ Prince, Prelate, State, or Potentate, hath, " cellor, and one of the Secretaries of State, ought to have any temporal or civil 66 being a Protestant, excepting such bulls “ jurisdiction, power, superiority, or pre

as relate to the spiritual concerns of indi- "seminence, directly or indirectly, within 66 viduals, which must be certihed upon " this Realm: I do further declare, that it 166 oath to be purely of such a nature.--The " is not an article of my faith, and that I “penalty of not complying with that pro- do renounce, reject, and abjure the opi

* , vision, is, that they are liable to be sent "nion, that Princes excommunicated by "out of the kingdom. The Commis-the Pope or Council, or by the Pope and

" , $6 sioners to be sworn to secrecy.- - There \ Council, or by any authority of the See " is a similar provision for Ireland. -" of Rome, or by any authority whatso“The Commissioners to certify for the loy" ever, may be deposed or murdered by " alty of Bishops to be five Irish Catholic their subjects, or any person whatsoever.

The Commissioners for the in- I do swear that I will defend, to the utspection of bulls to be the same five Peers, " most of my power, the settlement and “ the Roman Catholic Arch-bishops of arrangement of property within this $ “ Dublin and Armagh, the Lord Chan-" realm, as established by the laws, I do $6 cellor, and Secretary of State, or one of swear that I do abjure, condemn, and “the Privy Council, being a Protestant. detest, as unchristian and impious, the

, . " , , 66 -In the event of the death or absence "principle, that it is lawful to destroy or " from the kingdom of any of the five Ca- any ways injure any person whatsoever, hi tholic Peers in either of the kingdoms, a " for or under the pretence of such person

substitute to be appointed by His Ma- "s being an Heretic, Į do declare soleinnly " jesty from among the reinaining Catholic, “ before God, that I believe that no act, in * Peers; or, if there should not be a suf. " itself unjust or iminoral; fan ever be 66 ficient number of Catholic Peers, any " justihed or excused, by or' under the pre" Roman Catholic Gentleman, possessing "tence or colour that it was done, ewher "! a landed estate of £1,000 a year may be for the good of the Churchi, or in obcdi" appointed. The following is the new "ence to any Ecclesiastical Power whit.oTA: B, do hereby declare,

I do also declare, that it is not an ** that T do profess the Roman Catholic "anolo ot the Roman Catholic Fuith, nei. 6. Religion: and I do sincerely promise "ther am I thereby required to believe or 6 and swear that I will be faithful and bear profess, that the Pope' is infallible, or “ true allegiance to His Majesty Kings that I'am bound 10 obey any order, in its “ George the Third, and him will defend own nature immoral, though the Pope or " to the utmost of my power against all any Ecclesiastical Power should issue ur

66 Peers.


66 oath

66 ever,

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66 direct such order: but, on the contrary, " of whose loyalty they are not well in" I hold, that it would be sinful in me io 66 formed." This word loyalty is of so

pay any respect or obedience thereto. I equivocal a meaning; it is a word which so further declare, that I do not believe that allows of such latitude of interpretation, any

sin whatsoever committed by me, that I would not trust any ministry with the

be forgiven at the will of any Pope, power of interpreting it.-—- Ask any sineor of any Priest, or any person or per- cure placeman what loyalty means, and he

whatsoever ; but that sincere sorrow will tell you, that, amongst other things, " for past sins, a firm and sincere resolu- it means an acquiescence in his living upon "stion to avoid future guilt, and to atone to the public. Ask what it means amongst 6 God, are previous and indispensable re- the hordes of Contractors and Jobbers, and

quisites to establish a well-founded ex- they will exclaim, that you must be a fool pectation of forgiveness, and that any not to see that it means an approbation of person,

who received absolution without their mode of making money. Put the "The previous requisites, so far from ob- same question to all those who are interest" taining thereby any remission of his sins, ed in the prolongation of the war; and they 5 incurs the additional guilt of violating a will, to a man, tell you, that it is disloy“ Sacrament, I do reject and detest, as an alty to talk about peace with France; and 66 unchristian and impious principle, that their mothers, wives, sons, daughters, “ faith is not to be kept with Heretics or grandfathers, grandmothers, uncles, aunts, “ Infidels. I do hereby disclaim, disavow, and cousins, to the fourteenth generation, will 16 and solemnly abjure any intention to sub- say the same.- A word of such latitude Is vert the present Church Establishment, should never have been introduced into an " for the purpose of substituting a Roman Act of Parliament. Loyalty will, in fact, " Catholic Establishment in its stead. I be a devotion to the ruling faction of the “ do solemnly swear that I will not use any day; and, of course, if this bill were to “ privilege, power, or influence, which I pass, the ready way to become a Catholic 66 do now, or may hereafter possess, to. Bishop would be to become a time-serving 6 overthrow or disturb the present Church politician,- Besides, why should this

Establishments of the United Kingdom; quality of loyally be more insisted upon 6 and that I never will, by any conspiracy, than tbe quality of patriotism ? Mr. GRAT6. contrivance, or device whatsoever, abet Tan, the supposed author of this Bill, has 66 others in any attempt to overthrow or heretofore shone as a palriot; and, why 66 disturb the same. And that I will make should now greater care be taken of the “ known to his Majesty, his heirs and suc- throne than of the people's righls. For my

cessors, all attempts, plots, or conspira- part, I can see no reason for this. I see 66 cies whether at home or abroad, which greater reason to object to the bill on this 66 shall come to my knowledge, for effectaccount than on any other. It is said to « ing either of these purposes. I do so- give securities to the Protestant Church ; it “ lemnly, in the presence of God, profess, is said to give securities to the throne ; but,

testify, and declare, that I do swear this where are its securities to the people's “ Oath, and make this Declaration, and rights? Where is the security, that, for

every part thereof, in the plain and ordi- the sake of interest, the Catholic Church

nary sense of the words, without any will not join a corrupt faction against the 66 evasion, equivocation, or mental reser- freedom of the people? When the Act of “ vation whatever, and without any dis- Settlement was passed; that Act which “pensation, already granted by the Pope, sent 'down the crown in the Protestant suc6 or any authority of the See of Rome, or cession, it was called an Act for better

any person whatever, and without think- securing the liberties of the people," “ ing that I am, or can be acquitted before which had been thought to be endangered “ God or man, or absolved of this Decla- by the Romish doctrines as appli to poli“ ration, or any part thereof, although the tics; but, in this Bill, not a word seems to " Pope or any other person or authority be said about the liberties of the people; it " whatsoever shall dispense with or annul is the Crown and the Church, which are " the same, or declare that it was pull me to be secured; and, so that they be “ void from the beginning. So help me but secured, it would seem to have 16 God." As to their swearing, I do not been thought of no consequence what care a straw for that; but, I do not like becomes of the people's rights. In short, the power of punishing those Clergymen, what advantage are we to derive from Ca. who may concur in appointing any Bishop, tholics being allowed to become Judges,


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Generals, Admirals, and Members of Par- and it is an insult to common sense to supliament? I do not say, that they ought to pose, that men, influenced by such motives, be excluded from these situations, but, should find an additional motive in this Ca-, what good will the nations, or even the tholic Bill;" to suppose, that a man, who, great mass of the Catholics, derive from in these kingdoms, is at all likely to enter such a change? Very little, I believe; as a common soldier or a coipon sailor, and, is the Catholic clergy are to be made should be the more disposed to do it, bemore dependent than those of the church, I cause a law has been passed, 'which ream sure the change will be an evil. I al. moves the obstacle to his becoming a fieldways was of opinion, that this measure officer, of which he has, indeed, perhaps, alone would do Ireland no good; I have al- a better chance than he has of being enrollways understood that the great body of the ed in the Calendar of Saints, but of which Irish Catholics viewed it with indifference, the chance is so very small as riever to enif not with contempt; and I do not believe, ter, even in a dream, into his mind; to that any Irish gentleman, well-inforined suppose this, is something so very wild, upon the subject, will assert the contrary. that one cannot help being astonished at its

6. Boon?" what boon is it to the two being seriously mentioned by inen of or three millions of potatoe-planters and sense- -But, do not those, who affect to linen weavers, who have no more chance hold this opinion, contradict themselves ? of a seat in parliament than they have of a They never fail to remind us, or, rather, to : belly-full of meat once a day? We have assert, that the far greater part of our sailbeen told, that this bill will bring forth the ors and soldiers are Irishmen. Now, if population of Ireland to fight our battles ; this be the case, how comes it that it is so ? why, if we were to believe all that we have It is always taken for granted, as Doctor heard, it is the Irish and Scotch that do Duigenan once shrewdly observed, that all now light all our battles, or, at least, win these Irish soldiers and sailors are Catholics. all our victories. What can they do more. If this be true, it seems, then, that the for us in this way? We “ o'tha Sooth," protestants, against whose becoming Marhave long stood with our fingers in our shals and Commanders in Chief there is mouths, and seen all the laurels taken off no prohibition, are less eager to enter the twig by twig, by our “ sister kingdoms." service than the Catholics, who are, by I shall never forget the acclamations, the law prohibited froin experiencing such aduproar of boasting, in the House of Com- vancement. How will the advocates for mons, upon the news of General Graliam's the Bill account for this ! -Oh! it is a victory, which the Spaniards, by-the-by, sad mockery of poor, hungry, half-naked spoke rather queerly of. The Scotch claim fellows, to ascribe to them any such ridi. ed the honouron account of the commander, culous motives. They act from the plain, and the Irish on account of the men ; and undisguised motive of making their lives. there sat the 426 English members as if better ; of getting rid of evils which they struck dumb. Mr. Sheridan told them feel press upon them; and having become how the wondrous Commander, while ly. soldiers and sailors, they generally behave ing upon the ground in Spain, sketched out valiantly and faithfully. In gratitude for cottages for his tenantry at liome. But, the the services of Catholics, it


be barely thinking of that scene makes one just to indulge them in their religious opisick. The point I aim at is this: if the nions; but, I abominate the talk about.

Irish heroes," as GENERAL MATHEWS their being induced to becoine soldiers or called them, upon the occasion here referred sailors by a Bill, which, if it becoines a to, fight our battles now ; if Ireland, as law, may cause a score or two of the sons others tell us, feeds us now ; why make of Catholic Noblemen and Gentlemen to obany change at all ? Can she do more than tain elevated rank in the navy or the army. fight our battles and feed us? -The truth - The great objection to the building of is, that the soldiers and sailors froin the the measure upon reasons like this, is, that three kingdoms, are, I believe, all equally it will produce disappointment. The peobrave ; and that they are, when not im- ple of Ireland want more than this Bill will pressed, all induced to go into the service, give then. They feel the tithes, and not with the hope of getting more victuals and the prohibition to become Field-marshals. better clothing, or of escaping something I dare say, that, out of a million, you which they dread more than they dread the would not find one, who would not sell his service. These are the causes which send reversion to a Staff for a pottle of potatoes. men into the naval and, inilitary service; The measure proposed by Mr. Parnell about

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tithes, would have done some good ; hut score of lawyers, who see in this Bill the all the men of sense from Ireland, whom I chance of elevation, may, perhaps, be sihave conversed with upon the subject

, are lenced, and, Mr. Grattan may, indeed, ask of opinion, that a total change, as to Church me, if it be doing nothing to shut their property, is necessary in that country. mouths. Why, yes; it is soinething, I Perhaps they, too, deceive themselves; for, confess; but, we are not talking of getting when once a whole population, or the great rid of mere noise and froth. We are talkmass of it, is become miserable, it is very ing about keeping a people quiet; or, in hard to say what remedy can be applied. other words, preventing insurrection and

-To know the state of Ireland we need rebellion. And, in what way is this Bill not go thither; we need not go to be wit- to produce any such effect in Ireland ? ness of the man and his inmate, the pig, Those who are to be benested by the Bill, going to the same source for their dinner, are the very persons who must naturally be the one helping himself with his paws and indisposed to insurrection and rebellion. the other with his snout, We need not go

Colonel Dillon's plan was of a kind

a thither ; all we have to do is to observe, better suited to the wished-for effect. that, let what will happen to agitate the That gentleman, who is also a Member of public mind, not a movement is seen in Parliament, proposed, in a work addressed İreland. Upon any of the occasions, with to the Prince Regent, to keep Ireland tranin these ten years, when Addresses, or quil by the means of inland fortresses, with Petitions, for redress of any grievance, regular works, well mounted with cannon ? have poured in from the different parts of That was his plan, and a much more sensiEngland, who has heard a word from any ble plan it was than that of Mr. Grattan. part of Ireland ? It is manifest that there He proposed to employ the people in raisis no public mind. It is manifest, that, ing the works, and then to man the works with a climate and soil better than those of with a part of them, to keep the rest in the greater part of England; and with a order. --What does all this scheming population naturally robust, brave, acute, prove? Only that Ireland is in a most eloquent, and generous; that with all these, wretched state, and that she is to be relievIreland is rendered comparatively nothing. ed effectually only by some measure, which And, will she be restored by a Bill which shall produce a great change in the condition may put balf a dozen lawyers' heads into of the people; and, assuredly, no such big wigs, and clap two shoulder-knots upon change will be, or can be, produced by the the shoulders of a hundred or two of of- Bill in question. ficers who can now wear but one? Will a

WM. COBBETT, measure like this re-animate the mind of Bolley, 131h May, 1813. Ireland, who, while all the rest of the world is in noisy life,“ like Lethe sleeps beneath *** I think proper to inform my readers, 66 the storm ?”. Tranquillity!" We that the Sixth Anniversary of the Election are told, that this Bill will effect the of Sir Francis Burdett for the City of Westtranquillity of Ireland." Really, to hear minster, will be held at the Crown and Ansome people talk, one would imagine, that, chor Tavern, on Monday, the 24th instant, in their view of the matter, death was the upon which occasion Sir Francis Burdett most desirable of all things. Why, the will be in the chair, people are tranquil enough in Turkey and Algiers. Formerly men talked of the freedom of a nation; they cited its bustle and MR. CREEVEY'S CASE. agitation as signs of its spirit of liberty: Court of KING'S BENCH, Friday, 7th May,

COURT OF MAY But, now-a-days, tranquillity seems to be the only thing that we ought to look after;

The King v. Creevey. except, indeed, in France, where we most Mr. Brougham, in the case of the King, auxiously seek' for commotions and insur- on the prosecution of Kirkpatrick v. Creerections.- -But, if tranquillity be the ob- vey, moved for a rule to shew. cause why ject, Colonel Dillon's plan is certainly far the verdict of Guilty should not be set aside, preferable to this plan of Mr. Grattan. and a new trial granted, on the ground of Ireland, as I have above observed, seems to misdirection on the part of the Learned enjoy tranquillity as perfect as can well be Judge. In making this motion, he should enjoyed on this side of the grave; but, if it first state the proceedings which had taken were otherwise, how is the change to be place on the trial, and should then go on effected by this Bill? Some live or six to notice the objection which he had then


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