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field because the late King, good man, even the demand for coarser articles is so (after he had packed up the Crown jewels diminished that trade languishes, and em, we suppose) ordered all the powder ployment in many instances is not to be and powder-mills to be destroyed. Now I found. Will an addition of taxes better is it to be believed, when Soult had the either of these respective conditions ? will direction of the war department, aided not rather increased causes produce inç by other Marshals who were plan. creased effects ?- Englishmen! “ arise, ning Napoleons return, that such an awake, or be ever fallen.” The war is order would have been executed at the not your war; the objects of it are not last moments of the Kings authority ; your advantage ; and the continuance of and had it really happened, is it för- it must produce a crisis, the horrors, gotten how in the earliest periods of the evils, and ultimate safety from which the Revolutionary war, upon a scar- no man can calculate. The fall of those city of powder, how quickly the who occasion the evil will not be alone, of science, when directed to turn their or the just retribution of Heaven might attention to the preparation of this article, cause few tears from the survivors. But supplied the want. The same falsehood, around us would hover numerous people, the same delusion is practiced in a thousand whom we have by our subsidies enriched forms. In nothing more than in the impudent and ranged in arms; whom we have taught statements of desertion from the French that interference in the internal Governarmies. I wish the issue of the question ment of other countries, is in some causes of war or peace could be rested upon the a duty; and whom their own experience truth or falsehood of this fact, whether has taught, that in others it may be an adfrom the hour of Bonaparte's landing in vantage, inasmuch as sometimes they may France, up to this moment of time, they end as conquerors where they pretended could or could not shew a list of authenti- to come as mediators and friends. Would, cated names of one thousand French sol- my friends, what I have said might rouse diers, who had served with him, and who you to the exercise of all legitimate means have quitted his standard to join the Al- | to stem the tide of war, with which the lies. The chance would be a poor one weakness and wickedness of some men for the friends of war. Such then are the would overwhelm us. The cause is your causes of the war, and such the vile means own, and as is your apathy or your vigour resorted to to induce your hearty concur- you must abide and remain. Civis. rence in it, that you may pay for it in tax
June 7th, 1815. ation and bleed for it, with slaves from Russia, changelings from Germany, and subsidised soldiers from all quarters of the
THE CHAMP DE MAI. Continent. They tell you, it is to be but a summer's business; that the Bourbons, In introducing to the notice of my rrathe nobles, the priests, the tythes, the for- ders, the most impressive and important feited estates, the virtues, the blessings, proceeding which Europe has witnessed and the comforts of the old Regime, and since the commencement of the French of all the Feudal System, will then be re- Revolution, few comments are necessary: stored in full and original authority; as It is a ceremony which speaks for itself, an example to all nations and all people and which ought to overwhelm with conwho dare to exert the rights of nature, and fusion all the base efforts of the vile hire, sindicate their freedom against the tyranny ling press, who stigmatise it with the silly of old institutions, and the feebleness and epithet of “a farce.” I fear its effects wickedness of the few who lord it over will not be found farcical ; and certainly and trample on the many. Aš agricul- if our besotted war faction continue their turists, I think, you have sufficiently felt industrious efforts, one of the first effects and seen the difficulties you now labour will be the renewal of those principles of under; how taxation prevents your being liberty, which may possibly shake the able to meet the foreign corn grower in thrones of the Allied Autocrats to their the market. As manufacturers, you now foundation. I do not say that it will; see, that by war you have driven all na. but it is, at least, possible that it may. tions to become your rivals; that in the But there is one circumstance, connected boer goods you are undersold; and that I with the celebration of the Champ de Mui, so strikingly important, that I cannot for- joining in vows for the great object of bear noticing it. The detestable Billings that magnificent ceremony-all excited gate calumniators of the French Emperor, the most ardent enthusiasm of which the have uniformly stated, as their decided and most memorable epochs have left us the conclusive conviction, that he dared not recollection.--We shall not at present app-ar in public; that when he went out enter into a particular description of the be was either shut up in a close carriage buildings prepared for this ceremony, but or rode his horse at full gallop. What do shall merely state the general arrangethese foul mouthed hirelings say now? ments. The Emperor's throne was erectWhat do they say to his placing himself, ed in front of the Military School, and in unarmed and without guards, on an ele- the centre of a vast semi-circular inclovated throne, surrounded not only by the sure, two thirds of which formed, on the people from all parts of the immense right and left grand amphitheatres, in French empire, but also by the whole po- which 15,000 persons were seated. The pulation of the prodigious city of Paris : other third in front of the throne was Aud yet not a single assassin could be open. An alter was erected in the found in spite of all the proclamations middle. Further on, and about 100 of the “ legitimate proprietors of the toises distant, was placed another throne, human race," to do the so much de- which overlooked the whole Champ de sired deed of putting an end to the Mars. The Emperor having repaired to only really elected monarch in Europe.- the Champ de Mars, in procession, in the Would any of the Emperors or Kings who order described in the Programme, aphave proscribed Napoleon venture so to peared on his throne amidst universal acexpose themselves? I doubt much whether clamations. Mass was celebrated by the any of them, shining as they are in all the Archbishop of Tours, assisted by Cardigreat qualities that adorn human nature, nal Bayanne, and four other Bishops. would choose to call about them the popu- | Mass being concluded, the Members of lation of their States.-At least, it would the Central Deputation of the Electoral not perhaps be considered the most wise Colleges advanced to the foot of the experiment, unless a body guard was pre- Throne, the steps of which they ascended, viously provided to protect their sacred in order to have a nearer view of the Em-, persons. After this new proof of the at- peror, and to be better seen by him. iachment of the French people to Napo- They were about 500 in number.' They leon, let us hear no more of the vile at- were presented to his Majesty by the tempts of the 'Times and the Courier to Arch Chancellor.—Then one of the Mem-, persuad us, that Napoleon has not been bers of the Deputation (M. Duboys d'An. elected by the free and unbiassed suffrages gers, Elector and Representative of the of th, Frenchnation. This event is preg. Department of the Maine and Loire), propant with the most important consequen-nounced with a loud voice and much anices; but it is unnessary for me to say more mation, the following Address, in the upon the subject to such men as compose name of the French peoole :the readers of the Register.—I give them the text; they will make their own com
SIRE---The French people had decreed
the Crown to you; you deposed it with, mentary :
out their consent; its suffrages have just Paris. June 2.--Never did a festival imposed upon you the duty of resuming more national, never a spectacle at once ii.-A new contract is formed between 80 solemn and touching, attract the at- the nation and your Majesty:-Collected tention of the French people as the As- from all points of the Empire around the Bembly of the Champ de Mai. Every tables of the law on which we are about thing that could interest and elevate the to inscribe the wish of the people, this soul-the prayers of religion—the com- wish, which is the only legitimate source pact of a great people with their Sove- of power, it is impossible for us not to, reign-France represented by the select utter the voice of France, of which we of her Citizens, Agriculturists, Merchants, are the immediate organs, not to say in Magistrates, and Warriors, collected the presence of Europe, to the august chief around the Throne--an immense popula- of the nation, what it expects from him, tion, covering the Champ de Mars, and and what he is to expect from it.-Wbat
is the object of the league of Allied Kings, clare it to nations : may their chiefs hear with that warlike preparation by which us! If they accept your offers of peace, they alarm Europe and aflict humanity ?- the French people will look to your si. By what act, what violation have we pro- gorous, liberal, and paternal administravoked their vengeance, or given cause for tion for grounds of consolation, for the their aggression ? Have we since peace sacrifices made to obtain peace : but if we was concluded endeavoured to give them are left no choice but between war and laws? We merely wish to make and to disgrace, the whole country will rise for follow those which are adapted to our war, and the nation is prepared to relieve manners. We will not have the Chief you from the too moderate offers you whom our enemies would give us, and we have perhaps macie, in order to save Euwill have him whom they wish us not to rope from a new convulsion.
Every have. They dare to proscribe you per- Frenchman is a soldier: Victory will sonally: you, Sire, who, so often master follow your eagles, and our enemies who of their capitals, generously consolidated rely on our divisions, will soon regret their tottering thrones. This hatred of having provoked us. our enemies adds to our love for you. The energy and the feelings of the Were they to proscribe the most obscure speaker gradually extended to all around, of our citizens, it would be our duty to and the whole Champ de Mars resounded defend him with the same energy. He with cries of live 'le Nation! t'ive le would be, like you, under the Agis of Empereur! At this moment the ArchFrench Law and French Power. They Chancellor proclaimed the result of the menace us with invasion! And yet con- votes, shewing that the Additional Act tracted within frontiers which nature has to the Constitution of the Empire had not imposed upon us, and which, long be- been accepted almost unanimously; the fore your reign, victory and even peace number of negative votes being 4,206. had extended, we have not, from respect The Chief of the Heralds at Arms, on the to treaties which you had not signed, but order of his Majesty, transmitted by the which
you had offered to observe, sought Grand Master of the Cereremonies, to pass that, narrow boundary. Do they said, ask for guarantees? They have them all
In the name of his Majesty I declare, that in our institutions, and in the will of the the Act Additional to the Constitutions of French people henceforth united to yours. the Empire has been accepted by the French Do they not dread to remind us of times, people. of a state of things lately so different, but which may still be re-produced ! It
The Grand Chamberlain causerl a table would not be the first time that we have to be brought in front of the throne, on conquered all Europe armed against us.
which the Act was placed. The Chan. Because France wishes to be France,
cellor delivered a pen to Prince Joseph, must she be degraded, torn, dismembered, who presented it to the Emperor, and his and must the fate of Poland be reserved Majesty affixed his signature to the Act for us? It is in vain to conceal insidious for the promulgation of the Constitution. designs under the sole pretence of sepa- The table being removed, and the Emperating you from us, in order to give us
ror scated and covered, spoke in the folMasters with whom we have nothing in lowing terms :common. Their presence destroyed all Gentlemen, Electors of the Colleges of the illusions attached to their name. They the Depariments and Districts : Gentlecould not believe our oaths, neither could men, Deputies of the Army und Navy, at we their promises. Tithes, feudal rights, the Champ de Mai;-Emperor, Consul, privileges, every thing that was odious to Soldier, I derive all from the people. In us was too evidently the fond object of prosperity, in adversity, on the field of their thought, when one of them, to con- battle, in council, on the throne, and in sole the impatience of the present, as- exile, France has been the sole and congured his confidants that he would answer stant object of my thoughts and actions. to them for the future. Every thing shall Like the King of Athens, I sacrificed mybe attempted, everything executed, to self for my people, in the hope of realizing repel so ignominious a yoke. We de. the promise given to preserve to France
her natural integrity, her honours and her, now direct their blows against my person. rights. Indignation at secing these sacred Did I not perceive that it is the country rights, acquired by 20 years of victory, they wish to injure, I would place at their disavowed and lost for ever; the cry of merey this existence against which they French honour tarnished, and the wishes shew themselves so much incenced. But of the nation have replaced me upon that tell the citizens, that while the French throne which is dear to me, because it is people preserve towards me the sentiments the palladium of the independence, the of love, of which they have given me so honour, and the rights of the people. many proofs, the rage of our enemies will Frenchmen, in traversing amidst the pub- be powerless. Frenchmen, my wish is licjoy the different provinces of the empire that of the people; my rights are theirs ; to reach my capital, I had reason to rely my honour, my glory, my happiness, care or a lasting peace. Nations are bound by be no other than the honour, the glory, treaties concluded by their Governments, and the happiness of France. wliatever they may be. My thoughts were then all occupied with the means of
It would be difficult to describe the establishing our liberty by a constitution emotions which were manifested on every conformable to the will and interests of countenance by the words of his Majesty, the people. I convoked the Champ de or the prolonged cries which followed his Blai. I soon learned that the Princes who speech. The Archbishop of Bourges, have disregarded all principles, who have First Almoner, performing the functions trampled on the sentiments and dearest in- of the Grand Almoner, then approached terests of so many nations, wish to make the throne, and on his knees presented the war against us. They meditate the in- Holy Gospel to the Emperor, who took creasing the kingdom of the Netherlands, the oath in the following termsby giving it as barriers all our northern
I SWEAR TO OBSERVE AND CAUSE TO BE frontier places, and the conciliation of the differences which still exist among
THE CONSTITUTIONS OF THE them
EMPIRE. by dividing Lorraine and Alsace. It was necessary to provide for war. But, be. The Prince Arch-Chancellor advancing fore personally encountering the hazards to the foot of the throne, first pronounced of battles, my first care has been to con- the oath of obedience to the Constitutions stitute the nation without delay. The und fidelity to the Emperor. The Aspeople have accepted the Act which I have sembly with one unanimous voice repeated presented to them. Frenchmen, when we -We stocar. The Members of the Deshall have repelled these unjust aggres- putation remained seated on the steps of sions, and Europe shall be convinced of ihe throne, and Te Deum was chaunted, what is due to the rights and independence and the Presidents of the Electoral Colof 28 millions of people, a solemn law leges advanced to receive the Eagles for drawn up in the forms required by the the National Guards of their depart. Constitutional Act shall combine toge- ments. The Eagle of the National Guard ther the different dispositions of our con- of the Seine, that of the first tegiment of stitutions now dispersed. Frenchmen, the Line, and that of the first Marine you are about to return to your depart-corps, were carried by the Ministers of ments; inform the citizens that circum- the Interior, of War, and the Marine. stances are grand! That with union, The Emperor, having laid aside his Impeenergy, and perseverance, we shall return rial, robe arose from the throne, came victorious from this contest of a great peo- forward to the first steps, and spoke as ple against their oppressors; that future follows :generations will severely scrutanize our conduct, and that a nation has lost all Soldiers of the National Guard of the when she has lost her independence; tell Empire, Soldiers of the Land and Sea them that foreign Kings whom I have Forces, I'entrust to you the Imperial raised to the throne, or who owe to me the preservation of their crowns; who all Eagle with the National Colours : you during my prosperity sought my alliance will swear to defeưd it at the expence of and the protection of the French people, your blood against the enemies of the
ORDER OF THE DAY.
country and of this throne! You swear ing near 50,000 men, including 27,000 that it shall always be your rallying sign ! National Guards, then defiled before his You strear it!
Majesty amidst the cries of Vide l'EmCries, universally prolonged, of We pereur ! and the acclamations of an imstear, resounded throughout the Assem- mense multitude, covering the Champ de bly. Amidst these acclamations, and Mars and extending to the Seine. His surrounded by the Eagles of all the armed Majesty then entered the military School corps of France, the Emperor proceeded through a crowd, which with difficulty to place himself on the throne erected in opened to afford him a passage, and finally the middle of the Champ de Mars, where, returned in his carriage to the Thuilleries, as Colonel of the National Guard of in the same order of procession as he arParis, and of the Imperial Gaard, he pre-rired in the Champ de Mars. sented Eagles to the Presidents of the departments, and the six arrondissements,
MINISTRY OF WAR and to the Chiefs of his Guard.-Count Chapital, President of the Electoral Col
"The most angust ceremony has consecrated oirt leges of Paris, and Lieutenant-General Durosnel , carried the Eagle of the Na- Representatives of the People, and the Depinies
institutions. The Emperor has received from the tional Guard; and Lieutenent-General
of all the corps of the army, the expression of Count Friant that of the Imperial Guard.
the wishes of the whole nation on the additional The troops marched in battalion and
Act to the Constitutions of the Empire, whicle squadron, and surrouded the throne, with the Officers in the first line. The Emperor binds together France and the Emperor. Thus
had been sent for its acceptance. A new oatha said
Soldiers of the National Guard of Paris, are destinies accomplished, and the efforts of as Soldiers of the Imperial Guard, I entrust impious league, will fail to separate the intereste to you the Imperial Eagle, with the Na- of a great people from that hero of whom the tional Colours. You swear to die, if must brilliant triumphs have gained the admira. necessary, in its defence, against the ene
tion of the universe. It is at the moment when mies of the country and the throne. the national will displays itself, with so much Here all who were within hearing inter- energy, that cries of war are 'card. It is at the rupted the Emperor with cries of We moment when the national vill displays itself with swear.] You swear never to acknowledge so much energy that cries of war are heard. It is any other rallying sign. [New cries of at the moment when France is at peace with all tbe We swear.] You, soldiers of the Na- world, that Foreign armies move towards onr tional Guard, you swear never to permit frontiers. What are the hopes of this new Coaliforeigners again to stain the capital of the tion? Does it wishi to sweep France away from.
Does it intend to Great Nation. To your courage I shall her rank amongst nations? entrust it. [Cries of We swear ! a thou- enslave 28 millions of Frenchmen? Has it forsand times repeated]—And you, soldiers gotten that the first leagne formed against our of the Imperial Guard, you swear to sur independence only served to aggrandize ne in pass yourselves in the campaign which is power and in glory. A hundred splendid vicabout to open, and to die rather than per-tories, which momentary reverses and unfortnmit foreigners to dictate laws to your nate circumstances have not effaced, must remind country.
that Coalition, that a free people guided by a Here the acclamations, and the cries of great man, is invincible. Every man in France We swear, resounded throught the whole is a Soldier when national honour and liberty are of the Champ de Mars. The troops, form- at stake; a common interest now upites all