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sons. A breakfast such, probably, as the fellow will never eat again I leave the public to guess, whether it be likely, that I should give a chap like this my opinions about government or people! Just as if I did not know the people! Just as if they were new to me! The man was not in the house half an hour in the morning. Judge, then, what he could know of my manners and character. He was a long time afterwards at New York. Would he not have been here a second time, if 1|| had been familiar enough to relate anecdotes to him? Such blades are not backward in renewing their visits whenever they get but a little encouragement. He, in another part of the extracts that I have seen, complains of the reserve of the American ladies. No "social intercourse," says, between the sexes. That is to say, he could find none! I'll engage he could not; amongst the whites, at least. It is hardly possible for me to talk about the public affairs of England and not to talk of some of my own acts; but, is it not mon strous to suppose that I should praise myself, and show that I believed myself destined to be the At-who are joint parties to this system by their own las of the British nation, in my conversation of a principles, no less than by the interests of their few minutes with an utter stranger, and that, too,people, offers to Europe the most sacred pledge a blade whom I took for a decent tailor, my son of its future tranquillity. The object of this William for a shop keeper's clerk, and Mrs union is as simple as it is great and salutary. It Churcher, with less charity, for a slippery young does not tend to any new political combination-man, or at best, for an exciseman!-As I said be. to any change in the relations sanctioned by exfore, such a man can know nothing of the people isting treaties. Calm and consistent in its proof America. He has no channel through which to ceedings, it has no other object than the mainget at them. And indeed, why should he?-Can tenance of peace, and the security of those transhe go into the families of people at home? Not he, actions on which the peace was founded and conindeed, beyond his own low circle.-Why should solidated. The sovereigns, in forming this auhe do it here then? Did he think he was coming gust union, have regarded as its fundamental bahere to live at free quarter?-The black woman's sis, their invariable resolution never to depart, hut, indeed, he might force himself into with im- either among themselves, or in their relations punity; sixpence would insure him a reception; with other States, from the strictest observation but, it would be a shame, indeed, if such a man of the principles of the right of nations; principles could be admitted to unreserved intercourse with which, in their application to a state of permaAmerican ladies.-Slippery as he was, he could not nent peace, can alone effectually guarantee the slide into their good graces, and into the posses-independence of each government and the sta sion of their fathers' soul-subduing dollars; and so bility of the general association. Faithful to these he has gone home to curse the "nasty guessing principles, the sovereigns will maintain them Americans." equally in those meeetings at which they may be personally present, or in those which shall take place among their ministers; whether it shall be their object to discuss in common their own interests, or whether they shall take cognizance of questions in which other governments shall formally claim their interference. The same spirit which will direct their councils, and reign in their diplomatic communications, shall preside also at these meetings; and the repose of the world shall be constantly their motive and their end. It is with


I desire my son to try to hunt out this blade, and to let me know what hole they find him in; what was his parentage; and what his calling. We shall then see what a pretty fellow this was to expect" social intercourse with American ladies." WILLIAM COBBETT,


Aix-la-Chapelle, Nov. 24.-The august assem bly is dissolved, and the sovereigns left Aix-la-such sentiments that the sovereigns have conChapelle the 17th, 19th, and 22d November. summated the work to which they were called. Previous to the dissolution, the sovereigns order. They will not cease to labor for its confirmation ed four documents to be published, which em- and perfection. They solemnly acknowledge, brace all their proccedings and views. that their duties towards God and the people 1. An acknowledgement of the tranquil state whom they govern, make it peremptory on them of France-of her fulfilment of all her engage to give to the world, as far as in their power, an ments of her ability to support her existing gov. example of justice, of concord, of moderation; ernment, and, consequently, of the propriety of happy in the power of consecrating, from hencewithdrawing the army of occupation. It also in- || forth, all their efforts to the protection of the arts vites the king of France to join the great alliance. of peace, to the increase of the internal prosperiII. The act of accession of France to the alliance. ty of their States, and to the awakening of those III. A protocol of an appeal to the whole civil-sentiments of religion and morality, whose em ized world, in vindication of the great objectspire has been but too much enfeebled by the miswhich the Allied Powers have already accom- fortune of the times. (Signed) plished, and still have in view.

IV A declaration, of which the following is a copy:

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Declaration of the Allied Sovereigns. Now that the pacification of Europe is accomplished, by the resolution of withdrawing the foreign troops from the French territory; and now that there is an end of those measures of precaution which deplorable events had rendered necessary, the ministers and plenipotentiaries of their majesties the emperor of Austria, the king of France, the king of Great Britain, the king of Prussia, and the emperor of all the Russias, having received orders from their sovereigns to make known to all the courts of Europe, the results of their meeting at Aix-la-Chapelle, and with that view to publish the following declaration:-The Convention of the 9th of October, which definihetively regulated the execution of the engagements agreed to in the treaty of peace of Nov. 20, 1815, is considered by the sovereigns who concurred therein, as the accomplishment of the work of peace and as the completion of the political system destined to ensure its solidity. The intimate union established among the monarchs,



their proper interests, in so far as they have reParis, Nov. 30, 1818.-The dissolution of the ference to the object of their present delibera august congress of sovereigns is confirmed. His tions, the time and place of these meetings shall, majesty now forms one of five great arbiters of on each occasion, be previously fixed, by means the destinies of Europe, and the world. The re- of diplomatic communications; and that in the sult of this meeting of sovereigns has been the case of these meetings having for their object aftheme of universal admiration and praise. They fairs specially connected with the interests of the did not condescend to notice the thousand sub-other states of Europe, they shall only take place jects which the hungry correspondents of the gain consequence of a formal invitation on the part zettes had so positively asserted they would.- of such of those States as the said affairs may con They confined themselves wholly to the things cern, and under the express reservation of their which related to France, and her reigning dynas-right of direct participation therein, either directty. They have done justice to her constancy and ly or by their Plenipotentiaries. integrity; and she now reassumes her station in the ranks of nations.

5. That the resolutions contained in the present act shall be made known to all the Courts of Europe, by the subjoined declaration, which shall be considered as sanctioned by the Protocol, and forming part thereof (See "Netherlands," ante.] Done in quintuple, and reciprocally exchanged in the original, by the subscribing Cabinets. MEXTERNICH, HARDENBERG,





Aix-la-Chapelle, Nov. 15, 1818.

Of the King, delivered at the opening of the two
Chambers, December 10, 1818.-

At the commencement of the last session, whilst deeply deplored the evils which weighed so heavily on our country, I had the satisfaction of observing that their termination was near. A generous effort, than which, I can proudly say, no other nation ever exhibited a more brilliant example, has enabled me to realize my hopes in this regard: they are so-my troops alone occupy all our posts. One of my sons hastened to participate with our enfranchised provinces in their first transports of joy, and has, with his own hands, and in the midst of the acclamations of my people, hoisted the standard of France on the rainparts of Thionville. This standard now waves over the whole soil of France. The day on which those of my children have been relieved from the burden of an occupation of more than three years duration, and which they supported with so much fortitude, will be one of the happiest days of my life; and my heart, purely French, has not experienced less joy at the termination of their evils, than at the liberation of our common country. The provinces which have so painfully occupied my attention to the present day, deserve to attract that of the whole nation, which, in unison with me, has admired their heroic resignation.

The noble unanimity of heart and sentiments which you manifested, when I demanded of you the means to fulfil our engagements, displayed a signal proof of the attachment Frenchmen to their country, of the confidence of the nation in its king; and Europe, with eagerness, has nailed France restored to the rank which belongs to her. The Declaration which announces to the world the principles on which the union of the five coalesced powers is founded, clearly discloses the friendship which reigns among the Sovereigns. This salutary union, dictated by justice, and con solidated by morality and religion, has for its ob

4. That if, for the better attaining the above declared object, the Powers which have concur-ject, to avert the scourge of war by an inviolable red in the present act, should judge it necessary observance of treaties, by the guarantee of existto establish particular meetings either of the So-ing rights, and permits us to contemplate the vereigns themselves, or of their respective Minis-lasting peace which such an alliance promises to ters and Plenipotentiaries, to treat in common of ensure to Europe.


Signed at Aix-la-Chapelle, on the 15th November,
1818, by the plenipotentiaries of the courts of
Austria, France, Great Britain, Prussia, and

The ministers of Austria, France, Great Britain, Prussia, and Russia, as a consequence of the exchange of the ratifications of the convention sign. ed on the 9th of October, relative to the evacuation of the French territory by the foreign troops, and after having addressed to each other the notes, of which copies are subjoined, have assembled in conference, to take into consideration the relations which ought to be established, in the existing state of things, between France and the co-subscribing Powers of the Treaty of Peace of the 27th of November, 1815; relations which, by securing to France the place that belongs to her in the system of Europe, will bind her more closely to the pacific and benevolent views in which all the Sovereigns participate, and will thus consolidate the general tranquillity.


After having maturely investigated the conservative principles of the great interests which constitute the order of things established, under the auspices of Divine Providence, in Europe, by the Treaty of Paris, of the 30th of May, 1814, the Recess of Vienna, and the Treaty of Peace of the year 1815, the Courts subscribing the present acts, do, in consequence, unanimously acknowledge and declare

1. That they are firmly resolved never to depart, neither in their mutual relations, nor in those which connect them with other states, from the principles of intimate union which has hitherto presided over all their common relations and interests, an union rendered more strong and indissoluble by the bonds of Christian fraternity which the Sovereigns have formed among themselves.

2. That this union, which is the more real and durable, inasmuch as it depends on no separate interest or temporary combination, can only have for its object the maintenance of general peace, found-| ed on a religious respect for the engagements contained in the treaties, and for the whole of the rights resulting therefrom.

3. That France, associated with other powers by the restoration of the legitimate Monarchical and Constitutional Power, engages henceforth to concur in the maintenance and consolidation of a system which has given peace to Europe, and ensured its duration.



From Gibraltar-Our Correspondent at Nor

I have awaited in silence this happy epoch, to make arrangements for the national solemnity, in which religion consecrates the intimate union of the people with their king. In receiving the royal unction in the midst of you, I shall call to witness the God by whom kings reign, the God of Clovis, the God of Charlemagne, the God of St. Lewis. I will renew on the altar, the oath to support the institutions founded by that charter, which I che rish still more cordially, since the French people, by a unanimous sentiment, have voluntarily ral-folk (says the Baltimore Telegraph) informs us, lied themselves around it. In the laws which will be submitted to your the 17th, in 40 days from Gibraltar, left the Amethat the Peacock, which arrived at that port on consideration, I shall take care, that the spirit rican squadron at Syracuse the 15th Nov, the offiof this charter be always consulted, in order to assure more and more the public tights of French-sailed the same day for Tripoli, with Mr. Jones, cers and their men generally well. men, and to secure to the monarchy that power American Consul to the Regency, as passenger. The Spark which it ought to possess to enable it to preserve The frigate United States was to sail for the the liberties which are dear to my people. the Guerriere, which was soon expected, as the United States as soon as she could be relieved by latter sailed from Gibraltar for Syracuse the day the Peacock sailed for the United States. CapOctober, and was succeeded in the command of tain Gamble of the Erie died at Pisa, the 8th the vessel by captain Ballard, of the Franklin. An American officer of marines has embraced the Mahometan religion at Constantinople An affair of the American squadron a short time before the of honor took place between two midshipmen P. sailed, in which Mr. Boardly, of Baltimore, was killed.

In seconding my views and efforts, you will not forget, gentlemen, that this charter, by delivering France from despotism, has put a period to revolutions. I confidently calculate on your concurrence in repressing those pernicious principles which, under the specious mask of liberty, attack social order, lead by anarchy to absolute power, the baneful success of which has cost the world so many tears and such torrents of blood.

My ministers will lay before you the budget of expenses required by the public service-the prolonged effects of events, to which it was necessary to submit, or abide by the consequences, have not yet permitted me to propose to you an alleviation of the burdens necessarily imposed on my people; but I have the consolation at no remote period, to perceive the moment, when I shall have the satisfaction of gratifying this desire of my heart. From this moment, a period to the accumulation of our debt is definitively fixed. We have a certainty of its diminishing in a rapid progression. France in the fulfilment of engagements, will es This certainty, and the fidelity of tablish public credit on an immoveable basis, which certain circumstances, temporary and common to other states, had appeared for a moment to weaken. The youth of France have just given a noble proof of their love for their country and their king. The recruiting law has been carried into effect with submission, and in many instances with joy. Whilst the young sol diers pass into the ranks of the army, their brothers freed from service, remain in the bosom of their families, and the veterans who have terminated their military career return to their fire sides. Both classes are living examples of the inviolable fidelity with which the laws will henceforth be carried into execution.

will be so, if in discarding every painful recollec[No. 5 tion of the past, stifling all resentment, Frenchmen be convinced that their liberties are insepa rable from order, which reposes on the throne, the palladium of both: my duty is to defend them against their common enemies: I will fulfil it: and I have never solicited in vain. I shall find in you, gentlemen, that support,which



From the Boston Daily Advertiser, of the 22d JaConsul at Malaga, to Mr. Topliff, dated Oct. 24, nuary, 1819.-A letter from Mr. G. G. Barrell, our mentions that Capt. Sears, of Boston, Thomas C. Conckling, of Baltimore, and William Thompson, who had been confined in prison at Ceuta, had just arrived at Malaga, where they were brought done to assist them will be neglected, and that for trial. He observes that nothing which can be neither they nor the five other Americans who a year are permitted to suffer from any thing but have been in the prison of that city for more than the loss of their liberty their trial would take place in a few months. It was expected that

25th of January, 1819-By the arrival of the From the New-York Commercial Advertiser, of the schooner Prize, capt. Soper, we learn, that colonel Irwin died at Old Providence on the 20th of small squadron, as late as the middle of December, September; and that commodore Aury, with his was still at that place, waiting for reinforcements.


After the calamities

a year of

sca city, the recollection of which still saddens Congress of the United States.


The reader will recollect that the Vice Pre

my soul, Providence, prodigal this year of its
blessings, has covered our fields with an abun-
dant barvest. This will give new vigour to com-sident gave the casting vote, a few days ago,
merce, and our vessels wafting our products to against the motion to strike out of the Military
every sea, will display the French flag to the Appropriation Bill the specific appropriation of
most distant nation. Industry and the arts ex-|| 10,000 dollars, for extra work of soldiers on pub-
tending their empire also, will enhance the hap-lic roads. The following is a sketch of the re-
piness of the general peace
marks with which he prefaced his vote on that

"If the clause proposed to be expunged, em-
been made the subject of discussion in the com-
braced the constitutional question, which has

To the independence of the country, and to public liberty, personal liberty is united, which France never before so completely enjoyed.

Let us then unite our voices and sentiments of gratitude towards the author of so many blessings,mittee, I should deem this decision of great re and endeavour to render them permanent: they sponsibility and importance. But I do not per

ceive that this, or any other constitutional prin | number of years past, to the construction and ciple, is involved in the clause under considera-repair of roads of this description. To such tion. It imparts no new powers, nor gives any roads, and to such only, the Executive, on a definite directions, to the Executive Department || sound and legal construction of the section, notof the government, with regard to fatigue duty withstanding its departure, in phraseology, from of the army or military roads; but merely appro- the grants of money heretofore made for, and ap. priates ten thousand dollars to pay the non-com-plied to, the same purposes, will be restricted in missioned officers and privates of the army for the application of this appropriation. If that be that portion of their labor which may be performed conceded to be the extent of the import of the on military roads in 1819. The proper depart clause before us, there can be no solid objection ment will, of course, be governed in the expen- to its retention in the bill; and I, therefore, rediture of that sum by a just construction of the quest the Secretary to take my decision, of the clause, with reference to the objects of the bill,|| motion to strike out, in the negative.” to the constitution of the United States, and to Friday, January 22. the provisions of previously existing laws.

Mr Tait, from the committee on naval affairs, reported the bill making appropriations for the support of the navy for the year 1819, with some amendments; which were read.

"Even if the opinion were tenable, that no antecedent laws have vested the President of the United States with a discretion of devoting a part of the fatigue duty of the army, or of appropria tions for the quartermaster's department, to the formation or repair of military roads, this clause would be unobjectionable and harmless; because no lawful application of the money, granted by it, could take place, until further legislative provi|the sion should be made on the subject.

Mr. Stokes, from the committee on the post office and post roads, reported a bill to repeal that part of the act of 1813, regulating the post office establishment, which provides that "contracts shall secure the regular transportation of

mail throughout each year," which was read. Mr. Roberts, from the committee of claims, reported a bill for the relief of Michael Hogan, which was read; and made an unfavorable report on the petition of Thomas and Ogden.


The report of the committee of claims, 'unfavorable to the petition of Alexander M'Cormick, was taken up and agreed to.

"Without insisting on the constitutional prerogatives of the President of the United States, as commander in chief of the army and navy, or upon the express powers to make public roads through Indian territory and elsewhere, frequently granted by Congress; the Legislature of the nation has repeatedly conferred the authority of applying The Senate took up, for consideration, the rethe labor of the army and general appropriationsport of the committee of claims unfavorable to to the objects contemplated in this section; for, the petition of James Edwards, who prays comwhen they gave to the Executive plenary powers pensation for the loss of a negro slave, who was to effect any certain and legal public object, the pressed into the service of the United States at right to employ all lawful means to accomplish New Orleans, in 1814, and kept on fatigue duty, that object is necessarily implied and conferred. in mud and water, clearing the Bayou St. John, Thus, the law which enjoins on the President the for 27 days, from which service he contracted a erection of fortifications, implies and compre-disease which caused his death. hends the right to procure the title and jurisdic-| The report on this case Mr. Crittenden moved tion of eligible sites; to build wharves, bridges, || to reverse, with instructions to the committee of and edifices: to improve the navigation of waters, claims to report a bill for the relief of the petiand to open or repair the roads, indispensable to tioner. the occupation of those sites, for the accommodation of the persons employed in the works, and for the conveyance and landing of materials to construct, munitions to equip, of troops to garri-|| son, and of provisions to supply those fortifications. Roads of this description, are military roads, within the purview of the bill before the committee. In like manner, under the laws which impose on the Executive the duty of guarding and securing our remote frontier, when it becomes indispensable to that end to occupy posts on Indian tracts, or beyond inhabited territory, the right to open and make roads of access to such posts is clearly implied and granted. These, also, may be denominated military roads, on which this appropriation may, with propriety, be expended. In various other instances, similar powers are incidental to, and comprehended in, general provisions. In this community none other can be tolerated, at the present time, as military roads, than such as may be made by the army, and are indispensable to the accomplishment of some present military object, sanctioned by the consti The bill making appropriations for the military tution and the laws already enacted. In pursu-service for 1819 was ordered to a third reading. ance of this exposition, without any express proMonday, January 25. vision for the purpose, a part of the labor of the On motion of Mr. Williams, of Ten. it was army, and of the general appropriation for the Resolved, That the President of the United quartermaster's department, have been judici-States be requested to cause to be laid before the eusly, and, in my opinion, legally, devoted, for a "Senate a copy of the rules and regulations adopt

This motion Mr.Macon moved to amend, so as to give instructions to the committee to report a general bill to indemnify the owners of slaves lost by being impressed into the military service of the United States.

On this proposition a good deal of discussion took place; and it was finally negatived.

Mr. Crittenden's motion was, after much debate, agreed to, by yeas and nays--yeas 24, nays 11.

Mr. Macon then laid on the table a resolution directing the committee of claims to inquire into the expediency of reporting a bill with the provisions embraced in his motion above stated.

Mr. Smith obtained leave of absence from the 31st instant for the remainder of the session.

Mr. Dickerson, from the committee appointed on that subject, reported the resolution proposing an amendment to the constitution as respects the mode of electing electors and representatives to Congress, with amendments.

The bill for the relief of Thomas B. Farish was read the third time and passed.


ed for the government of the military academy at instructed to inquire whether it is expedient to
[No. 5
West Point; also how many cadets have been ad- make any alteration of, or addition to, the act
mitted into the academy, the term of the resi-passed on the 18th January, 1815, entitled "An
dence of each cadet at that institution, and how act to provide additional revenues for defraying
many of them have been appointed officers in the expenses of government and maintaining the
the army of the United States.
United States, and to provide for assessing and
public credit, by laying a direct tax upon the
collecting the same."

Mr Ruggles submitted a motion to instruct the
committee on the judiciary to inquire into the
expediency of providing by law for the establish-
ment of a district court within the territory of

lic lands, reported a bill respecting the location Mr. Morrow, from the committed on the pub seat of government in the state of Indiana; which of certain sections of land, to be granted for the

Mr. Roberts submitted the following motion for consideration:

was read.

On motion of Mr. Eppes, it was

Resolved, That the committee on the judiciary be, and they are hereby, instructed to inquire into the expediency of placing all criminal prosecu- be instructed to prepare and report a bill to reResolved, That the committee on military affairs tions and suits, in which the United States shal!gulate the compensation and other allowance made be a party, and the officers of the United States who commence such suits and prosecutions, unto officers and soldiers employed in fatigue serder the supervision and direction of the attorney general; and whether it be expedient to provide for the appointment of an assistant attorney gene-ported a bill for the relief of Rees Hill; and


Mr. Roberts, from the committee of claims, re-
Tuesday, January 26.

ral, who shall perform the duties of district attor-
ney for the District of Columbia, and such other
duties as may be assigned him by law.

ed a bill for the relief of the heirs of Nicholas
Mr. Wilson, from the same committee, report-
second reading.
Vreeland; which bills were read and passed to a

sumed the consideration of the bill, from the The Senate then, on motion of Mr. Eppes, reother House, to authorize the payment, in certain cases, on account of Treasury notes which may reported thereto by the committee of finance, have been lost or destroyed, and the amendment re-which, having been agreed to, the bill and amendment were ordered to a third reading.

Mr. Talbot, from the committee of finance, to whom was referred an inquiry into the expediency of prohibiting by law the exportation of the gold and silver and copper coins of the United States, made a report adverse to the expediency of such prohibition; which was read.

Mr. Eppes, from the committee of finance, to whom an inquiry into the subject had been ferred, reported a bill to continue in force the act regulating the currency within the United States of the gold coins of Great Britain, France, Portugal, and Spain, and the crowns of France and five franc pieces; which was read.

Mr. Goldsborough, from the committee of claims, reported a bill for the relief of the heirs! of Edward M'Carty, and a bill for the benefit of Jacob Purkill; which were severally read.

The bill making appropriations for the military service of 1819 was read the third time, as amended by the Senate, passed, and returned to the House for concurrence in the amendments.

the public lands were instructed to inquire if
On motion of Mr. Morrow, the committee on
any and what amendments are necessary to the
and registers of the land offices.
act for changing the compensation of receivers

claims, reported a bill for the relief of Pierre Denis. Mr. Goldsborough, from the committee of

resumed the consideration of the bill, from the The Senate then, on motion of Mr. Barbour, Virginia, west of the Allegany mountains, togeother House, to establish a judicial district in judiciary committee; and, the amendment having ther with an amendment reported thereto by the been concurred in, it was, with the bill, ordered to be read a third time.

The bill making appropriations for the support of the navy, for the current year, was ordered to a third reading, as amended by the Senate.

The Senate took up the motion made by Mr. Macon, on the 224 instant, authorizing an inquirymittee, into the expediency of paying for slaves impressed and lost in the service of the United States, and agreed to it.

The Senate passed a resolution directing the Secretary to procure 500 copies of the report of the committee of the House of Representatives on the subject of the Bank of the United States.


The bill authorizing the distribution of a sum of money among the representatives of Commodore Edward Preble, and the officers and crew of the brig Syren; the bill further to extend the Judicial system of the United States; the bill for the relief of Daniel Renner, and of N. H. Heath; the bill to extend the jurisdiction of the Circuit Courts of the United States to cases arising under the law relating to patents; the bill for the relief of Sampson L. King; were successively taken up, considered severally, and ordered to be read a third time.

Mr. Mellen submitted the following motion for consideration: Resolved, That the committee on finance be"

pursuant to instructions, reported a bill to
Mr. Williams, of Ten. from the military com-
regulate the pay of the army when employed on
fatigue duty, which was read.

Mr. Tait, from the naval committee, reported
for naval purposes; which was read.
a bill authorizing the purchase of live oak timber

Wednesday, January 27.

lations, communicated to the Senate three acts of
Mr. Macon, from the committee on foreign re-
the British Parliament, respecting the West India
trade, which were ordered to be printed for the
use of the Senate.

requesting the Senate to permit two of its mem-
The resolution of the House of Representatives,
bers, Messrs. Daggett and Hunter, to attend, as
witnesses, the select committee of the House of
Representatives appointed to investigate the of-
ficial conduct of Judges Van Ness and Tallmadge,
of New York, was taken up, and on motion of Me.
be granted.
Burrill, it was resolved that the leave requested

report of the committee on finance, unfavorable
The Senate resumed the consideration of the

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