Page images

of the communication leading trom Nivelles and Guards, upon their debonché from the village of Bruxelles, with Marshal Blucher's position. Iu Genappe, npon which occasion his Lordship has the mean time I had directed the whole army to declared himself to be well satisfied with that march upon Les Quatre Bras, and the 5th divi. regiment. The position which I touk op in front sion nnder Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Pic. of Waterloo, crossed the bright roads from Charleton, arrived at about half-past two in the day, roy, and Nivelle, and had its right throws back followed by the corps of troops under the Duketoa ravine near Merke Braine, which was occu. of Bronswick, and afterwards by the contingent pied; and its left extended to a height above the of Nassau. At this time the enemy commenced hamlet. Ter la Haye, which was likewise occupied. an attack upon Prince Blacher, with his whole In front of the right centre and near the Nivelle force, excepting the 1st and 2d corps ; and a road, we ocenpied the house and garden of corps of cavalry ander General Kellerman, with | Hougonmont, wlich covered the return of that which he attacked our post at Les Quatre Bras. flank; and in front of the left centre we occnpied The Prussian army maintained their position the farm of La Haye Sainte By onr lett we with their usual gallantry and perseverance, communicated with Marshal Prince Blucher, at against a great disparity of numbers, as the 4th Wavre through Ohaim; and the Marshal had corps of their army, under General Bulow, bad promised me that in case we shoukl be attacked not joined, and I was not able to assist them as I he would support me with one or more corps, as wished, as I was attacked myself, and the troops, might be necessary. The enemy, collected his the cavalry in particular, wliich had a long dis- army, with the exception of the third corps, tance to march, had not arrived. We maintained which had been sent to vbserve Marslial Blucher, onr position also, and completely deleated and on a range of heights in our frout, in the course of repulsed all the evemy's attempts to get possession the night of the 17th and yesterday morning, and at of it. The enemy repeatedly attacked us with a about ten o'clock he commeuced a furious attack large body of infantry and cavalry, supported by npon our post at Hougoumout. I had occupied a numerous and powerful artillery; lie made se that post with a detachment from General Byog's veral charges with the cavalry npon our infantry; brigate of Guards, which was in position in its but all vere repulsed in the steadiest manner:- rear ;. and it was for some time under the com(Here his Lordship praises his troops and offi mand, of Lieut. Col. Macdonali, and afterwards çers.]-Our loss was great, as your Lordship of Colonel Home ; and I am happy to and that it will perceive by the enclosed return; and I have was maintained throughout the day with the utparticularly to regret bis Serene Higlmess the most gallantry by these brave troops, botwitlaDuke of Brunswick, who fell fighting gallantly standing the repeated efforts of large bodies of at the head of his troops. Although Marshal the enemy to obtain possession of it. This attack Blucher had maintained his position at Sambref, upon the right of our centre was accompanied by he still found hiniself much weakened by the a very heavy cannonade upou our whole line, severity of the contest in which he had been en which was destined to support the repeated at. gaged, and as the fourth corps had not arrived, tacks of cavalry and infantry occasionally mixed, he determined to tall-back, and concentrate his but sometimes separate, which were made upon army upon Wavre; and he marched in thic it. In one of these the enemy carried the turmvight after the action was over. This move house of La Haye Sainte, as the detachment of megt of the Marslial's rendered necessary a

the light battalion of the legion which occupied corresponding one on my part; and I retired it had expended all its ammunition, and the from the farm of Quatre Bras upon Genappe, enemy occupied the only communication there and thence upon Waterloo the wext morning, was with them. The enemy repeatedly charged the 17th, at ten o'clock. The enemy made our infantrywith liis cavalry, but these attacks no effort to pursue Marshal Blucher. On the were nniformly unsuccessful, and they attorded contrary, a patrole which I sent to Sambref in opportunities to our cavalry to charge, in oue of the morning, found all quiet, and the enemy's which Lord E. Somerset's brigade, consisting of videttes fell back as the patrole advanced. Nei. the life giards, royal horse guards, and 1st drugeon ther did he attempt to molest our march to the gnards, highly distinguished themselves as did that rear, althongla made in the middle of the day, ex- of Major-General Sir W. Ponsonby, having taken cepting the following, with a large body of cavalry, many prisoners and an eagle. There aituoks were bronght from his right, the cavalry under the repeated till about seven in the evening, when the Earl of Uxbridge. This gave Lord Uxbridge an enemy made a desperate effort with the cavalry opportovity of charging them witla the 1st Life and iufantry, supported by the fire of artility; "t0


force onr left centre, near the farm of La Haye Major-General Sir W. Ponsonby. Sainte, which after a severe contest was de- Colonels.-Du Plat, K.G. L. ; Omteta, ditto ; feated ; and having observed that the troops re- Morrin, 69th Regt.; Sir W. Ellis, 23d. Kred from this attack in great coufisjon, and Lieutenant-Colonels.—Macara, 42d Regl.; Cathat the march of General Bulow's corps by En. meron, 92d Regt. ; Sir Alex. Gordon, K. C. B. Aid. schermont iipon Planchevorte and La Belle Alli-de-Cainp to the Duke of Wellington ; Canning; ance had begun to take effect, and as I could Currie, Lord Ilill's Staff. perceive the fire of his cannon, and as Marshal Majors.- The Hon. Fred, Howard, 10th Hussars ; Prince Blucher had joined in person, with a George Baini, Royal Artillery; Norinan Ramses, corps of bis arıny tu the left of our line by Olsains, ditto ; Cairnes, ditio; Chambers, 3011 Regi. I determined to attack the enemy, and inime- Brevet-Majors. - Cretion, 5th Division; Rosediately advanced ihe wliole line ot intantry, sup. wiel, 2d Light Regiment. ported by the cavalry and artillery. The attack Captains. – Bulton, Royal Artillery ; Crawford, seceeded in every point; the enemy was forcer Goards; the Hon. Curzon, A. D. C. to his from his position on the beigtits, and Aed in the Royal Highness the Prince of Orange ; Chambers, utmost confusion, leaving behind him, as far as 1 A. D. C. to Lieut.-Gen. Picton; Charles Ellis, 9512 could judge, 150 pieces of cannon, with their Reyt.; Robertson, 73d Regt. ; Kennedy, ditto; ammunition, which fell into our hands. I con. Schauman, 2d. Lt. Bat. K. G. L ; Hulychwan, ist tinued the parsait till long after dark, and then dinio ; Heriry Marshal, Ist ditto. ; Greben ditto discontinued it only ou acconut of the fatigne of Gunning, 10th Hussars ; Grove, 1st. Guards. our troops, who had been engaged during twelve Lieutenants. C. Manners, Royal Artillery ;. honrs, and because I found myself on the same Lister, 95th Regt. road with Marshal Blucher, who assured me of

Ensigns.- Lord Hay, to General kis intention to follow the enemy throughout the Maitland ; Brown, 1st Guards. night ; he has sent me word this morning that he had taken 60 pieces of canpon belonging to the General his Royal Highness the Prince of Orange, Imperial Guard, and several carriages, baggage, G. C. B. severely. &c. belonging to Bonaparte, iu Genappe. I pro. Lieut-Generals.-The Earl of Uxbridge, G. C. B. pose to move, this morning, upon Nivelles, and right leg amputated ; Sir C. Alten, K. C. B. severely, not to discontinue my operations. Your Loid- Major-Generals -Cock, right arm amputated; ship will obscrve, that such a desperate action Sir E. Barnes, K. C. B. Adjul.-Gen. severely; Sir could not wave been fought, and such advaniages J. Kempt, K. C. B. slightly ; Sir Colin Halkitt, conld not be gained, without great loss; and I K. C. B. severely ; Adams, severely; Sir W. am sorry to add, that ours has been immeipe.- Dornberg, K. C. B. severely. (Here his Lordship praises his officers and men.} Colonels.—Sir J. Elley, K. C. B. slighilg; Harris, --I should not do justice to my feelings or to 73d Regt. ; Quentin, 10th Hussars, slightly; the Marshal Blacher and the Prussian army, if I did Hon. Fred. Ponsonby, scvereis; Sir W. De Lancey; Hot attribnte the successful result of this arduous severels. day, to the cordial and rimely assistarice I re. Lientenant-Colonels.-Lord Fitzroy Somerset, ceived from them. The operation of General righe arm amputated; Hay, 16th Light Dragoons, Bulow upon the enemy's flank, was a most deci- severely ; Vigoureau, 30th Light Dragoons ; Aber. sive one; and even if I had not found myself in a crombie, A. Q. M. G. slightly ; Hamilton, Foth situation to make the attack, wlricli produced the regiment; Caneron, 95th, severely ; Wyndham, final result, it would have forced the enemy to

1st Foot Guards, severely ; Bowater, Sd Foot retire, if his attacks should have failed, and would Guards, slightly ; Macdonell, Coldstream, slightly ; have prevented him from taking advantage of Dashwood, 3d Guards, severely; Sir R. Hill, them, if they should unfortunately have suc- Royal Horse Guards Blae, severely ; Norcoll, 95th, ceeded. I send, with this dispatch, two eagles, severely ; Hill, severely ; Schreider, 8!h Line bal. taken by the troops in this action, which Major Talion ; Adair, 1st Guards, severely; Müller, 1st Percy will have the honour of laying at the feet Guards, dangerously; Sir George Henry Berkeley, of his Royal Highness. I beg leave to recoin. A. A. G. mend bim to your Lordship's protection. I have

Alajurs.--Maclean, 73d ; Beckwith, 95th, severethe honour, &c. (Signed) WELLINGTON. Iy; Jessop, Assistant Quarter Master General; LIST OF THE BRITISH OFFICERS KILLED Busli, 1st Light Batl. K. G. L. riglit arm ampuAND WOUNDED.

taled , Parkinson, 73d, severely; Parker, R. H.

Arlillery, leg amputated ; Robert Ball, Royal Ai: Duke of Brunswick Oels.

tillery, severels ; Hamilton, Aid-de-Caip to Major. Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Picton. General Sir E. Barues; Watson, 69th regiment,



severely.-Brevet-Major, Emem, dangerously.- devour the states of the second rank of Germany, Majors Wilkins and Miller, 95th regi. severely; The madnen! a moment of prosperity blinds Lindsay, 69:lı, dangerously.

them. The oppression and humiliatiou of the Captains.-Smith, 951h regiment, seperely ; | French people are beyond their power. If they Tyler, Aid-de Camp to Sir Thomas Picton, slightly; enter France, they will there fod their tomb. Dance, 23d Light Dragoons ; Johnston, 951h ; Car. Soldiers! we have forced marebes to make, balmers, 95th ; Darney, Napier, A. M'Donald, Web- iles to fight, dangers to encounter ; but with ber, Royal Artillery, severely ; Dumaręsque, Aid. steadiness, yictory will be our's ; the rights, the de-Camp to Gen. Sir J. Byng, severely; Whyn. houpur, the happiness of the country will be renates, Royal Artillery, severely; the Hon. conquered! To every Frenchiman who has a Erskine, D. A. A. G. left arm amputated; A. Dang heart, the moment is arrived to conquer or perish. fon, Aid-de-Camp 10 Lieutenant-General Picton,

(Signed) severely ; Barnes, Brevet Major, Royal Astillery, (A true copy) The Marshal Duke of Dalmatia, severely.

Lieutenants—Royal Artillery, Foster, Crome,
Robe, Smith, Strangway, Brierton, and Forbes, se-

Charleroi, June 15. verely; Hormey, arm amputated; Bloomfield and On the 14th the army was placed in the follow D. Crawforil, slightly.--Haverlock, Aid-de-Camping manner :-The Imperial Head-quarters at to Gen. Sir Charles Alten; Pringle, Royal. Engi- Beaumont. The 1st corps, communded by Geneers, slightly; Jiamilton, 46th regiment, slightly; neral D'Erlon, was at Solre on the Sambre. The Heise, 1st light batia jon; Gardiner, Julinstone, 2d corps, commanded by General Reillé, was at Moltry, Simmons, J. Gardiner, Eitzmaurice, Shen- Ham-sur-Heure. The 3d corps, commanded by ley, and Wright, 951h, severely,

General Vandamme, was on the right of Beau

mont. The 4th corps, commanded by General French ACCOUNTS.

Gerard, had arrived at Philippeville On the

15th, at three in the morning, General Reillé at. The following relate only to the ope- tacked the enemy, and advanced upon Marcbienrations of the army previous to the battle

nes-au-Pont. There were various engagements, of the 18th, the French account of which in which liis cavalry charged a Prussian battalion, has not arrived.

and made 300 prisoners. At one in the moruing, GENERAL ORDER.

the Emperor was at Jamignon-sur-Heure, Ge. Aresnes, June 14, 1815. neral Daumont's division of light cavalry sabred Soldiers !- This day is the anniversary of Ma. two Prussian battalions, and made 400 prisoners, rengo and of Friedland, which twice decided the General Pajol entered Charleroi at mid-day. The destiny of Europe. Then, as after Austerlitz, as sappers and mariues of the guard were with the after Wagram, we were too generous ! We be advance to repair the bridges. They were the lieved in the protestations and in the oaths of first to penetrate into the town as $larp-shooters.. Princes whom we left on the throne! Now, General Clari, with the 1st Hussars, advanced however, coalesced among themselves, they would upon Gosselies, on the Brussels road; and Gene. destroy the independence and the most sacred i al Pajol npon Gilly, on the Namur road, At rights of France. They have commenced the three in the afternoon Geueral Vaudarame de most unjust of aggressions. Let us marchi, then, bouched with his corps on Gilly. Marshal to meet them. Are they and we no longer the Grouchy arrived with the cavalry of Cieneral same men? Soldiers, at Jena, against these same Excelmans. The enemy occupied the left of the Prussians, now so arrogant, you were one against position of Fleurus ; at five in the afternoon the three, and at Montmirail one against six ! Let Emperor ordered an attack. The position was those among you who have been prisoners of the turned, and carried. Four Squadrons of the Esaglish, detail to you the bulks, and the fright Guard, commanded by General Letort, the Em. fail miseries which they suffered! The Saxons, peror's Aids-de-camp, broke three squares ; the the Belgiaus, the Hanoverians, the soldiers of 26th, 27th, and 28th Prussian regiments were the Confederation of the Rhive, lament that they routed. Our squadrons sabred from four to 500 are compelled to lend their arms to the cause of mes, and took 150 prisoners. During this time Princes, the enemies of justice and of the rights General Reillé passed the Sambre at Marchiennes. of all nations; they know that this coalition is au-Pont, in order to advance upon Gosselies with insatiable! After having devoured twelve mil. the divisions of Prince Jerome and General Ba. jions of Poles, twelve millions of Italians, one chelu, attacked the enemy, took from him 25@ millior of Saxons, six millions of Belgians, it must prisoners, and pursued bim on the road to Brus, be is goiog on well.”


sels. We this became masters of the whole po

Fleurus, June 17, 4 o'clock in the morning. sition of Fleurns. Ar eiglit in the evening the The battle of yesterday lasted till ten o'clock in Emperor re-entered his bread-quarters at Charleroi. the evening. We are still in pnrsnit oftlre enemy, This day cost the enemy five pieces of cannon and who has experienced a terrible overthrow. We 2,000 mens, of whom 1,000 are prisoners. Our loss bave hithertu 8,000 prisoners, 20 pieces of cannon, is 10 men killed and 80 wounded, the greater part and several standards, many officers of rank, belonging to the squadron of the guard who made among others Count Lotzow. We expect at day the charges, and to three squadrons of the 20th break to collect a great number in the villages of dragoons, who also charged a square willi the St. Amand, and others who were cut off by the greatest intrepidity. Our loss, thongh trifling in movement which the Emperor caused bas gnard amonnt, has been sensibly felt by the Emperor, to make. The grenadiers and chasseurs of the from the severe wound received by General Le-old guard massacred entire masses, and have lost tort, "is aid-de-camp, in charging at the head of very few men. ft appears that it was a charge of the sqnaitrons. He is an officer of the greatest bayonet by the Imperial Foot Guards which dedistinction : he was struck by a ball in the lower cided the battle. The enemy have been extremepart of the belly, but the surgeons give hopes that ly numerous. I never saw such enthasiasm in bis wound will not be mortal. We liave funnd our soldiers. The columns which marched to some magazines at Charleroi. The joy of the battle, the wounded wlio returned from being Belgians it would be impossible to describe. dressed, never ceased to exclaim“ Live lhe EmnThere were some villages which, on the right of peror!” their deliverers, formed dances; and every where there is a movement which proceeds from the COPY OF A LETTER FROM THE MAJOR-GENEIreart. In the report of the Major-General of the Staff, the names of the officers and solliers who

Fleurus, June 17, 1813. distingnished themselves will be inserted. The Monsieur Marshal.-1 announced yesterday, Emporor has given the command of the left to from the field of battle of Ligny, to his Imperial the Prince of Moskwa, who, in the evening, had | Higlines. Prince Joseph, the signal victory which his head-quarters at Quatre-Chemins, on the road the Emperor has gained. I returned here with his to Brussels. The Duke of Treviso, to whom the Majesty at 11 o'clock in the evening, and it was Emperor gave the command of the young gnard, necessary to pass the night in attending to the bas remained at Beaumont, ill of the rheumatism. wounded. The Emperor has rentonnted his which has forced him to keep his bed. The 4th horse, to follow the success of the battle of Ligny. corps, coniinanded by General Gerard, arrives It was fought with fury, and the greatest enthu.' this evening at Chatelet. General Gerard has siasın on the part of the traops. We were one to statcul, that Lient. General Bourmont, Colonel three. At eight o'clock in the evening, the EmClonet, and the chief of squadron Villontreys, peror marched with his guard : six battalions of have passed over to the enemy. A lientevant the olul guard, the dragoons, and horse-grena. of the 11th Chasseurs has also gone over. The diers, and the cnirassiers of General Delort, de. Major-General has ordered that these descrters bouched by Ligny, and executed a charge wliich shall be immediately sentenced conformably to separaled the enemy's line. Wellington and the laws. It would be impossible to describe Blacher saved themselves wish difficulty: the the good spirit and ardour of the army. It views effect was theatrical. In an instant the firing the desertion of this small mumber of traitors' ceased, and the enemy was ronted in all dircewho thus throw off the mask, as à fortunate tions. We have already several thousand prievent.

soners, and 40 pieces of cannou. The oth and

1st corps were not engaged. The left wing NEWS FROM THE ARMY.

fought against the English army, and took from it In rear of Ligny, half past 8 in the erening cannon and stavdards. At night I will give you of the 16th of June, 1815.

further details, for every jostant prisoners are The Emperor has just obtained a complete announced. Our loss does not appear enormomis; victory over the Prussian and Englislı armjes, sivee, withont screening it, I do optreekop ilal united, under the orders of Lord Wellington and

more than 3000 men. Marshal Blucher. The army at this moment de. bouches by the village of Ligny, in advance of

(Signed) Fleurus, to pursue the euemy.

Marshal, Major-General Duke of DALMATIA, A letter of the Emperor, of the 16th, ends

(A Copy) wi'lt these words, written with his own hand- Marsual, Migister of War, Psiyce of EconutLA

EXPOSITION OF THE MINISTER OF THE protector of liberal ideas, around a Prince INTERIOR:

who, educated in the revolution, advances The President announced, that Count with the age in which he lives, and wishes Regnault St. Jean d'Angely requested a to extend the dominion of mind instead of hearing, to communicate to the Chamber circumscribing it. Instructed by misforthe exposition of the Minister of the Inte- tunes, he will see the conquerors of Ausrior: it was granted.

terlitz, of Marengo, and of Jena, march Ilis Majesty the Emperor, said Count anew under the colours which su often led Regnault, having charged those of his Min them to victory, and the event will not be nisters who are Members of the Chamber doubtful. However, his Majesty is sinof Peers to communicate to that Assembly cerely desirous of peace; he has done the exposition of our situation, which was every thing to preserve it, but without in. announced to you in the discourse from clining to listen for a moment to humiliathe throne, has confided a similar mission ting conditions, which would compromise to those of his ministers who have been the honour and the dearest interests of elected representatives of the people. To- France. AH his efforts, however, have day, and at the moment when I speak, the been fruitless; already our frontiers are Minister of the Interior is reading to the menaced at all points, already hostilities Chamber of Peers the exposition of the have been commenced without any prestate of the Empire. I have veen charged liminary declaration of war, and there to communicate to you a copy thereof, seems to remain no other resource for the and shall read it, if such is the pleasure of maintenance of our independence but an the Chamber. The assembly manifested appeal to arms. If the Emperor were less its assent.

fortified by the inherent strength of his Count Regnault resumed.- Among all character, he might fear two rocks. There the objects of the Emperor's solicitude, has been talk of a royalist party and a rethe first, after bis solemn acceptance of the publican party, alike enemies of his goconstitution, has been to make known to vernment. But the former has not known the nation, through the medium of its re- how to defend the Princes objects of its presentatives, the true situation in which affection, for whom it pretended a willingit is placed. Three months have scarcely ness to die; it is far from formidable. As elapsed since his Majesty quitted the rock to the republicans, converted from oli to which circumstances bad for a moment errors, of which cruel experience made banished hirn, in order to deliver France them feel too severely the fatal effects, from the enslaving yoke of a worn-out dy- they see in the Emperor only the pronasty, which managed the resources of our tector of the liberal ideas which they have fine country merely for the profit of for at all times themselves prosessed, and reigners. The enthusiasm which served. which excesses alone have prevented thema as an escort to his Majesty from the pe- from hitherto sceing realised. The time riod of his landing, sufficiently proved on has been too short to give to the national what side lay the national wishes. It constitution all the perfection of which it proves, that if the deposed family could was susceptible; but the Emperor, towards ever re-enter France with the aid of fo. the accomplishment of this essential work, reigners, it would soon be expelled anew. reckons on the intelligence and patriotism Its prejudices, its engagements with the of the two Chambers. The preparations old privileged castes, are all in opposition for war have prevented him from giving to to the liberal ideas in which the existing it liimself all the attention which he could generation has been bred, and which can have wished; but the French territory never retrograde. With the princes of was threatened. The national character, that family, we should have seen, as in. which essentially rejects every idea of deed we are menaced, with the re-appear. conquest, should have been a sufficient ance of all the cruel absurdities of feudal guarantee to all the powers of Europe government, and the degrading slavery of against the invasion which they seem so the monastic system. In the mean time, much to fear at present; but that fear is it is to re-establish all these institutions, only a vain pretext to cover their ambi. that they invite the foreigner into our fine tion. That ambition is suficiently deeountry: but we will never thus abandon monstrated by the senseless declarations st; we will rally around the Emperor, the l of the Congress of Vienna, by the assene

« PreviousContinue »