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East India, Auditor of {JULY 26, 1875} Accounts, &c. [Superannuations] 82 the attention of the Lord Advocate and himself during the Recess.

GENERAL SIR GEORGE BALFOUR also advocated the withdrawal of the


Bill withdrawn.

Order for Second Reading read, and opposition for the present, and to contest the proposals of the Government on discharged. the separate clauses of the Bill, and to this way he was quite prepared to give his cordial aid to his hon. Friend (Mr. Ramsay) in every stage of the Bill which was partial in its reforms, instead of being general for all Scotland.

MR. CAMPBELL - BANNERMAN Order for Consideration, as amended, time of the Government was to oppose suggested that the best way to save the read, and discharged. Bills when they were introduced. Bill withdrawn.



(Mr. Raikes, Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer,
Mr. William Henry Smith.)




Order for Committee read.

Motion made, and Question proposed, "That Mr. Speaker do now leave the


MR. RAMSAY in moving that the House go into Committee that day three months said, that the right hon. and learned Lord Advocate had said that the

Amendment proposed, to leave out from the word "That" to the end of the Question, in order to add the words "this House will, upon this day three months, resolve itself into the said Committee," (Mr. Ramsay,)-instead thereof.


Question put,
That the words pro-
posed to be left out stand part of the

MR. ASSHETON CROSS_hoped the House would permit the Bill to be brought in. He admitted the judicial system of Scotland required revision, and said that the subject would engage

The House divided :-Ayes 57; Noes 29: Majority 28.

Main Question proposed, "That Mr. Speaker do now leave the Chair."

Debate arising.

Motion made, and Question, "That the Debate be now adjourned,"-(Mr. Stacpoole,)-put, and negatived.

object of the Government was to enable an additional Sheriff substitute to be appointed by Glasgow. No person was more sensible than he of the need there was in Glasgow for more judicial power, but he would remind the House that the application by Glasgow for a stipendiary magistrate had been refused by the Home Secretary. In other parts of the country there were Sheriffs substitute who had nothing to do, and he thought one of these should be employed, so that instead of increasing the expenses

they should go towards economy. He EAST INDIA, AUDITOR OF ACCOUNTS, would move the postponement of the Committee.


Main Question, "That Mr. Speaker do now leave the Chair," put, and agreed to.

Matter considered in Committee.
(In the Committee.)

Resolved, That it is expedient to authorise the payment, out of the Consolidated Fund of the United Kingdom, of the Salaries of certain additional Sheriffs Substitute in Scotland.

Resolution to be reported To-morrow, at Two of the clock.


Considered in Committee.
(In the Committee.)

it is expedient to authorise the payment, out of
Motion made, and Question proposed, "That
the Revenues of India, of a Superannuation or
Pension to any person who has held the office
of Auditor of Indian Accounts, and to certain
Clerks and Officers on the Establishment of the
Secretary of State for India."

Motion, by leave, withdrawn.

Resolved, That it is expedient to amend the Law relating to the appointment of certain persons who entered the employment of the Home Government of India before the thirtyfirst day of December one thousand eight hundred and seventy-four.

Resolution to be reported To-morrow, at Two of the clock.


On Motion of Mr. Secretary CROSS, Bill to amend the Act of the twenty-ninth and thirtieth years of Her Majesty, chapter one hundred and eleven, relating to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England, ordered to brought in by Mr. Secretary CROSS, Sir HENRY SELWINIBBETSON, and Mr. CUBITT.

Bill presented, and read the first time. [Bill 266.]



Bill to amend the Act of the twenty-first year
of the reign of King George the Third, chapter
forty-nine, intituled, "An Act for preventing
certain Abuses and Profanations of the Lord's
Day called Sunday," and for further amending
the Law concerning the Remission of Penalties,
ordered to be brought in by Sir HENRY SELWIN-
IBBETSON and Mr. Secretary CROSS.

Bill presented, and read the first time. [Bill 267.]

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Report-Pharmacy* (209).
Third Reading-Washington Treaty (Claims
Distribution)* (216) and passed.

THE EARL OF AIRLIE said, that having been absent at the second reading of the Bill he would, with the permission of the House, now offer a few observations in regard to it. To its general principles he yielded a full assent, but from some of its details he was obliged to disagree. In the first place, he might say that he thought it very reasonable that the age at which a young man should be empowered to join in cutting off an entail should be reduced from 25 to 21, because he considered that he was quite able at that age to form a judgment on this as well as upon other questions. He thought, however, that the provisions made for the purpose of charging the estate by the life tenant went a little too far; whereas in other respects the Bill did not go far enough. They were giving enormous powers of charging the estate, which might in some cases amount to 11 years' purchase. He thought that if they gave the life tenant a power to charge the estate so largely, they ought also to give to the heir considerable borrowing powers towards the costs of improvements. With that view he should propose some Amendments in Committee.


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He thought this term very vague, and that it would not be easy to determine what improvements were beneficial to the permanent value.

THE LORD CHANCELLOR thought that there could be no injustice in charging the estate with the cost of substantial improvements, seeing that any large expenditure on the mansion-house, for example, would be for the enjoyment of

(The Lord Chancellor.)

Order of the Day for the House to be the person who ultimately came into the put into a Committee, read.

whole estate.

Moved, "That the House do now go into Committee."

THE DUKE OF BUCCLEUGH said, that for that very reason, he could not

see the justice of charging the cost to the whole of the estate.

THE EARL OF AIRLIE also said it would operate very unjustly to relatives having charges on the whole estate that there should be a charge placed upon it for the improvement of the mansion.

LORD NAPIER AND ETTRICK thought it was very desirable that a distinction should be made between improvements which were temporary and those which were permanent.

THE LORD CHANCELLOR proposed to insert in the first sub-section words to meet the objection of noble Lords by adding after the words "beneficial to the estate," the words "as at the date of the application to the extent of at least the sum authorized to be borrowed."

Amendment agreed to; words added. THE EARL OF AIRLIE moved, at the end of the Clause, to add

("Provided also, that nothing in this Act shall authorize any heir of entail to charge the entailed estate with money expended on any improvement which may have been executed more than twenty years before the application for authority to charge the estate in respect of such improvement shall have been made to the court.")

Amendment agreed to; words added.
Clause, as amended, agreed to.

Clause 8 (Heir of entail with authority of the Court may grant bond over the estate; form and effect of bond.)

THE EARL OF CAMPERDOWN proposed to substitute for the power given by the Clause a power to the limited owner to grant a bond binding himself and heirs of entail to repay the loan by an annual rent for 25 years, payable half-yearly, and to be at the rate of £7 28. per annum for every £100 authorized to be borrowed. The noble Earl said it would be unjust to the remaindermen to allow the limited owner to charge upon them an improvement which he himself might have derived all the benefit of, and which might have been exhausted in his lifetime.

Amendment moved, in page 7, lines 3, 4, and 5, leave out

("the amount of the loan authorised by the court, by granting in favour of any creditor who may advance such amount") and insert (“a bond of annual rent, binding himself and his heirs of tailzie to make payment of an annual rent for twenty-five years from and after the

date of such authority of the court, or, where the money has been consigned as aforesaid, the date of consignation, such annual rent to be from and after the expiration of two years from payable by equal moieties half-yearly, and to be at the rate of seven pounds two shillings per annum for every one hundred pounds so authorised to be borrowed, and so in proportion for any greater or less sum; or, in the option of such heir in possession, and in lieu of such bond of annual rent, with ")

THE LORD CHANCELLOR said, it was of public policy that improvements should be made; and if the improvement was beneficial to the estate, there did not appear to be any injustice in charging it on the estate. It was really a question between the public and the estate rather than between the improver and his successor. The Scotch Members, on behalf of their constituents, had been so anxious that the Bill should pass, that they had agreed to forego Amendments, especially relating to these charges, in order that it might go up to their Lordships' House as quickly as possible. But the noble Earl's Amendment amounted almost to this-that nothing should be done.


LORD NAPIER AND ETTRICK opposed the Amendment and hoped the Government would stand by the proposals of the Bill which authorized the limited owner to charge the estate for the purpose of permanent improvements. The Bill seemed to him to be one of the greatest utility, its object being to place the limited owners of the entailed estates in Scotland in the same position as absolute owners in fee simple. There existed at the present moment urgent reasons why limited owners should be furnished with the means of doing their duty to the estate by enabling them to raise money on easy terms; and he firmly believed that no injury would result to the future heirs of entail. One of these reasons was to be found in the great increase which of late years had taken place in the cost of agricultural operations-of labour, of carriage, of manures, and, in short, of everything. It was also of the greatest importance that all permanent improvements should be done by the landlords, and particularly those which concerned the erection of dwellings for the labourers and farm buildings. One-third of the labouring population of Scotland still occupied dwellings of only one room, and another third of only two rooms. A further

reason was the new charges which modern legislation placed upon land. Under the Pollution of Rivers Bill[A noble LORD: That Bill is withdrawn] -yes; but it was to be introduced next Session in a more perfect form. There was not a cottage, a farmhouse, or a mansion in Scotland which did not, directly or indirectly, pour its sewage into the streams; and the cost of diversion probably in many cases would fall in great part upon the limited owner. Then as to farm buildings and offices, none would in these days be erected which would not stand from 60 to 100 years. England was full of farm buildings in tenantable condition more than a century old. The Bill was also valuable as it allowed money to be raised not only for buildings and improvements entirely agricultural, but for habitations for rural mechanics and other classes of inhabitants. Some of these improvements might not possibly be of a remunerative character; but if the heir were thus in some way injured, he would find consolation in the improvement which would be made in the dwellings of the people on his estate.

THE EARL OF ABERDEEN opposed the Amendment.

THE LORD CHANCELLOR pointed out that there was a wide difference between the old Scotch entails and the English entailed estates. The former were at one time absolutely inalienable estates; and as the Rutherford Act made provision for a gradual opening of these entails, it was a question for Parliament to consider whether it would not go further in the same direction.

Amendment agreed to.

Clause, as amended, agreed to.
Remaining clauses, agreed to.
Bill passed.

VISCOUNT CARDWELL said, the fact that the Bill had been passed through the other House without debate had been cited as a proof of its acceptableness to the Scotch Members; but surely this very circumstance imposed upon their Lordships the duty of carefully examining the provisions of the measure. In Scotland, he understood they had two modes of raising money on entailed estates-one like that adopted in England, with a sinking fund to extinguish the debt; and another by which, with the consent of the Court of Session, they might raise for a particular purpose a burden to be charged in perpetuity upon the estate, but only to the amount of two-thirds. Surely that was a most liberal power of raising money at the expense of the remainder-man. It was urged that this might be done for some useful public purpose, but the suggestion was quite a new one that they should endow the people of Scotland out of the funds of remainder-men. If the people of Scotland wished to be better housed do not let them throw the expense on a future generation for whom there was nobody to speak.

Lord Napier and Ettrick

received on Thursday next, and Bill to be The Report of the Amendments to be printed, as amended. (No. 237.)



EARL DE LA WARR, in rising to ask the Government whether they would be willing to re-consider the question of the withdrawal of the Merchant Shipping Bill, said, that great interest was felt in both Houses of Parliament on the subject to which it referred; nevertheless, they had been informed that it was one of those Bills which would have to be abandoned in consequence of there being no time to pass it in the present Session. The measure was one in which the general public had taken the greatest and deepest interest; and, though he was aware that the Government had introduced and carried through many measures of great importance this Session, there was no one of greater importance or interest to the country than the Merchant Shipping Bill. He trusted, therefore, that the Government would either be induced to re-consider their determination to withdraw the Bill, or to give an assurance to their Lordships that some temporary measure would be introduced this Session for the purpose of securing that safety to human life which the urgency of the case demanded; and would assure the country that the larger measure should be introduced and, if possible, passed next Session.

THE EARL OF MALMESBURY, in reply, said, that the Question which had been asked by the noble Earl had reference to an important subject. Her Majesty's Government had been obliged to withdraw the Merchant Shipping

Bill simply because it was found that | proceeding to sea which, either from deat this advanced period of the Session fective condition of hull, equipment, or it would be impossible to pass it. The loading, were deemed to be unseaworthy, Bill consisted of many clauses, and there and it was upon the policy of that Act were no fewer than 180 Amendments and on the same lines that the Bill of proposed upon it by Members on both Her Majesty's Government had prosides of the other House of Parliament. ceeded. The course which the GovernIt was with the deepest regret that Her ment had taken would, he feared, have Majesty's Government found themselves a most unfortunate influence upon the compelled to withdraw it. The course course of legislation in reference to the they had determined to take was to in- question of merchant shipping espetroduce a short Bill for the purpose of cially having regard to the interest felt conferring on the Board of Trade stronger by the working classes in this question. powers than it now possessed for stop- If it was not possible to pass the whole ping unseaworthy ships from proceeding Bill, the Government would have acted Next Session a Bill would be wisely by making an effort to pass those introduced at an early period to deal clauses only which dealt with the safety with the whole question, and, if possible, of life at sea. Not having taken this to place it on a permanent and satis- course, the Government might, he feared, factory foundation. be driven, owing to the lateness of the Session, into hasty, wild, and bad legis

to sea.

THE EARL OF BELMORE thought that, under the circumstances, the Go-lation upon a subject of the first imporvernment had taken the best possible tance, or else they would create a feeling course. The question was of pressing among the constituencies that the safety interest, and he hoped it would be dealt of the sailors had been neglected, which with in a satisfactory manner. England would only operate mischievously upon was not the only country from which the course of all future legislation in reships were sent to sea in an unfit state; ference to the subject. the practice extended to the Colonies, and he trusted that if a strong measure passed here for the prevention of the evil the example would be followed elsewhere. He hoped the Government would not be content with introducing measures to provide for the safety of life at sea, but would also endeavour to codify the whole of the existing laws relating to merchant shipping.

THE LORD CHANCELLOR said, he did not propose to follow the noble Lord in discussing a Bill which was not before their Lordships' House. As had been stated by his noble Friend the Lord Privy Seal, it was intended to introduce a short measure which would, he thought, command approbation for its general principles, and would, he hoped, prove efficacious in preventing the sailing of

After a few words from the Earl of unse LEITRIM,

LORD CARLINGFORD said, that the statement of the noble Earl the Lord Privy Seal was to some extent satisfactory; but it was impossible to deny that the whole question remained in a most unsatisfactory position owing to the course which Her Majesty's Government had seen fit to take. It was a misconception to suppose that the abandoned Merchant Shipping Bill was so important a measure as had been represented-it would not, in fact, have done more than a very little in the direction of rendering the lives of seamen more safe at sea than at present. It was also a misconception to suppose that nothing had already been done in this matter. The Act passed by the late Government in 1873 conferred upon the Board of Trade stringent powers to prevent ships from

seaworthy ships from British ports. The Bill which had been dropped was one of great magnitude, and raised questions about which much difference of opinion prevailed. When its progress was suspended there was a very large number of Amendments on the Paperhe had heard them stated at 180-so that a great deal of time would have been occupied in pushing the Bill through. No doubt its provisions were of very different degrees of importance, but they all required careful consideration, and it was in order to avoid hasty legislation that the Government had postponed the complete measure until next Session. In the meantime, he hoped that the necessities of the case would be provided for by the Bill which was about to be introduced.

House adjourned at a quarter past Seven o'clock, to Thursday next, Eleven o'clock,

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