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.26 May,

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St. Amand (French defeated by English). .8 May, 1793 | Hallo stormed by French.

17 Oct. 1806 Valenciennes (ditto)

.23 May, 26 July, Pultusk (French and Allies ; indecisive). .....26 Dec. Lincelles (Lake defeats French)......

18 Aug.

Mohrungen (French defeat Russ. and Bruss.).... 25 Jan. 1807 Dunkirk (duke of York defeated). 7, 8 Sept. Montevideo (taken)..

..3 Feb. Quesnoy (reduced by Austrians).

11 Sept.
Eylau (indecisive)..

7, 8 Feb. Pirmasens (Prussians defeat French). .14 Sept. Ostroleuka (French defeat Prussians).

..16 Feb. Wattignies (French defeat Coburg). ..14, 15, 16 Oct. Friedland (French defeat Russians)

.14 June, Toulon (relaken by British). French.

.... 19 Dec.
Buenos Ayres (Whitelock defeated)

.5 July, Cambray (French defeated)..

.....24 April, 1794 Copenhagen (bombarded by Cathcart). .2-5 Sept. Troisville, Landrecy (taken by Allies). ..30 April, Medina de Rio Seco (French defeat Spaniards)..15 July, 1809 Tourcoing (Moreau defeats Allies). orr.18-22 May, Baylen (Spaniards defeat French). .. .20 July, Espierres (taken by Allies).

.22 May, Howe's naval victory..

....1 June,

PENINSULAR CAMPAIGN BEGINS. Charleroi or Fleurus (French defeat Allies)..... 26 June, Vimiera (Wellesley defeats Junot)..

21 Aug. 1808 Misdon (Vendeans defeated).

.28 July, Tudela or Ebro (French defeat Spaniards). .23 Nov. Bois-le-Duc (duke of York defeated). ..14 Sept. Corunna (Moore defeals French)..

...16 Jan. 1809 Boxtel (dillo)...

.17 Sept.
Abenberg (Austrians defeated)..

. 20 April, Maciejowice (Poles defeated)..

..10 Oct.
Landshut (ditto)...

...21 April, Nimeguen (French victorious), 28 Oct.; (defeated). 4 May, Eckmühl (Davoust defeats Austrians). .22 April, Praga (Warsaw taken by Suwarrow).

. 4 Nov.

Ebersberg (French defeat Austrians). ...4 May, Bridport's victory of l'Orient, n... 22 June, 1795 Oporto (taken).......

. 29 March, 12 May, Quiberon (Emigrants defeated).

.21 July, Aspern

..20 Sept. Mannheim (taken by Pichegru).

Essling
(Napoleon defeated)..

.21, 22 May, Loano (French defeat Austrians).

23, 24 Nov.
Wagram (Austrians defeated).

.5, 6 July, Montenotte (Bonaparte victorious).

.. 12 April, 1796 Talavera Wellesley defeats Victor). .27, 28 July, Mondovi (diito).. 22 April, Silistria (Turles defeats Russians)..

26 Sept. Lodi (ditto)... . 10 May, Ocana (Mortier defeals Spaniards).

19 Nov. Altenkirchen (Austrians defeated).

.4 June, Busaco (Wellington repulses Massena) ..27 Sept. 1810 Radstadt (Moreau defeats Austrians).

.5 July,
Barrosa (Graham defeats Victor).

..5 March, 1811 Altenkirchen (Austrians victors).. ..16 Sept. Badajoz taken by the French)..

.11 March, Roveredo (French defeat Austrians).

..4 Sept. Fuentes de Onoro (Wellington defeats Massena) 3, 5 May, Bassano (ditto).. 8 Sept. Albuera (Beresford defeats Soult).

16 May, Biberach (ditlo).

....2 Oct.
Ximena (Spaniards defeat French).

10 Sept. Lonato and Castiglione (ditto)..

..13-5 Aug
Merida (Hill defeats French)..

.28 Oct. Neresheim (Moreau defeats archduke Charles)...10 Aug. Albufera (Suchel defeats Spaniards)

.4 Jan. 1812 Arcola (Bonaparte victorious).

14-17 Nov.
Ciudad Rodrigo (stormed by English)

..19 Jan. Castelnuovo (ditto)...

...21 Nov.
Badajoz (taken by Wellington)...

.6 April, Rivoli (ditto)... 14, 15 Jan. 1797 Llerena (Cotton defeats Soult).

11 April, Cape St. Vincent, n. (Spaniards defeated).. ...14 Feb.

Salamanca (Wellington defeats Marmont). .21 July, Tagliamento (Bonaparte defeats Austrians)....16 March,

Mohilow (French defeat Russians).

.23 July, Camperdown, n. (Duncan defeats Dutch).. ....11 Oct.

Polotzk (French and Russians).

30, 31 July,

Krasnoi, Smolensko (French defeat Russians).15, 19 Aug. IRISH REBELLION BEGINS.

..May, 1798 Moskwa Kilcullen (rebels successful). .23 May,

.7 Sept.

Borodino Naas (rebels defeated). ..24 May, Moscow (burned by Russians)..

15 Sept. Tara (rebels de sealed).

Polotzk (retaken by Russians).

19, 20 Oct. Oulart (rebels successful)..

.27 May,
Malo-Jaroslawatz (French victors).

24 Oct. Gorey or New Ross (rebels defeated).

..4 June,
Witepsk (French defeated)..

.14 Nov. Antrim (rebels defeated)....

.7 June,
Krasnoi (ditto)..

16-18 Nov. Arklow (rebels beaten). ,10 June, Beresina (ditto)...

.25-29 Nov. Ballynahinch (Nugent defeats rebels). .13 June, Kalitsch (Saxons defeated).

13 Feb. 1813 Vinegar Hill (Lake defeats rebels).

.21 June,
Möckern (Eugine defeats Russians).

..5 April, Castlebar (French auciliaries defeated).

.27 Aug.

Castalla (sir J. Murray defeats Suchet).. ..13 April, Ballinamuck (French and rebels defeatedy.

........8 Sept.
Lutzen (Napoleon checks Allies)..

.2 May,

Bautzen (Napoleon and Allies; indecisive)......20 May, Pyramids (Bonaparte defeats Mamelukes)....13, 21 July, 1798 Wurschen (ditlo)..

.21, 22 May, Nile, n. (Velson defeats French fleel).. ..1 Aug Hochkirchen (French d feat Aust. and Russ.)...22 May, El Arisch (French defeat Turks).. .18 Feb. 1799 Vittoria (Wellington defeats king Joseph),

.21 June, Jaffa (stormed by Bonaparte)...

.7–10 March,

Pyrenees (Wellington defeats Soull).. 28 July, 2 Aug. Stokach (Austrians defeat French). ..25 March, Katzbach (Blücher defeats Ney)..

. 26 Aug Verona (ditto).. 28-30 March, Dresden (Napoleon checks Allies).

26, 27 Aug. Maguano (Kray defeats French).. .5 April, St. Sebastian (stor med by Graham)..

..31 Aug. Mount Thabor (Bonaparte defeats Turks). .16 April, Dennewitz ( Vey defeated).

.6 Sept. Cassano (Suwarrow defeats Moreau).. 27 April, Möckern (French defeated)..

16 Oct. Adda (Suwarrow defeats French)..

.27 April,
Leipsic (Napoleon defeated).

.16-18 Oct. Seringapatam (Tippoo killed). .4 May, Hanau (Napoleon defeats Bavarians).

130 Oct. Acre (relieved by Sir Sydney Smith).

.20 May,

St.-Jean de Luz (Wellington defeats Soult)......10 Nov, Zurich (French defeated)...

.5 June,

Passage of the Nive, 9 Dec. ; several engagements beTrebia (Suwarrow defeals French). 17-19 June,

tween the Allies and French..

10 to 13 Dec. Alessandria (taken from French).

.21 July, ."
St.-Dizier, France (French victors).

26 Jan. 1814 Aboukir (Turks defeated by Bonaparte). .25 July, Brienne (Allies defeated)...

29 Jan. Novi (Suwarrow defeats French). 15 Aug. La Rothière ( Vapoleon defeats Allies).

1 Feb. Zuyper Sluys (French defeated)...

.9 Sept,
Bar-sur-Aube (Allies victors).

7 Feb. Bergen and Alkmaer (Aủies defeated). 19 Sept., 26 Oct.

Mincio (prince Eug ne defeats Austrians). .8 Feb. Zurich (Massena defeats Russians).

25 Sept.
Champ Aubert (French defeat Alies).

10-12 Feb. Heliopolis (Kleber defeats Turles), . 20 March, 1800 Montmirail (ditto)...

.11 Feb. Engen (Moreau defeats Austrians). .3 May, Tauchamp (ditto).

.14 Feb). Moeskirch (ditto). ..5 May, Fontainebleau (dilto).

17 Feb. Biberach (ditlo)... ...9 May, Montereau (ditto).

18 Feb. Montebello (Austrians defeated)..

.9 June,
Orthez (Wellington defeats Soult).

27 Feb. Marengo (Bonaparte defeats Austrians). 14 June, Craonne (French victors)..

.7 March, Hochstadt (Moreau defeats Austrians)

19 June,
Bergen-op-Zoom (Grahatm defeated).

.8 March, Hohenlinden (ditto)..

...3 Dec.
Laon (French defeated)..

.9-10 March, Mincio (French defeat Austrians).

26-27 Dec.

Rheims (Napoleon defeats St. Priest). 13 March, Aboukir (French defeated). . .8 March, 1801 Tarbes (Wellington defeats Soult).

.20 March, Alexandria (Abercrombie's victory)

21 March,

Fère Champenoise (French defeated).. .25 March, Copenhagen (bombarded by Nplson).. .2 April, St.- Dizier (French victors)..

.28 March, Ahmednuggur (Wellesley victorious). ..12 Aug. 1803 Paris, Montmartre, Roinainville (ditto).. .30 March Assaye (Wellesley's first great victory). ..... 23 Sept.

Battle of the Barriers, 30 March (Marmont petcuntes Argaum (Wellesley victor)..

.29 Nov.
Paris, and the Allies enter it)...

.31 March, Furruckabad (Lake defrats Holkar).. 17 Nov. 1804 Toulouse (Wellington defeats Soult)..

.10 April, Bhurtpore (tak:n by Lake)... ..2 April, 1805 Tolentino (Murat defeated).

.3 May, 1915 Elchingen (Ney defeats Austrians). .

14 Oct.
Ligny (Blücher repulsed).

16 June, Ulm surrenders (Ney defeats Austrians).. 17-20 Oct.

Quatre Bras (Ney repulsed).

.. 16 June, Trafalgar, n. (Nelson destroys French fleet; killed). 21 Oct.

Waterloo (Napoleon finally beaten).

18 June, Austerlitz (Napoleon defeats Austrians and Russ.). 2 Dec. Buenos Ayres (taken by Popham).

27 June, 1805 Maida (Stuart defeats French).

..4 July,
LAST WAR BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN,

AXD THE CREEK WAR.
Saalfeld (French defeat Prussians)..

.10 Oct. Anterstadt

War declared.

.19 June, 1812 Jena }(French defeat Prussians). ......... 14 Oct.

Fort Mackinac.

.17 July, “

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Brownstown
.5 Aug. 1812 Blue Mounds.

21 July, 1832 Maguaga..

.9 Aug.

Warrior, steamer (attack on)..
Essex and Alert, n..

. 13 Ang.
Bad Axe.

.2 Aug. Chicago...

..15 Aug

(See Black Hawle War.) Detro.t (surrendered).

.16 Aug Constitution and Guerrière, n..

19 Aug

SEMINOLE WAR.
Fort Harrison (defence of)..

4, 5 Sept.
Allachua Savannah..

19 Dec. 1835 Fort Madison (defence of).

.5, 6, 7, and 8 Sept. Davis's Creek.

11 Sept.
Micanopy..

... 20 Dec Gananoqui Village.

.21 Sept.

Dade's Battle-ground (now Fort Armstrong). .28 Dec. 13 Oct.

Withlacoochee Ford.. Queenstown Heights.

.31 Dec. 18 Oct.

Dunlawton.. Pimartain's Town..

18 Jan. 1836 Wasp and Frolic, n.

18 Oct.

Withlacoochee Ford (4 skirmishes). 27,28,29 Feb., 5 March,
St. Regis..

22 Oct.
Oloklikaha.

.31 March, United States and Macedonian, n..

25 Oct.
Cooper's Post (de fence of).

..-17 April, Fort Niagara.

21 Nov.
Thlonotosassa.

.27 April, Ponce Passu.

21, 22 Nov.
Micanopy..

.9 June, Black Rock,

29 Nov.
Welika Pond..

....9 July,
Constitution and Java, n..
.29 Dec. Ridgeley's Mill.

27 July, Frenchtown (taken by Americans)

18 Jan. 1813
Fort Drane.

.21 Aug
22 Jan.

San Velasco Hammock. River Raisin..

18 Sept. Elizabethtown.

1.7 Feb.
Wahoo Swamp

.17, 18, and 21 Nov.
.22 Feb.

Hatcheeluskie.. Ogdensburg

27 Jan. 1837 Hornet and Peacock, n. .24 Feb. Camp Monroe..

.8 Feb. York (Toronto)

.27 April,
Clear River.

9 Feb. Fort Meigs (besiegeul).

. May,
Mosquito Inlet.

.10 Sept. Fort George

.27 May,
Okechobee Lake...

25 Dec. Sackett's Harbor.

.29 May,
Waccassassa River.

.26 Dec. Chesapeake and Shannon, n..

.1 June,
Jupiter Creek

15 Jan. 1838 Stony Creek (Burlington Heights).

...6 June,
Jupiter Iulet..

24 Jan. Hampton (defence of).....

..13 June,
Newmansville..

.7 June, Craney Island,

.22 June,
Carloosahatchce.

23 July, 1839 Beaver Dams.

.24 June,
Fort King

.28 April, 1840 Fort George (near)

..8 July,
Levi's Prairie.

19 May, Black Rock.

11 July,
Wacahoota..

6 Sept. Fort George (defence of oul works).

.17 July,
Everglades (expedition into).

.3-24 Dec. Fort Stephenson.

.2 Aug
Micanopy.

28 Dec. Stonington..

..9, 10, 11 Aug.
Fort Brooko, near (two skirmishes).

2 March, 1841 .24 Aug

Hawe Creck... Fort George (defence of outworks).

25 Jan. 1842 Fort Mims..

.30 Aug.
Pilaklikaha Big Hammock.

. 19 April, Enterprise and Boxer, n..

.4 Sept.

(See Seminole War.) Battle of Lake Erie, n.

.10 Sept. Chathamn (skirmish).

...4 Oct.

MEXICAN WAR.
Thames...

..5 Oct.
Fort Brown (attack on)..

.3 May, 1846 Fort George (skirmishes near)..

..6 Oct.
Palo Alto..

.8 May, Chautauqua..

26 Oct.
Resaca de la Palma,.

..9 May, French Creek.

1, 2 Nov.
.3 Nov.

Monterey
Tallasahatchee.

. 21, 22, 23, and 24 Sept. Brazito

25 Dec. Talladega...

.9 Nov. 16
San Gabriel.

.8 Jan. 1847 Chrysler's Field. .

11 Nov.
The Mesa..

.9 Jan. Hillabee Towns.

18 Nov.
Encarnacion.

23 Jan. Auttose Towns.

.29 Nov.
Cañada

24 Jan. Fort Niagara

.19 Dec.
Buena Vista..

.22, 23 Feb. Schlosser.

19, 20 Dec.
Pass of Sacramento.

28 Feb. Econochaco.

23 Dec.

Vera Cruz (surrendered to the Americans). ..29 March,
Black Rock.

30 Dec.
Alvarado.

2 April, Emucfau...

22 Jan. 1814
Cerro Gordo..

18 April, Enotochopco Creek.

24 Jan.
Tuspan (surrendered).

.18 April, Camp Deliance.

.27 Jan.
Contreras..

.20 Aug Longwood.

.. 4 March,
Cherubusco...

. 20 Aug. Horseshoe Bend..

27 March,
El Molino del Rey.

.8 Sept. Essex and Phæbe, n

.28 March,
Chapultepec...

12-14 Sept. la Colle Mills.

.30 March,
City of Mexico (laken).

14 Sept. Fort Oswego.

4, 5 May,

Puebla (Americuns besieged 28 days). .Sept. and Oct.
Sandy Creek..

..30 May,
Huamantla..

.9 Oct. Odelitown.

28 June,
Atlixco..

18 Oct. Fort Erie

.3 July, Chippewa Plains.

.5 July,

(See Merican War.) Point an Play.

.16 July, Champlain. 18, 19 July, Algiers (bombarded by Exmouth).

.27 Aug. 1816 Rock River. 19 July, Chacabuco (Chilians defeat Spaniards).

12 Feb. 1817 Niagara Falls (Lundy's Lane). 25 July, Kirkee (Hastings defeats Pindarrees)..

.5 Nov. Schojeoquady Creek.

13 Aug
Meladpore (Hislop defeats llolkar).

,21 Dec. Fort Mackinac.

.4 Aug.
Valtezza (Turks defeated).....

27 May, 1821 Fort Erie (bombarded). 13-15 Aug Dragaschan (Ipsilanti ile feated).

.19 June Fort Erie (assault on garrison)..

15 Aug
Tripolitza (stormed by Greeks)..

.5 Oct. Bladeusburg ..

.24 Aug
Thermopylæ (Greeks defeat Turks)..

13 July, 1822 Moor's Fields (Md.)

30 Aug
Corinth (laken).

16 Sept. White House (la).

1-6 Sept. Accra (Ashantees defeat sir C. Macarthy). .21 Jan. 1824 Plattsburg

11 Sept.
Ayacucho (Peruvians defeat Spaniards).

..9 Dec.
North Point (Baltimore).
12 Sept. Bhurtpore (taken by Combermere).

18 Jan. 1826 Fort McHenry (defence of) 13 Sept. Accra (Ashantees d feated)..

..7 Aug. Fort Bowyer...

15 Sept.
Athens (taken)...

.17 May, 1827 Fort Erie (sortie from). 17 Sept. Navarino (Allies destroy Turkish feel).

.20 Oct. Chippewa.. 15 Oct. Brahilov (Russians and Turks).

18 June, 1828 Lyon's Creek. 19 Oct. Akhalzikl (ditto)....

.24 Aug. Pensacola. .7 Nov. Varna (surrenders to Russians).

11 Oct. Villeré's Plantation (New Orleans). 23 Dec. Silistria (ditto)...

30 June, 1829 Chalmette's Plantation (New Orleans). .24 Dec. Kainly (Russians defeat Turks).

1 July, Rodriguez's Canal (New Orleans).. 1 Jan. 1815 Balkan ( passed by Russians).

26 July, New Orleans (British repulsed).. .8-13 Jan. Adrianople (Russians enter)...

20 Aug Fort St. Philip (efence of).. .9-18 Jan. Algiers (captured by French)..

.5 July, 1830 Point Petre (Ga.)..... 13 Jan. Paris (Days of July).

.27, 28, 29 July, Constitution, Cyane, and Levant, n . 20 Feb. Grochow (Poles defeat Russians).

.19, 20 Feb. 1831 Praga (Poles defeat Russians)...

.25 Feb. BLACK HAWK WAR --MISSISSIPPI WAR.

Wawz (Skrzynecki dr feats Russians). .31 March, Stillman's Volunteers (defeat, Rock River). ... 14 May, 1832 Seidlice (Poles defeal Russians).

10 April Pickatolica River...

15 June,
Ostrolenka (dilto)..

26 May
Kellogg's Grove (two skirmishes).
16 June, Wilna (Poles and Russians).

.18 June Galena.. 18 Jume, Warsaw (taken by Russians).

.7 Sept Kellogg's Grove.

24 June,
Homs (Egyptians defeat Turks).

..8 July, 1832

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Beylan (Ibrahim defeats Turks)..
29 July, 1832 Kooneh (ditto)...

.11 May, 1858 Konieh (Egyptians defeat Turks). 21 Dec. Gwalior (ditlo).

.17 June, Antwerp (citadel taken by Allies).

.23 Dec. Bajghur (Mitchell defeats Tantia Topee). ...15 Sept. Hernani (Carlisls defeated).

..5 May, 1836 Dhoodea Khera (Clyde defeats Beni Mahdo).. .24 Nov. St. Sebastian (ditto)...

..1 Oct. Gen. Horsford defeats the Begum of Oude and Nana Bilbao (siege raised; British Legion).

24 Dec.
Sahib.

10 Feb. 1859 Hernani (Carlists repulsed)...

.16 March, 1837 Irun (British Legion defeats Carlists)..

17 May,

ITALIAN WAR. (See Italy.)
Valentia (Carlists attacked)...

..,15 July,
Austrians cross the Ticino...

.27 April, 1859 Herera (Don Carlos defeats Buereno).

.24 Aug.
French troops enter Piedmont

..May,
Constantina, Algiers (taken by French).

13 Oct.
Montebello (Allies victorious)..

20 May, St. Eustace (Canadian rebels defeated).

.14 Dec.
Palestro (olitto)....

30, 31 May,
.22 June, 1838 Magenta (ditto).. ::
Peñacerrada (Carlisls defeated)...

. 4 June, Prescott (Canadian rebels defeated).

17 Nov.
Malegnano (ditto).

.8 June, Aden (talcen)...

19 Jan. 1839
Solferino (ditto)...

24 June, Ghiznee (taken by Keane).

23 July,

(Armistice agreed to, 6 July, 1859.) Sidon (taken by Napier)......

.27 Sept. 1840 Beyrout (Auies defeat Egyptians).

..10 Oct.

Taku, at the mouth of the Peiho or Tien-lsin-ho (Eng. AFGHAN WAR, see India.

lish attack on the Chinese forts defeated)...

....,25 June, 1859 Acre (stormed by Allies)..

.3 Nov.
Taku forts taken (see China)..

.21 Aug. 1860 Kotriah, Scinde (English victors)..

....1 Dec.

Chang-kia-wan, 18 Sept.; and Pa-li-chiau (Chinese defeatChuen-pe (English victors)...

.7 Jan. 1841
ed)...

.21 Sept. Canton (English take Bogue forts).

26 Feb. Amoy (taken)..

.27 Aug.
Castillejo (Spaniards defeat Moors). .

.1 Jan. 1860 Chin-hae, etc. (taken).

.10, 13 Oct.
Tetuan (ditto)..

..4 Feb. Candahar (Afghans defeated)..

. 10 March, 1842
Guad-el Ras (dillo)..

23 March, Ningpo (Chinese defeated).

.10 March, Jellalabad (Khyber Pass forced).

.5, 6 April,
21 July,

Calatifimi (Garibaldi defeats Neapolitans).
Chin-keang (taken)...

.15 May, 1860 6 Sept.

Melazzo (ditto)... Ghiznee (Afghans defeated by Nott)..

. 20, 21 July, Meeanee (Napier defeats Ameers).

17 Feb. 1843 | Castel Fidardo (Sardinians defeat Papal troops). 18 Sept.

Volturno (Garibaldi defeats Neapolitans).. 1 Oct. Maharajpoor (Gough defrats Mahrattas). 29 Dec.

17 Oct.

Isernia (Sardinians defeat Neapolitans).. Isly (French defeat Abd-el-Kader).

14 Aug. 1844 Moodkee (Hardinge defeats Sikhs)..

.18 Dec. 1845 Garigliano (Sardinians defeat Neapolitans). .3 Nov.

Sardinians defeat Neapolitan reactionists... 22 Jan. 1861 Ferozeshah (ditto)...

.21, 22 Dec.

Gaeta taken by the Sardinians. ... Aliwal (Smith defeats Sikhs)..

28 Jan. 1846 Sobraon (Gough defeats Sikhs).

.10 Feb. St. Ubes (Portugal)..

.9 May,

Insurrection in New Zealand; English repulsed,
Flensborg (Danes defeat rebels)..

.9 April, 1848
14, 28 March; 27 June; 10, 19 Sept. ; 9, 12 Oct. 1860

.6 Nov.

Maohetia (Maories defeated)... Dannawerke (Prussians defeat Danes).

.23 April, Curtatone (Austrians defeat Italians).

.29 May, Custozza (ditto)...

23 July,

AMERICAN CIVIL WAR. * Velencze Croats and Hungarians)...

.29 Sept. Fort Sumter, S.C. (fired upon by Confederates), 12 April; Mooltan (Silchs repulsed)....

..7 Nov.
surrendered.

13 April, 1861 Chilianwallah (Gough defeats Sikhs). .13 Jan. 1849 Big Bethel, Va.

.10 June, Goojerat (dilto).. 21Feb). Booneville, Mo..

17 June, Gran (Hungarians victors)..

.27 Feb.
Carthage, Mo....

5 July, Novara (Radetzky defeats Sardinians). 23 March, Rich Mountain, W.Va..

.11 July, Velletri (Roman Republicans defeat Neapolitans). 19 May, Bull Run, Va...

,21 July, Pered (Russians defeat Hungarians)... 21 June, Wilson's Creek, Mo...

...10 Aug. Acs (Hungarians repulsed)..

.2 and 10 July, Hatteras expedition (capture of Forts Hatteras and Clark, Waitzen (taken by Russians). 17 July, N.C.).

26-30 Aug. Schässberg (Russians defeat Bem).. 31 July, Carnifex Ferry, Va..

...10 Sept. Temeswar (Haynau defeats Hungarians).

..10 Aug. Lexington, Mo. (taken by Confederales). .20 Sept. Idstedt (Danes defeat Holsteiners)... . 25 July, 1850 Santa Rosa Island..

.9 Oct. Nankin taken by Imperialists. .19 July, 1853 Ball's Bluff, Va...

.21 Oct. Port Royal expedition (capture of Hiti Head, S. C.),

29 Oct. -7 Nov. RUSSO-TURKISHI WAR.

.7 Nov. Oltenitza (Turks repulse Russians).

Middle Creek, Ky.

10 Jan. 1862 Sinope, n. (Turkish fleet destroyed) .30 Nov.

..19 Jan.

Mill Spring, Ky.... Citate (Turks defeat Russians).. .6 Jan. 1854

..6 Feb.

Fort Henry, Tenn. (captured by Foote).
Silistria (ditto)...

13-15 June,
Roanoke Island, N.C...,

.7, 8 Feb. 7 July, Giurgevo (dilto)..

Fort Donelson (surrendered to Grant).. .. 16 Feb. Bayazid (Russians defeat Turks).

.29, 30 July, Kuruk-Derek (ditto)..

21 Feb. Valverde, N. M. .20 Sept.

Pea Ridge, Ark.. Alma (English and French defeat Russians).

.7, 8 March, Balaklava (ditto)..

.25 Oct.

Hampton Roads, Va. (Monitor and Virginia)....9 March, .5 Nov.

Pittsburg Landing, Tenn... Inkermann (ditto)...

.6, 7 April, 17 Feb. ,1855

Island No. 10 (surrendered to Pope with 6000 prisoners), Eupatoria Turks defeat .

7 April,

New Orleans, I a. (captured by the Nationals).... 25 April, bats)...

... 22, 23, 24 May,
7 June,

Williamsburg, Va...
Capture of the Mamelon, etc..

Norfolk surrendered. Unsuccessful attempt on Malakhoff tower, and Redan

1.18 June,

Winchester, Va. (Allies and Russians)..

Hanover Court-house, Va..

27 May, Tchernaya or Bridge of Traktir (Allies defeat Russigns),

Corinth..

.30 May, 19 Aug.

Seven Pines and Fair Oaks, Va.. .31 May, 1 June,

.8 Sept. Malakhoff taken by the French. Ingour (Turks defeat Russians).

.6 Nor.

Memphis, Tenn. (captured by the Nationals)......6 June,

Cross Keys and Port Republic, Va... ...8, 9 June, Baždar (French defeat Russians).

8 Dec.

Mechanicsville, Cold Harbor, Savage's Station, Frazier's

Farm, and Malvern Hill, Va. (the seven days' battles), PERSIAN WAR.

26 June-1 July, Bushire (English defeal Persians). 10 Dec. 1856 Baton Rouge, La...

.5 Aug. Kooshab (ditto).... ..8 Feb. 1857 Cedar Mountain, Va..,

......9 Aug Mohammerah (dilto).

.26 March,
Bull Run, Va. (second battle).

.29 and 30 Aug. South Mountain, Md..

..14 Sept. INDIAN MUTINY. (See India.)

Harper's Ferry (surrendered with 10,000 national prison. Conflicts before Delhi..30.31 May; 8 June; 4,9,18,23 July, 1857

ers)...

15 Sept. Victories of General Havelock near Futtehpore, 11 July; Antietam, Md..

16 and 17 Sept. Cawnpore, etc.. 12 July-16 Aug. Iuka, Miss,

19, 20 Sept. 15 Aug Pandoo Nuddee (rictory of Veill)...

Corinth, Miss.

3-5 Oct. Nujutlghur (death of Nicholson, rictor).. J...25 Aug. Perryville, Ky.

.8 Oct. Assault and capture of Delhi... .14-20 Sept. Prairie Grove, Ark.

.7 Dec. Conflicts before Lucknow.. 25, 26 Sept. ; 18, 25 Nov. Fredericksburg, Va..

.13 Dec. Victories of Col. Greathed...

27 Sept. ; 10 Oct. Holly Springs, Miss. (captured by Van Dorn)..... 20 Dec. Cawnpore (victory of Campbell). .6 Dec. Chickasaw Bayou, Miss..

.27-29 Dec. Futteghur (ditto)

.. 2 Jan. 1858 Stone River, Murfreesborough, Tenn. 31 Dec. 1862-2 Jan. 1863 Calpi (victory of Inglis)..

..4 Feb. Arkansas Post, Ark. (captured by McClernand)....11 Jan. Alumbagh (victories of Outram).. .12 Jan, and 21 Feb. Conflicts at Lucknow (taken)..

.14–19 March, * There were many smaller conflicts, of which the accounts Jhansi (Rose victorious).....

.., 4 April, were very uncertain.

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Raid by Grierson (in Mississippi), Stoneman (in Firginia), Neubrunn, Helmstädt, Gerchsheim..

.25 July, 1866 and Streight (in Northern Georgia, terminating in Rossbrunn, Würzburg, Baireuth.

.28 July, Streight's defeat and capture)... .11 April-5 May, 1863 Port Gibson, Miss... ...1 May, Monte Rotondo (Garibaldians victor's).

27 Oct. 1867 Chancellorsville, Va... .2-4 May, Mentana (Garibaldi defeated).

.3 Nov. Raymond, Miss

..12 May,

Arogee or Fahla (Abyssinians defeated). ...10 April, 1868 Jackson, Miss..

.14 May,
Magdala stormed ..

13 April, Champion Hill, Miss.

.16 May, Russians defeat Bokharians and occupy Samarcand, Big Black, Miss... .17 May,

25 May, Vicksburg (two unsuccessful assaults). .19, 22 May, Alcolea (Spanish royalists defeated).. 27, 28 Sept. Port Hudson (assault repulsed)...

..27 May, Villeta (Lopez defeated by Brazilians), etc. 11 Dec. Hanover Junction, Va.

..30 June,
Lopez defeated..

.12, 16, 18, 21 Aug. 1869 Gettysburg, Pa...

.1-3 July,

Aquidaban (Lopez defeated and killed) .1 March, 1870 Vicksburg, Miss. (surrendered to Grant).

.....4 July, Port Hudson, La. (surrendered to Banks).... ..9 July,

FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR (which see). Fort Wagner, S. C. (assaults repulsed; captured 6 Sept.)

10-18 July,

Saarbrück, taken by the French, and Prussians repulsed, Morgan's raid, Ky., Ind., and 0. (terminating in Mor

2 Aug. 1870 gan's defeat and capture)..

. 24 June-26 July,

Wissembourg (French defeated). .19, 20 Sept.

Wörth (ditto).. Chickamauga Creek, Ga....

..6 Aug Campbell's Station, Tenn... ..16 Nov. Saarbrück or Forbach (ditto).

.6 Aug. Courcelles or Pange (ditto)...

14 Aug Knoxville (besieged and unsuccessfully assaulted by Longstreet).. .17 Nov.-4 Dec. Strasburg (dilto)..

16 Aug. Lookout Mountain, Tenn...

.24 Nov.
Vionville or Mars-la-Tour (ditto).

..16 Aug Missionary Ridge, Tenn... 25 Nov. Gravelotte or Rézonville (ditto).

.18 Aug. Olustee, Fla... ,20 Feb. 1864 Beaumont (ditto).

.30 Aug. Sabine Cross-roads, La..

..8 April,
Carignan (ditto)

31 Aug Pleasant Hill, La...

.9 April,
Metz (ditto):

..31 Aug. Fort Pillow, Tenn. (capture and massacre)... ...12 April,

Sedan (ditto)

..31 Aug.. 1 Sept. Before Paris (French defeated)

.30 Sept. Wilderness, Va..... Spottsylvania Court house, Va.

5 Oct. .7, 12 May,

Thoury (Germans surprised and repulsed).
Petersburg, Va. (Butler's attack)..

6.10 May,
St. Rémy (French defeated).

...6 Oct, Resaca, Ga.....

.14, 15 May,
Before Metz (ditto).

...7 Oct. New Hope Church, Ga..

25 May,
Artenay (ditto)..

10 Oct. Cold Harbor, Va....

1-3 June,
Cherizy (Germans repulsed).

.10 Oct. Petersburg (Smith's attack).

.16 June,
Orleans (French defeated)..

.11 Oct. Weldon Railroad...

.14 Oct. 21, 22 June,

Ecouis (indecisive)
Kenesaw..

..27 June,
Châteaudun (French defeated)..

....18 Oct. Monocacy...

..9 July,

Coulmiers, near Orleans (Germans defeated)....9, 10 Nov. 20 July,

Near Amiens (French defeated). Peach-tree Creek..

27 Nov. Decatur, Ga..

22 July,

Villiers, before Paris (French retreat)....30 Nov., 2 Dec. 28 July,

Before Orleans (French defeated). Atlanta, Ga..

.4 Dec. Petersburg, Va. (mine explosion).

.30 July,
Beaugency (dilto)..

.7, 8 Dec. Jonesborough, Ga..

.31 Aug.-1 Sept.
Nuits (ditto)..

.18 Dec. Atlanta, Ga. (captured by Sherman).

.2 Sept.

Pont à Noyelles (French claim a victory). 23 Dec. Winchester, Va..

19 Sept.
Bapaume (indecisive)..

2, 3 Jan. Fisher's Hill, Va..

.22 Sept.
Le Mans (indecisive)

..6 Jan. Allatoona Pass, Ga.

..6 Oct. Le Mans (Chanzy defeated by prince Frederick Charles), Cedar Creek... ..19 Oct.

10-12 Jan. Hatcher's Run, Va...

27 Oct.
Belfort (Bourbaki defeated)..

15-17 Jan. Fort M'Allister, Ga...

..14 Dec.
St. Quentin (Faidherbe defeated)

...19 Jan. Nashville, Tenn. 15, 16 Dec. Paris (Trochu's grand sortie repulsed).

..19 Jan. Fort Fisher, N.C. (first attack)..

.25 Dec. Fort Fisher, N.C. (captured by Terry with 2400 prisoners Oroquieta (Carlists defeated)

..4 May, 1872 and 50 guns)..

.15 Jan. 1865 Elmina (Ashantees defeated by British) ...13 June, 1873 Hatcher's Run, Va..

5 Feb. Elgueta (Carlists said to be victorious). .5, 6 Aug Averysborough, N. C.

. 15 March,

Mañeru (Carlists and Republicans; indecisive)....6 Oct. Bentonville, N. C..... ..18 March, Abrakampra (Ashantees defeated)...

5, 6 Nov. Five Forks, Va... .31 March-1 April, Borborassie (ditto).

29 Jan, 1874 Petersburg, Va. (carried by assaull).. .2 April, Amoaful (ditto)..

.31 Jan. Mobile (national capture)...

..8-12 April,
Bocquah (ditto)

,1 Feb.

2 Feb. (For an account of many of the most important of these bat | Fommannah (ditto)..

4 Feb. tles, see Peninsular Campaign, Grant's Virginia Campaign, ordahsa (ditto). Atlanta Campaign, Red River Campaign, Vicksburg Cam

Before Bilbao (several days; Carlists retreat; Concha en. paign, and Sherman's March.)

ters Bilbao).

...2 May,

Estella (sharp conflicts; Carlists retreat; Concha killed), Oeversee (Danes and Allies).. .6 Feb. 1864

25, 27 June, Düppel (taken by the Prussians)..

,18 April,
Irun (Laserna defeats Carlists)...

..10 Nov. Alsen (ditto)...

29 June,

Sorota, Peru (Pierota and insurgents defeated). Rendsburg (ditto).

Near Tolosa (Carlists repulse Loma)..

.7, 8 Dec.

Khokand (Russians under Kaufman defeat the Khan's SOUTH AMERICAN WAR. (See Brazil.)

troops, etc.)....

.4, 21 Sept. 1875 Abyssinians defeat Egyptians.

...Oct. Santafuna (Allies de feat Paraguayans ; Uruguyana

Assake (Khokand chiefs defeated)

..30 Jan. 1876 taken)..

18 Sept. 1865
Servian war begins..

.1 July, Paso de la Patria (indecisive)..

25 Feb. 1866 Parana (Allies victors).

..16 April,

Saitschar (severe conflicts; Servians retreat)....2, 3 July,

Urbitza (Montenegrins defeat Turks)... .28 July, Estero Velhaco (ditto)

...2 May, Tuyuty (Allies defeated).

16, 18 July,

TURKISH Wars with Servia and Montenegro declared, Curupaïti (ditto).. .17, 19, 22 Sept.

2 July, Tuyuty (Allies victors)..

...30 Oct. Corumba (taken by Brazilians). 13 June, 1867 Zaicar, or Saitschar (Turks and Servians; indecisive),

3 July, Novi-Bazar (Turks said to be victors)..

.6 July, SEVEN WEEKS' WAR (Austria and Prussia),

Urbitza (Montenegrins victors)

..28 July, Custozza (Austrians defeat Italians). .24 June, 1866 Gurgusoratz (Turks victors)..

.5-7 Aug. Lissa, n. (ditto),.. 20 July, Medun (Montenegrins victors)..

7 or 14 Aug Prussian Victories (as inscribed on shield exhibited at Morava valley, near Alexinatz (serere conflicts, favorable Berlin, 30 Sept. 1866; see Prussia).

to Turks)...

19-27 Aug. Liebenau, Türnau, Podoll

.26 June,
Podgoritza (Montenegrins victors).

...26 Aug Nachod, Langensalza (which see), Osweicin, Hübnerwasser, Alexinatz (Turks rictors), 1, 2, 28, 29 Sept. ; captured, 27 June,

31 Oct. Münchengrätz, Soor, Trautenau, Skalitz. .28 June,

Peace between Turkey and Servia...

.1 March, 1877 Gitschin, Königinhof, Jaromier, Schweinschädel,

29 June, Russo-TURKISH WAR (which see), began.. ..24 April, Koniggrätz or Sadowa...

.3 July,
Tahir (Turks defeated)

16 June Dermbach, 4 July; Hüpfeld..

...5 July, Nicopolis (stormed by Russians; severe fights), 15, 16 July, Waldaschach, Hausen, Hammelburg, Friedericshall, Kis- Plevna (Russians defeated).......19, 20, and 30, 31 July, singen...

......10 July,
Kurukdara or Kizil Tepe (ditlo). ..

.24, 25 Aug Laufich, 13 July; Aschaffenburg.. 14 July, Valley of Lom (ditto).

22-24 Aug. Tobitschau, 15 July; Blumenau, 22 July; Hof... 23 July, Shipka Pass (dreadful conflicts, Turks under Suleiman Tauber-Bischofsheim, Werbach, Hochhausen.... 24 July, repulsed)...

,20-27 Aug

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4 July,

Karahassankoi, etc., on the Lom (severe; Russians re- The king announces his intention of joining Prussia in treat).. .30 Aug. 1877 the war with France..

about 20 July, 1870 Lovatz or Luftcha (taken by Russians).

,3 Sept. The Bavarian contingent highly distinguishes itself in Plevna (held by Osman Pacha; severe conflicts, Russians the war; Otho, duke of Bavaria, ķilled near Beglie, defealed)... .11, 12 Sept.

27 Jan. 1871 Shipka Pass (Suleiman defeated).

....17 Sept. President of council, and foreign minister, A. de PfretzNear Kars (Russians defeated)..

...2-4 Oct.

schner... Aladja Dagh, near Kars (Turks under Mukhtar totally de

(See Franco-Prussian War.) feated)

14, 15 Oct.

The king, in a letter to the king of Saxony, proposes that Deve-Boyun, Armenia (Turks under Mukhtar defeated the king of Prussia should be made emperor of Gerafter 9 hours' fighting).

.4 Nov.
many.

.. about 5 Dec. Azizi, near Erzeroum (Russians defeated). .9 Nov.

Dr. Döllinger excommunicated for opposing papal infalKars taken by storm by Russians,

.17, 18 Nov.

libility, 18 April; elected rector of the university of Elena (taken by Turks after sharp conflict)., ....4 Dec.

Munich

..29 July, Plevna (Osman Pacha endeavors to break out; totally de- Government protests against papal infallibility (see Ger. feated; surrenders unconditionally).. ..9, 10 Dec.

many).

27 Sept. Senova in the Balkans (Turks defeated) .9, 10 Jan. 1878 “Old Catholic church opened at Munich..end of Sept. Near Philippopolis (ditto)...

.14, 15 Jan.

The king charges l'on Gasser to form an Ultramontane

ministry, opposed to German unity, 3 Sept.; he fails, AFGHAN WAR. (See Afghanistan.)

Sept. 1872 Ali Musjid (captured by British).

22 Nor. 1878 Queen dowager, Mary of Prussia, received into the CathPeiwar Pass (victory of gen. Roberts)

2 Dec.
olic Church..

..12 Oct. 1874 Futtehabad (victory of gen. Gough)..

.2 April, 1879 New Ultramontane party ("popular Catholic”) formed, Char-aseab (Afghans defeated). ...6 Oct.

6 March, 1877 Severe fighting near Cabul..

.Dec. 1879-April, 1880 International exhibition at Munich opened......19 July, 1879 Ahmed Khel (Stewart defeats Afghans). .19-23 April, Seventh centenary of foundation of the dynasty (Otto Kuschki-Nakhud or Maiwand (Ayoob Khan defeats Bur- of Wittelsbach inade duke by Frederick Barbarossa), rows) .27 July,

25 Aug. 1880 Mazra or Baba Wali (Roberts totally defeats Ayoob Khan),

1 Sept.

1071. Guelf I., an illustrious warrior. ZULU WAR. (See Zululand.)

1101. Guelf II. ; son; married the countess Matilda, 1089. Isandula (British surprised and defeated).. 22 Jan. 1879 1120. Henry the Black; brother. Rorke's Drift (successfully defended by British). ,

1126. Henry the Proud; son. (He competed with Conrad of Ulundi (Cetewayo totally defeated by lord Chelmsford),

Hohenstaufen for the empire, failed, and was deprived

of Bavaria.) CHILIAN AND PERUVIAN WAR. (See Chili.)

1138. Leopold, margrave of Austria; died 1142. Iquique (Chilians defeat Peruvians)

Nov. 1879 1142. Henry of Austria; brother; died 1177. Choukos and Miraflores (dillo)..

.17 Jan. 1881 1154. Henry the Lion (son of Henry the Proud), ancestor of

the Brunswick family, restored by the emperor FredRUSSIAN WAR.

erick Barbarossa, but expelled by him 1180 (sec BrunsGeok or Denghli Tepé (Russians and Turkomans ; inde

wick); died 1195. cisive).

.9 Sept. 1879

1180. Otho, count of Wittelsbach, made duke; died 1183. Geok Tepé (besieged by Russians; severe conflicts), 24 Dec.

1183. Louis; son. 1880; 4, 9, 10 Jan. 1881; taken

..24 Jan. 1881

1231. Otho II., the Illustrious; son; gained the palatinate;

assassinated 1231. TRANSVAAL WAR.

1253. Louis II., the Severe; son; died 1294. Laing's Nek (British defeated)..

28 Jan. 1881

1294. Louis III. ; son (without the palatinate) emperor; died

1347. Ingogo River (ditto)..

...8 Feb.

1347. Stephen I.; son; died 1375. Majuba Hill (ditto)..

..27 Feb.

1375. John; brother; died 1397.
(For numerous small conflicts and skirmishes, see Franco- 1397. Ernest; brother; died 1438.

Prussian War, Herzegovina, Russo-Turkish Wars, Spain, 1438. Albert I.; son; died 1460.
Sumatra, Turkey, United States, Kaffirs, Egypt, Zululand, 1460. John II. and Sigismund; sons; resigned to
Basutoland, Chili, etc.; and, for details of important en: 1465. Albert II. ; brother; died 1508.
gagements, see separate articles.)

1508. William I. ; son; opposed the Reformation, 1522; died

1550. Batum, see Batoum.

1550. Albert III. ; son; died 1573. Baugé, see Anjou.

1579. William II. ; son; abdicated 1596; died 1626. Bautzen, a town in Saxony, near which desperate 1596. Maximilian the Great; son; the arst Elector of Bava

ria, 25 Feb. 1023; the palatinate restored, 1648; died battles were fought 20, 21, and 22 May, 1813, between 27 Sept. 1651. the French, commanded by Napoleon, and the allies in- 1651. Ferdinand Mary; died 26 May, 1679. der the emperor of Russia and the king of Prussia. The 1679. Maximilian Emanuel; son; allies with France, 1702; struggle commenced on the 19th, with a contest on the

defeated at Blenheim, 1704; restored to his domin

ions, 1714; died 26 Feb. 1726. outposts, which cost each army a loss of above 2000 men. 1726. Charles Albert; son; elected emperor, 1742; defeated, On the 20th (at Bautzen) the French were more suc

1744; died 20 Jan. 1745. cessful; and on the 21st (at Wurschen) the allies were

1745. Maximilian Joseph I.; son; as elector; died 30 Dec.

1777; end of younger line of Wittelsbach. compelled to retire; but Napoleon obtained no perma- 1778. Charles Theodore (the elector palatine of the Rhine since nent advantage. Duroc was killed at Reichenbach by a 1743). The French take Munich; he treats with them, cannon-ball, on 22 May

1796; died 1799.

1799. Maximilian Joseph II. ; elector; territories changed by Bavaria (part of ancient Noricum and Vindelicia), treaty of Luneville, 1801; enlarged when made king, a kingdom in S. Germany, conquered from the Celtic

by treaty of Presburg, Dec. 1805. Gauls (Boii) by the Franks between 630 and 660. The

KINGS OF BAVARIA. country was afterwards governed by dukes subject to 1805. Maximilian Joseph I. He deserted Napoleon, and had the French monarchs. Tasillon II. was deposed by bis enlarged territories confirmed to him, Oct. 1813; Charlemagne, who established margraves iu 788. The

grants a constitutional charter, 22 Aug. 1818; died 13

Oct. 1825. margrave Leopold, 895, father of Arnulph the Bad, is 1825. Louis I., 13 Oct.; abdicated 21 March, 1848;* died 29 styled the first duke. Bavaria was made a constitu

Feb. 1868. tional monarchy, 26 May, 1818. It joined the German 1848. Maximilian Joseph II. ; son; born 28 Nov. 1811; died 10 empire, 22 Nov. 1870. Population, 1 Dec. 1871, 4,863,450 ; 1864. Louis II. (son); born 25 Aug. 1845.

March, 1864. Dec. 1875, 5,022,390; see Munich.

Heir: his brother Otho, born 27 April, 1848. Bavaria supports Austria in the contest with Prussia,

June, 1866

Baveno, a village of Piedmont, on the Lago MagTook part in the war, and made peace with Prussia, giore. At a villa here queen Victoria resided from 28

22 Aug. March to 23 April, 1879. Population after cessions, 1866), 4,824,421. ., ..Dec. 1867 An international exhibition in a crystal palace opened

20 July, 1869 * The abdication of Charles Louis was mainly caused by his The chambers dissolved, as, through a party struggle, no attachment to an intriguing woman, known throughout Eupresident was elected.

.6 Oct. rope by the assumed name of Lola Montez; who, in the end, Resignation of the ministry, 25 Nov.; only partially ac- was expelled the kingdom for ber interference in state affairs, cepted by the king ..

.9 Dec. and afterwards led a wandering life. She delivered lectures Vote of want of condence in prince Hohenlobe the in London in 1859; thence proceeded to the United States; president, 12 Feb.; he resigns

.14 Feb. 1870 | and died at New York, 17 Jan. 1861.

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