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guard. The candidates who have resorted mind. With great impatience, therefore, 10 such means have always been found do they appear to have waited for the proamongst the most wicked of men; men, ducing of VR. WindM's Plan about the who, having, by a life of adultery or of army, a subject upon which they might, congambling, or of profligacy of some other sort, sistent with regular principles, differ widely ruined both their character and their for- in opinion, and dispute till a late hour in the tunes, have staked their last thousand upon morning. "The Plan itself was not before the an election, with the hope of thereby obtain- House on Friday Jast; but, there was a ing security from a jail, and of selling their clause brought to be introduced into the muvote for the means of future subsistence tiny act; and, as this clause contained a prodrawn from the sweat of the people at a bun- vision arising out of the proposed mode of dred-fold; and thus expecting to pocket the enlisting for term of years, it afforded an exprofit of the corrupt speculation, sneering at cellent opportunity for a “grand debate,” their bribed and perjured constituents, as upon which all the professional gentlemen Satan is said to have sneered at the repro- entered with as much eagerness and as much þate with whom he had bargained for his regularity and fairness as a main of cocks. soul. ---Far from you, Gentlemen, be cre- Mír. WINDIAM began, having Sir JAMES dulity so foolish! Far from you, disgrace so PULTENEY pitted against him. This in Sedeep, infamy so indelible ! Far from you, cretary of State and out General having so tlagrant a violation of the law, so daring a finished, the next pair that came on were an defiance of the justice and the power and the OUT Secretary of State (Mr. Charles Yorke) wrath of God! But, were it otherwise, and and an in General (Crauturd). And thus did I find in Honiton but as many righteous the combat was continued till a late hour in men as were found in Sodom and Gomor- the morning, when it was closed by the two rah, I would tender them my hand to lead champions, Messrs. Canning and Fox. them from the rest. Very different, how

But, after this, there succeeded a sort of crer, are my hopes; these hopes forbid me battle-royal, not without considerable conto believe it possible, that there should be, fusion, and with some marks of what an in. collected upon one spot, four hundred En- experienced spectator would have taken for glishmen, having the cycs of all England | real anger. This, however, ended in an upon them, who will not, by their votes, agreement to renew the combat on Monday freely and cordially given, sanction the great last, which was accordingly done ; but it was principle upon which I now stand ; and, in soon discovered, that the spectators came the these hopes, I will, if I bave life, do myself second time with very little curiosity, and the honour to incet you on the day of that the thing went off without having left election.

any interest in the public inind. There were In the mean while,

divisions both nights; but, as to the nambers I am, with great respect, either of the majority or the minority, it is

Gentlemen, of no use to be particular about them; it is Your most Inimble and mostobedient servant,

a circumstance with which the people are

W. COBBETT. fools if they trouble themselves; and it is 1st of June, 1906.

worth while to observe merely, that, even

upon these occasions, they were not present SUIMARY OF POLITICS. in the Horse more than one half of its mremUnder this head I have not time, at pre- ters!-- There was, as the news-papers tell sent, to say much; but there are two or us, a great deal said about wito were the fit. three subjects that I cannot refrain from just test people to le ministers; but; not a word touching upon.

that I have seen, about the immense power MILITARY AFFAIRS.-ME. WINDHAN'S that Mr. WINDHAM is placing, without my Plan has been discussel, in the shape of a check whatever, in the hands of the Crown; clause in the annual mutiny.bill. · What with not a word about the extreme danger that the weight of the taxes and the now openly- may arise from forming an army of 250,000 cunfessed abuses in the expenditure, the at- men, all the officers of which army are to tention of the public had been so mach en- be appointed by, and to be liable to be disgaged that the regular parties in the House missed and disgraced, at any moment, by of Commons had good reason to fear that the King, without a trial, or a hearing of they would soon be totally forgotten; be- any sort, and all the men of which are to be cause, as to the imposing of taxes and the separated from the people, kept in barracks, abuses of the expenditure, they are, of and are to have hardly any common feeling course, except in particilar cascs, all of a of interest with the people. Not a ward about this; and not a word about the 13,000 , will be a curious question in public law. It Hanoverians, who have foreigners for offi- will be a question to puzzle even such percars, and who are kept here, wbile the na- sons as Lord Grenville and Sir John New. tive troops are daily shipping off to the East port. It will require greater profundity and the West Indies. These, we must sup- ihan was so conspicuous in the implied propose, were not topics of regular debate. It is positions for restoring cash-payments at the to be hoped, however, thai, when the billit- Bank. self for creating this army comes to be dis- Income Tax.-Lord Henry Petty has cussed, that some independent member will given notice that he intends to bring in a bill endeavour to obtain an explanation as to the so to alter the effect of the Income Tax ultimate views of the ministers upon these bill, that persons with small incomes and important points; for while it is our duty to large faniilies shall meet with some relief. make every exertion and every sacrifice ne- Thanks to you, my Lord! Better late than cessary to the detence of our country, it is never; and, let us hope, that this change of not less our duty to take care, as far as we purpose has been produced by the cries of constitutionally can, that the country so de- the distressed; by the cries of those who fended remain what it forinerly was; and dreaded complete starvation. There are, to convince the people that it will so l'eina my Lord, one or two letters in a subsequent nain would, I am fully persuaded, do more part of this sheet, which were intended to towards its defence, in the hour of danger, be presented to you; but which, in consethan would be cone by all the Hanoverian quence of the writers not being able to come troops that ever existed since the beginning of at you, have been sent to me, with the the world. It would be very useful to ob- | hope, that, through this channel, they tain a pretty exact account of all the money might reach the eye of your lordship. I bethat the Hanoverian troops, including their seech you to read them. They will convey lands of music, have cost the country, since to you more useful information than you will they were first raised. A little slip of paper ever receive from all your Secretaries and all would exhibit this account; and a very va

the numerous swarm of expectants that luable one it would be. We should then be bang about you like flies about a grocer's able to ascertain the price at which we pur- shop in the chill days of October. -But, chase these our defenders; and having ascer- dow the tax will be less productive. True ; tained it, we should, probably, be induced, and you must, at last, my lord, come into every one of us in his rank and degree, to the proposition of MR. FRANCIS. You make greater exertions for the raising of na- must make foreigners pay the tax as well as tive soldiers. The experience which these we; and, you must raise the rate of the. Hanoverian veterans have had in defending tax in proportion to the amount of the incountries may, indeed, be a considerable ad- i come; and, if you repeat the argument, vantage ; but, let us hope, that, having had ! that this would be acting upon a levelling such an example before us, five or six of us i principle, let me ask, my lord, what prinwould, in time, particularly with the aid of ciple it is that has prevailed in apportioning that “ excellent discipline," which MR. of the tar upon windon's ; and why this Windham has now discovered to proceed principle should not apply in a tax upon infrom the Duke of York, become equal to come as well as in a tax upon things arising one Hanoverian.- --In the mean while, and from that income? The amount of the in the face of all Mr. Fox's resolute decla- yearly dividends at the bank is' about rations; in the face of all Mr. Windham's 20,000,0001. About one half of this sum plans; in the face of all the Duke of York's is annually paid to persons having 50). a skill and prowess ; in the face of all these, year each. Take the tas from this half and Buonaparié is going on. He has made a add to this deduction the amount of the exking in Holland; and, greatly do I fear, emption to foreigners, and you will find a that Mr. Fox and MR. WINDHAM will ac- feartal defalcation in your present estimate. knowledge that king as a legitimate sove- What is to be done, then? Why, you reign. Nay, I really fear, that they will must take more from the higher incomes ! not insist at last, upon the restoration of Ha- and, with all my heart take it; but, first, I mover, notwithstanding the sturdy declara- think, before you go any further with the tion above alluded to; and I fear this for a funds, about half a million a year might be reason which I will more fully state another taken froin the Secure and Pensão List! time. If my fears should prove well-found- Sone of these Sinecures and Pensions are ed, what becomes of the Hanoverian Le. enorinous; and, what is more, they are, giun? Where will their country be? This in general, great in an inverse proportion to

at once.

the public services of the persons by whom " had,” says Mr.' Fox, and so say I; they are received. There are many of these though, as to the means we differ. 1 ani which I will nieption in detail at some future for saving. I am not for adding to the lu. time, contenting myself, at present, with come Tax in order to pay advanced salaries having just pointed out to your lordship this and enormous grants, and then for taxing copious and yet apparently unperceived those very salaries and grants. When I source of pecuniary means, Any Sinecure hear that barns in the Isle of Wight have that has been given for real services per- been rented by gorernment at five or six formed, or real loss sustained, for the bene- times their annual value, I fecl little consofit of the country in general, ought to re- Jation in reflecting that tire barn owner will main untouched; but, every other grant in have a greater income and will pay more to this way ought, at such a time as this, to the Income Tax. I am fos saving the rent undergo a revision; and, surely, it legally

So with every branch of espesmay, as well as the funds, be taxed. ditore. So with the debts, or pretended Yet, strange as it may seem, this is a source debts, of the Nabob of Aicot. So with that never seems to have presented itself to the immense sums expended upon the Staf the mind of any minister or any Secretary of the Army. So with contracts of every of the Treasury! And, my lord, where | description. The question is, and it is a would be the firm of imposing a tax upon question whereon for Mr. Fox seriously to the non-residence of beneficel clergymen? | reflect, not how far taxation can possibly be There are 5,000 of them at this moment, carried, but how far it can be carried withthe greater part of whom have two livings out the immediate assistance of the army ; -each. Why should they not pay a tax of and, as I am sure that neither he, nor any 20 or 30 pounds a year each for a licence to man in England, I hope, would wish to see non-reside? Is it reasonable, is it just, it carried so far as to render such assistance that the clergyman who performs constant necessary, I do most earn

rnestly exhort bim duty for his income should be taxed as leavi-. to turn his mind, not only towards the parJy for that income as the clergyman who re- ticular objects, which I have taken the li. ceives his income without performing any berty to point out, but towards objects of duty at all for it? Many, my lord, are the economy in general. objects of this sort to tax. Some of them INDIA AFFAIRS.The reader was inhave, I know, been pointed out to you in formed in my last sheet, page 810, that private; and, I think, you will excuse me the SECOND CHARGE against Marquis Wel. for saying what I have to say, in public. lesley, namely the charge respecting his The funds must certainly be much niore transactions in Oude, was laid upon the beavily, taxed than they now are, especially table on Wednesday the 28th ultimo. On if we adhere to Mr. Fox's declaration, and Tuesday, the 3d instant a debate, of which carry on the war, until Hanover be restored the following is a report, taken from the to His Majesty ; but, previously to that Times news-paper, took place upon the more weighty tax upon the funds, honesty subject, in the House of Commonsas well as humanity call upon us to resort to “ LORD TEMPLE pursuant to the notice he all the other means of raising and of saving " had given upon a former day, now rose public money, which means shall not des

for the purpose of moving a specific day, stroy the settled notions of roperty and of for taking into consideration the charges liberty. I grant, that all these means must, of high crimes and misderzeanours against at the present rate, soon be exhausted; and “ the Marquis Wellesley, laid upon the that, with a heavier and a heavier hand, you “ table by an Hon. Member, on the 28th must come to the fuuds; but, let us ex- of last month. He hoped it would not haust, fairly exhaust, these means first; and " be necessary for him to preface his moa zhen, the coming upon the funds will be « tion by observations to any great length. tuly justified, the Bolders having laad, in “ But as the Hon. Member who had the wean while, warning sufficient.

brought forward those charges had named BREWING Tax.lpon this subject an no particular day for moving the House excellent letter or two will be found in the to their consideration-feeling as he did subsequent pages of this sheet. The Ex- “ the nature and importance of those cisemon-part of the plan will, probably, be “ charges to be such as called for their full given up for the present; but, the assessa investigation with the least possiEle deWant must be left in the hands of Com

lay—he now rose for that purpose. Genmissioners; and, what redress will there be “ tlemen who had looked into those charges as iw the ainount? But, “ money inust be must have felt thein to be of this maut



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" weighty and important nature. They “ that right hon. gent., after five years deli“ directly imputed to Lord Wellesley not “ beration and repeated motions, bad, upon "only every species of public delinquency “ the 4th April, 1786, laid on the table seis that could brand the character of a public ren articles of charge against Mr. Hasre officer, but every charge of private de- tings ; on the 12th of April, he laid four "pravity that could stain the personal rep- more; and on the 70 of May, three ci tation of an individual. He had no more; and notwithstanding the right « doubt that the Hon. Gentleman who " hon. gent. had taken five years to delibe“ brought forward those charges, had done



that he had the “ so under a self-persuasion of their truth, “ benefit of the Reports of the Secret Com" and a belief that he should be able to “ mittee, of various papers he moved for, " substantiate them in evidence. He would « and of evidence examined at the bar for “ not pay the Hon. Gentleman so bad a “ the proof of his charges; yet it was not " compliment, as to suppose he would bring “ in less than six weeks afterwards, that he si forward such charges against any man,

moved the House to any proceeling opon “ much less against the noble lord, unless “ those charges. Now he had given notice “ he was himself persuaded they were only yesterday, that he had witnesses to founded in fact, and without being pre- examine, and had also moved for a num

pared with evidence, which he himself “ber of papers, many of which were abso. “ conceived competent to sustain them. lutely necessary in support of the charges " But the hon. gent. must allow that, not- “ alluded to by the noble lord. Let those " withstanding the strength of his own per

" witnesses be examined at the bar; let suasion


the subject, it was still pos- " those papers be produced in proper time, «sible the noble lord might possess a conti

" and he should not have the smallest ob"! dence in his own innocence, superior to jection to proceed to the investigation on

every accusation of such a nature, and “ the day proposed. Indeed, it was his in* pust feel extremely impatient for the op- ". tention to have moved for that day, if the

portunity of his own vindication, more “ testiinony and documents had been fairly especially when those charges included “ before, the House: 'but until they were,

one of a nature more atrocious than all '" he should not be induced to move one " the rest, and such a one as called for the step to the right for 10 the left, or to

most immediate investigation, namely, move one degree quicker or slower, in " the charge of a foul, deliberate, and cruel consequence of the noble lord's mo" myrder. In this charge was also included tion, or of any importunity from the

a person, not a member of either house of “ friends of Lord Wellesley: and with parliament, for whose account also, much respect to the charge of murder, alluded

anxiety must be felt, though he had not “ to by the noble Jord, it was a general " the honor even of a slight personal ac- charge, and duly mentioned amongst

quaintance with him, namely, Mr. Henry others, with a hope that, upon substan" Wellesley. But, from the nature of the tiating the preceding charges, he would

charges altogether, and more especially “ be allowed to bring a supplementary " the last, it became absolutely necessary, charge upon that distinct head; and he " that an early investigation should now “ would be ready to go into the proofs upon " take place. 'If the hon. gent. had named " that point tv-mcrrow, if the others were

any day for such an inquiry, it would not gone through LOID ARCHIBALD s be his wish to take it out of his hands : HAMILTON could not let pass some exo " for

the present, however, he should move, pressions which had fallen from the noble "" That the House do, on to-morrow “lord, without makir:g some observations

fortnight, take into its consideration upon them. The noble lord had com" " the clrarges of high crimes and misde- " plained that the charges of the hon. gent. "" meanours, laid on their table, against went to impeach the private character of ““ Richard Marquis Wellesley, on the " Lord Wellesley for acis merely of public "“ 28th ult. concerning the affair of Oude." " and official conduct, and that he had ap

If the hon. gent, should then have any “? plied to the noble Marquis personally, " motion to submit to the House

the "every atrocious epithet--of tyranny, subject, he would have an opportunity of cruelty, oppression, plunder, and even of

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doing so. If not, he (Lord Temple), “ murder, for acts done in his public and " should certainly propose a motion on the " official situation. But he must conceive

subjeet. - Mr. Paull adverted to the " it impossible, that such could have been precedent of Mr. Burke's proceedings " the propose of the hon. gent.; alid as 10 against Governor Hastings, and said, that “ the charge of murder, le did not conceive


it to be put by the hon. gent. in the way into a house, I wish to compel the servants “ it was imputed. But really, if in bring

ing forward charges such as those now on what is then my crime? “ Rebellion!” Sir " the table of the House, and every tittle of Arthur Wellesley called the resistance of the “ which his 'lordship conceived to be war- Zemindars rebellion! But, what is rebel“ ranted by the documents already brought lion? Resistance to the lawful commands of “ forward in support of them, a member a lourful Sovereign. That is rebellion, Sir

was to be restrained in the use of such Arthur; and, if you can make it out that

language and such epithets as were usual your brother, or his master, the East India " in expressing opinions, extremely natural Company, were the sovereigns, the lau'ful

to his feelings, upon such circuinstances sovereigns of the Zemindars, then you may “ as those charged, lest the private character possibly make something like a defence. So “ of the party accused should be supposed ihat there is no occasion for this captious ex" to be implicated in his public conduct, it ception to words.-----As to the inotion of " would be impossible for any man to devise LORD TEMPLE, it was perfectly useless.

a becoming language for bringing before The consideration of the charge will come “ that House criminal charges against pub- quite soon enough for Lord Wellesley, and “ lic delinquency in any man ----SIR for the whole of the Budy-Guard. Of this “ Johs NEWPORT expressed some surprise, Sir John Newport may be assured ; and, " how the noble lord who spoke last, if he therefore, it is really a pity that he should “ had read the charges upon the table, could withdraw from the Irish taxing business any

so far mistake that particular charge, portion of the attention of that great mind, " which related to murder, as to say the which seems destined to be one of the prin“ crime was not roundly and specifically cipal instruments in saving the sinking state.

charged against the noble Marquis, in It is really a pity, that, though Lord Gren

conjunction with others. The hon. bart. ville is now Prime Minister and first Trea" here read an extract from the charge, surer of both England and Ireland, he and “ which stated, that the said Marquis, iu his able coadjuters, Sir John and Lord Hen“ conjunction with Richard Wellesley, had, ry, have not yet been able to get, half an “ with numbers of armed men, surrounded hour's leisure to order the Bank to pay in “ the mansions of certain Zemindars and cush! Why not let Mr. Paull and LORD

Rajals, the subjects of the Nabob of WELLESLEY aloue, and look to the Bank a Oude, and within his dominions, and did little, especially as Buonaparté has expressiy

attack, slay, and destroy several of the declared, that, when we pay our lank notes said Rajahs, Zemindars, and their atten- in cash, he will acknowledge us to be safe “ dunts and adherents, and did sack and from his power. Now, then, why does nçt:

plunder their said mansions of their pro- this miglity Lord Treasurer do the thing at

perty; this completing the measure of once ? At any rate, until that be done, I. “ his oppression and tyranny, by a foul, de- hope we shall not see the great mind of Sir “ liberate, wanton, and cruel inurder. If John Newport vithdrawn from the subject

this, then, was not a charge of murder, of the finances. « couched in as strong words as had ever SLAVE Trade. -But, I have no room.

appeared in the language of an indict- Let us hope that Mr.Fox's declaration upon

ment, he was at a loss to conceive what this subject is a proof that he is returning to “ words could describe it more strongly."— himself; that old professions are reviving in Certainly this is a charge of murder. Cer- his memory; that we shall now hear and tainly, Sir John, it requires no great depth of see what we expected. Let us hope this; noddle to find out that; and, whether the for as to the SLAVE TRADE alone, that I, for Marquis was really guilty of the particular my part shall never accept of. This project crime liere laid to his charge will depend, will destroy the West India Colonies; buit, first upon the result of the question, whether England, with the other things that Dir. Fos he ordered the aforesaid Zemindars to be at- promised us, may still live. We must, howtacked, and, then again, remounting another ever, have those other things. No Tub will siep, whether he had a right to give such or- do. Give us the rest, and I consent to the ders, whether he gave them in virtue of abolishing the Slare Trade, though I alm powers by him, the said Marquis Wellesley, convinced it wißl utterly ruin the West India wwwfully acquired. If, in riding a hunting I Colonies; but, as often as this question and kill a man by accident, I am not guilty of its plea of humanity is agitated, so ofien will murdir; but, if I am breaking into a house, I remind the agitators of what other things and kill a man by accident, i im gurity of they promised to do; things that they can murder, Sir John; and, it hain Lioken do; il.ings that would be universally ac.

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