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"I guess no man in his senses will main- what principle of rule or right any one “ tain so wild a position."--Indeed, from dares to interfere and prescribe the thic wording of your Correspondent's method by which another is to exerletter, I do not believe he is serious cise his judgment. That a deal of in his assertion. But I challenge him mischief has been the result of this into the proof; for Candidus, one of the terference, no one, acquainted with threr, tells Sir W'm. Drummond that lie the history of his own country, much prefers the old version best, and con- more with the history of the world, can sures him for ridiculing the Bible. Sup- deny; and whether the same quantum pose, however, I am wrong in my opi- of mischief would have taken place nion of the author of the Edipus ju- provided the bible had never been daicus; suppose he is the story teller, the known, is, in my opinion, difficult to fool, and the rain jackdaw', they wish prove. At any rate, the system of to represent him, what " necessitu” was priestcraft has had a sufficient trial; there for this great and miglity parson, and it would be more becoming in the Christian Advocate, to notice his those who profess such anxiety for the production? Why did he make such circulation of the bible, to let it take endeavours to obtain a copy, he best iis chance. Let them, at any rate, knows how? Surely, the “ pious, think- shew their disinterestedness, by giving “ ing people of this conntry," could up the pounds, shillings, and pence not have their “ minis tainteil" by an it produces; or take pay only in that octavo book of not quite 500 pages," of manner, and in those quantities, which " the most hollow and fallacions de- those who receive their assistance can

scription.” But these are the rules agree and afford to give. the hypocrites act upon. I was a boy should find that they do not thrive so When Thomas Paine's works were pub- well under this system, I hope they lished; but I recollect the writer Was will recollect, there will be more manat first held too contemptible for no- liness in their adopting the following tice, and the “ friends to social order, maxiwy, than in returning to the old “ and our holy religion," were told they practice: had nothing to fear. After a wliile, the Sorue other scheme must occupy their brain ; AttorneyGeneral interfered, who got a For those who once have eat soust cal again. jury to condemnPaine's books, and then the

VARRO. canting junto asserted they were answered and refuted. “ Read our side, (said they,) see what Bishop Watson says.” | ON RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION. So says Justus; he calls the author of the (Edipus Judaicus a vain jackdaw;

LETTER V. * tells the people to read the book; “ Advise, but force not." (which he knows cannot be had), er

Sr. BERNARD's Letters. horts them to attend to the Christian SIR.---Marmontel, in his Bellisarius, Advocate, and censures those who take the fifteenth chapter of which, I would part against him. Come, come, Justus, particularly recommend to the perusal give up your prejudices. Let the “ Si- of every person who has not read it) a cilian Knight and British Privy Coun- says, Truth cannot fail to triumph, but

cellor,” interpret the Bible his own “ it must not be by the arm of Aesh. way. You may depend on it I will let" By putting the sword of VENGEANCE the Archbishop's Chaplain, (who ap-“ into the hand of TRUTH, you entrust pears blessed with all those amiable “ Error with it also. The very posqualities that adorned his predecessor" session of that sword, will always be in the ever memorable time of William " deemed a sufficient authority to wield Penn) put what interpretation on it he " it without mercy, and PERSECUTION pleases. Every one that reads the “-will always be on the side of the bible may undoubtedly find both in- " strongest." struction and delight; but he will be How simple, and yet how forcible is more likely to become a rational being, the mode of reasoning adopted by this if he be allowed to put his own con- beautiful writer. If kings were supstruction upon it, and interpret it his posed to be God's vicegerents upon earth, own way. "I should like to know by land, in that capacity were allowed to

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commit whatever enormities they pleased, not examined history for myseif; for in defence of what they considered, or being of a curious and speculative turn, were told by their priests was the truth, is I have made myself acquainted with most it not evident, from the diversity of denominations of Christians at present sentiments of different sovereigns, and existing in the Christian world; and after the opposite persuasions of their various having carefully examined their tenets, teachers, that they must necessarily, at one studied their prejudices, and observed time, and in one country, be punishing their conduct, I do affirm, that howtheir subjects for entertaining opinions ever tame and tolerant they may be, which, at another time, and in another while low in the world, they all possess country, were deemed perfectly ortho- the latent seeds of persecution. These dox. Does not this prove incontestably, only want fostering, by the genial that by once admitting the principle, warmth of power, to shoot forth with thrat the magistrate is to defend Truth, an enthusiastic fury, compounded of Le will much oftener be found defend- envy, anıbition, pride, hatred, and faing ERROR ? Every one will easily agree, natic zeal; as if it were commissioned by that all systems cannot be right.

« Er- heaven.

I would except the Quakers
ror," says the same author, " has an from the charge of being likely to evince
immensity of space, and Trutlı is like a persecuting spirit towards other sects,
" a mathematical point in the prodigious thieugh they are capable of doing it as
"void.” Now, although every one claims to their own people;" but the Friends of
that point to himself, is it not palpable, the present day are not a religious society,
as Truth is one, and Error multifarious, like the Weslian or Whitfieldian Metló-
that the greater portion of religious | lists. They are an Aristocratical civil
murders, barbarities, robberies, and in- community; a trading company, and a set
carceration, must have been in defence of respectable, industrious, economical,
of Error rather than of Truth. How money-getting disciplinarians; who pos-
modest, how humble, ought such con- sess no more practical religion than the
siderations to make us? How cautious members of the Church of England.
ought these reflections to render us, of But to return to the sentiment of
arrogating to ourselves the sole possession Franklin, respecting the early Christians.
of the truth, when we find that thou- It was shewn in my last, that they were
sands who think different from ns, claim persecuted by the Romans, at the insti-
the same happiness? Ought it not to gation of their priests, in the same manner
make us diffident of ourselves, and for- as the Deists are molested by us, at the
bearing towards others? Those who have instance of our priests, on account of the
studied human nature, will have perceived simplicity of their tenets. I cannot illus-
that this violent animosity and furious trate the subject better, than by quoting
persecuting zeal, does not arise so much Justin Martyr, one of the earliest and
from a generous love of virtue, or an most learned writers of the Eastern
enthusiastic admiration of abstract truth, Churchi, born of beathen parents, edu-
as from the inordinate thirst for power cated a pagan, and who was a platonic
which pervades the heart of every hu- philosopher, previous to his becoming a
man being. We wish others to think as Christian, He resided at Rome, during
we do, and the greater part of us would the reign of Antonius Pius; aud upon
if we had the power, compel them to a persecution breaking out against the
do it. The sword of religious persecu- Christians, he presented an Apology in
tion is an instrument upon which every their behalf, pointing out is a very able
party has played its tune, when raised to manner, the impropriety and absurdity
power. The celebrated Dr. Frauklin re- of religious persecution; which Apology
marks, that if we look into history, for caused the Emperor to send a letter to
" the character of the ancient Christians, the States of Asia, not only forbidding
* we shall find few who have not in their the Christians to le persecuted, but en-
“ turu beon persecutors, and complainers joining, “ that if any one hereafter shall
"of persecution. The primitive Chris- ** go on to inform against this sort of
"tians thought persecution extremely

wrong in the pagans, but practised it
" on one another." I could easily give Ratcliff Plonthly Meeting, for being suspacman

* See the case of Thomas Foster, disowned by Predit to this assertion, even if I had of believing is ones Ons Gud.

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"men, purely because they are Christi- | France some of the greatest geniuses the "ans, let the persons accused be dis- world has produced, were united hand in “ charged, although they be found to be hand for fifty years, for the purpose of “ Christians, and let the informer himself enlightening their fellow creatures. It “ undergo the punishment.” When shall is a great pity the enemies of superstiHe see an Antonius? Yet the Apology tion, tyranny, and priestcraft are not which produced this, contains passages better known to each other; and more which no one would, in this enlightened, organized in their exertions. Look at the humane, and liberal age, dare to advance. Fanatics of every description; how they In the second section, of his second Apo- unite, and how successful they are in logy, he says, “Reason informs and ad stultifying the human understanding, that “monishes us, that true philosophers and most glorious ornament with which Na“nien of virtue, who liave been filled | TURE has vouchsafed to embellish man? " with godliness and holiness, have Would not a general medium of commu" loved and honoured the sitñple truth, nication for Theology, Metaphysics, and " and have turned aside from following Moral Philosophy, to ide open with im“the ancients, whenever their opivions partiality to the Churchmar, the Dissent" have been found erroneous, or bad. er, the Disciple of NATURE, the follow" Both scripture and sound reason enjoiners of Pyrrho, and every class of Lati"us, not only to avoid those whose lives tudinarian, be the means of facilitating “ have been wicked; who by teaching, such an object? It would lead people to “argument, or other means," lave dis- think, examine, and judge for themselves; “ seminated false and impious doctrines; and ultimately inculcate a liberality of “not to imitate, nor in any respect to be sentiment, which can only be acquired “ led by them; but also prescribe, that by the exercise of our reason concerning “the inquisitive lover of truth should the nature of man, his intellectual fa“ prefer it to his life, and should not be culties, and education.

It would ena“ deterred by the fear of death, or threats ble them to make that generous allow“ of torture, froin speaking and acting ance for the opinions and prejudices of "according to justice."

others, so essentially necessary to the These noble senti:nents may be used harmony of society; but which they can by every reformer; they were appropri- never possess, while their reading and ate to those who suffered in Smithfield, observation are confined within the pale to Galileo, Huss, and Jerome of Prague; of a particular sect; and while they are they may be used with equal propriety in the habit of implicitly receiving their by the Deists of the present day, and by religious notions, upon thécredit of others, all persons persecuted for what they without investigation. A Journal of the believe to be true. Those of my Friends above description has long been a desidewho will take the trouble, will find much ratum in the republic of letters; for learning, philosophy, and curious natter notwithstanding the number and variety in the works of this father. I am writ of theological and controversial magaing a treatise upou the model of the zines, there are none completely open to Apologies of Justin Martyr and Tertul- all parties; whatever liberality they may lian, to be entitled, (if God spare my life, profess. Some are exclusively the vehiand that of the best of Princes, till he cles of one set of opinions only, and shall ascend the throne of these realms) refuse insertion to every thing of an An Apology to King George the Fourth, opposite tendency. Others admit nothing "in behalf of that most learned and contrary to their own tenets, but what “respectable portiou of his subjects, the they think can easily be answered by “ Materialists, Sceptics, and Deists; by some of their own partizans. I have ta“a CHRISTIAN:" and intend approaching ken the liberty of throwing out these few him in person with a holy boldness, to hints, as to the nature of a Journal much deliver a copy thereof. Everything wanted by the Friends of Free Discussion; which has been done towards liberalising and remain, dear Sir, your's truly. mankind in this country, will be found the

ERASMUS PERKINS, isolated efforts of individuals; but in London, Jan. 18, 1815.

Printed and Published by G. Houston: No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed to the

Luilor are requested to be forwarded.

FOL. XXVII, No. 4.]


[Price 1s.

198 PARTIAL AND NEAN Perry, Mr. Lovell of the Statesman was imProprietor of the Morning Chronicle.

prisoned a year or 18 months in New

gate, and also fined.---The selfish and READER, a full report of the proceed- unfeeling crowds, who are now clamouring

against this tax; who are abusing it; ings of the Hampshire meeting was sent who are applying to it all sorts of vile to the above Printer, together with the epithets and naines, because they now Petition, which I moved thereat, and feel the pinch of their pockets; these

persons never meet to petition against which petition (the only copy I had) was the prosecutions of the press; no, and obtained from me, by the Reporter of the they never would have met for that purChronicle, in order to be sent to London demolished and the types, thrown into

pose, if every press in England had been. to be printed in that and other papers. the street, as were those of the American It was so sent: but was suppressed by printers at the City of Washington, by

command of our military and naval this partial, this mean, this despicable commanders. These persons now call tool of a despicable place-hunting faction. the tax partial, oppressive, sowel, inqui

sitorial, tyrannical. They coippare it - I have just learnt these facts, and can

to every thing on earth that is odious, only now say, that I will, next week, and some of them have gone to Hell

for similies in the way of illustration. give this trick of Perry the exposure. They declared, that it is every thing which it deserves.

that is tyrannical, odious and detestable,

and that it violates the spirit of our

constitution; and all this in its PRINCIBolley, Thursday Evening.

PLE; in its very NATURE; and ESN.B, Mr. Hunt said, at the time, that men? What are these noisy petitioners ?

SENCE.--Now, then, what are these this worthy "member of the Hampden What is their character, even upon their Club," would play us this trick.

I own shewing? Why, that they are now

calumniators of the government; or, could not believe it. Mr. Hunt knew that they have been slaves for the last the man better than I did,

18 years. Let them take their choice.--
It is curious enough to see men, and

great numbers of them too, who sup-

ported this tax when it was laid on, who

voted for it in parliament, who, in fact, his poor tax is now become as much laid it on; it is curious to see these the object of senseless abuse as were, men, and in great numbers too, now in 1798, those who endeavoured to pre coming forward and joining in the above vent it from being imposed. In 1812 horrid descriptions of the tax, They an unfortunate man, named CARTER, seem to be looking to new scenes, They was imprisoned in jaol, for a year, and are ratting from the Government. They fined, for having piblished a paragraph begin to suspect, that the taxing and complaining of the operation of this tax. soldiering system must soon undergo a My Lord Folkestone, who made a mo- very material change. In short, the systion upon this subject, described the pa- tem (for it is of no consequence who are ragraph as being moderate and inoffensive. ministers) is in a state of great anxiety, Yet , for repablishing the same paragraph, at least. The peace has produced the ef.


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fects, thus far, that I anticipated ; and

OR those effects will aow develope them- The whole of the army, and nearly all selves, day after day.-In some places, the navy must be discharged; the petitioners have included all the war

OR taxes, in others only the malt and pro- The dividends on the National Debt must perty tar, in others only the property tax.

go unpaid. The first is the only rational mode of Take your choice, good petitioners. proceeding; for, in fact, all the taxes One of the five propositions you must are equally burdensome. But, in some take. I am for the fourth. What say places, as at Worcester City, they are you? What sense is there in your clafor doing away with all the war-taxes, mours

, and abuse, unless you think that except the Landlord's part of the property the war taxes can be dispensed with; and tax. What a whim is this ! What a child- if you think they can be dispensed with, ish distinction ! Is it not clear, that the why do you not say so? One thing, Landlord's part of the property tax must however, in this senseless uproar, I am be included in the rent of the tenant, and highly delighted with. It is this: That that, finally, it must be paid by those there are no longer any accusations heard who eat the bread, the meat, the butter, against us Jacobins. It is not we, but the cheese, the poultry, the milk, and the loyal,who now cry out, who clathe eggs, and who wear the flax and the mour, who now deal out abuse on the wool? People are so galled with their taxing system. Mr. HARDY, who esdifficulties to pay the taxes, that they caped with his life, after endeavouring to know not what they say. Political eco- effect a reform in tirat body who imposed nomy is a subject too deep for minds in these taxes, is alive to see the day when general; but, as every one now feels, those, who clamoured for his destruction, every one cries out. Sir Francis Bur- clamour against those taxes. He is alive dett, In 1 or 1812, when he moved to see the loyalpouring forth all sorts the address in the House of Commons, of invective against things, which he lawas most grossly abused for describing boured to prevent. Mr. Tooke is not the Property Tax in colours far less alive to enjoy this spectacle; but, bis odious than those, in which “ the loyalefforts, the noble stand which he mader dow describe it. Thus time makes all will always be remembered with gratitude sorts of changes..But, if other taxes be by those who retain any esteem for the imposed instead of the war taxes, what rights and liberties of their forefathers. will the people have gained? If, for instance, JERRY JOBERNOL, the farmer,

No. I.---CORN BILL. should get rid of his tenpounds a year of war taxes, and sheuld, in future, Wave to It is now evident to me, that our pay ten pounds a year in lieu of it, in his ministers mean to propose a law to put balt, malt, horse, window, soap, candle a step to the importation of Corn. Tam and leather tax, what wouldJerry there contirmed in this opinion by the language by gain ? And, if the petitioners mean, of the COURIER newspaper for some that no other taxes should be laid on in time past; and especially by the following licu of the war taxes, they should say so. article, which appeared in that paper of --Then, do they mean, that the funding the 230 instant, and which article I am system should be destroyed, and thut morally certain came from a source of the fund-holders should not be paid their authority. The reader will see, m dividends ? No: they do not mean this. the ability with which it is written, that Why then do they not say so?' And, it never could come froin the same pen why do they not point out how faith may whence procced the articles of the Editor be kept with the fundholders, and the of that paper; and the form and place, war taxes (without substitutes) be done of it, if the reader could see them, away?

would strengthen the opinion. After in1 'The war taxes must be continued ; serting it, I shall endeavour to show, how OR

it blinks all the main points, how fallaThere must be new taxes laid on, equal cious it is, how it is calculated to deceive to them in amount ;

and to mislead. “The Meetings upou

“ the Agricultural State of the Country "There must be Loman, in timp of peace ; ; are become aniversal. This is a suba



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