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men, purely because they are Christi- France some of the greatest geniuses the "ans, let the persons accused be dis-world has produced, were united hand in "charged, although they be found to be hand for fifty years, for the purpose of Christians, and let the informer himself enlightening their fellow creatures. "undergo the punishment." When shall is a great pity the enemies of superstiwe see an Antonius? Yet the Apology tion, tyranny, and priestcraft are not which produced this, contains passage, better known to each other; and more which no one would, in this enlightened, organized in their exertions. Look at the humane, and liberal age, dare to advance. Fanatics of every description; how they

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In the second section, of his second Apo-unite, and how successful they are in logy, he says, "Reason informs and ad- stultifying the human understanding, that monishes us, that true philosophers and most glorious ornament with which Namen of virtue, who have been filled TURE has vouchsafed to embellish man? with godliness and holiness, have Would not a general medium of commu"loved and honoured the simple truth, nication for Theology, Metaphysics, and "and have turuel aside from following Moral Philosophy, to be open with im"the ancients, whenever their opinions partiality to the Churchman, the Dissenthave been found erroneous, or bad. er, the Disciple of NATURE, the follow"Both scripture and sound reason enjoiners of Pyrrho, and every class of Latius, not only to avoid those whose lives tudinarian, be the means of facilitating "have been wicked; who by teaching, such an object? It would lead people to argument, or other means, have dis- think, examine, and judge for themselves; "seminated false and impious doctrines; and ultimately inculcate a liberality of "not to imitate, nor in any respect to be sentiment, which can only be acquired "led by them; but also prescribe, that by the exercise of our reason concerning "the inquisitive lover of truth should the nature of man, his intellectual faIt would enaprefer it to his life, and should not be culties, and education. "deterred by the fear of death, or threats ble them to make that generous allow"of torture, from speaking and acting ance for the opinions and prejudices of others, "according to justice." so essentially necessary to the harmony of society; but which they can never possess, while their reading and observation are confined within the pale of a particular sect; and while they are in the habit of implicitly receiving their religious notions, upon thecredit of others, without investigation. A Journal of the above description has long been a desideratum in the republic of letters; for notwithstanding the number and variety of theological and controversial magazines, there are none completely open to all partics; whatever liberality they may profess. Some are exclusively the vehicles of one set of opinions only, and refuse insertion to every thing of an opposite tendency. Others admit nothing contrary to their own tenets, but what they think can easily be answered by some of their own partizans. I have taken the liberty of throwing out these few hints, as to the nature of a Journal much wanted by the Friends of Free Discussion; and remain, dear Sir, your's truly. ERASMUS PERKINS. London, Jan. 18, 1815.

These noble "sentiments may be used by every reformer; they were appropriate to those who suffered in Smithfield, to Galileo, Huss, and Jerome of Prague; they may be used with equal propriety by the Deists of the present day, and by all persons persecuted for what they believe to be true. Those of my Friends who will take the trouble, will find much learning, philosophy, and curious matter in the works of this Father. I am writing a treatise upon the model of the Apologies of Justin Martyr and Tertullian, to be entitled, (if God spare my life, and that of the best of Princes, till he shall ascend the throne of these realms) "An Apology to King George the Fourth, "in behalf of that most learned and "respectable portion of his subjects, the

Materialists, Sceptics, and Deists; by "a CHRISTIAN:" and intend approaching him in person with a holy boldness, to deliver a copy thereof. Every thing which has been done towards liberalising mankind in this country, will be found the isolated efforts of individuals; but in

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Printed and Published by G. HOUSTON: No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed to the
Editor are requested to be forwarded.

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VOL. XXVII. No. 4.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JAN. 28, 1815.

97]

PARTIAL AND MEAN PEERY, Proprietor of the Morning Chronicle. READER, a full report of the proceedings of the Hampshire meeting was sent to the above Printer, together with the PETITION, which I moved thereat, and which petition (the only copy I had) was obtained from me, by the Reporter of the Chronicle, in order to be sent to London to be printed in that and other papers. It was so sent; but was suppressed by this partial, this mean, this despicable tool of desnicable place-hunting faction. --I have just fea

Sam 15 darnt these facts, and can ofy how say, that I will, next week, give this trick of PERRY the exposure,

which it deserves.

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WM. COBBETT.
Botley, Thursday Evening.

Mr. Lovell of the Statesman was im-
prisoned a year or 18 months in New-
gate, and also fined.--The selfish and
unfeeling crowds, who are now clamouring
against this tax; who are abusing it;
who are applying to it all sorts of vile
epithets and names, because they now
feel the pinch of their pockets; these
persons never meet to petition against
the prosecutions of the press; no, and
they never would have met for that pur-
pose, if every press in England had been
demolished and the types thrown into
the street, as were those of the American
printers at the City of Washington, by
command of our military and naval
commanders.-These persons now call
the tax partial, oppressive, cruel, inqui-
sitorial, tyrannical. They compare it
to every thing on earth that is odious,
and some othem have gone to Hell
They declared, that it is every thing
for similies in the way of illustration,
that is tyrannical, odious and detestable,
and that it violates the spirit of our
constitution; and all this in its PRINCI
PLE; in its very NATURE; and ES-
men? What are these noisy petitioners?
SENCE.-Now, then, what are these
What is their character, even upon their
own shewing? Why, that they are now
calumniators of the government; or,
that they have been slaves for the last
18 years. Let them take their choice.-
It is curious enough to see men, and
great numbers of them too, who sup-
ported this tax when it was laid on, who
voted for it in parliament, who, in fact,
laid it on; it is curious to see these
men, and in great numbers too, now
coming forward and joining in the above
horrid descriptions of the tax. They
seem to be looking to new scenes. They
are ratting from the Government, They
begin to suspect, that the taxing and
soldiering system must soon undergo a
very material change. In short, the sys
tem (for it is of no consequence who are
ministers) is in a state of great anxiety,
at least. The peace has produced the ef

N.B. Mr. HUNT said, at the time, that this worthy "member of the Hampden "Club," would play us this trick. could not believe it. Mr. HUNT knew the man better than I did,

I

PROPERTY TAX.

Tais poor tax is now become as much the object of senseless abuse as were, in 1798, those who endeavoured to pre vent it from being imposed. In 1812 an unfortunate man, named CARTER, was imprisoned in jaol, for a year, and fined, for having published a paragraph complaining of the operation of this tax. My Lord Folkestone, who made a moLion upon this subject, described the paragraph as being moderate and inoffensive. Yet, for republishing the same paragraph,

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OR

fects, thus far, that I anticipated; and
those effects will now develope them-
selves, day after day.-In some places,
the petitioners have included all the war
taxes, in others only the malt and pro-
perty tax, in others only the property tax.
The first is the only rational mode of
proceeding; for, in fact, all the taxes
are equally burdensome. But, in some
places, as at Worcester City, they are
for doing away with all the war-taxes,
except the Landlord's part of the property
tax. What a whim is this! What a child-if you think they can be dispensed with,
why do you not say so? One thing,
however, in this senseless uproar, I am
highly delighted with. It is this: That
there are no longer any accusations heard.
against us Jacobins. It is not we, but
the loyal," who now cry out, who cla-
mour, who now deal out abuse on the
taxing system. Mr. HARDY, who es-
caped with his life, after endeavouring to

The dividends on the Natal Debt must
go unpaid.
Take your choice, good petitioners,
One of the five propositions you must
take. I am for the fourth. What say-
you? What sense is there in your cla-
mours and abuse, unless you think that
the war taxes can be dispensed with; and

ish distinction ! Is it not clear, that the
Landlord's part of the property tax must
be included in the rent of the tenant, and
that, finally, it must be paid by those
who eat the bread, the meat, the butter,
the cheese, the poultry, the milk, and
the eggs, and who wear the flax and the
Wool? People are so galled with their
difficulties to pay the taxes, that they
know not what they say. Political eco-effect a reform in that body who imposed ·
nomy is a subject too deep for minds in these taxes, is alive to see the day when
general; but, as every one now feels, those, who clamoured for his destruction,
He is alive
every one cries out. Sir Francis Bur- clamour against those taxes.
dett, in 1811 or 1812, when he moved to see "the loyal" pouring forth all sorts
une la
the address in the House of Commons, of invective against thing Too
was most grossly abused for describing boured to prevent. Miessary to une
the Property Tax in colours far less alive to enjoy this spectacle; but, his
odious than those, in which " the loyal" efforts, the noble stand which he made,
now describe it. Thus time makes all will always be remembered with gratitude
sorts of changes.-But, if other taxes be by those who retain any esteem for the
imposed instead of the war taxes, what rights and liberties of their forefathers.
will the people have gained? If, for in-
stance, JERRY JOBERNOL, the farmer,
should get rid of his tenpounds a year of
war taxes, and should, in future, have to IT is now evident to me, that our
pay ten pounds a year in lieu of it, in his ministers mean to propose a law to put
salt, malt, horse, window, soap, candle a stop to the importation of Corn. I am
and leather tax, what wouldJerry there-confirmed in this opinion by the language
by gain? And, if the petitioners mean, of the COURIER newspaper for
that no other taxes should be laid on in time past; and especially by the following
lieu of the war taxes, they should say so.article, which appeared in that paper of
Then, do they mean, that the funding the 23d instant, and which article I am
system should be destroyed, and that morally certain came from a source of
the fund-holders should not be paid their authority. The reader will see, from
dividends? No: they do not mean this. the ability with which it is written, that
Why then do they not say so? And, it never could come from the same pen
why do they not point out how faith may whence proceed the articles of the Editor
be kept with the fundholders, and the of that paper; and the form and place,
war taxes (without substitutes) be done of it, if the reader could see them,
away?
would strengtheu the opinion. After in-
serting it, I shall endeavour to shew, how
it blinks all the main points, how falla-
cious it is, how it is calculated to deceive
and to mislead. "The Meetings upon
"the Agricultural State of the Country

No. I.-CORN BILL.

some

"

The war taxes must be continued ;

OR

There must be new taxes laid on, equal to them in amount ;

OR

Did There must be Loans in time of peace;" are become universal. This is a sub

OR

The whole of the army, and nearly all
the navy must be discharged;

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“ject which we touch always with deli- " ever high it was, did not depend upon cacy, and almost with dread. It is" them. It arose from causes over which "one of such vital importance, one in" they had no controul; from deficient "which a false step, or an erroneous doc-" seasons, and from the state of the contrine, may do such incalculable mis-" tinent, with which all intercourse was "chief, that we fear ever to pronounce prevented. But allowing, for the sake "any decisive opinion. What suggestions of argument, that they did make large fortunes, that must have been a public

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we throw out, we throw out with diffi-" "dence and hesitation, convinced of our benefit, inasmuch as the increase of "being more in want of information, than "their capital would naturally lead them "able to communicate any. But there" to extend the agriculture of the coun"are some facts upon which there can try, to improve bad land, and bring "be no doubt, and upon them we may "the waste into produce. The answer safely reason--and in reasoning upon to the first question involves in it an them, we are quite sure that we shall answer to the second.-Upon the third "not deserve, in the words of Mr. Burke," we very willingly observe, that we are "to be classed amongst "those wicked" for the people having this necessary of " writers of the newspapers, who would life as cheap as possible; but we would "inflame the poor against their friends," not purchase an unexampled cheapness "guardians, patrons, and protectors."--"to-day, with the certainty, or even the "Upon this subject, more than any other," risk, of having dearness to-morrow. By "there are prejudices so strong as almost the return of last Saturday's Gazette, "to resist the evidence of the strongest 66 we find that the average price of wheat "facts, and these prejudices are infinite-" was 31. 3s. 4d. the quarter, or 7s. 11d. "ly aggravated by the number of idle" the bushel: Barley, Il. 11s. 6d. ; and "tales spread about by the industry of "Oats, 11. 3s. 9d. This cheapness arises "faction, and greedily devoured by the" from two causes the admitting the "malignant credulity of mankind. When" free importation of corn, and the con"grain is dear, the prejudice is against". sequent necessity under which the "monopolizers; when it is cheap, then" British farmer has been of bringing his "the cry is, to give the utmost license" grain to market. The generality of "and encouragement to importation," mankind, looking only at the present "in order that it may become cheaper "result, will rejoice, and we are not sur"still, and thus, as we have heard it" prised at it, and feel disposed to look "said, to be revenged on the farmer." with an evil eye upon any thing that "But revenge ought not to be exercised "would disturb it. Forbearance, and against the farmer. Revenge on the" the want of all interference would "farmer would soon be accompanied "be a greater disturber than any "with a much wider vengeance upon" other cause. For let but the systhe avengers--they would themselves be-" tem of encouraging the free imporcome at no remote period the victims of " tation of corn be continued, and the "their vengeance. Evils however at a dis- " vengeance which the ignorant would "tance we are too apt neither to see nor "inflict upon the British farmer would care for. "Have not farmers (is the" be complete. He would not enter the lists of competition with the foreign grower, for he would not cultivate grain at all. But the British farmer

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common cry,) been making immense" "fortunes for the last twenty years? "Have they not been living upon the "distresses of the people? And ought ought not to be so dealt with, nor "not the latter to have the advantage" ought the food of the people of Eng"which the late harvests and peace have" land to depend upon foreign coun"given them, to have bread at as cheap "tries. There is not a more obvious "a rate as possible?" We answer each principle than this, that men will not "of these questions-That the farmers" apply their industry and their capital "have been making immense fortunes" to the growing or manufacturing an "for the last twenty years, is an asser- "article which they cannot sell at a "tion which it is as easy to make, as we price higher than it cost them in grow"believe it would be difficult to prove." ing or manufacturing it; a price that "But if they had, how would that bear" shall enable them if not to lay something upon the subject? The price, how-" by, at least to maintain them. Wheat

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ensue, where can you look to? To "the British farmer? No you have turned your back upon

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"and Barley at the last prices quoted "'in the Gazette, are at a less price than "the expence to which the farmer would "be put by growing them, including wages to labourers, keep for horses, repair of waggons, cost of the seed, "and rent to the landlord. Of course "then he will direct his industry and

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him. But there "is another thing to be considered, grain may be cheap, and yet be less within "the compass of some than when it was dearer. If agriculture be discouraged, the farmer will not want so "many labourers, the ploughman, the "thresher, and the reaper, will not be "wanted and thus will those persons "starve amidst cheapness.""But it has been said, let the farmer look tively be no English corn grown. to his landlord, who having raised his

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capital to other channels; he will not """ grow grain; he will not make land hitherto barren, productive in corn; "he will not bring the wastes and heaths "into cultivation. There will compara

rent in proportion to the encreasing price "of grain, ought now to be lowered to the "level at what it was before such increase. "There is much reason in this, and it will

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"Very well," we hear some say, "and" what is that to us, provided we still "have abundant supplies open to us." "But softly! it is a great deal to them "a great deal indeed! In the first "place, the foreign grower, when he "finds that he has nothing to fear from "the rivalship of the British farmer, will" "raise his price. This is obvious "When he knows you must depend upon "him for the commodity, he will increase "his terms. There is not a plainer "commercial principle than this. Here "then is the first inroad upon the cheapness which flattered yourself would you "be so permanent. But you must not forget another circumstance--that peace cannot be perpetual, and that "wars must take place.-Nay, that

operate no doubt upon the landlord. If "he find that he cannot get a high rent paid, but that he can get a lower one, of course he will prefer the latter. The " cessation of the Property Tax will be "another relief; But these of themselves "will not be sufficient. We take our stand

upon this ground, which cannot be sha"ken; that the British fariner should have interest in cultivating grain. Has "he that interest at the present prices.? "No. What is the remedy? Clearly that "the foreign grower should bear some

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of the burthens that he does; that he fo-"should pay a duty upon importation; "that this duty should make the price "of foreign com equal to a price which "the English farmer ought to get for Bri"tish corn. Mr. Burke thought a farmer

ought to make 12 per cent. upon his capital after paying his rent; Later "writers and witnesses examined by Par

liament, think 10 per cent. a suni "much less than is made in almost all "other trades. At the present price of

grain the farmer so far from making "this interest upon his capital must les

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reign powers may be more likely to go "to war with us, thinking that they "have the means in their hands, (we, depending upon them entirely for grain) of compelling us to accept terms" and to make concessions. We put a "case-Poland will be annexed to, or "under the controul of Russia. It is "from Poland we derive the largest "continental supplies of foreign corn. "Should we go to war with Russia, she "might shut all her ports, Russian as "well as Polish, and prevent the expor"tation of grain.-What should we do "then? We might procure it from other parts, from the Barbary States and "from America. But would not the ". price be much increased upon us, those "Powers always keeping in mind that "we must depend upon them? Well, "but this is not all-you have formed. your calculations and your hopes upon "The certainty of the harvest never failing upon the Continent, of there being "always fine and productive seasons. If "the harvest should fail and a scarcity

sen that capital by cultivating. What "the price should be per quarter to

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enable him to pay his rent and gain so "much upon his capital, we presume "not to state from our own knowledge, "Some of the witnesses examined by the "House of Lords declare that wheat ought to be 41. 16s. a quarter, or 12s, bushel to produce this effect. Others "fix it at 41. or 10s. the bushel; none "lower. At 31. 15s. or 9s. 4d. per bushel, (see the reports of the House "of Lords,) all declare the farmer could "not be able to pay his rent and get

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