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Brit. that. 15-
HIS MAJESTY'S MINISTERS.
Lord President of the Council.
President of the Board of Trade.
NOT OF THE CABINET.
First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister), 5 Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of the Exchequer.
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.
First Lord of the Admiralty.
Master General of the Ordnance.
Secretary of State for the Department of War
President of the Board of Control for the
Vice-President of the Board of Trade, and
Joint Paymasters-General of the Forces,
PERSONS OF THE MINISTRY OF IReland,
Secretaries of the Treasury.
SUMMARIES OF POLITICS.
To the Fundholders, on the War against France,
A By Stander, on German Troops, 16.
Erasmus Parkins, on Religious Persecution, 19,
Benevolus, on the Pillory, 69.
A Thinking Briton, on the State of the Nation,
Civis, on the Inquisition, 178, 277.
Partial and Mean Perry, Proprietor of the Morn-
Sierra Leone, 193.
Amicus Britanniæ, on Popular Opinions, 313.
Occupations and Miracles of King Ferdinand VII. An Old Bachelor, on the Bachelor's Tax, 333.
H. on the War with France, 411.
Petition of the Livery of London against the War, Hampden, on No War with France, 443.
Correspondence respecting Overtures of Peace, 660.
Speeches at the opening of the Legislative Ses-
Accounts of the battles of the 15th and 16th of
Exposition of the Minister of the Interior, 793.
Answer of the Emperor, ib.
Address of President Lanjuinais to the Empe-
PRICES AND BANKRUPTS.
Record of the PRICES of Bread, Wheat, Meat, Labour, Bullion and Funds, in
Napoleon to the Declaration of the Allies, 698.
tish Army at New Orleans, 8th Jan. 1815, 318,
BREAD. The average price of the Quartern Loaf, weighing 4lb. 3oz. 8drms. in London, which s
WHEAT. The average price for the above period, through all England, per Winchester Bushel,of
MEAT--Per pound, on an average for the time above stated, as sold wholesale at Smithfield Mar-
LABOUR.--The average pay per day of a labouring man employed iu farming work, at Botley, in
BULLION. Standard Gold in Bars, per Oz. £5. 2.-Standard Silver do. 68. S4d. N.B. These
FUNDS.--Average price of the Three Per Cent. Consolidated Aunuities, during the ab ove period,
BANKRUPTS.-Number of Bankrupts, declared in the London Gazette, during the above period,
VOL. XXVII. No. 1.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JAN. 7, 1815. [Price 1s.
nuance until now; and, 3d, of the causes
FIRST, as to the cause of the war: though there had been several points in dispute, the war was produced by the impressment, by our naval officers, of men out
Botley, January 1, 1815. DEAR SIR,-When you, a few minutes after I was enclosed amongst felons in Newgate, for having written about the flogging of English. Local Militia-men in the presence of German Dragoons, at the town of Ely, came to take me by the hand, and, looking round you, exclaimed, "Well! "I am seventy years old, but I shall yet ..........;" when you uttered that exclamation, little indeed did I hope that your prediction would so soon seem to be in a fair way of being fulfilled. The peace with America is certainly the most auspicious event that I have ever had to record, or to notice, since the first day that I ventured to put my thoughts upon paper. It opens to mankind a prospect of happier days. It has, by a stroke of the pen, blasted the malignant hopes of the enemies of freedom, baffled all their speculations, flung them back beyond the point whence they started in their career of hos-of American ships on the high seas. tility against the principles of political and Republic wished to take no part in the civil liberty; hurled them and their para-Luropean war, especially after Napoleon graphs, and pamphlets and reviews, and all made himself a King. But she, at last, the rest of their hireling productions, down found, that, in order to avoid miserics equal into the dirt to be trampled under foot; to those of war, it was necessary for her to changed their exultation into mourning, arm and to fight. We stopped her ships Let those to on the high seas, and our naval officers imtheir audacity into fear. whom liberty and slavery are indifferent presed such men as they thought proper, talk about boundary lines, passages, fishing took them on board of our ships, compelled banks and commercial arrangements; you them to submit to our discipline, and to will look at the peace with very different fight, in short, in our service. The ground eyes; you will see in it the greatest stroke on which we proceeded to do this was, that that has ever yet been struck in favour of the persons impressed were British subhave devoted jects; and that we had a right to impress your that cause, to which life; and struck, too, at a time, when almost British subjects, being seamen, find them every friend of freedom, except yourself, where we might. The Republic denied alseemed to have yielded to feelings of together our right to take persons of any description by force out of her neutral despair. ships, unless they were soldiers or seamen actually in the service of our enemy. But, perhaps, if we had confined our impress
But, in order to be able fully and justly to estimate the consequences of this peace, we must take a review, 1st, of the cause
of the war; 2d, of the causes of its conti-ments to our own people, she might not
TO JOHN CARTWRIGHT, Esq. THE INFLEXIBLE ENEMY OF TYRANNY. ON THE
Peace between England and America
"June can only be defeated by a refusal
have gone to war. This, however, our naval officers did not do. It has never been denied by our Government, that many native Republicans were impressed by our officers. It is notorious, that many of them"Under the circumstances of your having have been compelled to serve on board of "no powers to negociate, I must decline our ships; and, of that course, 66 have many entering into a detailed discussion of the been wounded or killed; or, at least, car- propositions which you have been directried from their country, their homes, their "ed to bring forward.-I cannot, however, family, and their affairs. Mr. Madison," refrain on one single point from expressin his last speech to the Congress, states, ing my surprise; namely, that, as a conthat "thousands" of Native Republicans" dition, preliminary even to a suspension were thus impressed, before war was de-" of hostilities, the Government of the clared by the Congress. The Congress," United States should have thought fit to at last, declared war; but the President," demand, that the British Government always anxious to avoid the calamities of" should desist from its ancient and accuswar, immediately proposed the renewal of " tomed practice of impressing British seanegociations for peace. Mr. Russeli, then "men from the merchant ships of a foreign the Republican Minister in London, signi-"State, simply on the assurance that a law fied to Lord Castlereagh, in August 1812," shall hereafter be passed, to prohibit the that he was authorised to stipulate for an employment of British seamen in the Armistice, to begin in sixty days, on the "public or commercial service of that following conditions: "That the Orders in "State.-The British Government now, "Council be repealed, and no illegal" as heretofore, is ready to receive from "blockades be substituted for them; and "the Government of the United States, "that orders be immediately given to dis-" and amicably to discuss, any proposition “continue the impressment of persons from "which professes to have in view either to "American vessels, and to restore the "check abuse in exercise of the practice "citizens of the United States already im-" of impressment, or to accomplish, by pressed; it being moreover well under- means less liable to vexation, the object "stood, that the British Government will" for which impressment has hitherto been assent to enter into definitive arrange- "found necessary; but they cannot consent
ments, as soon as may be, on these and" to suspend the exercise of a right upon "every other difference, by a Treaty, to be" which the naval strength of the empire
concluded, either at London or Wash-" mainly depends, until they are fully con❝ington, as on an impartial consideration" vinced that means can be devised, and "of existing circumstances shall be deem-"will be adopted, by which the object to
ed most expedient.——As an inducement" be obtained by the exercise of that right Great Britain to discontinue the praeto can be effectually secured. I have the "tice of impressment from American" honour to be, Sir, your most obedient "vessels, I am authorised to give assurance "humble Servant."
"that a law shall be passed (to be reci- This offer, you will perceive, came from "procal), to prohibit the employment of the President. How false, then, is the "British scanien in the public or commer-charge, that he went to war to assist Na"cial service of the United States. It is polcon! If that had been true, he, of sincerely believed, that such an arrange- course, would have proposed no armistice. "ment would prove more efficacious, in He would have been anxious to avoid all securing to Great Britain her seamen, means of reconciliation. But, on the "than the practice of impressment, so de- contrary, he is the first to make an effort to put an end to the war; and, even in the case of impressment, to tender voluntarily a measure calculated to remove our apprehensions on the score of our seamen. I do not know how an English Secretary of State may have been able to look a Repub
Lord Castlereagh's answer to this was as follows:-" From this statement you "will perceive, that the view you have taken of this part of the subject is incor-lican Minister in the face, while the for"rect; and that, in the present state of the mer was asserting, that the strength of "relations between the two countries, the England mainly depended on the exercise operation of the Order of the 23d of of the right of impressing its own subjects;
rogatory to the sovereign attributes of the "United States, and so incompatible with "the personal rights of their citizens."