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conferred on the conqueror and his troops. Prussians. Operations of lord Welling-List of the European victories of the ton. Good conduct of the British.Conduke of Wellington.

Page e19 nection of Louis with the operations of

the allies.- Capture of Cambray.--AdCHAP. XIII

vance of the king. Journey of the com

missioners to Hagenau.-Progress of the Official documents, published by the allies, allies.--Siege of Paris.-Operations of the

and by the agents of Buonaparte, respect- Bavarian, Austrian, and Russian armies. ing the battles of Soigny, Quatre Bras, -Convention for the surrender of the caand Waterloo.--Letter of Marshal Ney. pital.—Popular feeling at Paris.--Conduct ---Statement of Grouchy.

251 of the chambers.--Re-entry of the king.

Influence of that event on the fate of CHAP. XIV.

Murat.-His melancholy and untimely death.

Page 327 Important and authentic letters from various individuals who were actually present in

CHAP. XVII. the battle of Waterloo, or afterwards traversed the sacred and interesting scene of Arrival of Buonaparte at Rochefort.-His that memorable conflict.-Letters from an irresolution.-Attempts at escape.-Surofficer to his friend in Cumberland : from render to the British. His conduct on officers of the guards.--Capture of Buona- board the Bellerophon.--Interesting conparte's carriage.--Effects of the Irish howl. versation.-Deterınination of ministers to -Narratives of an inhabitant of Brussels, send him to St. Helena.-His conduct on and of a German officer.-- Buonaparte's receiving the intelligence.—Protest against conduct during and after the battle: his the measure.--Another interesting converopinious and conversation.-Statement of sation. Description of the island of St. his guide Lacoste. -A survey of the field Helena.-Napoleon's departure from Torof Waterloo, by J. Simpson, Esq. 273 bay, and arrival at his place of exile. His

situation, deportment, conversation, habits, CHAP. XV. and opinions.

353 Napoleon "leaves Phillipeville, on his road to

CHAP. XVIII. Paris. Enthusiastic attachment of his troops.--He arrives in the capital.-Con- State of parties in Paris.--Disturbances in ferences with the ministers, Fouché, and the provinces.-Animosity and cruelty of the princess Hortensia. Tumultuous the Prussian troops.-The museum demeeting of the deputies.—Patriotic con- spoiled, and its treasures conveyed to the duct of La Fayette. Meeting of the de- countries from which they were taken. puties.- Proposed forfeiture of the crown. Note of lord Castlereagh. Letter of the -Irresolution of Napoleon.-His final duke of Wellington.-Distress of the Paabdication in favour of his-son. Napoleon risians.--Persecution of the protestants in II. acknowledged by the deputies. Re- France.—Massacre at Nismes.Death of tirement of Buonaparte to Malmaison.- general La Garde.--Interest excited in New tumults at Paris.-The ex-emperor England for the French protestants.-Undeparts for Rochefort, with his faithful at- timely death of Mr. Whịtbread, at this tendants. 310 critical conjuncture.

384

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CHAP. XVI.

CHAP. XIX.

Retreat of general Grouchy. Battle of Na. Impolicy and cruelty of the Bourbon go

mur.-Operations of Blucher. His pro- vernment. It denounces and banishes the clamation to the army. Excesses of the most eminent orators, patriots, and statesmen.-Establishes a commission of accusa- the governor-general.-Termination of the tion.- Conduct of Fouché.-Trial und Indian war. Ratification of our treaty execution of Labedoyere.

Violation by with America.-Revolutions in Guada. the allies of the capitulation of Paris.- loupe, Martinique, and China.—Domestic Trial, defence, and execution, of marshal

History

Page 441 Ney.—The king decrees a general amnesty.

Page 412

CHAP. XXI.

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Portrait of lord Hill
{Frontispiece.

458
Revolutionary Fury,
Title.
Portrait of Blucher

569
Lord Cornwallis receiving the sons of Tippoo The sovereigns returning thanks to God for
Saib as hostages
64 victory of Leipsic

--652 Murder of the princess de Lamballe 69 Portrait of Bernadotte

. 699 Louis the Sixteenth taking leave of his family 86 Portrait of Suchet

1011 Portrait of lord Howe

- 137 Landing of Louis xviii. at Calais 1019 Portrait of Napoleon Buonaparte

- 168 Buonaparte attempting to force the bridge of

PLATES TO VOL. III. (OR CONTINUATION). Arcola

218 Portrait of the archduke Charles of Austria - 247 God grants victory to England, Frontispiece. Portrait of lord Nelson 276 The death of general Ross

80 Portrait of sir Sydney Smith 382 Buonaparte at the field of May

- 195 Sir Sydney Smith defending the breach of Acreib. Portrait of Talleyrand

- 209 Portrait of the dụke of Wellington

. 399 Marshal Blucher in a state of peril at the battle Assassination of general Kleber 473

- 215 Sir Ralph Abercrombie in the battle of Alex- Plan of the battle of Waterloo

- 219 andria 519 Portrait of sir T. Picton

224 Sir Arthur Wellesley commanding at the battle Battle of Waterloo

287 of Assye, or Assaye 577 Escape of Napoleon from his carriage

247 Death of lord Nelson

. 652 Portrait of marshal Ney Portrait of lord Collingwood • 658 Death of Murat

353 Portrait of Mr. Pitt

- 665 The surrender of Buonaparte on board the Battle of Maida

- 675
Bellerophon

356
Portrait of Mr. Fox
694 View of the island of St. Helena

- 865 Portrait of the emperor Alexander of Russia 759 Portrait of Mr. Whitbread

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Situation of Louis the XVIII.on his Accession to the Throne of France.-State of Parties

in that unfortunate Country - Measures of domestic Economy and foreign Policy.-IR. fluence of the Clergy.--Debates on the Liberty of the Press.- Financial Arrangements.Regulation of the Prisons.-Discussions on the Slave Trade.-Transactions in St. Do

mingo-Proclamation of the Emperor of Hayti. THE situation in which Louis XVIII. was ously circulated, that Louis was subservient : placed on his accession to the throne, required in every political measure, to the influence the display of the most splendid talents, and of the priests. The French indeed during the utmost address and delicacy of demeanour. the revolution had fallen back into so deThe natural temperament,however, of the new plorable a state of indifference or infidelity, monarch was inactive and indolent, and he was with regard to religion, that a judicious reby no means possessed of that firmness and storation of its rights, and a moderate incul. comprehension of mind which were eminent- cation of its doctrines, would have been an ly requisite in the existing emergency. These invaluable blessing to them, and to the world, deficiencies might possibly be supplied by Their love of military glory, and their amthe choice of wise and and prudent ministers, bition of conquest, had been cherished and þut in the present instance, the task of judi- strengthened by the looseness of their moral cious selection was rendered peculiarly diffi- and religious principles. A change therecult by the claims of the emigrants, and fore in favour of the worship and doctrines exiled 'royalists, who naturally expected the of christianity, was one of the principal objects largest portion of his countenance and favour. to which the attention of the new monarch The emigrants were neither remarkable for was directed, but his efforts were rendered their talents nor their prudence; and it might more dangerous than effectual by the jealousy be doubted whether the sufferings of the of the people, who regarded every regulation exiled royalists had taught them wisdom. in favour of the church and the clergy, as They latter were apt to estimate their ser- a precursor of the re-establishment of tythes, vices and distresses too highly, and the for- and the retjirn of ecclesiastical oppression. mer dismissed from their recollection the [1814.] But there were other difficulties important circumstance, that had they per- and dangers which surrounded the restored formed their duty as pastors and citizens, at monarch, besides those which had their the revolution, and steadily maintained their origin and foundation in his personal chaposts, the progress of crime, sedition and im- racter and habits, as contrasted with those morality might have been partially arrested, of his subjects. He had been restored by the or totally repressed.

conquests and success of foreign powers, over It was generally believed and industrie the French people, Even those who were

B

most weary of the tyranny and oppression of as a race of imbecile and sanguinary fugitives, Buonaparte, and most desirous of the acces- who had fled the kingdom in the moment sion of the Bourbons, contemplated with of danger and alarm, and for a long series of a sense of bitter humiliation, the entrance of years had endeavoured to redeem the consean invading army into the “ sacred capital” quences of their own licentiousness and cowIt is an extraordinary but an undoubted ardice, by acts of cruel but impotent revenge. truth, that the most loyal of the emigrants. He assumed the sovereign powers, unknown exulted in the victories of their countrymen, to military fame, and incapable, from his ineven when they were gained over the allies firmities, of leading into the field a nation of while the latter were fighting for the restora- warriors, who had long been accustomed to tion of the Bourbons, and by Buonaparte, believe that a monarch and a conqueror were for whom they entertained a deep and deadly synonimous. If he looked around him, the hatred. The influence of military glory in the prospect presented half a million of soldiers bosoms of Frenchmen, is paramount to every attached to Buonaparte by the habits of their virtuous, loyal, and honourable feeling. - lives, and by their gratitude to the hero who Their former triumphs in the field of carnage, had led them to conquest and to plunder. and their prospects of future conquest and To the name of peace they entertained a revenge, are the şubjects of their nightly natural and inveterate aversion, and it was dreams, and their daily meditation. It was impossible that they could love the individual justly feared, therefore, that the monarch who had deposed the emperor, and who, in who had been elevated to the throne of all the qualities requisite to excite their France, by the victories of her enemies, esteem and confidence, was so dissimilar to , would long be regarded in no other light their favourite. than as a momento of national defeat and It might have been supposed that the indisgrace, and as the object of feelings di- dulgence granted to France by the allies rectly opposite to respect, or pride, or gra- would have inspired the nation with grati. titude.

tude, and have conciliated their attachment These unfavourable impressions were con- to a monarch, whose mediation between the firmed by the reflection that the restoration confederates and his subjects had preserved of the Bourbons was chiefly effected by the his country from all the horrors of revenge ancient and natural enemy of France: by a ful warfare. The provocations experienced government which had long and successfully by the allies were of a nature to have justifiresisted her efforts to obtain the empire of ed the most sanguine and unlimited retaliathe world, and had finally succeeded in form- tion on the capital and provinces of France, ing the coalition by which her territories and their forbearance presented an honourwere invaded, and her capital besieged. The able contrast to the measures of Napoleon, person of Louis had been protected, and his under circumstances precisely similar. The cause sustained by the British court, when invaders, after having suffered the greatest no other state dared to grant him shelter, or degradation from Buonaparte, after they had acknowledge his pretensions; and his grati- seen their respective countries desolated by tude so far surmounted his discretion, that the conqueror, and themselves obliged to he awakened all the inflammatory passions bend to his will, become masters of France : of every class of French society, by ascribing the capital of that country is surrounded; his return to the intervention of the Prince their soldiers, who feelingly recollect all the Regent.

misery to which their own country had been When Louis XVIII. was called from the exposed from France many or most of whom retired tranquillity of his residence in Eng- could recal to mind their houses destroyed, land, to experience the dangers ard anxieties and their nearest and dearest relations murof a throne, he had forgotten that a great dered. --behold Paris before them completely proportion of the inhabitants had been born, in their power; they pant for vengeance: or educated, at a period when the Bourbons they expect it from their leaders; it is due were considered as pretenders to the crown: not only to their own sufferings, but also,

by the laws and usages of war : to the vic with the French character, doubted whether tories and conquests which they have so these considerations would have their proper gloriously achieved. And yet, under all effect. In a very short time this volatile these circumstances, the allies spare Paris ! and vain nation began to call in question they enter it not as conquerors, not as avent- the claims of the allies to regard themselves gers of their own wrongs, but as friends! as the conquerors of France; and when once they treat it with as much respect and ten- this fact was doubted, the debt of gratitude derness as if it had been one of their own was speedily denied. France, they said, capitals

. Could such conduct fail to produce had been overrun by treachery; and Paris its proper impression on the minds of the itself would not have been won, if it had been Parisians, and of Frenchmen in general ? properly defended. They did not however The former, in particular, must have dread think proper to recollect, that, even allowed far different conduct; they must have ing all this to be true, they were not the recollected all that the allies had suffered from less indebted to the allies for their clemency: France, and that the people of Paris were they did not remember, for how many of her always ready to lend themselves to the victories and conquests France had been" most tyrannical acts of Bonaparte's govern- indebted to treachery: these things they ment: they must have recollected these forgot, and contented themselves with the things generally; but a more particular re- reflection, that if France had been true to collection must have dwelt upon their herself she never could have been conquered. minds, of the recent devastation of a large As soon as this feeling and belief sprang portion of Russia, and of the conflagration of up, it was evident that the attachment to the ancient capital of that empire; of a capi. Louis would be weakened. tal which was regarded as holy by those sol. To counteract the influence of these undiers who were now masters of the metropolis propitious circumstances, implicit confiof France. What reason, therefore, had they dence was reposed in the fidelity of Talleyto expect that Paris would be treated in a rand. Louis had placed him at the head different manner from Moscow ? Certainly, of the government, with the entire manage. none. What ought therefore to have been ment of the negociations at Vienna. their feelings towards the allied powers With respect to the political honesty of when Paris was spared; when it was not Talleyrand great doubts may justly be enonly spared, but when the hostile armies en- tertained. He had acceded with equal tered it as friends ? And what ought to have readiness to the republican forin of governbeen their sentiments towards Louis XVIII. ment at the commencement of the revoluon whose account principally the allies con- tion, and afterwards to the despotism of ducted themselves in a manner so unprece. Bonaparte. It must be recorded, however, dented ? Certainly, the allies and Louis had in justice to his character, that during the great reason to hope that the inhabitants of latter years of Napoleon's reign he had France, and Paris in particular, would mani. forfeited the good opinion of his master, by fest their gratitude in the mode which would endeavouring to dissuade him from the probe most acceptable to the former, by becom- secution of the war in the peninsula. Whether ing loyal, obedient, and peaceful subjects this advice were given from any principle of to the latter. This was not much to hope, humanity and virtue, or from a conviction since it was only expecting that Frenchmen that the attempt to conquer Spain would would discover their gratitude for being re- end in disappointment and disgrace, is of litstored to peace and tranquillity, for being tle consequence in the estimation of his inefreed from a tyrant, and for having their rits, He displayed the virtue of intrepidity, country and capital spared by the conque and if he be denied the praise of integrity, rors, on conditions which alone could secure demands at least the eulogium due to talent to themselves the blessings which they en

and fortitude. No man was so well calcu joyed.

lated to conduct the affairs of France in But those who were intimately acquainted this critical' emergency as Talleyrand"; cool,

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