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GUATEMALA RECOGNITION OF CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT IN GUATEMALA-Continued

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1931
Jan. 3 To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
(2) Advice as to Department's disposition toward recognition if

other Central American Governments agree; opinion that
suggested Cabinet changes would be unwise as a sine qua non
to recognition; instructions to cable regarding stability of

Andrade government.
Jan. 3 From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
(6) Report that conditions are practically normal but that

Cabinet changes would be unwise; that decree calling elections

will be issued soon. Jan. 4 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.) (3)

Disposition of Nicaraguan Government to recognize

Andrade government. Jan. 4 From the Minister in El Salvador (tel.) (3) Extension of recognition to Reina Andrade by Salvadoran

Government. Jan. 5 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.) (2) Desire of Government of Honduras to grant recognition

simultaneously with United States. Jan. 5 From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)

(7) Issuance of decree calling elections for February 6, 7, and 8. Jan, 6 From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.) (2) Report that President and Foreign Minister are conferring

and will give a statement on recognition soon. Jan. 6 From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)

Disposition of Costa Rica to extend recognition conditional

upon calling of elections. Jan. 6 To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.) (3) Instructions to extend recognition January 8, and to inform

Central American colleagues of the action so that they may

join if they desire.
Jan. 6 To American Missions in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras,

and Nicaragua (cir. tel.)
Instructions to inform respective Governments of proposed

recognition on January 8.
Jan. 7 From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
(8) Information that coalition of parties has launched Gen.

Jorge Ubico for president and there is as yet no opposition

candidate. Jan. 7 From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.) (9) Note to Foreign Office (text printed) extending recognition;

request for approval. Jan. 7 To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)

(5) Approval of proposed note. Jan. 17 To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.) (8) Inquiry if Central American Governments have extended

recognition.

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GUATEMALA RECOGNITION OF CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT IN GUATEMALA—Continued

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Subject

Page

1931 Jan. 17

(14)

401

From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)

Information of recognition by Costa Rica, Salvador, and
Nicaragua simultaneous with United States, and of Honduran
notification by telegram.
From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)

Information that General Ubico took office as constitutional
president February 14.

402

Feb. 14

(16)

HAITI

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND HAITI FOR HAITIANIZATION

OF THE TREATY SERVICES, SIGNED August 5, 1931

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1931
Jan. 14 To the Minister in Haiti
(30) Advice that plan for Haitianization of Treaty Services

presented in Haitian memorandum of December 2, 1930, is not
entirely acceptable; authorization to initiate formal discussions

according to general outline of Department's attitude.
Jan. 24 From the Minister in Haiti
(51) Transmittal of communications (texts printed): (1) note

from Haitian Government with a memorandum giving some-
what more radical proposals for Haitianization; (2) Minister's
reply setting forth u. s. position on fulfillment of existing
treaties pending working out of Haitianization program; (3)
Minister's tentative plan for the Haitianization of Service

Technique.
Feb. 7 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(9) Recommendation that Public Works Service be almost

completely Haitianized, and request that Department auth

orize working out of details.
Feb. 7 From the Minister in Haiti
(59) Further reply (text printed) to the Haitian proposals, with

advice that Û. S. Government desires to replace Americans in
Treaty Services with Haitian personnel as soon as practicable
in order that U. S. personnel may be withdrawn entirely not

later than 1936.
Feb. 9 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(7) Authorization to proceed with virtually complete and

immediate Haitianization of Public Works Service.
Feb. 26 From the Minister in Haiti
(73) Report on progress of discussions, and opinion that Haiti-

anization of Public Works Service should not be accelerated as
contemplated, and that consideration of Financial Service
should be postponed; information that public sentiment
presents difficulties to discussion but that further U. S. conces-

sions would merely bring more demands.
Mar. 11 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(17) Recommendation of inclusion of a clause (text printed)

proposed by Foreign Minister, or a similar provision for a

special accord on financial control to be constituted after 1936. 591381-46-VOL. II

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HAITI

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND HAITI FOR HAITIANIZATION OF

THE TREATY SERVICES, SIGNED August 5, 1931-Continued

Date and number

Subject

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1931 Mar. 14

(18)

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Mar. 18

(14)

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Mar. 20

(22)

431

Mar. 26

(18)

438

Mar. 30

(25)

From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Suggestion of a paragraph (text printed), conceding the
issuance of commissions to Haitian employees in the Customs
Service.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Advice that Department is considering a revised convention
to confirm and extend financial control throughout the life of
present outstanding bonds and to provide for return to Haitian
control of nonfinancial services excluding the Garde.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Opinion that the proposal of a new treaty for continuance of
financial control would not be wise at this time as progress in the
discussions is satisfactory and a change in general policy would
do more harm than good.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Instructions to inform the Haitian Government that upon
its approval of the proposed Convention (text printed), the
Department will be ready to put into immediate effeot a pro-
gram of Haitianization (substance printed) of the nonfinan-
cial services, with exception of the Garde.
From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Opinion that it would be difficult to justify a demand that
a new convention be ratified before a plan of Haitianization is
put into effect; recommendation that the Minister and Finan-
cial Adviser be instructed to proceed to Washington about
April 12 for personal discussion with Department, and that
an effort be made to conclude before that time an accord on
Haitianization.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Authorization to proceed to Washington, but advice that
Department cannot authorize any agreement such as quoted
in telegrams Nos. 17 and 18, March 11 and 14; instructions to
discuss fully with Haitian Government, without commitments,
the U. S. point of view on all outstanding matters.
From the Minister in Haiti

Progress of discussions with Foreign Minister on Haitian-
ization; transmittal of formulas, of note from Foreign Minister
enclosing observations and counterproposals relative to the
Garde, and of Minister's draft of agreement concerning the
Garde (texts printed).
Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State

Outline of proposed Haitianization plan; draft of proposed
Convention (text printed); memorandum by the Minister in
Haiti (text printed concerning supplementary Haitianization
agreement regarding the financial services.
To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

Non-objection to proposed paragraph for commissioning of
customs employees.
From the Minister in Haiti

Explanation of Department's point of view and proposals
to the Foreign Minister, who felt that ratification could be
obtained during the present session of Haitian Congress.

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Mar. 31

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441

Apr. 4

(94)

Apr. 22

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461

Apr. 23

(25)

461

May 5

(113)

May 29 | Information that Colvin's appointment has been rejected,

HAITI
AGREEMENT BETWBEN THE UNITED STATES AND HAITI FOR HAITIANIZATION OF

THE TREATY SERVICES, SIGNED August 5, 1931-Continued
Date and
number
Subject

Page 1931 May 5 From the Minister in Haiti

465 (114) Transmittal of general outline of proposed financial con

vention (text printed) presented to the Foreign Minister and
his observations for Department's comment; request for

authorization to accept minor changes. May 16 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

468 (31) Department's disinclination to agree to limiting number of

American officials in the Financial Services to two; non-
objection to other Haitian proposals, and authorization to

accept minor changes.
May 18 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

469 (40) Explanation that recommendation was not to limit the

number of Americans in the Customs Service but the number

nominated by the President of the United States. May 26 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

469 Foreign Minister's threat of a Cabinet crisis over U. S. insistence on Colvin's appointment as Director General of Service Technique as a condition precedent to Haitianization. Opinion that internal political questions hold more interest than Haitianization and that conflict with United States for political purposes is possible. in tel

471 46)

but that if Colvin would resign, Haiti would be willing to pay
him an indemnity; recommendation that Department decide
at once, as an impasse on the question might cause serious

difficulties.
June 1 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

473 (47) Recommendation that if all Americans are to be released

from Service Technique by January 1, 1932, they be paid 6

months' salary as an indemnity. June 1 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

474 (49) Recommendation that if Department accepts the proposal

regarding Colvin, its acceptance be conditional upon explicit
assurances of enforcement of treaty provisions governing the
Garde, in view of Haitian attitude toward appointment of

American officers and promotion of Haitian officers.
June 2 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

474 (34) Instructions to advise Foreign Minister that Department

acquiesces in the proposal regarding Colvin; advice that
Department is agreeing in order to facilitate Haitianization
negotiations and desires to be informed if this result is not

expected.
June 3 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)

475 (52) Information that internal political situation may prevent

prompt conclusion of Haitianization negotiations; recom-
mendation that United States proceed with whatever appears
advisable in each Service while continuing general negotiations.

HAITI

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND HAITI FOR HAITIANIZATION OF

THE TREATY SERVICES, SIGNED AUGUST 5, 1931-Continued

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Subject

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1931
June 3 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(36) Instructions to inform President Vincent that U. S. acqui-

escence in the Colvin compromise is conditional upon assur-
ances that the Garde treaty provisions will be respected and
that Haitianization discussions must be confined to limits of

1915 treaty.
June 3 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(37) Authorization to work out a plan for indemnities to American

personnel in connection with Haitianization of Service Tech

nique.
June 4 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(53) Information that a law giving members of Congress an

expense allowance retroactive to November 10, 1930, has been
passed disregarding President Vincent's promise of a balanced
budget prior to enactment. Advice that Financial Adviser is
withholding funds, upon Minister's instruction, and that this
action may create serious situation in Congress; inquiry if

Department approves action taken.
June 6 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(39) Advice that Department prefers some agreement for Haiti-

anization but will, if agreement fails, carry out withdrawal in

its own manner,
June 6 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(40) Approval of position outlined in Legation's telegram No. 53,

June 4, and instructions to inform Haitian authorities of U.S.
insistence on full observance of treaty commitments affecting

Financial Service.
June 13 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(41) Preference for employees in Customs Service to be appointed

by Haitian President upon nomination by President of United
States; instructions to make clear U. S. Government's accord
as to the desirability of the withdrawal of Americans as soon as

feasible.
June 18 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(61) Information that Haitian Government will agree to general

assurances provided the United States does not insist on the
commissioning of Captain Aarons; recommendation that

proposal be refused on principle.
June 18 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(62) Recommendation that, in view of attitude of Government

and public and the possibility of a definite break in negotia-
tions over the Aarons case, United States have a plan of its own

ready to be announced if negotiations break down.
June 19 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(64) Authorization to Financial Adviser to refuse Finance Minis-

ter's order to pay the expense allowances to members of Con-
gress; discussion with Foreign Minister of possible modification
of 1918 agreement on condition that laws relating to financial

affairs be submitted to the Financial Adviser.
June 20 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
(66) Report that Aarons was cleared of charges by Board of In-

vestigation.

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