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moved by Lord John Russell, on the 18th of February-Mr. Roebuck

criticises the Measure-After a general discussion the Second Reading is

carried-Committal of the Bill-Numerous Amendments are moved by

Sir W. Molesworth, Mr. Mowatt, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. C. Lushington, Mr. E.

Denison, and other Members—The Bill, in its main features, is success-

fully supported by the Government–Various questions of Colonial Policy

mooted in debate-On bringing up the Report Sir W. Molesworth moves

the re-committal of the Bill, explaining at some length his views of

Colonial Policy-Mr. Gladstone supports the Motion, which is resisted by

Mr. Labouchere and Sir George Grey, and is negatived on a Division by

165 against 42—Mr. Gladstone moves the addition of a Clause giving to

the Church of England in the Colonies a power of synodical action-
Interesting discussion on this Motion—Speeches in favour of the Amend-

ment are made by Mr. A. B. Hope, Mr. W. P. Wood, Mr. Roundell Palmer,

Mr. Walpole, and Mr. Adderley, and by Sir George* Grey, Mr. Hume, Mr.

Roebuck, and the Attorney-General, contra—The Clause is rejected by

187 to 102—On the Third Reading being moved, Mr. Gladstone proposes

that the operation of the Bill be suspended until the opinion of the

Colonies respecting it can be ascertained—Mr. Roebuck supports the

proposition, which, after a full discussion, is negatived by 226 to 128—

Other Amendments are rejected, and the Bill is passed--In the House of

Lords the Second Reading of the Bill is carried nem. diss.—Motion made

by Lord Brougham that the Opponents may be heard by Counsel against the

Bill-Opposed by Earl Grey, and negatived by 33 to 25— The Bishop of

Oxford moves that the Bill be referred to a Select Committee-His

Speech-Earl Grey opposes the Motion, which, after some discussion and

a Speech from Lord Stanley, is rejected by 34 to 21-Various Amend-

ments proposed in Committee-Certain Clauses abandoned by Ministers-

The Amendments made in the Lords are ultimately adopted by the

House of Commons. AFFAIRS OF CEYLON—Proceedings of the Select

Committee— Substance of the Report - Indignation expressed in the

House of Commons at the conduct of Lord Torrington. "WEST INDIAN

ISLANDS-Resolution moved by Sir E. F. Buxton, affirming the injustice

of exposing the free-grown Sugar to competition with Slave-trading

Countries-His Speech - Mr. W. Evans seconds the Motion--Speeches of

Mr. Hume, Mr. Mangles, Mr. Grantley Berkeley, Mr. Wilson, Mr. E. H.

Stanley, Mr. Hutt, Sir John Pakington, the Chancellor of the Exchequer,

Mr. Gladstone, and Lord Palmerston—The Resolution of Sir E. F. Buxton

is negatived by 275 against 234



Peers-On a Division, Lord Stanley's Resolution is carried against the

Government by a Majority of 37—In the House of Commons, Mr. Roe-

buck questions Lord John Russell respecting the position of Ministers-

Statement of Lord John Russell-Mr. Roebuck gives notice of a Resolu-

tion vindicating the Foreign Policy of the Government–The Debate

commences on the 24th of June, and is continued for four nights by

adjournment-Eloquent and brilliant Speeches on both sides-Powerful

defence of his Policy by Lord Palmerston, and interesting Speech of Sir

Robert Peel, being the last Speech by him before his lamented Death-

Summary of the leading Speeches for and against Ministers, including

those of Mr. Roebuck, Sir F. Thesiger, Mr. W. P. Wood, Sir James

Graham, Sir John Walsh, Mr. Sidney Herbert, Mr. Gladstone, Mr.

Cockburn, Mr. Walpole, Mr. Cobden, Lord John Russell, and Mr. Disraeli

- The Division gives a Majority of 46 in favour of Government. AFFAIRS

of Hungary-Lord Dudley Stuart moves for Papers relating to the

extradition of Hungarian Refugees from Turkey-Explanation given by

Lord Palmerston-Remarks made by various Members on the subject

African Slave-Trade Suppression-Mr. Hutt moves an Address to the

Crown in favour of discontinuing the Squadron on the Coast of Africa-

Mr. Baillie seconds the Motion, which is supported by Mr. Grantley

Berkeley, Mr. Anstey, Lord Harry Vane, Mr. Gladstone, and Lord Robert

Grosvenor, and opposed by Mr. W. Evans, Mr. Labouchere, Mr. Cardwell,

Sir G. Pechell, and Lord John Russell — On a Division, the Motion is

negatived by 232 to 154


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Affairs OF IRELAND—Statement of Lord John Russell respecting Irish

Distress, and the proposed mode of dealing with the distressed Unions and

repayments of Advances-After some debate, the Ministerial Resolutions

are agreed to—Bill founded thereon brought in and passed. EXTENSION

OF THE Irish PARLIAMENTARY FRANCHISE--Origin and progress of the

Measure-Bill brought in by the Secretary for Ireland-Its general

features-Debate on the Second Reading-Remarks of Mr. Napier, Mr.

Hume, Mr. Reynolds, Mr. M. J. O'Connell, Mr. Bright, and other Members

The Bill is read a Second Time nem. con.-It encounters a good deal of

opposition in Committee—Various Amendments proposed, but, with slight

exceptions, rejected— The proposition to reduce the Standard of Franchise

according to rating from Sl. to 51. is defeated by 142 to 90—On the Third

Reading being moved, an animated opposition is manifested, but it is

carried by 254 to 186—In the House of Lords the Earl of Desart proposes

to raise the Standard of Franchise from 81. to 151.–Speeches of the Bishop

of Down, Lords Stanley, Wharncliffe, Mountcashell, and Brougham, the

Earls of Shrewsbury and Carlisle, Earl Fitzwilliam, and the Marquess of

Lansdowne- The Amendment is carried against Ministers by 72 to 50-

Lord Stanley then proposes and carries an Amendment affecting the

Registration Clauses, by a majority of 16-On the Amendments coming

down to the House of Commons for consideration, Lord John Russell

moves the House to accede to a 121. Franchise as a compromise, and to

reject the Registration Amendment—The House after a debate adopts

that course—The Lords eventually consent to the alteration fixing the

Franchise at 121. and to restore the Registration Clauses as before—The


John Russell moves to introduce a Bill for that purpose-His Speech-

Remarks of Mr. Grattan, Mr. Grogan, Mr. Fagan, Mr. Reynolds, Mr. B.

Osborne, and other Members-Leave given-Debate on the Second Reading

-Several Irish and other Members vehemently oppose the Bill—The

Debate is adjourned, and important Speeches are delivered by Sir Robert

Peel, Sir George Grey, Mr. Sheil, Mr. Disraeli, Sir R. Inglis, and other

leading Members—The Second Reading is carried by a majority of 225,

but the measure is ultimately thrown over to the following Session.

CONFLICT AT Castle WELLAN—Lord Stanley brings forward a Motion in

the House of Lords demanding an investigation into this affair, and

arraigning the Irish Policy of the Government–His Speech-The Earl of

Clarendon defends his own Administration at great length-Speeches of the

Earl of Roden, Earl of Winchilsea, Lord Brougham, and other Peers—The

Motion for Papers is acceded to without opposition :



FINANCE-The Budget is introduced by the Chancellor of the Exchequer on

the 15th of March-Favourable condition of the Public Revenue-Effects

of reduced Taxation on necessaries of life-Proposed reduction of the

Stamp Duties and repeal of the Brick Tax-Reception of the Budget-

Remarks of Mr. Hume, the Marquess of Granby, Mr. Newdegate, Mr. Henry

Drummond, Mr. Bankes, and other Members—Progress of the Financial

Arrangements-Difficulty found in adjusting the details of Stamp Duties,

Defeat of the Government on an Amendment moved by Sir H. Willoughby

-Two Bills withdrawn in succession_Mr. Mullings suggests alterations

which are mainly adopted—The Stamp Duties Reduction and Brick Duties

Repeal Bills are ultimately passed—Various Motions in favour of Retrench-

ment and reduction of Taxation-Mr. Henley gives notice of a Motion for

reduction of Official Salaries—Lord John Russell anticipates the Motion

by proposing the appointment of a Select Committee for the same object

-Speech of Lord John Russell on that occasion-Mr. Disraeli moves an

Amendment–Speeches of Mr. Hume, Mr. Henley, Lord H. Vane, Mr. Cock-

burn, Mr. Herries, Mr. Bright, Mr. H. Drummond, and the Chancellor of

the Exchequer-Lord J. Russell's Motion is carried by a majority of 91.-

Mr. Horsman moves that the inquiry be extended to Ecclesiastical

Incomes—The Motion is opposed by Sir George Grey, and rejected by

208 to 95. Motions in favour of RETRENCHMENT--Mr. Cobden moves

Resolutions on the 8th of March pledging the House to reduction of

Expenditure_He is answered by Mr. Labouchere—Speeches of Mr.

Spooner, Mr. Hume, Mr. Herries, Mr. M. Gibson, Mr. Henley, and Lord

John Russell—Majority of 183 against Mr. Cobden's Resolutions, Mr.

Henry Drummond, on the 13th of March, brings forward another

Motion in favour of Economy-His Resolution is seconded by Mr.

Cayley, supported by Mr. Newdegate, Mr. Stafford, Lord John Manners,

Mr. Bennett, and other Agricultural Members, and opposed by

Mr. F. Maule, Sir Robert Peel, Mr. Labouchere, Mr. Bright, and Lord

John Russell—The Motion is negatived by 190 to 156. REPEAL OF THE

Window Duty-Moved by Lord Duncan-His Speech—Answer of the

Chancellor of the Exchequer-Speeches of Sir G. Pechell, Sir Benjamin

Hall, Lord Dudley Stuart, and Mr. Hume, in favour of the Motion, which

is rejected by a narrow majority of 80 against 77—Motion of Mr. Cayley

for Repeal of the Malt Tax-His Speech-Mr. Christopher seconds the

Motion—The Chancellor of the Exchequer opposes it—Speeches of Mr.

Henry Drummond, Mr. Bass, Mr. M. Gibson, Mr. Spooner, Mr. Hodges,

Mr. J. Wilson, Mr. Disraeli, and Lord John Russell-The Motion is lost

by 247 against 123 .

· [116



this Measure—The Bishop of London introduces a Bill for creating a new

tribunal in lieu of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on Church

Questions—Speech of the Bishop on moving the Second Reading—The

Bill is opposed on the part of the Government by the Marquess of Lans-

downe, Lord Brougham, the Bishop of St. David's, Lord Campbell, the Earl

of Harrowby, and the Earl of Carlisle, and supported by the Duke of

Cambridge, Lord Lyttelton, and the Bishop of Oxford— The Second Reading

is negatived by 84 to 51. REFORM OF THE UNIVERSITIES—Mr. Heywood

moves an Address to the Crown, to issue a Commission of Inquiry into the

State of the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, and Dublin-Sir R. H.

Inglis opposes the Motion on behalf of Oxford, and Mr. Napier on behalf of

Trinity College, Dublin-Lord John Russell surprises the House by inti-

mating the intention of Government to concede the Commission-Remarks

of Mr. Goulburn, Mr. Roundell Palmer, and other Members—The Debate

is adjourned-Incidental discussions on the subject in the House of Lords

-Declaration of the Duke of Wellington-Remarks of Lord Monteagle,

and assurance given by Lord Carlisle, as to the intended constitution of

the Commission Resumption of the Debate on Mr. Heywood's Motion-

Speeches of Mr. Roundell Palmer, Mr. Gladstone, Mr. Law, and Lord John

Russell-A division takes place, which results in a majority of 22 in

favour of the Commission. ALTERATION OF THE Law of MARRIAGE-

Mr. Stuart Wortley revives his Bill of the preceding Session for legalising

Marriages within certain degrees of affinity—The introduction of the Bill

is opposed, but without success—Debate on the Second Reading—Speeches

of Mr. A. B. Hope, Mr. Sidney Herbert, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. Roundell Palmer,

Lord Mahon, Mr. Cockburn, Mr. Sheil, Mr. Cobden, and Mr. Goulburn-

The Second Reading is passed by a majority of 52—The committal of the

Bill is opposed by Mr. Divett, and carried by a majority of 2 only—Various

Amendments are proposed without success—The Bill is passed, but is

ultimately withdrawn in the House of Lords, at the End of the Session,

by Earl St. Germans. SUNDAY LABOUR IN THE Post Office—Motion by

Lord Ashley, to discontinue the delivery of letters on Sunday, is carried

against the Government by 93 to 68—The alteration is soon after carried

into effect, but excites much controversy and dissatisfaction--After it has
been in operation a few weeks, Mr. Locke moves an Address to the Crown,

praying for a reconsideration of the Order—Mr. Roebuck seconds thé

Motion—Lord Ashley strongly opposes it—After a Debate, the Motion, as

amended on the proposition of Lord John Russell, is carried by 195 to

112–The new regulations of the Post Office are shortly afterwards

rescinded. AMENDMENT OF THE FACTORY ACT_Circumstances which led

to further legislation on the subject-Lord Ashley moves for leave to

bring in a Bill to give effect to the objects of the Act of 1847—Various

discussions on this Measure—Sir George Grey, on the part of the Govern-

ment, proposes an arrangement by way of compromise between the Mill-

owners and Operatives—Lord Ashley accedes to the proposal with some

conditions—Amendments are moved during the progress of the Bill by

Lord Ashley, Lord John Manners, and other Members, for the purpose of

enforcing further limitations upon the hours of labour, but ultimately the

Bill is passed in the shape proposed by the Government–The Duke of

Richmond and Earl of Harrowby propose similar Amendments in the

House of Lords, but without success, and the Bill is passed [140

ion of

& new


to the deceased Statesman.-Mr. Gladstone, Mr. Napier, Sir R. H. Inglis,

and Sir W. Somerville, in eloquent Speeches, concur in the proposed mark

of respect, and the Motion is carried nem. con.-In the House of Lords,

the Marquess of Lansdowne passes a touching encomium on the character

of Sir Robert Peel.—Lord Stanley, Lord Brougham, and the Duke of

Wellington, emphatically express their sense of his public and private

virtues--Lord John Russell, in the House of Commons, descants in an

impressive manner upon the great loss which the Country has sustained,

and offers the sanction of the Crown to a public funeral-Mr. Goulburn,

on the part of the deceased Baronet's family, respectfully declines the

proposed honour, as inconsistent with the expressed wish of the Deceased

-Lord John Russell, on the 12th July, proposes the erection of a Monu-

ment to Sir Robert Peel in Westminster Abbey, his family having declined

both a public funeral and a peerage-The Motion is carried nem. diss.-

Death of the Duke of Cambridge-His amiable and popular character-

Expressions of condolence and tributes to his memory paid in both Houses

of Parliament-Debates on proposed Annuity to his Successor--Opposition

made to the amount proposed by Government–The Annuity of 12,0001. is

ultimately granted. *Case of Baron RothscHILD, AND ADMISSION OF JEWS

TO SIT IN PARLIAMENT— The Baron comes to the Table of the House of

Commons on the 26th of July to take the Oath, desiring to be sworn on

the Old Testament—Sir R. II. Inglis opposes that attempt, and the Baron

withdraws-Sir R. H. Inglis then proposes a Resolution against altering

the form of the Oath, which is debated at much length ; Sir F. Thesiger,

Mr. W. P. Wood, the Attorney-General, Mr. Stuart Wortley, and Lord

John Russell, being the most prominent Speakers—Mr. Hume moves an

Amendment in favour of administering the Oath to Baron Rothschild on

the Old Testament—The Motion of Sir R. Inglis is negatived, and that of

Mr. Hume is carried by a majority of 54.—The next day, the Oaths are

tendered to the Baron on the Old Testament~In taking the Oath of

Abjuration he omits the words “ On the true faith of a Christian”-Ile is

thereupon ordered to withdraw-Sir F. Thesiger moves a Resolution, that

a new writ should issue in his room for the City of London-Mr. W.P.

Wood argues, with great ingenuity, that there has been a valid taking of

the Oath, and that the Seat is full—The Attorney-General opposes that

view of the law-After much discussion the matter is again adjourned-

The Attorney General gives notice of two Resolutions; one denying the

right of Baron Rothschild to sit without taking the Oath in the prescribed

form, the other pledging the House to a measure for the relief of the Jews

at the Commencement of the next Session-Mr. Hume proposes an Amend-

ment-After a debate, in which Mr. W. P. Wood, Mr. Roebuck, Mr.

Anstey, Mr. Bright, Mr. Disraeli, and other Members, take part, the

Attorney-General's two Resolutions are carried by majorities of 72 and 36

respectively. Minor MEASURES OF THE Session—The Metropolitan Inter-

ment Act--The County Court Extension Act—The Ecclesiastical Commis-

sion Amendment Act. TERMINATION OF THE SESSION- Parliament is

prorogued by the Queen in Person, on the 18th August-Address to Her

Majesty by the Speaker of the House of Commons, and the Royal Speech.

The PAPAL AGGRESSION—Extraordinary excitement occasioned in the

Country by the appointment of a Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster, and

suffragan Bishops with territorial Titles, by the Pope—Demonstrations of

Public Opinion in various quarters-Proceedings of the Clergy-Publica-

tion of Lord John Russell's famous Letter to the Bishop of Durham-

County Meetings-Popular Demonstrations on the 5th of November-Dr.

Wiseman addresses an Appeal to the English People--Style and character

of the Document, and its effects on the Public Mind


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