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tal Debt of Great Britain .......£1724,092,611 15 125,091,785 10 1041,303,375 14 5/251,007 10,557,243 12 101 37,203,412 6 25 tto..
Ireland, payable in Great Britain .. 103,032,750 0 3,194,966 5
29,580 12 48 1,039,584 19 9 4,393,715 3 10
Amount of Loans to the
36,693 0 495,675 12
181 16 0
57,047 9 54
1,211,776 3 114
12,875,297 16 87
92,926 10 7
792,033,426 6427,233,993 14 941 662,959 14 284,673 8 4112,968,224 7 34 42,149,850 11 7
29,846 4 6
duct Life Annuities payable at the Bank
An Account of the UNFUNDED Debt and Demands OUTSTANDING on the 5th Day of Junuary, 1816.
9 IO 1,030,1093 8
876,857 7 4 3,694,9215 7
£ 19,772,800 0 21,669,100 0
530,535 I 10.1
Abstract of the Report of the Com- lieu of the election or postulation
mittee on the Laws and Ordinan- of the chapters of their respective ces existing in Foreign States, re- cathedrals, and has the savie efspecting the regulation of their fect ; the papal confirmation being Roman Catholic Subjects, in Ec- afterwards obtained through the clesiastical matters.
Austrian ipinister at Rome. To
this mode of election the archThe various documents refer
bishop of Olmutz forms the sole red to were obtained by instruc
exception, the right of choosing tions which Lord Castlereagh gave him resting entirely in the chapin 1812, and subsequently, to ter of his see. the ministers resident at foreign In Hungary the Emperor apcourts.
points all bishops, who perform The committee refrain from
every part of their functions which adverting to any question of theo
relates to jurisdiction before they logical controversy.
have been confirmed by the Pope. The attention of the committee
In other parts of the imperial dois directed to two objects :- minions this is not the case.
Ist. The appointment or elec- In Austria the placitum regium tion of the Catholic Clergy, prin- is the right of requiring that all cipally those of the episcopal or- ecclesiastical statutes and ordider.
nances besubmitted to the state be2d. The restraints imposed fore their publication. Absolu. upon the intermission of Papal tions are excepted, when granted rescripts; with this they have by the Roman penitentiary, whenjoined the appellative jurisdiction, ever they concern conscience cnly, exercised by the supreme secular when the case admits of no delay, magistrate.
or when the reputation of any one Under a third head they include is in danger. other matters of ecclesiastical re- No Austrian subject can be cxgulation.
communicated without the EmThey distinguish between re- peror's consent. gulations obtaining in those states which are in communion with the
RICKS OU MENTZ, TREVES, AND See of Rome; those of the “non-united" Greek and Russian church ; and those of the Augs. burgh and Helvetian confessions.
In August 1786 a Congress was 1. AUSTRIA, BOHEMIA, HUNGARY. held at Ens by all the ecclesiasti
The Austrian bishops are no- cal electors, where 23 articles of minated or appointed by the Em- regulation, recognizing the indeperor, which appointment is in pence of the Church of Germany,
THE ELECTORAL ARCHBISHOP
COLOGNE - AND THE ARCH-
III. STATES OF ITALY -THE MILAN
ESE AND AUSTRIAN LOMBARDY.
with reference to the usurpations means of the minister at Rome, of the Court of Rome, were the one more particularly designadrawn up and ratified.
ted to fill the vacancy. In these resolutions the ancient Here also the regium placitum discipline of the German Church exists. is asserted, with respect to nominations and elections to ecclesias tical benefices ; and it is declared In Naples a negotiation is now that “ No bulls, briefs, or ordi- going on respecting the appointnances of the Pope shall be bind- ing of bishops. ing on the bishops, unless the lat- In Sicily the nomination is exter regularly signify their formal clusively in the crown. assent."
In both there is the regium placitum.
VII. SARDINIA, PIEDMONT, The archbishoprick of Milan, the bishopricks of Pavia, Cremo- By a brief of Pope Nicholas V. na, Lodi, and Como, are at the of 1451, the Sovereign of Sardiimmediate nomination and pre- nia has the privilege of naining sentation of the Emperor of Aus- to all the bishopricks. The same tria, who is, however, with re- was extended by a concordat, in . gard to the four last bishopricks, 1727, to Savoy. principally to appoint those sub- The regium placitum is comjects that may be recommended pletely recognized. by the Pope.
In these states the sovereign By the pragmatic sanction of right of the regium placitum re- St. Louis, in 1268, the bishops of mains in its full force and exercise. France were elected (by the
Deans and Chapter); but these In these states, while indepen- elections were not valid, without dent, the two patriarchs of Venice the congé d'élire of the King. and Aquila were chosen by the By the concordat settled at BoSenate-on a vacancy of an epis- logna, between Pope Leo X. and copal see, the names of three ec- the King, Francis I. in 1515, the clesiastics were transmitted by the French Monarchs have exercised Senate to Rome, and the reqaisite the nomination of all bishops. bull of institution was sent by the In France the regium placitum Pope to the first on the list. is established.
The same regulations existed here as in the other states already The patronage of all ecclesias. mentioned, respecting the regium tical benefices is in the King. He placitum.
presents to all vacant sees, and
requires that the necessary bulls On a vacancy occurring in any should be immediately transmitBishop's see, the Tuscan govern- ted by the Pope to the newly apment presents to the Pope the pointed prelate. names of four individuals, recom- All bulls and rescripts subject mending, at the same time, by to the regium placitum.
IV. VENETIAN STATES.
X. PORTUGAL AND THE BRAZILS.
ploma,” the vicars-apostolic to The prerogatives of the crown exercise their functions throughhave been uniformly contended out the kingdom, conforming for and supported, both with re- themselves to the edict of toleraspect to the nomination of bishops, tion. There is no provision for and a control upon the intromis- the exercise of the regium placitum. sion of papal rescripts. XI. SWITZERLAND.
The appointment to the episAt Coire the Court of Rome copal order is generally in the has no right to interfere in the Crown; but whenever the apelection of bishops, which is made pointinent or nomination of the freely by the 24 canons. It is bishop has not been reserved to only after tlie election that Rome the Crown, the Chapter exercises gives the placet.
the right of election. In the Valais, the Chapter pro- The regium placitum in force in poses four individuals to the Diet, Prussia. which selecis one, and
presents him to the Pope, who first rejects Negotiations are now going and then names himn, of his own forward respecting new regulaauthority.
tions between the Pope and the In the Catholic cantons, the King. immediate monasteries elect their own prelate, without the least in- No Catholic bishops, and no fluence on the part of the govern- papal edict allowed to be published. ments, their confirmation depending upon the apostolic see.
No Catholic bishop since the The regium placitum is in force reformation, except the confessor in Switzerland.
of the King, who has the authoAll. THE GREEK CHURCH, EMPIRE rity of a vica" apostolic.
No information has been ob. The archbishop of Mohilow, tained respecting the regiuin plaand all other bishops, are named citum. by the Emperor, who are confirmed by the Pope.
Negotiations are now pending The regium placitum exists in relative to ecclesiastical regulaRussia.
XIX. HANOVERHESSE BADEN.
No Catholic bishops.
Catholic priests receive their The manner in which the biappointments from the bishop of shops are appointed is detailed in Hildersheim, who exercises the the appendix. The King of Engdelegated authority of a vicar land nominates the bishop to each apostolic, in relation to several vacant see, who is afterwards states of Germany, in which he consecrated by the Pope. is not resident.
No regium placitum in force in No regium placiturin Denmark. the colonies.
Documents in the appendix exThe King authorises, “ hy di- plain the nature of the elec:ion by