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The salary of a Governor General shall not be altered during his continuance in office.
Provisions relating to
4. THE provisions of this Constitution relating to the Governor General extend and apply to the Governor General for the time being, or such person as the Queen may appoint to administer the Government of the Commonwealth ; but no such person shall be entitled to receive any salary from the Commonwealth in respect of any other office during his administration of the Government of the Commonwealth.
Sessions of Parlia. ment.
5. THE Governor General may appoint such times for holding
the sessions of the Parliament as he thinks fit, and may also from Prorogation and dis. time to time, by proclamation or otherwise, prorogue the Parliament,
and may in like manner dissolve the House of Representatives.
After any general election the Parliament shall be summoned
to meet not later than thirty days after the day appointed for the
The Parliament shall be summoned to meet not later than six months after the establishment of the Commonwealth.
Yearly session of
6. THERE shall be a session of the Parliament once at least in every year, so that twelve months shall not intervene between the last sitting of the Parliament in one session and its first sitting in the next session.
PART II.—THE SENATE.
But until the Parliament of the Commonwealth otherwise pro-
Until the Parliament otherwise provides, there shall be six senators for each Original State. The Parliament may make laws increasing or diminishing the number of senators for each State, but so that equal representation of the several Original States shall be maintained and that no Original State shall have less than six senators.
The senators shall be chosen for a term of six years, and the names of the Senators chosen for each State shall be certified by the Governor to the Governor General.
8. THE qualification of electors of senators shall be in each A.D. 1900. State that which is prescribed by this Constitution, or by the Parlia
Qualification of elecment, as the qualification for electors of members of the House of tors. Representatives, but in the choosing of senators each elector shall vote only once.
9. THE Parliament of the Commonwealth may make laws prescribing the method of choosing senators, but so that the method Method of election shall be uniform for all the States. Subject to any such law, the Parliament of each State may make laws prescribing the method of choosing the senators for that State.
The Parliament of a State may make laws for determining the times and places of elections of senators for the State.
Times and places.
UNTIL the Parliament otherwise provides, but subject to
Application of State this Constitution, the laws in force in each State, for the time being, laws. relating to elections for the more numerous House of the Parliament of the State shall, as nearly as practicable, apply to elections of senators for the State.
11. THE Senate may proceed to the despatch of business, notwithstanding the failure of any State to provide for its representation in the Senate.
Failure to choose senators.
Issue of writs.
12. THE Governor of any State may cause writs to be issued for elections of senators for the State. In case of the dissolution of the Senate, the writs shall be issued within ten days from the proclamation of such dissolution.
13. AS soon as may be after the Senate first meets, and after each first meeting of the Senate following a dissolution thereof, the Rotation of senators. Senate shall divide the senators chosen for each State into two classes, as nearly equal in number as practicable; and the places of the senators of the first class shall become vacant at the expiration of the third year, and the places of those of the second class at the expiration of the sixth year, from the beginning of their term of service; and afterwards the places of senators shall become vacant at the expiration of six years from the beginning of their term of service.
The election to fill vacant places shall be made in the year at the expiration of which the places are to become vacant.
For the purposes of this section, the term of service of a senator shall be taken to begin on the first day of January following the day of his election, except in the cases of the first election and of the election next after any dissolution of the Senate, when it shall be taken to begin on the first day of January preceding the day of his election.
Further provision for rotation.
14. WHENEVER the number of senators for a State is increased or diminished, the Parliament of the Commonwealth may make such provision for the vacating of the places of senators for the State as it deems necessary to maintain regularity in the rotation.
15. IF the place of a senator becomes vacant before the expiration of his term of service the Houses of Parliament of the State for which he was chosen shall, sitting and voting together, choose a person to hold the place until the expiration of the term, or until the election of a successor as hereinafter provided, whichever first happens. But if the Houses of Parliament of the State are not in session at the time when the vacancy is notified, the Governor of the State, with the advice of the Executive Council thereof, may appoint a person to hold the place until the expiration of fourteen days after the beginning of the next session of the Parliament of the State, or until the election of a successor, whichever first happens.
At the next general election of members of the House of Representatives, or at the next election of senators for the State, whichever first happens, a successor shall, if the term has not then expired, be chosen to hold the place from the date of his election until the expiration of the term.
The name of any senator so chosen or appointed shall be certified by the Governor of the State to the Governor General.
Qualifications of senator.
16. THE qualifications of a senator shall be the same as those of a member of the House of Representatives.
Election of President.
17. THE Senate shall, before proceeding to the despatch of any other business, choose a senator to be the President of the Senate; and as often as the office of President becomes vacant the Senate shall again choose a senator to be the President.
The President shall cease to hold his office if he ceases to be a senator. He may be removed from office by a vote of the Senate, or he may resign his office or his seat by writing addressed to the Governor General.
Absence of President.
18. BEFORE or during any absence of the President, the Senate may choose a senator to perform his duties in his absence.
Resignation of senator.
19. A SENATOR may, by writing, addressed to the President, or to the Governor General if there is no President or if the President is absent from the ('ommonwealth, resign his place, which thereupon shall become vacant.
20. THE place of a senator shall become vacant if for two consecutive months of any session of the Parliament he, without the permission of the Senate, fails to attend the Senate.
Vacancy by absence.
21. WHENEVER a vacancy happens in the Senate, the President, or if there is no President, or if the President is absent notified.
Vacancy to be from the Commonwealth, the Governor General shall notify the same to the Governor of the State in the representation of which the vacancy has happened.
22. UNTIL the Parliament otherwise provides, the presence of at least one-third of the whole number of the senators shall be necessary to constitute a meeting of the Senate for the exercise of its powers.
Voting in Senate.
23. QUESTIONS arising in the Senate shall be determined by a majority of votes, and each senator shall have one vote. The President shall in all cases be entitled to a vote; and when the votes are equal the question shall pass in the negative.
PART III.-THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 24. THE House of Representatives shall be composed of mem
Constitution of bers directly chosen by the people of the Commonwealth, and the House of number of such members shall be, as nearly as practicable, twice the Representatives. number of the senators.
The number of members chosen in the several States shall be
people of the Commonwealth, as shown by the latest
determined by dividing the number of the people of the
But notwithstanding anything in this section, five members, at least, shall be chosen in each Original State.
25. FOR the purposes of the last section, if by the law of any provision as to races State all persons of any race are disqualified from voting at elections disqualified from
for the more numerous House of the Parliament of the State, then,
Representatives in first Parliament.
26. NOTWITHSTANDING anything in Section Twenty-four,
Alteration of number of members.
27. SUBJECT to this Constitution, the Parliament may make laws for increasing or diminishing the number of the members of the House of Representatives.
Duration of House of Representatives.
28. EVERY House of Representatives shall continue for three years from the first meeting of the House, and no longer, but may
be sooner dissolved by the Governor General.
29. UNTIL the Parliament of the Commonwealth otherwise provides, the Parliament of any State may make laws for determining the divisions in each State for which members of the House of Representatives may be chosen, and the number of members to be chosen for each division. A division shall not be formed out of parts of different States.
In the absence of other provision, each State shall be one electorate.
Qualification of electors.
30. UNTIL the Parliament otherwise provides, the qualification of electors of members of the House of Representatives shall be in each State that which is prescribed by the law of the State as the qualification of electors of the
numerous House of Parliament of the State ; but in the choosing of members each elector shall vote only once.