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in removing this duty, but I want to say to you that in my judgment the Representatives of Massachusetts, and I am one of them, never did a more harmful thing to all the interests of the people of New England than when we advocated the removal of that particular duty.
"Why? Not because the duty itself was particularly important, but because the people in other sections of the country who believed in protection said, 'It is not fair, you are not doing the fair thing by us. We stand by protection because we believe in it as a principle. You are standing by protection because it is a matter of local interest, and you are now trying to do the thing which will give you some advantage over us in connection with the policy.'
"I submit the question to every Representative and Senator from New England who has represented New England since that time, if I am not right in saying that it was unwise to try to do a thing which might have given us some slight advantage, but which brought down on our heads the criticism of unfairness from those with whom we have been associated from whom we must get a great many of the things which this Commonwealth and this section of the country need in order to make it prosperous.
"That is what I have meant by saying that we must compromise our views and adapt them to the views and the wishes of the people in other parts of the country. We never get legislation which will exactly confor:n to our interests, we never pass legislation which will exactly carry out any one man's views. It is always a result of compromise. Not of trade, as some men might say, but of giving here and taking there, so that the net result will be the best possible that can be obtained.
"Therefore, you can see that getting together and harmonizing your local differences, as for example, between capital and labor, or between this interest and that interest, is exactly what it has been found necessary to do in the broader field of national affairs, if we are going to do the things which are for the best interest of this great Commonwealth.
"We need some things in New England. If we are not going to be limited to a summer resort in the near future, we have got to do those things which will make our manufacturing interests successful, and which will create the building up and the operation of a great merchant marine. We have in this section of the country for many years been leaders in several manufacturing industries which are peculiar to this climate, and in which our people excel. We were at one time great leaders in the building and sailing of ships. Those are the two things which we probably can do better than most other people, and we should follow such a course in Congress, that we can obtain from other sections of the country the assistance which we need in developing those two great industries, as well as in the many minor ones which will occur to you.
"The thought which I want to leave with you is that a club like this is a probable harmonizer, that in order to get the best results from any enterprise we must adjust our interests so that they will conform as far
as possible with the wishes and interest of others. And if we carry that policy into the National field we will obtain like results, these resulting in the best possible conditions for this great Commonwealth which we all represent." (Applause.)
In accordance with the notice in the last issue of the BULLETIN, the two addresses made by Senator John W. Weeks at the dedication of the new Club House, March 11th, are printed herewith. Owing to the Senator's absence in the West, it was impossible to secure the manuscript in time for the April number.
Thursday, March 25
SONS OF MEMBERS' NIGHT
Vice-President James W. Rollins greeted the members and guests, and introduced as the toastmaster of the evening Mr. George S. Smith.
TOASTMASTER GEORGE S. SMITH
"Young Men, Young Friends. The City Club with open heart and hands extends to you and your closest chums, your fathers, a wealth of welcome, which is most sincere and is your just due.
"A year ago we initiated this function, which we call the Sons of Members' Night, and, at that time, it seemed somewhat of an experiment, but immediately following the exercises of that evening and percolating all the way down through the succeeding twelve months, have come many, many requests from the fathers that we repeat it, and so, beginning with to-night we believe we are justified in hoping that this Sons of Members' Night will be an annual function in the annals and activities of the Boston City Club. (Applause.)
"We promise never to summons men to come here and preach to you, because we would not for one moment insult your intelligence, nor presume upon those God-given faculties of yours that allow you to discriminate between right and wrong, but rather our endeavor always will be to invite men to present to you those questions that are always of educational value, particularly coming from those men who are living the experiences whereof they recite to you.
"So to-night, if the speakers will allow the presiding officer just to throw out an outline of what will be presented to you, he will say that we want to give you a glint of municipal administration by one who knows. We want to give you a glint as to the making of State laws by one who knows. We want to give you a little touch of the conduct of business by one who knows, and we close by taking you, for a few moments, into the educational field, accompanied by one who knows.
"Therefore, the first speaker whom I will present is an all-around
man, a man who has been the President of the Pilgrim Publicity Association of Boston, the President of the National Association of Advertising Men, the man who originated and who maintains those marvelous Sunday evening meetings, known as Ford Hall Meetings, an open forum for the discussion of things civic, sociological, and touching every department of human life. He is not so busy that he is prevented from participating in his public duty and, after two years of service, he has just become the President of the Boston City Council. That man I know through and through. And I present him with my indorsement, and his name is George W. Coleman." (Loud and continuous applause.)
HON. GEORGE W. COLEMAN
"Mr. President, Invited Guests, Sons and Fathers, and Fellow Members. I noticed this evening, as we stood in line and met the sons and the fathers, that there were quite a number of real young lads here this evening. I think this Club is doing a splendid thing in arranging a function of this sort, but it is only following out its general plan of getting men together that leads to this manifestation in getting the sons and the fathers together, making one their interests and their pleasures in the Boston City Club.
"I want to say a word in the beginning to the younger men, and the lads even, and it has a bearing on Municipal Government, although you may think I am wandering away from my topic. The young lads will remember, if their fathers have forgotten, the story in the Bible about Solomon, who, as a young man, standing on the threshold of life, was met by an angel and given an opportunity to choose that which was dearest to his heart, one thing and it should be granted to him. You remember that in those days the things that were dearest to the hearts of men were riches, putting your enemies under your foot, and length of days, and Solomon might choose any one of those. You will recall that he did not choose any of them. He asked for wisdom, and in giving wisdom, all of these other things were added unto him, and Solomon has come down through the generations and the centuries as the wisest man in the world. Whenever I meet a company of young men, I like to put the question to them, 'What would you do, if, in this day, you had the privilege of choosing that thing that was dearest to your heart, knowing that the one who offered it had the power to grant it?' Would it be riches? Would it be learning? Would it be position? Would it be power? Would it be scholarship? Would it be travel? What would it be? Perhaps each one of you would have a different ideal, a different standing, something that was peculiar to your own hearts. I do not know what you would choose. I know what I would choose if such an opportunity was put to me, and I do not know if there is one of the younger men who would know what that dearest wish would be. It would be nothing more or less than to be one of you who is twenty-two years of age or under, an average American boy with average good
health, with an average education, or the prospect of getting it, and the chance to live here in this world, and in America, and in Massachusetts and in Boston, for the next fifty years,-(applause)—and have a chance to see the marvelous things that are going to be unfolded before your eyes during the next fifty years, and, more than that, to have a chance to play some part in the great events of the future. Haven't you, boys, sometimes, in your studies or in your reading of history, in reading of the heroic deeds of our fathers and of our grandfathers, haven't you said to yourselves at times, as I often did twenty-five or more years ago, 'If I only lived in those days, what an opportunity it would have been to have done something for the human race and for my country, and my fellowman? Do you know those old days are as nothing in comparison, not only with the days that are coming, but with these very days in which we are living? This terrible situation on the other side of the water puts the whole world in a position full of promise of good or evil, greater, perhaps, than was seen in all pages of history down through the centuries.
"I would like to say to the young men just crossing the threshold of life something I said at the first meeting of the City Council. I was congratulating the Mayor on the fact that he had come to the throne at a time like this when the tide was turning in municipal affairs, not only in Boston, but throughout the whole country, so as to give a man who wants to give the city the best administration that is possible and wants to do the utmost for the seven hundred odd thousand people living in this city, and that he had more of the forces of the day working in his favor than any Mayor has ever had before. I want to say to the young men here to-night, as you start out on the threshold of life, you have come on the stage at a most fortunate time, when men are beginning to say, 'What can we do for the community in which we live? — what can we do for our city?' Whereas in the past it has been too often said, 'What can we get out of our community, and what can we get out of our municipality? This change is a very marked one, very substantial, and it has come within a dozen years.
"Let some of the men in this room here to-night think of what has transpired here in Boston in the last ten years. Let me run over briefly a few of the new conditions in which you are going to work, which will be much more helpful than the conditions which surrounded your fathers. The Boston Chamber of Commerce with its 5,000 members, instead of three or four separated organizations, and with a breadth of interest, taking into consideration all the concerns of the city, instead of simply the industrial and commercial and financial interests of the city. That is a tremendous asset just to begin with. And then, this City Club, the like of which was never seen before on the face of the earth, and it has set an example for the great cities of this country, and will be copied, as the years go by, where all the well-meaning, intelligent citizens of the city can come together without 'distinction of creed or breed.' For the first time in the history of Boston, all men who mean well toward
their city can come together in a good fellowship, mutual discussion and with an understanding of one another. We have not been going on very long, but we are laying the foundation of good will and of mutual respect and the mutual regard that will stand us in very good stead in some of the troublous days that are ahead of us.
"And then, the Women's City Club, coming after this. (Applause.) "This was a remarkable thing to accomplish and it is certainly one of the greatest things that has happened in Boston. The Women's City Club is a still more remarkable thing, because of the difficulty of getting women, who have hitherto been isolated in the home, Jew and Christian, Catholic and Protestant, working women and society women, now associated together in the same splendid democratic way that we
"I might go on and mention the Ford Hall meetings, which give opportunity to the rank and file of the city, who cannot afford membership in the City Club or the Women's City Club, or the Chamber of Commerce, to meet together and think together.
"You must remember too, what a remarkable change has taken place in city life—in home life—within a few generations, especially in a fastgrowing country, and realize how the interests of the home have burst the four walls which previously confined them, and have gone out over the whole municipality. Now, the family's home is the city in which it lives and not the four walls in which it formerly lived. I remember President Eliot, then President of Harvard College, picturing the changes which took place in his own home, when on the farm in his grandfather's day, all the interests of the family were controlled by the head of the family, the food was produced on the farm, the light from candles, the wood, the health of the family, the sanitation, the protection from crime, the protection from fire, clothing, to a very considerable extent. Most all the interests of the family, education even, in some cases, were controlled by the head of the home.
"How is it to-day? Most of these things have moved out, our food, our milk, our water, our light, our heat, are all under conditions that no single family has any control over whatever. In other words, the interests of the home have moved out into the municipality, so that if there was any excuse in the days of our fathers for neglecting their municipal affairs, there certainly is not the slightest excuse in the world for such neglect to-day.
"Look at this picture from another point of view. Start and think of the City Hall as a piece of work, and the State House as a piece of work. Within a small number of years, no older than I am to-night, they have pushed out their walls to an extent wholly unexpected. Here we have at the City Hall just erected a new annex larger than the original City Hall, and still we cannot house within the old City Hall and the new annex the various departments of the city. Why is this? Simply because functions that our fathers never dreamed of committing to the municipality or to the State are theirs now.