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Ode to Impudence, by Croaker & Co.
Official Notices, &c.
addressed to Napoleon
the American flag
Poem, with notes
Press, corruption of the
Parker, death of Charles H.
Pennsylvania legislature, public acts of the
Potato root, origin of the
Potomac navigation in 1756
conjectures on the fate of
Sea Serpent, re-appearance of the
Office of the National Register,
59, 208, 336
209 Steam boats, mode of towing rafts of timber by 338
found in the maw of a cod fish
contents of the
Treaty between the United States and Sweden 18
393 Tathem, sketch of the life of col. Wm.
391 Theon, Thomas, sufferings of
398 Treasury rules
406 Trial, amusing
Rescue of a boy at Kingsale
Receipe for curing the Murrain in horned cattle 284
Ruta Baga, culture of the
Red River, sketch of the
per cent. on all imports and exports from
St. Augustine, description of
353 Slavery, Adams' sentiments on
Seminole war, address to the American people
relative to the
Spencer, J. C. declines his election as senator 173
Scotch literature, courts, &c.
Sumatra, island of
South America,-Morillo's invitation to British
-, general Bollivar's address to
|| Ugly wife or a gibbet
-, by Moore
by Croaker & Co.
Venezuelian congress, installation of the
Vevay, account of
Venezuela, state of affairs in
Western country, trade with the
Weights and measures, British government
Subscriptions due to the National Register, from July 1, 1818, to June 30, 1819,
Editor and proprietor, at Washington City.
THE NATIONAL REGISTER.
WASHINGTON CITY, JANUARY 2, 1819.
Printed and Published, every Saturday, by Lawrence, Wilson, & Co. at five dollars per annum.
Contents of this No. of the National Register.
to absolute purity of thinking and writing, a hope
manner; especially where the means of doing so
Address of the Proprietors of the National || means are worse.
In discarding reports, rumors, and surmises,
When it is considered how very few people
Like most others who have a commodity to dis-
With the best compliments of the season to
It may have been observed by the reader, per-
The preceding reflections are not made with
warranted in this conclusion, as well from the
about 15 miles from this place, discovered, on the site where he had fixed his dwelling, a number of graves, the size of which appeared uncommonly small. This awakened his curiosity, and led him to a minute examination, which convinced him they were the remains of human beings much smaller than those of the present day. He seemed Pub-uniform appearance of the skeletons (the length of which in no case exceeds 4 feet) as from the teeth, which bore the evident marks of those befacts to a gentleman of this place, who, on Sunday longing to adult persons He communicated these last, together with two other gentlemen, accompanied Drs. Waller and Grayson to the place of interment. They found, as had been stated, in a wood adjacent to the house, a great number of graves, situated on small tumuli or hillocks, raised about three feet above the surface; they examined several the first of which, by actual measurement, The grave was carefully cased on both sides, as was discovered to be only 23 inches in length.
well as at the head and foot, with flat stones; in
the bottom also a stone was fixed on which the body was lying, placed on the right side, with the head to the east. Time had completely destroyed all the soft parts of the body, as well as decom
their relative situation.
If we admit a degree of latitude on the Earth's surface to be equal to 69 2 of our miles, the cir-posed the bones, which, however, still preserved cumference, supposing its form to be that of a perfect sphere, 249.12, and the diameter 7929.735 miles.
But it has been ascertained, upon principles that will not, probably, be now controverted, that the true figure of the Earth is that of an oblete spheroid, the ratio of whose polar axis to the equatorial diameter is as 318 to 319 The polar diameter, according to this proposition, is 7904.877 of our miles.
vances from, that date, will oblige the concern by remitting or calling and paying the amount at an early day This request will, it is likely, be more particularly attended to, when it is recollected that the Register does not reap any profit from an advertising custom. Another request, which is equally a condition, and very essential to the lishers, is, that all letters addressed' to them re specting the paper should be post-paid. They have been already subjected to heavy expenses LAWRENCE, WILSON, & Co.
on this account.
City of Washington,
Of the difference, on the parallel of 45 degrees,
The teeth, which were expected to furnish the best and perhaps only data to judge, were found enamel, which seems only to yield to chemical dein a state almost perfect, being defended by the composition. To the astonishment of all, they proved to be teeth of a being, who, if it had not attained the age of puberty, had unquestionably arrived at that period of life when the milk teeth yield to the second or permanent set. The molares and incisores were of the ordinary size of the second teeth. The jaw bone seemed to have its complement, unless it was the dentis sapienta, or what is better understood by the wisdom teeth, which make their appearance from 18 to 22 or 23.
The next grave examined was on an adjacent mound, and measured 27 inches; it resembled in every respect the first, except that the top of it several others were opened, all of which present was covered with flat stones placed horizontally. an uniform appearance, and none, although many were measured, proved to be in length more than 4 feet 2 or 3 inches. From these facts the mind is brought to the trresistible conclusion, that these are the remains of beings differing altogether from, and inferior in general size to, ourselves. For, if in the subject first mentioned, we suppose it to be
Xtangent of the true latitude on the paral-a being of the usual growth, the fact of its having lel, tangent latitude, by observation Accord-attained the age of 7 or 8 years, as seems proved ing to this rule, 45 degrees (allowing for the from the teeth, is directly opposite to and at war spheroidal form of the Earth, and the ratio of the with the circumstance of its being only 23 inches diameters above stated) will correspond with 45° long, the usual length of a child 8 or 10 months 10 47 606 dec. by observation. old, and justifies the conclusion that, by nature, it was destined to be of interior size.
The diameter of a perfect sphere equal to the spheroid above stated, is found, by taking a geo-fil metrical mean of these two diameters, to be 7917. 296 miles: if we divide this by 636, twice the ra
tio of the polar axis, we have 12 4485 miles, equal
to the difference, on the parallel of 45 degrees of the latitude by observation, supposing the Earth to be a perfect sphere, and the true latitude, allowing for its real spheroidal form. The latitude by observation should, therefore, be 45° 10 47"
The following rule will give the corresponding latitude, by observation, on any parallel, from 09 to 90 degrees:
Let a represent the equatorial diameter, and y the polar axis of the earth.
December 28, 1818. Explanation of the algebraical signs. square of the equatorial diameter, divided by the squarely changed by time, nothing remaining but the of the polar axis; X multiplied by, equal to.
As to the time that those bodies have been deposited, there is no clue by which to form any certain opinion. The bones have been thorough
DWARF SKELETONS. From the Missouri Gazette, printed at St. Louis, on the 6th of November, 1818.
ime or earthy particles of them, which can undergo no further change, and may as well be supposed to have been in this state five centuries as one. It is certain they have been there an immense length of time from the large growth of timber on the mounds, and the roots of trees that
A short time since, Mr. Long, the proprietor of
a farm on the south bank of the Meramec river, ll had made their way through the graves. This
| That she considered marriage as the sacred institution of Heaven, and it would be betraying the feelings of her heart if she ever bestowed her hand on another. She breathed forth pray. ers for his happiness, and wished him to remem. ber her in his supplications to the Throne of Grace. There never was a more pathetic and
From the Albany Daily Advertiser of Dec. 2, 1818. eloquent appeal to the feelings of an audience, or which called more loudly for exemplary dama ges from a jury. The tear of sympathy stole from every eye, the glow of honest indignation flushed every countenance. The counsel of the defendant, by the introduction of this letter, were truly heaping damages on the head of their client. The letter of the lady evinced a mind highly cultivated and refined, a heart possessing, in an eminent degree, the softness of her sex, and composure and tranquillity, which could alone be derived from religion and virtue.
subject certainly invites the attention of the learned and curious, and opens an ample field for investigation, at least to form some plausible conjecture of a race of beings who have inhabited our country at a period far beyond that of which tradition gives us any account.
His honor the judge, in a very feeling and elo. quent charge to the jury, after remarking on the rare occurrence of actions of this nature, dwelt
Breach of Promise of Marriage. The circuit court in and for the county of Montgomery, was opened before his honor Mr. Justice Spencer, on Monday, the 16th inst. and continued during the week. Among the trials which excited a great degree of interest and feeling, was that of an action brought by a lady residing in Canajoharie, against a physician living at Saratoga, for a breach of promise of marriage.a The respectability and standing of the parties, the novelty of the case, and the peculiar circum stances attending it, engaged a more than ordinary attention On the part of the plaintiff it was proved that the defendant had paid his ad.with much force on the peculiar circumstances at dresses to her, and even solicited the consent of tending the one before them. A lady of refined her father to a union, which was given. A num. manners and good education, alive to every noble ber of letters written by the defendant to the sentiment, and, to add to the interest which she plaintiff, were read in evidence, which contained excited, being in delicate health, had been made the warmest professions of friendship and esteem, to pine in solitude, and consigned to celibacy, and breathed in every line the soft accents of love. through the faithless conduct of one who had This correspondence, which had continued for a gained her affections, and solemnly promised to considerable length of time, was broken off by be her companion and protector through life. In the defendant. From some pretended cause, his summing up the evidence, he adverted, with mach heart became estranged from the former object emotion, to the letter of the lady, to which he of his love-he had met with another young lady paid the highest tributes; observing, at the same (the friend of the plaintiff,) whose glittering time, that so far from evincing a disposition to repurse perhaps dazzled his eyes, and with a mag-lease the defendant from his engagement, it netic power attracted his wavering heart. He showed the very reverse-it presented the deaddressed her-gained her heart-and added to fendant in a more odious view, and exhibited the his faithless conduct the sanction of matrimony, brightest part of the lady's character. That the leaving the former idol of his affections a prey to receipt of such a letter, written under such cir tender anguish. cumstances, was enough to break the heart of any The defence relied on was, that the plaintiff other man. He told the jury that this was the had released him from his engagement, by ad-most aggravated case which had ever come bevising him to marry her friend. As evidence of fore him, and that it was their duty to lay a heathis, but most fatally for the defendant, and most vy hand on the defendant. To the honor of a juunfortunately for his learned counsel, a letter was ry, composed of the honest yeomanry of the counintroduced written by the plaintiff to him. It try, be it said, they returned to the bar with a was the last which she had addressed to him, verdict for the fair plaintiff of five thousand dolcomposed at a time when her heart was wrung lars. with the painful conviction that she had ceased to interest him, and when the more painful intelLigence was communicated that he was on the eve of being united to another. Under these truly afflicting circumstances, so trying to the tender sensibilities of the female bosom-she addressed hin-not with harsh epithets of censure and reproach; but in the most tender and affectionate language. In the spirit of grief, she told him of the information which she had received, requesting him to inform her without reserve, whether he was indeed about to be united to another; and without evincing a spark of jealousy or resentment, she offered the warmest tribute of friendship and respect to the amiable qualities of her On Saturday last, two men, named Solomon friend-recommending her as every way calculat-Cumbo and Daniel James, were brought before ed to make him happy, and if he had determined J. H. Mitchell, esq. justice of peace, for having to make her his wife, telling him to do so with committed a robbery on the Georgetown road, out delay. As for herself, she had become re- near this town. The subjoined are the particuconciled to her unhappy situation, though lan-lars, as they came out on the examination: guage was inadequate to describe the deep an It appears that four men, of the names of Dan guish wluch had rent her bosom The fair pros el James, John Robinson, and Jim, sea. pects of connubial happiness which smiling hope || men, and ---had held up to her view, were blasted forever.
PROGRESS OF CRIME. From the Charleston City Gazette of the 14th December, 1818.
Bell, a jeweller by trade, left
Breach of Promise of Marriage-In the report of this trial in our paper of yesterday, the names of the parties were omitted. Many inquiries have been since made respecting them, which it was not in our power to answer; but we learn by a Johnstown paper now before us, that the name of the lady is Miss Lucy Hubbard, of Canajoharie, and that of the defendant Dr. John 11. Steele, of Saratoga.-[Ed. Alb. D. Adv.
this city early on Friday evening, in a small boat,
Soon after the mail had passed on, the expect
Of the State Commissioners to the Executive, re-
William Rabun, Governor, &c. of the State of
SIR,-The honorable Wilson Lumpkin, United States' commissioner for determining the lines of the Creek lands, treated for by general Mitchell, in January of the present year, having notified us, that he should leave Milledgeville on the 20th ult. for the purpose of visiting the southern tract, and designating the boundary between that part of the state and the Indians, we accompanied him to Fort Hawkins The route by Fort Hawkins was adopted, that he might obtain necessary explanation from the agent, arrange the attendance of the Indian commissioners, an interpreter and a military escort. These dispositions being effected, we left Fort Hawkins for Hartford, which place we reached on Monday, 23d ult. and were there detained until Friday, the Indian deputation not presenting themselves to accompaay us before that time. Receiving no intelligence from our escort, it was resolved to pursue our course down the Ocmulgee without them, leaving directions for them to follow us. We crossed the river about 27 miles below Hartford, piloted by major Cothran, a gentleman minutely acquainted with the country we were about investigating. Progressing about 8 miles further down, brought us to a creek, which the Indians had been accustomed to call the Al-ca-sak-a li-kie, and on which the whites, who explored the country some years back, appeared to have bestowed the name of Bighouse creek. This stream, from its position, bearings, length and direction of its prongs, and indeed in most of its localities and natural circumstances, presents a striking correspondence with the signification of its Indian name, the map forwarded from the war department, and with the agent's description; "the first considerable creek, above Blackshear's road," given in conversation with the United States' commissioner, and still more particularly in his communication to the executive of Georgia, under date February 3d, 1818. Though these coincidences, and an accumulation of evidence derived from the most respectable sources, that this creek, had been commonly men. tioned by the Indians as the Al-ca-sak-a-li-kie,
Al-ca-sa-ka-li-kie, signifies, we are informed, "a kettle boiling in a creck"- and the creek called by the whites, Bighouse, has several springs, rising from limestone cavities, nearly circular, which imitating torrents of gas, present a striking resemblance to a large kettle in a state of ebullition.